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TURKS START.

FIRST SHOTS BY THE BRESLAU. PLAN NO. 3. THE WAR AND MOSLEM FAITH. ON THE BELGIAN COAST. OUR BIGGER SHIPS JOIN IN. [By A. Spentf.] Ooeben, battle cruiser. and her deeds featured the talk in town this morning. Not for tho first time. It seemed that she had ben away up the Black Sea, bombarding obscure Theodosia, in the Crimea. The story had to be read with reserve. She damaged the Cathedral, the Greek church, and so on. Possibly the, cable man emulated Pish Tush in Gilbert's opera ‘Mikado.’ and furnished, as it were, “a few corroborative details to give verisimilitude to an otherwise bald a.nd unconvincing narrative. - ’ If she had wished to bring the Russian Black Sea fleet out of Sebastopol she went the right way. Preparatory to accenting battle from a striking force stronger than herself, she began operations by emptying her magazines- It would have been a strange opening.

iSti.U, shots have been fired into Theodosia, though not by tho (toeben. Tho rabies assign that important step to the Breslau. The Germans drink at every solemn feast to “the day” when the triple incubus— Britain, France, and Russia,—shall bo removed from the national breast. There is t.io alluring prospect of the Persian Gulf via the Bagdad railway. Mesopotamia, is nearer to Germany (or Germany thinks it is) than it ever was when it, was merely a catchword t,> devout old women of an ago not long gone by. To assist the swoop through Mesopotamia, (or places like, that), Turkey is willing, Germans, no doubt, have intrigued, daily in high places in Constantinople. So the Black Sea will be black enough wmii. Ihe storm cloud floats above it: a child's hand brings the deluge down. It seems that the whole Turkish fleet is out. Among others one notes the Hamidieh, ex Abdul Hamid, which had such an exciting run during recent wars. She demanded the surrender of Novo-Ros-{■ii.sk, near Kaffa Bay, and not far from Theodosia. The motley Tureo-Gernian ships are doubtless together, the smaller ships inshore and the Goebcn lying further back. Reuter’s message sums up well. On Monday the situation was nearing breaking point. The British Ambassador informed the Grand Vizier that it the Turks crossed the Egyptian frontier it would mean war with the Triple Entente. ’That word would not have been said unless Turkish troops had already begun to move in an important direction —me direction of the Suez Canal. It seems that they must have been. It is much as it tho old Bible cities had spiong to war again. The troops immediately available would be the garrisons at Damascus, Jerusalem, and Ei -Irish, The consequences of what has been done may Le lar-roaching. The swashbuckling Balkans will likely blaze, again. Above ail, it lias to be porno in nund that tiie tuiitiui is Padishah and Commander of Uio Faithful. His word counts with the latter. The effect in India may he considerable. That, of course, is pan, of the German intrigue. TWELVE INCH? Tho duel between sea and land, off the low snore of Belgium, must, l.c deepening. Twelve-inch guns arc being used, and liatl-leships arc eo-opmating. Tne news ns mono sci urns than it may fork, it is the wrong low for battleships, and only extreme prereure on laud would jtistuy it. The message voii.c-s officially from the High Comm i.-s ton to me Prime .Minister, other v To it might Pc, dismissed. Tiie cat mine ray of hope, gleams through it, certainly.

"lhe enemy biought up heavy gurus and replied vigorously to Admiral Hood. . , . The vessels received only trifling structural damage. . . . Tl-e preponderance of naval gunnery seems to Ire established.”

it so it will ho one of tho rare occasions that prcpond-oi'amv of naval gunnery hat be cm) esiahliifhtyi against .shore fire in cases where calibre and skill veto equal. The gun pit cm laud is hard to disc-over, even by aeroplanes. The ship at sea is easily discernible. One well-placed shot may tend the best ship out of action; it may do so. too, with tho land gun, but that is less likc-lv.

What ought to be obvious can be placed in a scntenco or two. Battleships have been drawn in within submarine range. It is a bold step. The risk is groat. Only urgency affecting success or failure could justify that risk.

The Admiral Hood who is in i-harpe of operations will probably be the Hon. Horace Lambert Hoed, who is a descendant of ono of Nelson’s captains of that name. One would like the High Commissioner's hopeful message better if it were not for tho fact that, in another quarter of tho war, a heavy German victory in Lorraine has, so far, been well conwaled. It was this victory (of which we have never heard a, word) which opened tho road for the German siege artillery now approaching Belfort. The case, has to be balanced both ways. Mr Martin Donchoe, no great strategist, but a careful recorder of facts as he sees them, gives a good word to-day. The German army, marching with design on Calais, has been thrown back in disorder. PRINCE LOUIS RESIGNS. We may be approaching tho dreadful picture of society which Mr H. G. Wells gave in his novel ‘ When the Bleeper Awakes.' To-day we see that Prince Louis of Baltonborg has resigned his position as First Sea Lord. In a letter to his chief (Mr Winston Churchill) b© states that- iio was “driven to the painful conclusion” that his birth and parent ago were impairing to some extent his usefulness on the Admiralty Board. >So Lord Northcliffe (plain name Harmsworth) hat; "done things’’ per medium of one of the syndicate of papers which ho controls—the London ‘Globe,’ This paper asked (on no grounds whatever, except a stream of correspondents’ letters) for an authoritative affirmation of the loyalty of Louis of Battenberg. Fortunately, the man who has done so much for tiie Navy did not rush into print. But he gave tho Hannsworth syndicate a- slinging slap in the face—-he resigned. Chivalrous MiChurch ill has placed -on record his appreciation of the services of this wholehearted, honest director of naval activities. These clear-eyed, great men seem to think alike on one point at least. There is a thing which they resent. Tho ‘Globe’ reached the limit, and it got tho limit. The net result to tho nation is that it loses a great officer. MOUTH OF THB THAMES. With the Germans so near England, 12in guns called up, and so on, the charting of the mouth of the Thames becomes a thing of interest We have been told in cables this week that certain precautions were being taken to guard tho gat© to London. Captains who have entered or left the Thames usually say “Oh, the pilot took charge,” and leave it at that. When the pilot comes the watchful man who is navigating naturally rests from his labors and ceases to [Kinder over ehoals and channels and charts.

The war, however, has roused a new interest in the mouth of the Thames, and the chart tells its story- '.Hie river is not a united waterway until near the Nows light, doing in from the sea there three chief channels—Blackdeep Channel,

nearest the Essex shore ; Edinburgh Channel, in the middle; and Prii.ccs Channel, on the Kentish side. Bladcdeop Channel is truest to its name. It is both black and deep; it is the deepest. Mere removal of the buoys and the withdrawal of tho pilot service would make the Thames difficult for surface attack. For underwater attack the minefield is main guard. If the contingency came the central and southern channels could be blocked that way, even against submarines. The Blackdeep channel would doubtless be left open to the last. THE TRAITORS. Tho accumulation of traitors in South Africa may grow, it ie a question for suspended judgment. On the one hand we, see that Louis Botha is acting with decision, which is the right way to grip rebellion. The swifter the better. The small loafing commando of the rebel Beyers has had a mixed time. On the other hand, He Wet has set un some sort of little Kingdom, with headquarters at Heilhron. These mole-eyed burghers seem to be remarkable for everything except intellect. Tho ‘Westminster Gazette’ puts the situation to them well enough : If they win, what do they expect? Will they surrender their own self-government in favor of a rule which is contrary to every Boer tradition. In going to South Africa they sought free air and wide spaces. It seems (hat Christian He Wet is minded to sell the whole birthright which the Boers have won. lest, and won again.

■EMDEN. In a somewhat amusing message Sydney sources give further details about the Emden. Tho cable goes so far as to state that all captured crews are “treated courteously. T ’ It is a relief to know that no one has yet been hanged from the wireless aerials. The captain, it is stated, displays reticence (worthy of the police) in respect to his tactics. 'Sydney, however, has managed to ferret out the fact that he intercepts all aero massages. How Sydney got this news from such a silent captain leaves one in Wonderland. No doubt the captain of tho Emden is as reserved as befits a cruiser captain, and perhaps the only message about this little eh in worth considering is t hat she torpedoed and sank the Russian cruiser Jemtchug. That account is given on the authority of Reuter. GILBERTIAN.

Thu following notice, which tells some vague sort of story, was put on the notice board in a Government workshop in Dunedin this week : Notice to Staff. —Expeditionary Force ; Term casuals -who desire to join an Expeditionary Force should tender their resignations, and on the conclusion of the war they will be considered for reemployment, provided they are not incapacitated and vacancie.s exist. It must, however, be quite clear that no guarantee can bo given that work will be available on their return to the Dominion. A Gilbertian situation common to most Governments is here reached. Mount Cook, Wellington, clamors for further enlistment for war; the Government tacitly allege that they are willing to do all manner of things to help enlistment on. At the same time there comes the above no-' tree, signed “ Workshops Foreman.” Resumption of employment for “ term casuals ” seems a little "doubtful. If they go to Belgium it is not unlikely that the resounding guns may affect their hearing ; tho strain of battle may also affect their reason. The main thing for these volunteers seems to be that they should not come back “ incapacitated,” It will be hard to go to Europe and come back unimpaired, but the department evidently demands the ultimate. Let us hope that some of these young men will not be reduced in tho end—as so many of the alleged survivors of the Light Brigade axe said to have been reduced—to soiling bootlaces in the street. THE V.C. AND THE NAVY. TO THB EDITOR, Sir, —Will you allow me to correct another misstatement made by your war correspondent. Mr Spence states that the Cross has only come to the Navy six limes, whereas 45 V.C.s in all have been gained by the Royal Navy in tlie 60 years that have gone by since tde institution of the most coveted of all decorations. Sixteen officers of tho Navy, two officers of the Royal Marines, and two of the Indian Marine have been awarded the V.C.. together with 25 warrant and petty utlici'is and seamen. The V.C. roll of the Royal Navy campaigns i s as follows;

Jibe matter was sufficiently mentioned in yesterday's notes in response to a. letter signed “Otago High .School Hoy.” It Mi Bridgeman ie out on a general crusade of correction he will find interesting rending in some o i his previous letters. For instance, he hat, placed it on record that Germany has only 500 aeroplanes. The president of-the American Aeronautic Society (a. neutral, and one of tho last, who eaw (he Gorman air establishment before tho war began) gives tho figure a« SOO. So it is wondcriul how the authorities differ.—A.S.]

v.cu. (,'rimea and Baltic. 1854-55 27 Indian Mutiny, 1857 7 Uhina War, 1860 1 Japan. 1864 7> Xcw Zealand, 1860-64 2 Bombardment of Alexandria, 1863 1 Soudan, 1884 1 (.Vet* 1 , 1893 1 (.rinu’a, IS CO 2 46 -I am, dc.. F. 0. BniP-;’ m w Onnhor 50.

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Bibliographic details

TURKS START., Evening Star, Issue 15638, 31 October 1914

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TURKS START. Evening Star, Issue 15638, 31 October 1914

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