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ASTRONOMICAL NOTES FOR NOVEMBER, Issue 15639, 2 November 1914
ASTRONOMICAL NOTES FOR NOVEMBER
[Bv ihe Hon. Direcior, Wanganui Observatory.]
is in the constellation Libra till the 23rd, when he enters Scorpio. His southern declination increases during November br 7clcg, being 14deg on the Ist, and 21.3 on the 30th. ' Tire large sunspots visible m August and September last closed up, and were no longer visible when that portion of the sun's surface was again brought into view at the beginning of this month. A pair of small spots became visible on the 18th of the month, being at the central meridian on the 21st, and revealing the strong repulsive action sometimes noticed before. ~ —The Moon—will be near Saturn on the 7th, Mercury on the inornim' of the 17th } Mars on the evening of the 18th, Venus on the evenings of the" 18th and 19th, and Jupiter on the evening oi the 23rd, covering this .planet.-, at our” station, on that occasion. Her path through the constellations visible in our evening skies during the early evenings are as follow :—ln Aries on the Ist to the 3rd, Taurus on the 4th, sth, and 6th, and nearest Aidcbaran, the blight star in the Hyadee, on the night of the sth; she will be visible as a crescent over tire setting sun on the evenings of the 20th ami 2lst in Sagittarius; m Caprioornus on the 22nd and 23rd, Aquarius on the 24th and 25th, Pisces on the 26th to the 29th, and Aries till the end of the month. phases of the Moon in New Zealand Mean Time.— Full moon 3d llh 19min a.m. Last quarter ••• Hd llh ?min a,rn. New moon - 18cl 3h 32min a-.in. Firrt quarter ... 25d Ih 9min a.m. Apo.-ee 3d 7h 18miu a.m. Perigee 17d 2h 24min p.m. Apouee 30d lOh 6niin a.m. —Mercury is a morning star during the major portion of the month. He is in inferior conjunction on the 7th at 11.33 p.m. of our time, which prevents us seeing the transit of this planet across the solar disc which takes place at tliat time, and will he seen on the other side of the Earth. Ho will be in perihelion on the 13th, stationary amongst the stars on the 16th, and at greatest western elongation on the 24th, when he may be best seen as a morning star. —Venus—is now a glorious object in our evening skies; very beautiful, also, in the telescope at this time, where she appears as a crescent moon. She may be easily seen in the daytime, being nearly overhead when passing the meridian at about 1 p.m. She will be found moving towards the. east, amongst the stars, till the evening of the 7th, on which date she will appear stationary, and afterwards will retrograde, or move, apparently, amongst the stars towards the west. She will be in lunar conjunction On the morning of the 19th, in conjunction with Mars on the 22nd, and will pass again into the Sun’s rays on the 28th, being in solar conjunction on that date. —Mars—is still to the east of the Sun, but too near to be of interest to the observer. He will be in lunar conjunction on the evening of the 18th, and in conjunction with Venus on the 22nd, and may be caught in the telescope about five lunar diameters tp Inc north of Venus on the evening of that date. —Jupiter—is an evening star, riding high in the heavens during the month. He is a fine object in a telescope of fair power at this time. He will bo in conjunction with the Moon on the evenin': of the 22nd, when, as viewed from this latitude, the Moon will appear to pass over him. The phenomenon should ho looked for from 7.30 to 8.40 p.m. Mr G. Horner, of Patea, has worked this occultation from tables prepared by Mr Westland, of Christchurch, and brings it out as : Time of disappearance, 7.37; reappearance, 8.57 ; which, as the Moon moves over its own diameter in about an hour, shows a central passage. —Saturn—is now a morning star slowly retrograding in Gemini. He passes the meridian at°about 2.30 a.m. at the middle of the month. Ho will bo in lunar con junction ou the 7th. —Uranus—is an evening star in the constellation Capncornus during the month. He will be in conjunction with the Moon on the 23rd. . —Neptune—is a morning star at this time in Cancer. Ho will he in lunar conjunction on the 10th. [ -Meteors. — November is the month of meteors, those from Andromeda and Leo being i oftentime very brilliant, the first-named overtaking the Earth and appearing to move slowly, the latter travelling against I the Earth's motion, and appearing to move much faster. They should be looked for during the middle of the month from about midnight till early morning. —The Constellations — for the middle of the month, during the early hours of the evening, are placed us follow ;—The Great .Square of Pegasus to the north, nearest the horizon, with Pisces lying over and above it, and Aries and the Northern Triangle to the right. Taurus may be seen rising in the north-east, and Orion more towards the south of east, with the brilliant Sirius in Canis Major. Eridanus (the bright star Achernar) is nearing the Zenith and Argo and the fine star Canopus, away to the south and lower. The Cross Is now low down under the Southern Pole, while the Pointers (Alpha and Bote Centauri), with Triangulum, may be seen following down in the south-west. Scorpio is getting well over towards the west, followed by Sagittarius and ('■apricomus, while further towards the north-west may be seen Aquila and the Dolphin and the last of Cygnus (the Swan).
ASTRONOMICAL NOTES FOR NOVEMBER, Issue 15639, 2 November 1914
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