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FIGHTING FOR CALAIS.

GERMANS FLU KG BACK SIX MILES. KAISER WANTS PEACE WITH FRANCE. INSTANTLY AND SCORNFULLY REJECTED. (GURKHAS MAD WITH ECSTASY. “ FIGHTING JACK” AGAIN FIRST SEA LORD. RUSSIANS REOCCUPY CZERNOWITZ. TURKEY ACTIVELY r ENGAGED. GREECE MAY BE EMBROILEDDE WET PROCLAIMS A REPUBLIC. BEYERS HAS FLED. Press Association —By Telegraph—Copyright.

"CALAIS AT ANY COST." GERMANS TRY TO OBEY' THE KAISER, BUT GET PUSHED BACK SIX M FLES, AND ARE NOV FOE RETREAT. LONDON. October 30. (Received Otober 31, at 9.15 a.m.) Mr Donoho-e, writing from Calais, says that the army that is attempting to force its way to Calais has retired in shattered disorder. The battle reached its culminating point on Wednesday, when th«V enemy were fhirier back *ix miles in the direction of Ostend. Other correspondents at Amsterdam state that the Germans were practically fought to a standstill, and that they are entrenching towards Thielt as a precaution in tho event of retreat. GERMANS TRY BRAVELY, BUT ALLIES BEAT THEM. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.15 a.m.) The ' Daily News' correspondent en the Belgian frontier states that the warships' bombardment ceased on Wednesday night, and the Allies' troops took up the offensive at dawn with magnificent charges and a dashing cavalry action. Tho enemy fled at the first" chock. Then they rallied, and their cavalry made a despr-raie effort to retake a position on the dunes, but their broken line was unable to reform, and they were hurled back. IMPROBABLE OFFER BY GERMANY TO "SQUARE" FRANCE. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 0.5 a.m.) Tho 'Chronicle's' Paris correspondent states that Germany has offered, through influential French commercial and financial intermediaries, to moke ruv.ee with France alone. Frane.s receiving Mctz and portions of Alsace and Lorraine, and Germany retaining Antwerp and Northern Belgium. The offer was instantly and scornfully rejected. GERMAN STATEii ENT AS TO RECENT DOINGS. AMSTERDAM, October 30. (Received October 31. at 0.5 a.m.) A German official .-late merit is that westward of Liile the Germans have progressed and captured several fortified positions, with four guns. Also that the enemy were expelled from several trenches in the Argonne, and some machine guns were- taken. Further, th;:t a severe French attack to the siouth-west of Verdun was repulsed, and a conntor-attack enabled the Germans to break through to tho enemy's main p.-.sition, which was occupied. In addition, that the German attacks in the north-eastern theatre, of war are progressing, and that 13.5C0 Russians, 30 cannon, and 39 machine guns were, captured during the last, three weeks. On the- south-eastern front the. position is unchanged. BELGIANS STARVING. LONDON SENDING FOOD. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.5 a.m.) The American Comnvssion which visited the devastated districts of Charleroi, Liege, Brussels, Mons, Namur, and Dina-nt state that the condition of three millions of Belgians is desperate. The daily rations for the last threeweeks have been only three ounces of flour and ten grammes of salt. Only sufficient, flour remains for four days. The condition of Liege is particularly pitiable. It is feared that in desperation the famished people may attack tho Germans. Fourteen hundred tons of foodstuffs are to leave London on Saturday. GURKHAS' DARING DEEDS. PARIS, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.25 a.m.) The Germans call the Gurkhas "tiki black devils of the English.'' Whilst the fighting was going on on the Yser some tmiches on the British flank were empty, and the Germans occupied them. The Gurkhas in the reserve saw the opportunity. Their excitement amounted to ecstasy. Many of them threw away their rifles and charged .and cleared the trenches with their knives. On another occasion the air' scouts located a- ammunition store, seven miles from the shore and three and a-hajf miles behind the German entrenchments. 4. Gurkha detachment obtained two gunboats and steamed into the mouth of the Y&er River. Then by a silent march they reached within a mile of the ammunition convoy, where sat two German sentries. The Gurkhas sheltered in fi wood, and six comrades, with knives between their teeth, wrriggled on their hands and knees, and

Noiselessly the detachment then approached the camp, which was only awakened by a great explosion, followed by countless others, as shells and shrapnel exploded. The Gurkhas regained their gunboats safely. LORD FISHER ON THE BRIDGE ONCE MORE. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.5 a.m.) It is understood that Lord Fisher succeeds Prince Louis of Battenberg as First yea Lord'of the Admiralty. PARIS DETAINS 100,000 ALIENS. PARIS, October 30. (Received October 31, at 11.25 a.m.) The authorities are dealing vigorously with the Germans and Austrian?. In this citv alone 20,C00 tradesmen and 100,000 belligerent aliens have been detained. PRESENT-DAY IRONSIDES. SYDNEY, Octpber 31. (Received October 31, at 10.20 a.m.) Mr J. R. Smith, a New Zealand journalist who has arrived from London, referring to the type of Lord Kitchener's recruits, said that one lob of 50,000 reminded him of Cromwell's Ironsides. They were selected from the Methodists, Presbyterians, and Baptists, and were rilled with religious fervor. They prayed nightly to God to strengthen their hands to break Prussian militarism. Their fervor was backed by splendid physical powers. KAISER'S SON-IN-LAW. AMSTERDAM. October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.15 a.m.) It is reported at Berlin that the Kaiser's, son-in-law was seriously wounded at Argonne, and that his wife has been summoned to his bedside. LETTING GO THE m EFFECTIVES. .London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' .Services.) LONDON. October 30. Arrangements are completed for permitting German and Austrian women a.nd men not of military age to return to their own countries. THE PERCENTAGE OF SUSPECTS. ONE IN SCO~OITCHED AS -STRAIGHT." (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun 5 Services.) LONDON, October 30. Since the outbreak of the war 10,000 applications for naturalisation have been received and 20 granted. t ALIEN HOST ARRESTED. (London 'Times' ?r.dSydney Sim' Service*.) LONDON, October 30. Nearly B,OCO Germans and Aiistrians have been arreeud in Greater London and placed in a concentration camp. Twenty-nine thousand enemy aliens have registered themselves with the police. STOCKBROKERS SEARCHED. (London ' Times' and Sydney' Suu' Services.) LONDON, October 30. Every member of the Stock Exchange who is using a safe is being Marched for explosives, because many German firms use these strong rooms. APPEAL TO YOUNG BELGIANS. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, October 30. Tho' Moniteur Beige,' published at Havre, makes an appeal to young Belgians to return and enlist until their country is liberated. Thousands of Belgian youths in England are displaying no desire "to return. A PRTNCE WOUNDED. IS HE THE CROWN PRINCE? (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun ' Services.) LONDON, October 30. A story is published that a Prince, who. was severely wounded, baa arrived at Stradburg. His identity is a mystery. Tho railway station was closed until he wae removed by night to tho palace. In view of the silence of the German Press concerning the Crown Prince, speculation is rife as to whether liq and tho mysterious Prince are one. "THE SKY PILOT." (London 'Timea' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, October 30. Mr R*lph Conror, the novelist, has yolunteed as chaplain to the Winnipeg contingent. cguntrring" tije gin'palaces. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, October 30Lady Jrflicofi has opened club rooms at Hammersmith for the women and the" ds- - of the soldiers. The.object is to afford thorn companionship," and thus counteract the temptations of the public-

AEROPLANES KILLING WOMEN. PARIS, October 30. (Received October 31, at 8.45 a.m.) Two German aeroplanes dropped bombs, at Bethune. One fell in a. group of women in,the market place, killing 19 and wounding 40. Another aeroplane dropped bombs at Dunkirk, killing a woman and a child. The bombs were loaded with lead, bullets, and steel nails. LOUIS OF BATTENBERG. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.15 a.m.) The newspapers pay a tribute to PrinceLouis of for chivalrous decision. SPIES IN HALIFAX. OTTAWA, October SO. (Received October 31, at 10.10 a.m.) Three Germans have- been arrested at Halifax for operating a wireless plant. The antenna of the plant were trailed through a third-story window and concealed in vines. SULTAN AND AMEER. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Sen-ices.) LONDON, October 30. The ' Frankfurter Zeitung ' declared that emissaries have been active between the Sultan and the Ameer, and that there is evidence of a treaty having been concluded between Turkey and Afghanistan. GERMAN SHIPS AT NEW YORK. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, October 30. The owners of the German liners that are interned at New York have failed to find American buyers, and are endeavoring by means of actions filed against the vessels to force sales under order of the Courts. It is believed that the owners will thereby avoid the British and French objections. The expense of maintenance of the vessel;-, is heavy, but the owners deny that the vessels can be held to satisfy English creditors. AMERICA AND NEUTRALS. WASHINGTON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.15 a.m.) The United States Government have instructed the port authorities not to disclose, except to the Government, the destination of outward cargoes until a month after clearance.' It is understood that this instruction arises from a belief that immediate information has facilitated the seizure of and the search for neutrals. THE ANGOLA AFFAIR. LOREXZO MARQUES, October 31 (Received October 31, at 9.5 a.m.) Details of the German invasion of Angola show that 12 European and 20 native cavalry reached the military post of Nantila and desired to interview the' commander. They were about to retire when the Portuguese officers grasped a German officer's bridle. The Germans raised their weapons, whereupon the Portuguese fired, lulling three. FJUSSIANS OCCUPY CZERNOWITZ. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 8.45 a.m.) A Bucharest telegram says that the Russians rcoceupied Czernowitz on Monday, following the defeat inflicted on the Austrians at Bojana. TURKEY TACKLES RUSSIA. CRUISER lIAMIDIEII THREATENS. THE BRESLAU BOMBARDS THEODOSIA. PETROGRAD, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.25 a.m.) The cruiser H'arnidieh demanded the surrender of Novogossiysk and of all Government property, threatening to bombard the town in the event of refusal. After taking off the Consulate officials the cruiser disappeared. it \yas the Breslau that bombarded Theodosia. As soon as it was known that Turkey had opened hostilities against Russia there were demonstrations in front of the British and French Embassies and the Allies' Legations at Petrograd, and representatives of these Powers appeared on the balconies and addressed the crowds. [Novo-Kossiisk is possibly the place mentioned above. It lies to the east of Theodosia, in the. Black Sea.] ODESSA SHELLED. PETROGRAD, October 30. (Received October 31, at 10.10 a.m.) Two Turkish destroyers shelled Odefsa Harbor and sank a merchant vessel. TURKEY WARNED BEFORE SHE ACTED. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 8.45 a.m.) Renter's Constantinople correspondent says that on Tuesday the situation was Hearing the breaking point. The British Ambassador on Monday informed the Grand Vizier that if the Turks crossed the Egyptian frontier it would mean war with the Triple Entente and their Allies, and the Embassies made arrangements in anticipation of a rupture. GREECE MAY BE DRAWN !N. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 8.45 a.m.) It is reported that Greece has landed 1,200 soldiers at Santi Quaranta, thus securing the mastery of the Corfu channel. This has caused a great impression in Rome, as contravening the decision of the London Conference. It is believed that Britain and France aro supporting Greece. TWO RUSSIAN VESSELS SUNK. PETROGRAD, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.25 a.m.) The Russian steamer Valta struck a mine laid by the Goeben. Her crew and passengers were eaved. The Careb, which was going to the assistance of the Valta, was struck by two mines, and also tsank, several of her people being drowned. BRITISH AND RUSSIANS WORKING AS ONE. LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 9.25 a.m.) 'The TimesV Petrograd correspondent announces that the British and Russian Governments have agreed to a mutuallyadvantageous exchange of the technical combatant forces. The details arc not published. THE EMDENS DOINGS. HER CAPTAIN KEEPS HIS MOUTH SHUT. SYDNEY, October 31. (Received October 31, at 10.20 a.m.) Eastern files give interesting details of the capture and sinking of merchant vessels by the Emden already cabled. In all cases the captured crews were courteously treated. It is stated that the commander of the Emden displays complete silence regarding his tactics, and that his officers are given no idea of the intended movements. They receive and carry out the orders, but the commander alone knows the object. The Emdeivs wireless intercepts all messages. One officer stated that they knew well enough where the English warships were. The German ships and cargoes interned in the Dutch East Indie 6 are valued at two millions sterling. The Emden, which was reported as being interned at Sabang, is a merchantman, not the cruiser. It is believed that the cruiser obtains coal from interned colliers, though the Dutch Government are honestly trying to

Large numbers of Arabs in the Dutch Indies are stated to be pro-German. SHE TORPEDOES A RUSSIA* CRUISER. AND A FRENCH DESTROYER. LONDON, October 50. (Received October 31, at 10.10 a.m.) Reuter's Tokfo correspondent states thatthe German cruiser Emden torpedoed and sank the Russian, cruiser Jemtchug and the French destroyer Penang. CAPTURES A COLLIER. COLOMBO, October 50. (Received October 51, at 9.5 a.ro.) Th<: captain and crew of the Exford have been landed here. They report that the Emden took from the Exford 7,000 tons of steaming coal, and then intimated that they intended to gink' the vessel. HICH COMMISSIONER'S MESSAGE. WELLINGTON, October 31. The High Commissioner reports from London, October 29 (12.30 a.m.) : Official : The Allies have made progress at several points, particularly south of Arras and round Ypres. Between the Aisne and Argonne they have captured trendies and repulsed the enemy's attack. Also made advance in th;; threat of . Nothing fresh from the Nieuport-Dix-mude front. THE KAISER'S LETTER OF 1308. HIS NAVY NOT DIRECTED AGAINST ENGLAND. UNITED STATES THEIR COMMON ENEMY! LONDON, October 30. (Received October 31, at 10.50 a.m.) The ' Morning Post' publishes the Kaiser's letter to the late Lord Tweedmouth of date February 14. 1908. It oommeneos : " 1 see by the newspapers that a battle royal is being fought about the needs of the navy; therefore I venture to furnish you with information anent the German naval programme, which is being used as a decoy to frighten the peaceable British taxpayer. During my last pleasant visa to your hospitable shores 1 tried to make your authorities understand the unit oi the German naval policy. I aan afraid that my explanation was misunderstood or disbelieved, 'because I see that ' the German danger' is constantly mentioned in the British newspapers and reviews. It is absolutely nonsensical. It is not true that the German Naval Bill is to provide a navy which means to challenge the British naval supremacy. It is »<;k-iy bt.iit fi.r German n«eds in relation to my country's rapidly-growing trade. The extraordinary rapidity of improvements in battleships and armaments has necessitated a wholesale rebuilding of the- entire German navy, but there is no addition to the units laid down in the IS9B bill.. The main fault of the discussion in ihs newspapers is that tlwy are invariably exemplifying Germany. The simpler thing would be for England to say that, having world-wide Empire and the greatest trade in the world, she requires .so many battleships and cruisers. But it is very galling to Germans to see their country continually held up as the sole danger to and menace of the British." The Kaiser wtnt on to emphatically deny Lord Ether's statement that he (the ivaiser) wished to tsec Lord fisher's downfall. It was preposterous to infer that the German authorities would work against persons in official positions in foreign countries. •• in my humble opinion,''' the Kaiser continues/" the perpetual quoting of 'the German dan-gee' is utterly unworthy of Britain, with her world-wide Empire and her mighty navy; indeed, it is nearly ludicrous. Foreigners of other countries might easily conclude that the Germans are' an exceptionally strong lot. as they sesm able to strike terror into the hearts of the British, who are five times their superior. Once more, the German Naval Bill is not aimed at Britain. It is not a challenge to Lritish supremacy on the sea, which must- remain unchallenged for generations to come." The 'Morning Post' adds that it is permissible in the existing circumstances to record what otherwise would have remained unrecorded--namely, that the Kaiser on one occasion, when being entertained in England, expressed the hope that the German and British fleets would some day be fighting together against the United States as a common enemy. The Kaiser on that occasion made the mistake, so frequent amongst Germans, of undervaluing the intelligence of the British. IN SOUTH AFRICA. DE WET PROCLAIMS A REPUBLIC. BEYERS FLED. CAPE TOWN, October 30. The attitude of leading citizens throughout the country is of quiet confidence. Do Wet is putting forward the extraordinarily hitter nationalist differences, and has'proclaimed a mushroom-like independent republic, in Northern Orangia. with Heilhron as its capital. He uses his bogus authority in attempting to commandeer the move, ignorant burghers, under the threat, of confiscation of their property. The Dutch papers unanimously denounce the rebellion. Beyers's commandoes are scattered, and are unlikely to reunite. Beyers has fled in an unknown direction. Mr Merriman, in his speech denouncing the rebellion, said that he attempted to persuade General Botha, not to risk his valuable life on a battlefield, and that Botha replied that ho would not ask the Dutch people to cuter on a conflict with their brethren unless he led them personally. CLASSEN'S REBELS DEFEATED. CAPE TOWN, October 50. (Received October 31, at 10.10 a.m.) Colonel Alberts has completely defeated the rebels under Classen near Nichtenburg. Classen was wounded and captured. REINFORCEMENTS FROM OTACO. MORE MEN WANTED. Recipients of pay warrants from the Treasury authorities in Wellington seem to be iii doubt as to the rovr?<j to pursue in order to convert them into cash. These pay warrants are forwarded by the Treasury to the dependents or relatives of the members of the Expeditionary Forces on account of the allotments of pay. They are really orders on the money order division of the Postal Department, and are payable on presentation at the money order office named in the warrant. Some recipients have forwarded them to the local military authorities and to banks for payment, aiid have, of course, been refused. The following telegram has been received at the local headquarters of the Defence Department from Wellington :- "Twenty infantry and three artillery are wanted from Otago to complete the. first reinforcements. These men will -be required to leave Dunedin 'by the 11.15 train on Monday. The local office, in its endeavor to secure the men from the various centres in Ot-a-go, has communicated with suitable men, and in .some'cases find they are not to be found at the address left with the recruiting officer. One man was found to have taken on a shearing job inland, and his whereabout could not he definitely ascertained. " A Friend " sends us 7s for the Belgian relief tod- __

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Bibliographic details

FIGHTING FOR CALAIS., Evening Star, Issue 15638, 31 October 1914

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3,191

FIGHTING FOR CALAIS. Evening Star, Issue 15638, 31 October 1914

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