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OFFICIALLY OPENED. l.'asscrs-by could not fail to notice that Iho finishing touches; were, being put to the new pile of buildings in Stuart street ami their appurtenances, the official opening of which took place this afternoon. The oiiie-a! party assembled at tho main door <.f the building, wheie Mr G. M-Thorns-.n. M.P.. was formally presented by ihe chairman of the college Board of Manager.-. (Mr Thos. Scott) with a. gold kev r-.atablv inscribed.

Tho assemblage, then repaired upstairs to the Kompthorno Hall, where the Chairman (Mr Scott), in an interesting uddrosi-;, turned the hidory of the negotiations leading tip to the purchase of the site and the ultimate election am! completion of the buildiii£, making special reference to tue part, played by .Mr T. W. Kempthorne, after whom the hall is mimed.

Mr Kompthorno, in replying, referred to the satisf;u toty manner in which the arehileifc ami contractors had done their work.

Mr IT. Mandeno (architect for the' building) having imitnbly aeklnowledgod the i omj'liment paid him by.Mr Kempthorue, Mr It. M. "M.P.. said i The. special circumstances under which we meet i.o-day in formally open this- tine, and spacious building {ire conditioned, like everything else at tho present, time, by the awful war now- beng waged—a war tin-p.-o-alleletl in the history of the, world in it-; extent, which is world-wide, in its revelation of piimitive savagery and barbarism, in its hideous waste of human life ami treasure, ami in the far-reaching issues which are involve.l. No public, uttoraneo can avoid reforeuoo to thus war, which has involved the peoples of nine empires a.nd kingdoms and of hundreds of natioiialitiris—white, yellow, brown, and black—in their perfiOtifi, their families, their livelihood, manufactures, trade, and commerce. No excuse, therefore, is

needed if 1 preface my remarks by thun referring to a conflict in which over 800 millions of people are directly involved. ■which already has over 14 millions of lighting men arranged in actual warfare or preparation for it. and which touch-os us lie re, in our families .and friends, and in every department of our life. One of the many wondeit> of it- is that so many are able' to carry on their daily work and amusements as if nothing were of importance except tho rise in the price of Hour and of Imtchor meat. Jn all this world turmoil we have to. live, and carry on our daily tusks, iu the sure hope thai peare will* en.siia, and that wo must do our duty to those who aic hero and. those who will follow us. The college which we have officially opened 10-day is an earnest of the. dcoire of the people of Dunedin for tho cultivation of the arts of pence. Tt represents—along with all the other educational institutions,, which are at once the joy ami the pride of this City-—tho. opportunity which is given to our'young people to acquire that knowledge and training which will heir, to make them good citizens. A word as'to the original objects of the founders of this school. It was the cafio 26 years ago that to those who had left tchool after passing the 4th. sth. or 6th Standards of the primary school there, was verv little opportunity given of continuing their further education.' The, high schools were e,pe n to those- who could pay the fees., but all others had a, hard task t- get, any outside tuition. It was to meet the ca!' of such people—and they formed the majority of the youth of the community—that the Technical Association was formed, it- was originallv a continuation s.-hool. with a. technical,'side, whidi was opera d. The continuation side always Imit-ed largely in the work of the school, while at the'samo time the technual sidy was being developed, especially in the direction of tho trade classes, "which now form fetich an important feature of its work'. 1 am not concerned now with the government ..r man-cement of the school. I wish redv i.v emphasise thhe fa. t that those who started and carried on the school did so from a put.- desire to help their fellows, and to give to all who desired to make Miemselves lit tlm opportunity of selfimprovenient. The hi.-.'t- (paarter of a

century has seen prcrU clin iic'e.i i:i yfhe cdticat.oiial system (if this errantry. The pvitieiiiie of free education of the people, which* in IBSG was coniiiiod to this primary .vch'iol. has since born ev.e.uded to secondary ami techinioal schools, aiul in a lesser' decree to the University, for all who can Take advantage of it. Tin- pivi;ir; of .scholarships, bursaries, and fi oe places has opened the floors to nil who arc aide l" avail themselves of opporfunities, ji.riil the need fur the voluntary ami altruistic work ot those, enr'y day? ire- largely passed. The same period has witnessed great changes in the industrial out lonic, ill the development of new hiduMries and new methods of manufacture Then' has arisen, e."y. tile va-1 motor hid try, which has revolutionised transport oi'i land, and to a ie.-.-t-r extent <", the sea. The art of liyiies; ha-- been developed quite roc.:. Ay. hul it. is train;.:: to itii-T !audauionta!'y many of our rem enlions (,f rapid Irjisiwi-t. The marvele as developments of lieciiieai M'ieute 1111,1 :'.s applications io ev--ry department, of hte and activity have "r'eated Niist indiisui-o. mechanics ; chemical re oarch and di--coveri'-s have profoundly affected whole trades, h,eques modify in:; lie dieiil". iurmsi'V. and the food of the people. Tii ■ ohs'u-u'-. which have taken place in I'm !as" icaat ter-( cntui y by the increase of semie t'iiic knowledge have far .--.irpaA-ed tii.. (lrr-;iii-.s even of our earlier veats. And there is no reason to doubt lhai : lane;,, t 25 years wall show po.-silily liiii'ii creator dev, topum;.' of sriennce knowledge. Al! ;h.oo ;,,),•! many oth"chanto-,-. briny; about, tha ir-coasity of constant of the work of a technical erdiog". The elementary qualifications remain the same: the cultivation of tii" observiiu; and reasoning faculties, tiie training of hand and eye--these liiiaa11,11st, stand as the foundation of :•!! ciuiuiialaoii of these tin- details ;0from time to time. It is then part of the dutv of tiios" ehartred with the supervision of the work thai they are ike.aa warhin.r noie Intro. Technical cdm :;- lion is only one nba-e of a imirii wide.' thai' i'" l tiie most impoi lain-- of a com iT-ie eauealion, and must, not lie ouilsidere 1 as a i-uq.-r- ioi aim in itself. It is entirely oc-ipiod with the practical, the -.lil.jV-cl . It lar.'.reiy ignores th- litofarv. tin'' artist'- I'e.wept incidt- nta ily 1. th--;estheuc aspe. t. Due character;,! ie. .f German education during the last 50 year's has i>ien tiie extraordinary development of this phase. The Germans ha\e ~-; celled in the practical applications of

seioice, and il i- it) paid due to their devol ion to ;in< 1 entire absorption in purely materia! progress they li-\" Mhci'C'.ie.! in building up a struetiire which t!n> re,,t cf the world lias determined shall he torn down. '"Thou shalt not live by bread clone" is applicable to mure than the mere satisfaction of physical needs and !onc r inp ; . Tri this college some 1 ,e>CO students have been receiving instruction (hiring the year- over 1.000 in the jiiccht elapses and "between 200 and 300 in the day school. 1 am led to consider on what, linos the school will develop in the future, and what •direction will technical instruction generally take. The. rapidity with which" new discoveries in and eho.mica.l science arc made justify us in expecting llni sudden rise of new industries and new processes. Those responsible for the future management of this branch of public instruction must, keep themselves alive to the constantly-occur-rins chances, and. must be ready to provide, tho technical training which such changes necessitate. But we must not. in our desive to meet tliese now •conditions, permit ours-olves to forget, the problems nearest to us. To my mind, the most important problem to bo solved at the present day is the domestic one. We speak of tho importance of keeping the cradles full, and of reaving strong and healthy sons and daughters to carry on the great traditions of"our race. But we don't do much to solve the problem. One .section of tho community thinks it Is to be done, and the millennium is to come by bruising in Socialism pure and simple. Another, and •si popular section to-day, when hard work is unpopular, is to increase the wajjes a "4 reduce the- hours of

labor. But who are the hardest-worked people in our midst'.' Are they not the house-inofheis, the v.omen who are bringing up families and keeping their hornet: together': I know of no people who work

so hard and so unceasingly, and one of the greatest, pudeoms wo can face and try I to solve is to ameliorate their .conditions. Because there is nothing so valuable to a country as a sound home life. '.From various causes it has come about that domertio help is increasingly diliieult to obtain. Men and women are afraid to face the. ties of marriage, on a;.:oount of the. difficulties , and. disabilities which meet them in home life. Mothers with yonm: children find themselves very heavily handicapped, and if their health is not quite up to the mark their life becomes a burden. It is not the rich who feel this burden so much as tlmso whose livelihood is a, more or less constant struggle. This, then, is a question tor all who Ihink and work- for the common good to try to solve. Our schools can ami are helping to do this, ami domestic economy is bein,: more and more, taken as a course of study. 1 think there is room for young women to train fhem-seh-i's to become ellieient domestic helps. just as they train themselves iov; to be nurses ami masseuses. if a '.\\\\'a\ of trained women were formed, women who knew how to perform every domestic, operation with thoroughness and rapidity, who were ready to hire themselves out by the day or li.ibday, to tidy tip a house, cook tho meals, look after the cilildicn. and generally lo relieve the, house-mother of leu- maceas'uu; duties, 1 believe a- partial solution of th.domeslie problem would l-e secured. Such occupation would bo splendid training for the girls themselves, and would enormously help them in tlmir own fuimv careers as wives and mothers. It. would provide a well-paid occupation, far better in every respect, than factory work, and with working hours within their own control. It would be a godsend to every householder to know that such help could bo eot if she- was able, to pay for it. I throw out the suggestion now as one worthy of eon Tf any of the mnuoiOus activeminded and energetic, women of Dunedin think it worth while to develop such a. suggestion, T am prepared to heartily cooperate with them in the work. I cannot close these, remarks without a. recognition of the fine work, done by the men and women who have for the last 26 years striven to make this school ihe great institution it now is. It has be.-n cart!.! mi mainly by the people tor the people, nu .] thou/.di now workim; in boo with the. other technical schools of tho Dominion, it has the proud distinction of having bean started and carried on for mn?iy years without any outside help. If has drawn to it an enthusiastic band of teachers, and lias always been able to secure the, best, available' teaching talent. Th-v have worked in it. many of them, for the love of tlm work, and all of them not so much for the emoluments, which in the past were small, but because the work ' was eonr/enial. A school of this type cannot arouse the esprit de corps which characterises dav. and especially residential, schools and colleges, but T believe that, it has. done an immense amount. OS good in the past, and that its influence lor good in ilm future will be increasingly great. SALE OF WORK. Afternoon tea, provided by th- fad; -.--, was then partaken of, and these, i.iK-rc-..-.led in a. sale of work, the proceeds of which ate to he devoted to tile college fund-, took up their allotted podli'ms at th.-ii respective Malls, and good bu.anrcs p.--suited. The following are trie smHboldeos : -- Jumble Still!.—Miss (irilHtii. Mrs Marshal:. Miss Ahum.. Mis, l-imeiy, and a,eisuuits. ' Xoediework Stall.--Mrs Unseed:, .Miss Forester, and a-v-istan!-. IJu-s-mntkiug Stall.--Mb- Oamcimi. Mr-.-Wa'.her. ami 'asjsipt.-int^. Produce Stall. -Miss Little, Mk. Melville, end assistants. i'!-evo;: Stall.—''Miss.. Robertson and lis

Doll Stall.—Miss assistants. Lollv Stall.—Mi(.H ,7. ]>,. WiUon, ,\. Griffith, Mi;r,N:. M. AYatsott, & 0. Wilkin, Xlllrl ;;hM^T:mts. and Sid" Snows.— Mpfsiv .t<:.h;::-oii aiul Ri'id.

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KING EDWARD TECHNICAL COLLEGE, Issue 15635, 28 October 1914

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KING EDWARD TECHNICAL COLLEGE Issue 15635, 28 October 1914

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