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WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR, Issue 15637, 30 October 1914
WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR
REVIEW OF EVENTS. SPEECH BY BARON KATO. The * 'North China Herald' publishes a report of the speech delivered on September sin the Japanese But by Baron Kato, Alinkber of Foreign Attains who reviewed the events leading up to lb-* war between Japan at.d Germany and the terniiiuuion of relations with Austria-Hungary. Baron Kato first outlined the situation in Europe, eh owing tho force of circumstances which decided Ore-at Britain to participate in the war, and, continuing. s.rd:_ ‘'Early in August the Bntislx Onv- iTiment asked the. Imperial Government tv assistance tinder the terras of the Angie-Japan-ese Alliance. German men-of-war and aimed vessels were prowling tho seas ot Eastern Asia, memu ing our commerce and thill of our ally, while Kiao-eluii was making preparations, apparently ter the purpose of constituting a- base lor warlike operations in Eastern A.-ui. Great anxiety was thus felt as to the mainC'ii.ince of peace in the Ear least. As all are auaie, t.vc agrei'ment of alliance between Japan and Great, Britain has for its object the confcoliclation and maintenance of the general pence of Eastern Asia, ensuring the independence and integrity «>i China, as web as tho principle of equal opportunities Jor commerce and industry for all nations in that country, and tho maintenance and dcfence respectively -it th • tm ntwia! right* and special interests <•! the contraeting parties in Eastern Asia. I le-i-erare we wove asked by our ally bar assist am ■ at, a time ■wlu-r. commerce' in E.:(.~teio Asia, which Japan end Great Brit.rn regaid alike as : tie of their spe.-nd interta-ls. is stibpicteo to constant menace. Japan, v.hn-a if'gar*U that alliance as a geiibng of her foreign policy, u.ukl irai. mu comply with a request tobin lu-r ] art. Germany's pus-rc.-simi of a base f.-r powerful activities in •me ctHirer of the Ear East was not, i ntv a sOTicus obstacle to the man ' a nance of permanent peace, but- a ;m> e-'iiibvted with *ms immediate interest ■ : Urn Japanese E.m----j ire. The Jar.an.se iban.iinm tiungoiv (continued the Mo-sI- m r-c-oivcd to eoinI'ly with the British .1 them was tnv v 1- > p_ h- w !: r . i -,w •-* 't(ri - m3:i7. il.c iir.jt.'ial vgw v*<' l j iiiuuii;;c.ft'.’ti *-i:r rotw> hu“Ui ;*k the B:uL"h ( Jivennuuru . ."-iKi ■'*- full ■;aiik ■ »C‘V<jrmnc»it> i;'i!«uvc< f . it v.\i.s hn;i II y agreed bv't v- ecu l u> t.i!:- 1 mensuror; a* wero iiccgsag v y t > jiiviv- I Use general ■ interests f»y the »»t* iJ lilt nee. Japan iic-L m> »Vfi3*-a or incim.i t.loii U> become mv.-lvo-l in th.j iivot-eU toil- : iiict. Shti *nly *h;r . r 'ie omgJ ; t !•> herd'll K» l.sr* Mnhlu 1 to liu* ailunco* find to strengthen .is foundation, by ensuring the peiiiMtu ill i c:i v , f the Ea; ;1 ar.ii •protecting the spv is; iiio-m-; ■ »i in.- i wo allied Bewe Vs. —.Tat-an .-. ,\-K i.'i- I-, i e-miany. *■ D-.-siriiig. in-v.w■.>!■• to civs- t!ie situation by pacific means. t!;e Imperial Government on August lo gave Jie tillow.iig advice to the C-einitvn G vver.imor.t : We lonsider it higiily inipoiuv.it and necosoary in Ihe present siUi.ilicn to lalce ineysures to icnvive the nu.-.o s-f all disturbanci s of pea.e in llv Far '•. end to Siifegiiatd the _vm-i.il ini- ' ,-ts Cor.U-mp’ated by the agreeinoiit • l alliance between ■) ipan and Great Bt .tain, ji; ord.-r to ..is- iiie tiini and enduring peace in iir.stei'-i Asia-. !he ( sta i-lisbnieut of which is the am. of the said agim:jnent. The Imperial dapar.se Government cinaerely believe it t ■ ie- their duty to giro advice to I lie luq erial Government, t<> ciaiy out the following two propositions : --Firstly, to withdraw immediately ihoin Jajiantsw ami Ghim-so waters German men-ct-war and mined Missels of all kinds, and to disarm ihct-o which iaim it be withdrawn: and, secondly, to d-liver mi a. date not later than .September 15 to the Impei ul •Jupanosc authonti s without roiHiition or t ompensat ion the ent ire leased territory of Kiao-chan, with a view t > :h‘' eventual re.-lorat: ?n of ’he mu,-' l j China.
■' C'ntl! ih-s ia-t momem of ti:n lime allowed on Augd.it 23 the Impelia! Goverii-ni'-nc leccived no ans’.ver. illiiis an lin-pt-rial reseiipc d-.G.iring w.u wcis issued next day." —Relations with Au.-ti ip. Barjn Kato bri.-lly i t-i'-.-i red t-> A.u. triaTliingary. with which, h.iv.i, ; smiy \i-iy hmittSfl inti ;CSts in tie- Fin i. Japan desire-1 to mi.iniaia |i'u? :■ hd inns, as long as pcw-lbie. At the car.? than, i: appeared as if Am-nia-Huavay :v.-.o ds-iv-d -T.i avoid e.i .p Jn as so--n ;-s Japan ami Hi-mi-iuy env.-v-d ujsm a state of war the Aiiriiii-Tlui.g.niaM Gn-viri-uniem a.bed fo, tin- mi.-ng ami good i.. dices of the Lni-nial t Suvei i.nu-nl for p- :- iniidng iKo Kai.-srin i-.lizabvd!i. AustriaHungary’s only juali-i ;-w.u- in 11 1 • Far East likely to fen.-s u .-trie n war, to go to .Shanghai and tluiv cli'-ani.. '■ I was about P- i omiuurhcato to tho Aiu-u-oHur.g.intan Anil-.00.hr tlv ini that Great Britain and Japan enteriainfd no object hm f. '.!.<■ disarming of the Kaiserin Eilizabelb.'' Is- c a, tin tied, - wh suddenly. c:,i Aug::.-a ?.?, * I:J.mbcsnidor : niormed in ■ . i ,;;, i; : ;,i i e.-J Japan's action agiin-t Germany, bis Govmiment h:i<l instinctr-I inm to br.ve hie cost, and displonumc rebutom. wer--broken idf." —I iitted States Thanked.— In conclusion. Him-vi Kart .Vihi;-- • u U hen relations rvtv.-e, Jai.im and (b rniaiiy reached lie- j.-dm of inpiare tieImperial Govcinmem c„-k''ii tiv Ldiiied State’s Guvcrninent if, in cu.-o id need, thev woulrl ho g- i<l enough undertake t!io protection of Japan-sni.jcci, and interests :n Germany. d'iiis request tho I nitvd States Government prompt ly complied with. Subseqn-miy. i i-im tiw ruptum of dip:ounu.!e islali-ais 1 tuctu .Taguva ami Austria-rft’.iig’.ii’y. the Imrctinl Gnvermnent ngain appea 1,1 to the United States Government t-n- L'i,g •protec-Uou of •fapanc.se subject'- and interests .n Au.-tria-Hungary, when the Lno- ,i Stun s, Government gave the same willing uinsent. I desire to avail myself eg' this opportunity to k'ive expression t > tile souvre tiriprcciatton on tho pan eg tho inmeri il Guvernment of the court, ,-v c-. i.oe.gi.- extended by the United Htat •: s I lovci nmont. While regretting that Japan is compelled to take up arms against G. rnmnv. I am happy to believe ri-at ij ; - army and navv of our illu-ti-iutis Sov?:-■ i-- ■ i wni n<i;- fail to chow tho snme loyalty and vain;- with which they have distinguished themselves in the past, so that all may U- blessed by the early restoration of per,.:,-."
WHY JAPAN WENT TO WAR, Issue 15637, 30 October 1914
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