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IX NEW ZEALAND WATERS. A CANADIAN’S VIEWS. Few L'[>ortsineu have realised that New Zealand offers the finest sea-fishing, such as is greatly sought after in other countries, especially California, Florida, and Capo Breton, where the tunny or tuna, tiio albacore. the bonito, and other large members of the mackerel tribe occur, and can be fished for with trailed line, or even with spoon and rod and.line (says Professor Prince, Commissioner of Fisheries, Canada, who recently made an inspection on behalf of the New Zealand Government of our fisheries). The kingfish, especially in the Bay of Plenty and Hauraki Gulf, are becoming famous; and the pretty town of Russell is resorted to eacii season by kingfish anglers, who obtain splendid sport. But- a still more exciting form of angling can be obtained there, as well as on other parts of the coast, in the shape of shark-fishing. For example, last season a visitor, an elderly gentleman, while enjoying fishing for kingfish, reports that ho was playing one of these fish for three-quarters of an hour, when suddenly his line slacked. He reeled up, to find that his lino was taut, and it seemed as if ho had caught foul on a. .sunken rock. Soon he felt a very heavy pul), and was afraid he had hooked a kingfish, to use his own words, ‘‘ as big as New Zealand.” After three hour' - exciting play he was at last able to red in bis fish, and found that he had hooked a fine ” moko ” shark, 9jft long, weighing 2001b: The captor was completely exhausted with hi* four hours’ exciting fishing. He wtt« interested to find out how the shark had been hooked. It appeared the fish had at first bitten of! the head of the kingfish and left the rest of the fish. Then it returned and swallowed the remaining jiart ct the fish, with the hook, the latter passing right through the chamber ,of the stomachy while the head of the kingfish was pushed half a, yard up the snood ; but ns the snood was of piano wive the .-hark could not sever it. Such royal spirt can be obtained in the Bay of Plenty and other New Zealand waters, and needs only to be known to attract anglers from all i parks of the world. { —-Fresh-water Game Fish.— i

New Zealand has long bad a high reputation for its magnificent trout-angling. The wonderful growth of its trout, especially brown and rainbow trout, Ims made the lakes and rivers of the. Dominion an anglers’ paradise. Yet there are two or three considerations which are worth noting in respect to angling : (1) Excessivelv largo fish. 201 b to oOlh in weight, are less dtsdrahl© than the smaller fish. because they destroy a proportionately large amount of smaller trout. (2) These overgrown giants, while affording good sport, are often stupid and heavy, and on the who!.; are not game fish proportionate to their size, nor do they provide as excellent food for the table- as smaller fish, (oi Their excessive size, and probably resulting scarcity of food, reduce their condition, and they become favorable- prey for parasites. (4) Smaller, lew, overgrown trout are more desirable, iu> making less demand upon the food supply, and a.affording a considerably larger amount of spent.

Tlic ’brown trout, it i.s well known, has proved most succcsofnl in the southern livers and lakes, while the rainbow trout, has shown the greatest suct'Ct-s in the waters of tho Xorfh Island. In both isla mis each spec ieo has reached a, oize and weight far in excess of that reached in its own native wafers. Hut it is probable that there is a cycle in these matters, and that the trout, which have attained an enormous size since their introduction, will now become more reduced in dimensions ami assume their normal weight and reduced size. As pointed out, this is not to be deplored. Similarly, the epidemic disease which has affected the trout so seriously nr tbo ttotorua. rviul T'a.upo -waters has probably reached its maximum, and there are signs-, already that it is on the decline. As I point out elsewhere, measures should not he relaxed for getting rid ot the conditions under which this disease spreads. That the trouble is on the decline I had evidence; and a similar decline in tiie fungus trouble has been observed in Lake Wakatipu. as seven or eight years ago tlfe fish in that lake, f am informed, fell off very seriously in qua lit v, and a great number wete affected by fungus. but during tho last six years they had improved. There should bo a more systematic announcement of tho splendid fishing Xcw Zealand affords in such papers as the Knglish ‘Field’ and AjnerK’.'i (i --poK mg' journals, in order to encourage the best class of anglers to come to Xew Zealand. I am of opinion that some of the anglers who have come in past years wore somewhat of the nature of pot hunters, whose ambition was to sec how many tons of trout they could boast of capturing in a few weeks’ stay. Some of theso so-rnJlefl sportsmen stated that.- they had ra-pfurod sonto 7or 8 tons of trout-’in a stay of 12 ■weeks —that is, over a ton and a-half a, weck,_ or, say. 50 fish per day for five days in tho week. Such men arc not desirable, and the true sportsmen should he encouraged. Canada has been fortunate, in attracting large numbers of the best class of sportsmen, and yet has hud no giant trout to offer visitors. What is really wanted is an improvement in flto food supply in many of tho lakes and rivers, and a far more extensive planting of fry than has been possible hitherto” la another part of this report I recommend a, very largely extended system of lish culture under Dominion arrangement. - Improvements at Queenstown,

Since anting in a great many of Xcw Zealand lakes must he confined largely .to the mouths of tributaries and tr)° tributary :tr-earns, every effort should be made to improve and extend these. There are many instances in which this could be easily done. One of these is the small stream which runs through Queenstown, situated on the shores of Lake Wakatipu! This fine little stream J. at present merely a drain for the houses along its kfPre ' , ai *d tin cans and old rubbish of all kinds are thrown into ir, although the stream is a favorite resort for fine trout. 1 myself saw in the course of a 20 min' ntes’ walk along the banks of this stream over 60 trout. The local authorities could readily prevent this stream front beinn a mere drain for domestic refuse, and°bv widening it in some places, c-pccia J.’v where it passes through the public gardens, could make it into a firm series of pools or small lakes which would provide .splendid fishing for tourists anti "iownpeopie. With little expense and trouble the whole stream could b<> made into an admirable, spawning and fishing area. 'I ho only step taken was a somewhat mistaken one. and one which has caused verv deep dissatisfaction. J refer (o the erection of a dam by the Tourist Department, which has improved tire stream in any way, and 1 onus a barrier for the accent of fish, although many succeed in getting over it. Ail such streams as this and then* are many—should be regarded a- national property, and their .nipruvement and extension for trout-fishing purposes made part of a, national fish-culture scheme to attract visitors and to afford the local population the finest kind of recreation.

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AN ANGLER’S PARADISE, Issue 15638, 31 October 1914

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AN ANGLER’S PARADISE Issue 15638, 31 October 1914

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