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POULTRY NOTES, Issue 15638, 31 October 1914
[By Minorca,] Contributions and questions for answering should he, addressed tn “ Minorca Poultry Editor, ‘ Star ’ Office, and received not later than Tuesday of each week. “ Minorca ” will only answer communications through this column. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. " Novice."—'loo much exercise will not hurt your birds. Having a good range, they may procure a lot m food, and, with the' food* you are supplying, have- become fat. I would suggest giving an ounce of Epsom salts in the soft food of 20 birds twice a week. Reduce the quantity of food by half. Have you got a good laying strain'; and if so, what breed'.' 1. should like to hear from you again. Miss Murphy, a Home breeder who has had a lot of experience in trap-ucsting, finds tho pullets (when well matured) that lay well tho first two months, doing about five eggs a week, and seldom missing more, than a day at a time, are the best layers for the year. This, of course, is to bo expected,* but if local breeders who use the. trap-nest would give us their experience. it would be interesting. The fact would be of great assistance to breeders, as they would know which hens had produced'the best' layers, and could breed from them the following season. If yon find a certain mating gives good results, it is best to stick to it for a. year or two. instead of changing your pens and getting doubtful results. Mrs Mills's White Leghorns won tho September prize at the Christchurch laying competition, laying 162 eggs in the 30 days—a very good record. A good plan for chicks which aro at all delicate is to put stale bread through the grit-crusher, then add a little milk to it. The chicks cat this readily, and it- is very nourishing. Only givo what they will cat up quickly; if left to go sour it is bad for them. Out of 100 eggs placed in an incubator Airs Mills secured 90 strong chicks. Two eggs were infertile and eight failed to mature. Such a good percentage is very satisfactory. The weather is now becoming warmer and lice more plentiful. The clucks must bo dusted at least twice a week with insect powder, and a little camphorated oil be applied to the back of tho head, to prevent head lice. Separate the cockerels and pullets as soon as you can pick them. | Pullets and cockerels both grow much I better when separated. Green food is j necessary every day if tho young stock is 1 expected to do well, and don't forget a j good supply of grit and fresh water. The proper mixing of the soft food is ! important. A number of people give it far too wet and sloppy. This porridgy mass clings round the beaks of the fowls. Such feeding often causes diarrhica, and in most cases does not- give the best eg.; ; return. It is necessary, when mixing soft I food, that none of the pollard or bran ; should be left in powder or dry. but the i whole mass should bo firm and shoil, and break into fragments if thrown upon (Inground—not stick in a muss. like a piece ; of soft clay. The food should not be i-m on tho .ground, except where there is plenty fresh green grass to throw it about | on. In small yards the soft • food should ! always be given in troughs, made so that j tho birds cannot get into- them. Only) feed what the birds will eat u;i readily, i If birds turn away from the food heroic finishing it, the quantity next day slinul 1 be reduced by half, and the hard' food Inreduced also. Some hens fail to hatch rggs owing to insufficient warmth. Experiments have shown that the temperature of some hen ■ is only 98deg, and eggs placed under them failed to hatch, the chicks being dead iu the shell. This want of warm! It is sometimes observed in old lions, but I have known a lien seven year?; old hatch ov-eiy , fertile egg placed under her. ; When buying an incubator, if it has a cansuio, it is a good idea to ecu the. capsule is in good order, and at the c.c.r' time secure a spare one in enso of an accident to tho one in the jmichim*. Be ft aleaving tho shop get the. salesman to show ) you how to take out the capsule and replace with a now one. Egg* in tho incubator should bo turned twice a- day and ended on,.- r , the first and last days. The first 24 hours , they should be left undifturL.d to get up , to tho proper temperature. A "nink : should bo made on the middle of tho side ■ that it may bo seen how much th-» egg sa turned over. ' j Some parts of an incubator draw ana ■ warmer than others, therefore the eggs should bo changed occasionally to give al! the same chance
Dnck eggs may ha batched in ths ir.cu4»tor with, ban eggs, but aro better br t7ie:nselv-es. It is jreraexa'ily consi-dorcci I better to keep the duck eggs a point or ' ! two lower in temperature than the hen eggs, and more moisture is considered an advantage. j Eggs are rising in price. Some href-der.* are getting Is 2d per dozen for eggs for , preserving. i
('has. ,T. Harper, Bclkknowes, writes: Dear “ Minorca,," —It may bo of interest to your readers of ‘Poultry Notes’ to know of a mean and dastardly act that was perpetrated on me last, Friday night (October 23). Some snoak entered my fowl run and bouse iu the absence of myself and wife and cut oft the tail and -'tabbed in the chest a very fine Leghorn rooster I own T noticed the bird covered in blood about the lev’s and chest on the Saturday inor.iirg. and upon examination found him mutilated as described. No clue as to who (ho sneak was has been found as yet. The police have been notified, and 1 hope they will nail the culprit and hand bint over to me. Those concerned had a good idea of our movements that nittht, and also a good knowledge of my fowl run, as the gates and d-cor were all closed ns I left them before going out. ■Whoever did it docs not live fa’• away, and it may be a long timm but he- is going to get it good and hard if 1 have to wait a wear for him. The New Zealand Utility Poultry Club's tenlb ego-laying competition— April 8, 1914, to March 31, 1915: six liens la a pen—completed its twenty-eighth week on October 29 an follows: Light breed*: 1. I). Y. Gibson (Herbert), W.L. ... 791 2. Heretaunga P. C. (Silverstreatn,) W.L 781. 3. A. W. Adams (Sheffield), W.L. 700 4 (‘alder Pros. (Oamaru), W.L. ... 773 5. R. A. Lazarus (Hutt), W.L. ... 772 6. -I. W. Green (St. Albans), W.L. ... 7GO Heavy breeds : 1. Miss Rita Nixon, 8.0 805 2. R. Monger (Ilntt). 8.0 722 5. W. E. Green (St. Albans), SAY. ... 653 Indian Runner ducks: 1. Glencoe Ranch, Karon 735 2. Hcrotaunga P.C., Si! verst ream ... 726 The 42 pens in the light breeds (252 birds) have laid in the 27 weeks a total nf 28,484 eggs; the 18 pens of heavy birds (103 birds) have laid 10,755 eggs': and the Indian Runners (six pens, '35 birds') have laid 3,828 eggs.
"How was this v.r-e nirisl.c-l, Mary?" said (he master. "If yen please, sir," raid Mary, '■ it tumbled down and broke itself." "The aulninatic brake again!" The British cavalry arc shouting: “Hark der Kaiser I" Tho Gormans ar? t» fight Rt a plain iu the min until they haven t- sun in the place.
POULTRY NOTES, Issue 15638, 31 October 1914
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