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THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN

OPENED BY MR W. E. J. MAGUIRE. The first of lids City’s election addresses was given by Mr V,. E. ,J. Maguire, a candidate for Dunedin West, in the Oddfellows’ Hall, Rattray street. Inst evening. There was a large attendance. including many ladies. Mr A. Watt, president of the Drivers' Union, who occupied the chair, introduced the candidate, and in doing so said that Jlr Maguire was nominated by the Aerated End Cordial Workers’ Union and that big organisation, the Drivers’ Union. As an Organiser Mr Maguire had been of great benefit to tin' workers, and be had devoted tho whole of his lime and attention 4o helping tho poor and his fellow-workers. At the time of the strike he did a greatwork in the way of relieving distress ; he was one of their greatest helpers. He had been nominated for Dunedin West as a •traightout Labor candidate. Ho was attached to no Labor platform whatever. Mr Maguire, who was received with applause, said that if he was elected he would never* violate any principles which |>e advocated on tho hustings. Labor—and In: meant by Labor the people—would have his first consideration. His conception of the working class movement —that Was, the people's movement —was that it Was a democratic movement, ami they aunst have men in Parliament who were not afraid to act. in tho interests of the fteople. no matter what Government wars he Government of the day. lie stood as * straightout Labor candidate. If ho were, elected he would support whatever Government was in power, provided thatthey put forward a Labor platform. So far as Sir Joseph Ward was concerned, ie had tho greatest admiration for that fentleman, and he also recognised that Ir Massey was one uf the finest colonists they had ever had. He was not going to make capital out, of denouncing either Sir Joseph Ward's party nr .Air Massey's party. Ha stood before them as a fearless advocate of the people's rights—ha stood for Labor principles, i Applause.) He was in favor of

—Proportion.! 1 "Represent at ion. — Democracy must be equal am! impartial. End unless the weak side of the present mode uf election since the abolition of the Second Ballot could be strengthened, so as to give government of all by all, they were Justified in advocating a more comprehensive system than the tingle ballot, winch spelt minority rule. Even under the second ballot Parliament, at tin; most, :ouid not represent more than a bare majority of the people, and any measure 5t passer] was adopted nil the hare majority itself. The .Massey Government held Mime, even though elected on the Fcond ’billot, by a minority vote. Therefore, if

:h.- prineip'e of Proponlocal Rcpivsentai ;on « "re considered an absolute improve incut c-ii the Second ballot, how much D -ed was there Cor its introduction against ‘Mat fearful minority mode of election—flic singly ballot! The whole tendency under the present mode of elect ion was to make the penpb- subservient to Parliament. instead of the political machine being the vehicle to entry llie whole weight of public opinion, driven bv its master®— the people. Votes Mould be oast for the government of the whole people by the it hole people, equally represented. it was necessary not only to decentralise parliamentary .authority, and give municipalities more power, but it was equally important that there should !>.• mio municipal body for all local jurisdiction, and not Different bodies for dtlferent parts of municipal government. such as boaids. trusts. IU . It could not he urged that municipal government would be inferior in knowledge of its hu-iness to Parliament. Rather should it be . oneeded that it had a direct interest in (lie results, for the authority which was most conversant with local details must, necessarily Is- nior? Jompetent to deal with them, ihe Government of the Crown . mid.-tcd of many departments, but Ministers did not require a Parliament apiece to keep them to their duties. Tlien whv should tlnne Iv a

Separate parlniment, trust, or hoard, inSUad of one municJual body responsible {■' the central authority iP;;ili:unent)V Tim vote should hr cast. then, hj r the parliamentary franchise, to be extended to municipal elections, and for tho unilieation of all minor civic bodies into substantial, influential, responsible local govelliBient, constituted, as a whole, on the same ft nrt'M'nLaiive basis as Parliament, f- \| platK-e.) Pre fc i e 11 1 ia J Trade. He would advocate a system of proferen-t-al trade within the Umpire that- would J. nd to further cement the thread of kin - .'hip in a practical maimei— a sort of durable commercial treaty. The .-eimifv of Mew Zealand's tunic with the Mother Land and all British possessions was a vital question. The enormous bene (its of jeciprocal trade relations within the Kmy ire- should bo obvious to nil, when the pa,r trade' between Germany and Great Britain alone was considered. (lernuny had a’.vay# had the host of the deal, despite repeated warnings against "marie in Germany." The sentiment pervading the Em- - ire', commercial and ind«*tri»r ramifications had been hostile to war. Therefore it- was ripe that practical steps should be taken to organi>c and systematise and tjarry forward an education of public opinion which would lead to a great reformation in the direction of commercial rcciprosity within the Empire, for the purpose of Deakening our < ormnercial relations with Germany and fortifying the commerce and industrial mechanism within the British Dominion and with our allies. Instead of *.tJt component part of the Empire dopending upon opening foreign markets for itself without reference to or consideration for others, let all decide what was and should be our common interest, and coDperato to secure it. Britain'., generous Spirit of cosmopolitan trade had been Taken advantage of by Germany, and it was necessary at once to establish a. community and identity of interests between ihe self-governing nations within the Empire. (Applause.) Great Britain had all Ihe raw materials indiencii.-nhlo to German manufacturers, and' could make her pwn terms by raising the price of th-ose #.-stnbial requisites to Germany, and kill .Jiie cheap wages and low cost of production ihat had secured to Germany the markets ®r the world.

—Bible in Schools.— JVee secular education had hia wholcIkarted support, and any attempt to interl re with our popular State education and x-digious liberty by the Bihle-in-Schools I.eague met witli his opposition. (Apfla«ge,) The State, haying no tt-iigiun, could not undertake to teach any, and jiioiiid the State _atfopt any form of religion, then the rights and consciences of in any would be imperilled. The advocates -Hi a" referendum on public questions drew the line when the question ot conscience or jiiigion was to be decided by the counting 9f votes. —Defence.— The more lie read of what was going on $1 Europe, the more he was impressed by She tact that we needed adequate naval defence. The idea of a local navy, owing V> its cost, must bo discussed prudently ®nd in a manner free from party bin.-. The British fleet was all-powerful, and while it maintained its superiority we peed have little or no fear of invasion. Slut a time might come when Britain's supremacy might bo seriously challenged, 3ud the British fleet might be withdrawn from our coasts, and we might be loft defenceless. It was certain that the nest parliament would be called upon to conIftder seriously both the sea and air defences of New Zealand. B would bo inijnrudent for one to pledge oneself on the question of a local navy, or any increased Subsidy to the British fm- the fullest protection we might require in the Pacific. Some arrangement might be arrive.:! at, frith the approval of the Admiralty, between Australia and New Zealand. If the speaker were returned, the question would: have his most earnest consideration. Eegarding land defence, why in New Zealand should there he any opposition to a preparatory plan for our second line of defence on a compulsory training basis? Those who opposed our system of training displayed an infantile knowledge of what irat meant by militarism when they appflyt that term to our Territorial Force, or politician claiming our suffrage -jITU u. detinite pronouncement on our

defence policy was a negation. For the conscientious objectors alternative service could easily be provided of a nou-comba-tive character. With regard to tho war he strongly endorsed tho action of tho Foreign Minister (Sir Edward Grey), and ii elected would support anything calculated to strengthen British arms. 'Applause.) —Feminist Movement. The removal of any disabilities that women might suffer from would always have his earnest support. Amended conditions and improvements must bo made to raise women to a high level of independence. Ho would assist at all times to widen their sphere of influence, and open every department of employment that women desired and could prove their fitness for. He would assist in auv legislation proposed that would mean the protection of female innocence, promote the Llifistian duties of marriage, and lighten the responsibility of maternity. Uhild life protection would find in him a solid champion. (Applaast. | —Anti-trust, Legislation.— He believed Unit auli-lrust legislation could bo efficacious only if administered hv a fearless Government. The legislation as it now existed did not give the people, an opportunity to deal with combines. owing to the fact that ik was necessary to prove intent to restrain trade and of detriment to the. public, both of which were extremely dillieult. and it was almost impossible to secure a conviction as the Act now stood. The Beef trust was liable, unless our, present legislation was amended, to get a looting in Now Zealand. it had heaten the antitrust laws of America. A specially efficient department was required, which could collect evidence and conduct an examination of witnesses in such a way that ’t would be impossible for them to be coerced or tampered with by the trust. ■ Liquor Law.-.

The initial and fatal mistake the Prohibitionists made was in attempting to make people solid- ,by a compulsory law. The pe-jpb were to be first enslaved and then made tectotalc- lino Prohibitionists argued that drink was a poison, and that every crime mi the calendar could bo traced to its source. Tins wo- tho most indefensible, tin? ino-t, demoralising, doctrine that ever emanated irom the fetish mind. Why should me man's liberty be judged by another •nan'.- conscience'.' One might consider drinking of little moment, but the right to drink wa- vital. It was criminal to create artificial crimes by law. To prohibit the use of liquors to ail merely because the- .small minority abused it was coercion in its crudest, blindest, most savage, and stupid form. He was in favor of the three fifths majority, ami he believed that if Pi ohibit i-m were car tied it would lower wages and bring about industrial aval commercial -tagnaci'-u. (Applause.) The tenii-t Hath-’ would b-’ mined, and .New Zealand held up to ridicule. The remedy to- over-imlu-gr ;u c was to take the trade mil of plicate hands, eliminate private piolit-. and let the State control the tr.atlic. I util a system of compulsory voting was established the speaker would not suj.p-.m the bare majority.

—The 1.-ind Que-iion. - The root problem was th • land question bmai' holde's were ; ti uggling along, and often going imder. Many were compelled to allow the land to remain proportionately uncultivated through want of cheap rno r-v. Le i-ehi.id tenure was dead. The bulk of the frown land-, had been pureba-ed. Through the ineiri dent method of production the export trade wa; not nearly what it Mould bo. Tile increased Graduated baud Tax brought in revenue, but did not give any impetus (o increased land set t Vinem, We were confronted with fm- of two alternatives - limited fieehold or nationalisation. Tim State leasehold bad Oecn a failure. The aggn-gal ion of estates wns still going on, and -ome r ueoin agernenf mist be given to cio-er settlement, an-! tin Stale mu-t advance money for the erection of fanner.. - home.-, for the pur chase of - tuck, implement,., ere., and ads. assist, in new di-Mrjet-, d dry lactone., and such industries contingent, to tinland, by subsidies. —Public Health.— The enormous importance ot national health made it a mallei' of vita! rr.nwt that a national In-nlth service should he centred in mm department, under the control of a Minister of ITeilih. This ,eivicc should include a highly-trami d .mrs ing staff. For the very noor and smallsalary M arkers medical trcatim at -M',1.1 be tree, ami maternity slionld receiw a bonus. The ho-phal, Him Id he remov'd entirely from charitable aid , ml prison-' aid boards. The service of health should be free to ail who reared big faniihes on small wage.. Hospital-. rcmv.ih'-, ei; homes, sanatoria. etc., should be linked up wit!) (lie rate, and should also be State-supported in-titutions. The pre-eu, hospital accomoioda-ioii woind continue to be inadvpiat - while vobnitavv emit libations were depended upon. A svstem ot State nur-o- ansi doctors should ho est.rbiislie 1 whose duty would be to assist every mother who ashed for help in maternity, and w ho.e watchful care, shonld be available to advise and assist until the child passed the special danger, of infamy. In view of the di-crecefii’ state of the electoral roll, it v.a. impcratUe that a similar -y-iem of compulsory voting to that existimg in Hie Commonwealth should be established. If elected the speaker would tiring this matter forcibly before the FPm-e. He would al-o endeavor to make the teaching profession more atti.active and remunerative. The minimum salary should not be helew 1T25 with 825 added for marri'-d male assistants. The National Hebt had almornnl'v risen within the last three vtars to 8100.000.0C0. Vet the bnck-bl-Vk settins bad been- neglected, and the expmidilute on roads and bridge, bad been curtailed. The promise at the la-t chat ion to cm tail borrowing bad nut been re!lilled, and despite the increasing txin.-n (litme, there bad been more inn mploi e.i, even before the uar broke out, than liming any previous Admini-trat ion for wars past.

- La-t Year A Shake. The hue strike could have been handled more judiciously by the Cuveninient, without going the lengths to which went. It was to bo Imped that -neb conflicts would he adjusted in a imue ‘JlnFtian way in the future, and, it elected, the speaker would endeavor to pm:.ml,.; the best- po-dblc feeling amongst employers and employee*, as flic only sane means ot ensuring national prosperity ami the protection of the worker' 1 family life. The administration of the nii’iing Jaws had been Faulty. «ith the result that the Huntiy di-a-ccr entailed great Joss of life. Every recommendation of a precautionary character should have been strictly enforced. The disbursement of idief funds from the va'ions sources to the widows and orphans of the dead miners was n standing disgrace. .Hist when the grief was most appalling private charity was invoked, and tho (iovernment were tho last to relieve their hnpecnnio'ity. Tins extension of the functions of the State, when? practicable, would have the speaktv’s hearty support. Social justice and the right to live a full, free life, and enjoy the fruit of on-Ts labor were his political themes. The present was an opportune time for putting fresh blood into the Parliament of New Zealand. The speaker concluded with an appeal to the electors to vote for the’ best man, and not to be carried away by what lie characterised as the “shibboleth” of Prohibition. (Applause.) —Questions.— An Elector ; Would Air Maguire he in favor of introducing legislation which would have for its object tho protection of the simple clefs of the community who are “had” by those people going by the high-sounding" names of palmists and fortune tellers’; (Laughter.) Mr Ma unite said that so far as he was personally concerned he would take up the sam-a position in regard to a matter of that kind as was taken up by a member of the House in regard to the Massage Bill. There was an old saying and a true one that there was more in onv philosophy than some people dreamed of. There wefc

certain things that appealed to some minds that did .nob to others. So.far as ho personally was concerned ho believed that there "were people who thoroughly understood these things on a. scientific basis oh the lines his friend hid asked. He was not in favor of peirnitting frauds, and the only way to deal with those people who wc.ro frauds was to keep away from them, and they would eventually find their level. An Elector: It was said to-night that Mr Maguire was nominated at a representative meeting of drivers. Will the chair man toll us who moved the resolution and where the meeting was held? The. Chairman: You arc wrong in saying he was nominated by the Drivers' Union. Mr Maguire's, nomination came from the Aerated Waters and Cordial Workers' Union, and was endorsed hy the Dunedin and Sulim ban Drivers' Union at a meeting held in Smith's Hall, in Hanover street—at- a smoke concert.

i Then if. was not a representative meeting—it was purely a social function? Mr Maguire ; My friend wants to know if I was nominated hy the Drivers’ Union. I was nominated by (he Aerated Waters and Cordial Weaker;-’ Union. At a, r octal ft notion. held hy tile Dunedin Drivers’ Union a resolution was moved endorsing my candidature and promising me their siqport, with the result that I have on the platform to-night the president of the Drivers’ Union and the renioj- vice-presi-dent- of (lie same union. I think that antswcffc the quest ; on. The Chairman ; I would like to make it clear that a resolution would have been brought up at our meeting before we wen*. to th-e smoke concert The sur I-Teetor (interrupting) ; Why, then, wan it not brought up? The Chairman : Because the Labor body at the Trades Hall would not allow us to have any “sbicker” there. The same Voice : Then, did you want to get, " shiekered ”? The Chairman; They allowed others to hav-o liquor there, but they would not allow the- Drivers’ Union to have- it. An Elector : Mr Maguire has condemned tin; Massey Government, yet by his action in entering this election he is going to allow (hem to get in again. Mr Maguire : I am neither tho nominee of Air Ma-pccy ror Sir Joseph Ward. lam a, straight-out Labor candidate. ‘ “But by yr-nr action in standing yon arc only i-plitting votes in favor of the Reform candidate." Another Ei-crfor; Tin- hate majority (should ml- 1 . That is the basis of democracy. Ever since Mr Maguire came here his career has been erratic. He has fallen cut v ith all Labor sections. Does he not recognise that, the liquor traffic is a- social problem and ought to he settled bv the ban- majority because it is the basis of democracy ? .Mr Maguire: 1 am prepared to vote the way my friend wants wbnn he knows what deniovraov really means, Mr Maguire added that hj - had not bdleu out with anybody. Ho was secretary of two unions, and he hod never had any falling out with them. The fact that the presided- of one of them wa> there that night was ...ifHctnnt proof that everything was going on very smcotTily in regard to his enmnnign. An Elector; Will you gin- n? your rea tons for leaving the Social Democratic party? Air Maguire : Alv reason was simply this : The Drivers’ Union, by 5 to 1, turned down the (Social Democratic party, and I was compelled to acquiesce in the vole of my union. Thotc uas no Social Democratic- party in Dunedin to-day. They were overt-ha (lowed hy the Labor Representation Gomiml-tee. An Elector : Did you not onlngi.-.r the Social Democratic party on returning from the conference of the Federation of Labor •■it Wellington? Mr .Maguire ; The Social Democratic patty as it existed after the cmifercuicc of liit' United Federation of Labor was a very different- Social Democratic party to tlnr, which exists at the present time. A Vote Mi Anderson moved, and it was seconded —” That- in the opmion of I lie doctors of Dtmcditi West .Mr Maguire, is a fit and proper pm.-on to represent ns in Parliament. and that a, committee he formed to secure Ids return." An (lector, who hid Ik-mi most persistent in questioning the candidate, moved ns on amendment, ami it was seconded—“’That Air Maguire bo merely thank-cd for his add res* " On a trow of hands being taken t-hc aiocndr icnt was curried hy a good majority.

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THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN, Issue 15637, 30 October 1914

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3,438

THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN Issue 15637, 30 October 1914

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