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Th>- City Council sat late last evening. As a result the. Mayor's notice of motion " That the resolution passed by the council fixing certain holidays for the outdoor staff be rescinded." and the discussion on the half-yearly ha Inner-sheet were held over. Professor Pit nee. Commissioner of i-'i.-h----erk-s for Canada, f-frrs in his interesting preliminary report on the fiehcito? of the Dominion to the injuries by river pollution. Many fine rivets, such aa, tho Tnieri (he, save). with line Hanks, splendid scenery. and perfect angling {tools, have been utterly ruined by gold mining pollution. Apparently there is no cure for (his, but 'while New Zealand cannot help the loss of such, fine fishing waters, there arc a number of livers which pollution is being poured where steps should He taken to prevent- it. There are a few cass of sawdust pollution which should be most rigorously dealt with. there, is no reason wiry sawdust. or mil! tefnse .should be poured into

any streams suitable for li.-h. The use of cyanide of potassium in quartz gold-mining, v Inch ; s- likely to largely increase in the future, is also a source of great danger to fish and all aquatic life, owing to the deadly effect, of this cyanide- on such life. The most effective steps should be insisted upon in order to prevent this waste going directly into public waters. in North America such mining operation-- have in every rase been {remitted only on the condition that tho cyanide pollution is conveyed river certain waste areas, where by a natural system of filtration it- ultimately reaches (he rivers or streams deprived of its most serious poisonous qualities. Thatsawdust and mining pollution has been effectively dealt with in other countries is a proof that stringent measures would he successful in New Zealand.

Our time correspondent writes:—The delegates from all tho Bible classes within tiro jurisdiction of the MaLaura. Presbyters (Presbyterian) hold a. rally at Gore nu Monday. In the morning an address on ‘The Need for Advancement' was given by the travelling secretary of the Bible class movement (Mr Fraser Barton), which was much appreciated. Ho was followed by Mr Joseph Hunter, M.A.. with ‘A Model Atudy,’ illustrating the best method of studying any subject to get the most nut of it. The afternoon was spent in the East Gore Domain, where the visiting delegates were treated to afternoon tea by the Gore members, and short addresses were also given by Mr Every r The Why of Prayer') and Rev. R. E. Evans iWaikaka) on 'Christian Influence.' The delegates met again in the evening in tho Presbyterian Church, when addresses were given by Rev. Mr Clarke, (Wyndham) on '.Manliness' and 'Rev. Mr M’Ncni (Knapdale) on 'God's Claims Upon the Individual.' The travelling secretary (Mr Barton) reminded members of the annua! summer conference of delegates from Bible classes throughout Now Zealand, who meet at Gore from the 26th December to 3rd January, and which the local committee are working hard to make most successful.

The annual confeieiuo of the New Zealand Association of His Majesty’s Veterans was held at Wellington yesterday. The annual report congratulated members on their receiving the pension for the Maori War free from all conditions. The pension dated from November 1. 1913, and of 1,504 persons who were entitled to receive it, 137 had died since its being granted. The following resolution was adopter! : ■‘That mem hers of the New Zealand Association of His Majesty’s Veterans, in conference assembled, desire, to express their deep interest in the doings of our Navy and Army and its gallant Allies now engaged in Europe, ami venture to hope that, long before our next meeting victory, followed by lasting peace, may crown their efforts in the righteous cause of defending weaker nations than ourselves against, a militarism which aims at world power.” The Court of Appeal yesterday heard argument in the case of M’Lean and another v. Miller, an appeal from the decision of the Chief Justice (Sir R. Stout) refusing an application, under sections 51, 52, and 53 of the Land Transfer Act, 1808, for order for registration of copy of lost instrument. Mr A. S. Adams iDunedin) appears for the appellant, and Mr F. IT. Cooke (Palmerston North) for the, respondent. The matter arises out of the Gillespie frauds. Argument- had not concluded when the Court adjourned. The outcome of a deputation from the Employment and Relief Committee to the City Council was announced at the latter body’s meeting last night, when the Water Committee recommended, and it was decided. to grant authority for the expenditure of a sum of £3OO in clearing ground on the water reserves for tree planting. This amount will bo subsidised £ for £ by the Otago Patriotic and General Welfare Association. Cr Menzies (chairman of the Water Committee) explained that about 300 acres would be cleared. Mr Paulin’s forecast ; Strong N.W. to S.W. winds, and rain showers; barometer ¥• \

A survey of the fisheries of New Zealand and of the various important species inhaliting tho Dominion waters emphasises the contrast between the southern fish and fisheries and those of the north, especially the great fisheries of the North Atlantic (java the Canadian Commissioner of Fisheries in his repoit to the Now Zealand Government). The various kinds of fish most abundant in New Zealand waters recall the species familial’ in the markets; of Sum hern Europe. The great abundance of

the spiny-finned fishes corresponds with the food fishes found off the Spanish and North Afiican coast and along the shores of the Mediterranean, there is little resemblance between theee fishes and those of tho northern waters, such as the Canadian, British, or Norwegian fisheries. The most, important species in the great waters of the Northern Hemisphere are gadoids such as tod. haddock, pollack, whiting, mackerel, halibut, turbot, etc,: whereas the principal species in New Zealand teas are spiny-finned fish like sea perches, aparoids. bream, groper, mullet, gurnard, and tho shark family. .Moat of these New Zealand species resemble very much the kinds which are seen in the markets of Lisbon. Genoa, Marseilles, and Naples. Most of them arc exceedingly good food fish, and, though not the staple kinds in tlie British and European markets generally, they could readily find large sale in several markets. Keen interest is taken by a young mechanical engineer, who came to' Melbourne recently from Scotland, in the repoit that a- large German factory had been raided in Edinburgh (says a Melbourne paper). •• There is little, doubt that it is (he factory in which 1 worked tor three months," ho said. "ft was 10 years ago that the factory was erected for a German firm which, it was stated, intended to manufacture chocolates. It was large and substantial, and built of red brick. The windows were frosted so that no one could see inside. There were substantial ferro-eonerete foundations, and a flat roof. A significant feature was an outer concrete court, suitable for running out big guns, but too large for its supposed use as a van yard. To everybody in the neighborhood tho factory was a standing curiosity, and was known as the white elephant. People wondered why tlie German firm, after spending so much money on it, did not produce chocolates in commercial quantity. Curiously enough, the master engineer of my presentfirm has a. brother living within 50 yards of the factory at Willesdon. near'Taindon. whieli was reporter! also to have been raided by the. military. Tho Edinburgh factory was fitted with two suction engines <if high power. Tt was 40 yards from the Firth of Forth, and gun? from it could easily demolish the Forth Bridge, the Rosyth Naval Base, the Leith Docks, the Inch Keith Fort, and tho X.R.R. I tail way Junctions.”

The Otago Harbor Board engineer (Mr .1. Blair Mason) reports that the construction of the south endowment wall is proceeding apace, and the work is nearing completion. [■<-r a iwriod ot six weeks ended October 21. 12,072 cubic yards of stone were deposited on the line of wall, malting a total of 73.883 cubic yards to that date. The super-structure of the viaduct has been completed a total distance of 0,856 ft. leaving a distance of 1.590 ft to complete the viaduct. The piles have been drive;: to a distance of 4.114 ft, leaving a distance of 1,552 ft to bp. completed.

Tho tender of Messrs Stewart Bros., of £1.385 16s. for the erection of a bridge on the Waipori road, was accepted by the City Council last evening. Cr Marlow explained that Messrs Stewart Bros, had submitted an alternative tender for £987 10s, in round figures £4OO loss, but that did not cover the difference, because in one case the smaller amount included the cost of making the approaches to the bridge. lu the other case there would be a fairly large outlay in making the additional approaches. He was satisfied that it it was an ordinary business concern they would accept the smaller tender, hut the council should be guided by their experts. The tender was accepted on the engineer's recommendation.

The War is having. ;is usual with events iT the firs! magnitude, an influence on nomenclature. .Among llic names of chil dren insured in London, “age one next birthday, are Alsace Lorraine Jones Kitchener Barry, John Jellime Walker, and Louvain N icholls. These names have duly been added to registers which already include George Bank Holiday Smith and Only Fancy Henry White.

It is encouraging (fays the Napier ■_ 1 cic-graph') to hear an authority on fruitgrowing pay that the recent frosts in the district, have not done such havoc amongst, the poaches a.e the reports would lead one to believe. Although it. seems a contra;!iclion in terms, it "is the late peaches that have hoeti affected, the early and mid crops being only thinned, which was probably all the hotter. “ These late peaces.'' says the orebanlist, “are not. such a vital factor in the markets, and I have aeen peaches in April on the trees, evidently because their picking did not pay.”

'Fhe following return of shipping at this port for the month of September will bo presented at the meeting of the Otago Harbor Board on Friday evening ;—Arrivals —Coastal. 38 vessels of 53.623 tons: intercolonial, three vessels of 5,346 tons; foreign, six vessels of 22.076 tons; total, 47 vessels of 81.045 tons. Departures—• Coastal. 43 vessels of 51.442 tons; intercolonial. four vessels of 9,577 tons: foreign, six vessels of 29,235 tons: total. 53 vessels of 90,204 tons.

The improvement in berthage consequent on the dredging by 222 ie already apparent at the George street pier. The 10,000-ton steamer Pakeha sailed thence to-day. Her draught was 27ft Sin. When the berth-improvement dredging now in hand is completed tin's harbor will he able to accommodate any leviathan liners that may come along, and the Jocks are handy .for repairing any mishaps that may have occurred before arrival The berthage cannot lie completed, however, until the wharf is widened, and in that respect it is interesting to hear that, the timber for the. widening has been ordered. Two strange coincidem < > stand cm in connection with the mishap in the Ruahinc. Captain Fcubcf. her commander, and Mr Scarle, purser, were both on hoard the Turn kina whe.u that vessel put back to Wellington on lire on September 27, 1307. On that occasion the Turakina was Homeward. bound on her 15th voyage, from New Zealand. the fire was discovered on a Sunday, and the vessel’s bow was turned for Wellington on that day. This, alto, was the Ruahine's 13lh journey from New Zealand, and her head was turned back for Wellington on a Sunday also. Captain Forbes and Mr Searle are not superstitious but (says the ‘Dominion') the number 13 seems io dangle before them in a compelling manner. 'Fhe report, of the harbor master, for presentation to the meeting of the board on Friday evening, stales that the minimum low-water depths in the harbor during the month were as follow : —North channel, 40ft: bend, 52ft; Deborah Bay, 24ft ; Victoria channel (centre). 19ft ; Victoria channel (sides), 18ft. A remarkably good performance was putup last week by Mr William .Spencer, a well-known Otago man, who, having io answer an urgent call to Edievalc. left Haast Mouth/’ on the West Coast, ou Wednesday morning, and covered something like 212 miles in four days on horseback, without even getting a fresh remount. Tho first stage of the journey was from the mouth across to Makarora, roughly 60 miles, which is rarely accomplished in one day, and thereafter the horseman went from Makarora to Queensberry, to Goige Creek (which is 16 miles above Roxburgh), to Kdievale. the approximate, distances being respectively 54. 48, and 50 miles. The magnificent scenery in and around the Haast Pass is at its best just now, and the track is in good order for intending tourists. The. kowhai near the coast was in full bloom when Mr Spencer rod® through, au eight-mils stretch affording a magnificent spectacle. One ot the most thoughtful of the many appeals to the British public on account of the war is surely that mado by the editor of the ‘ Gardener’s Magazine,’ who requests all those who know the charm of flowers to plant as many bulbs as possible this English autumn, so that in tho springtime there may be an ample supply of blooms to cheer wounded soldiers and sailors in the various hospitals.

The visit to Oamam on Labor Day oj. the Musselburgh School Fife and Drum Band (Mr W. O. Kaye, conductor) was a great success. A big crowd welcomed them at the station, where the Mayor (Mr W. H. Frith) expressed pleasure at tho visit. The band marched up Thames street to the bowling green, their playing and marching being very favorably commented upon. The band were the guests of the Phoenix bowlers, who provided dinner and tea at MTntosh’s Tea Rooms, where the boys were excellently catered for. The School Committee and band appreciated all the kindness received in Oamaru, especially mentioning the Mayor, howlers, and general public. The generosity of the Musselburgh friends in paying all fares, and providing fruit and lollies for the train journey, was also fully appreciated.

Air John A. Cook, the hon. local representative for the Royal Academy arid Royal College of Music, London, has received word that Mr F. dn G. English, the boards examiner for the practical subjects,* will arrive in Dunedin on the 13th November next, when ho will at once enter upon the work of the examinations, Speight’s ak- and stout pre acknowledged by ihe Dominion public to be the best on tho market. —[Advt.] Indigestion and kindred ailments prevented by BisnwtraUd Magnesia; 2s 3d bottle. Wilkinson and Son. chemists.—[Advt.] Watson’s No. 10 is a little dearer than most whiskies, but ia worth the money. — [Advt.] Residents of Caversliam will no doubt heartily support the effort being made tomorrow evening by the Christian Brethren meeting in Playfair Street Hall, in aid of the British and Belgian relief fund. A choir of 40 voices will render tho reared eong -service entitled ‘ Stumpy Sam,’ mid, apart from the laudable object of the, service, a musical treat is hi Gere for those attending. During the evening a collection will bo taken up on behalf of tho abovementioned fund, and a libera! response is anticipated. If you wish the services of Mr Morris personally, he now makes portraits at bis home or garden studio, 554 George street; telephone 859. —[Advt.] A meeting of supporters of the relecied Labor candidates for Dunedin Noah and Dunedin Central (Messrs A. Walker and J. W. Munro) will be held in the Trades Hall to-night, at 8 o’clock. “Have one with me.” '‘Thanks, I wi’l. I’ll have Watson's No. 10. please.”—[Advt.] Ladies recommend Martin’s Apiol and Steel Pills. Sold by all chemists and stores. See you get the genuine.-—[Advt.] The Rev, J. T. Pinfold, 8.D., who baa been delivering a series of lectures on preaching. will giro the last of the series iiWhe Y.M.C.A, Rooms to-morrow evening, at 7.30.

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Evening Star, Issue 15636, 29 October 1914

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Evening Star Issue 15636, 29 October 1914

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