THE DOMINION'S FISHERIES
A NEGLECTED NATIONAL ASSET. steed of organised DEVELOPMENT to provide cheap fish. Canadian expert's recomm' eqUATION. [From Our Parliamentary Rkportek.l. WELLINGTON. October 28. The extent ;ind possibilities of New Zealand lisheries have, not boon adequately realised, and the whole* fish business needs to lie reorganised by an effective Fisheries Department- with ;i, proper official f.evvice. This is but- one of many shrewdly diict.t statements in the. preliminary report by Professor E. E. Prince, Coir.nuesiior.cr of Fisheries for Canada, who recently mado on behalf of the New Zealand Govenment a comprehensive, mutcv of th-e marine and fresh-water fisherk-s of tho Dominion. The report, -\\lii-it was. presented, to Parliament today bv the Hon. F. -M. 15. Fisher, Minister of Marino, is rich in expert, information and practical recommendation.-, and should prove a.n exce!lci;t -iiii-d-a to the, Minister and Government, wlicc-e policy is t-o cnccmT.gr* tlio daveloinnenr, of a-Jong-neglectcd national ;:n-ot. ,'md' thus provide tho ptibiic with an abundant, .supply of '.''map, " hale--some fairmY' It is impossible within tlw limits '•; ;i t-.dej.rra plied report to giv* a. full iti!-asuie of Professor Prince's observation,.-: and recommendations, lm; ths- folloviin;.' is a •.- asonaliiy adequate- -snnunary of an excellent contribution to- the Governrntiit. -Extent of Fishing Ajoas.— Pi'oi'i>>or Prince estimates that New Zealand possesses 50.000 square niilcfi of fishin'; ;:i\"!'iik!i; available a.tid. aecessiljlo. Of that area there are about 20,000 square miles ot inshore -waters, 10 to 50 fathoms deep: about 25. (1 -00 fiquaiv miles 40 to 50 fathom;; deep ; and outside- t-hpto areas there is a deeper wafer area, extending 10 to 20 miles from rhore, which dtisrcncls to 300 and 400 fathoms. The Canadian seaboard cast, and west- provides '..•■ fibbing area- of 2<10,000 square miles, uhib on lit* great lakes 35,000 sou/no miles, are accessible to Canadian fishermen. Tiie.w viold a total a-muial catch which value. Ik: has ji-if been able to secure acccr-ato da I a for an estirnriio of tho total area, of inland waters, but. i:i ail they must embrac. l a, tola] frosh-MT.ter area of nearly 15.000 square miles, probably a little. \o.or 12.C00 in the South "island 'and about 2,b00 in the North Island. There is every errot.nd for beinjr optimistic iti repaid to the, future of New Zeaknd lisheries. —A Natio-nid Asset.— I.'nder this heading he discusses- the mistaken view, common in all countries., that marine and fresh-wafer fisheries in 10.-a! waters aro the peruii ir possesion of the coinnm.'iity living i:i that area. He deprecates paro'.iiiialijm, and urees Hint Dominion control i., 1 lie or.ly olfcoiivo eoohol, both for the whole enun'rv and for local rcs'dcrns dhedly conccrn-'-d. Parochialism is ckmeerous. -Fi.-li. Sh.-uhl lie Cheap.-.. Fi-'-h in Xe.w Zealand is hieh pric-d ; it f.lioim! b p eh,:.--.per, an-d. tints encotirafrc- a. vastly-increased, demand, Tliis opinion iti niipporte.d c\a-\ •■vli'-i'r by intelligent citi zens, with the: exemption ot a few pel sons vlio s.t'iH elirif; to the aniiiV.iate,] vievr that Final'. r-:ii];|:l:es and hirrh r.rici r, fe-r fisli produce greater jirofits to i.ho.-;e engaged in the iisiieri. i=. 1.1 is opinion is thai iisii can he rheapned to Jr.- i ==-:i r-tii- • f ;,!! in tho industry and u- the (,'en, r..il jjalili.-. lie j:ives proilcivd reasons for the hiedi pi'i-cs, hut rays without hesitation that one i/iea(, r<Mso:i f--r i!;*. 1 hi;.'!) ]-rice is 'lis, f.-ic!. "l!i:ii- the catches are not always liiilifed or -marketed, and tin.'!'- is ron.: 1 - qeenCy u. gjeat ",*ic of iisii.
—lViitiiM.'S of OmThe various lands of li?h n;f;?i. ;ibnj:«i.'(!-t i.l Now Zrnlaw! ivimJ! ih;' spccio.s f:iniiiii'.v in ibc inarl;; t.- «.i' Europe. .MO.-1, »< ih.ni .i;.- <-x.:!-i!'-'ni. fco<| tiMi. arul could r<-::<-Jiiy li;:<! biy<-. iu ?iiiu-''- (iis:;:nt, m:i,;!;■"!r.
i ih i Ti i <in tun t r (rli < n i u \ ) t jt <i 1 hj i \n 7 hi 1 tti mill i \ i n 1 j i l i 1 In i iin ' ii i i\ u in ( i T 11 un i un an tut y m2 u u> 1 mi no£lßa Im'h i'« fell] ili 11 i i ! i ' On J r j Ihl i t t «a U I i j \ jr ii, tit is irh ,u mtii ii hl l ' ll th lilin ies ur t. x cm /i il i I o]n ]nt i <ili 3 n l>on ill i 1 l I 1 imp )i ii i lOlih i l id n abi no lit tj im t J i t r l i 1 M l ( t II M 11 \C \eh 11 |i imli oil C| tI i ahi hj c\ l a 'ii rr 1o ft 1 ii iihli i nn the 1' 1 d ill' In N / Kind. ~1 i ii! Imit - ii i<- hi li'v i nfrT iit lln i N v / ] i 1 ' ei ihi <icln 'if trr oml limits f in u 1 tlO 1 IC| i 1 i hv tin c) l-( i hj b i\ me \ /( 1 i l li i 1 i in a li n to 10 )nl in i it in t 1) anu T ii i n < i i i i dtbn Ji liar Hi nu i Iml i in n li < n i u I l ii rin' bmi \hi r\ I i I l fii mi I i - Hu i ii I I u til i run ibl ii in ul li i i I '' noi ter \ nl ft In nti iti i ' ti Iron oi 1 i it f tio ipnim th it tht nu i f i n i , it mi r u in f lio in \ inn i i ti ~> ij.li a l ( u i ilii I i 1i i if vi turn nt ii I tl j in J fnn t i m the i (il flit Hut n 1 ai| iiii )ii '« ii in 1 H i l i miti i i unr ! te] ot i i i () i hj <1 In i mil i i li hi u 1 ju n hit hj ir ii i c s mil T t 1 i rfti.il \ \ limit 1 in tli ir ]> iil ill j t 11 1 1 \ a i (it Ik in 1 k 11' t\ in 1 (1 ull i„onfi II ( ult iro uhj ; l iii in < hri mu i n rin i 1 on r tin i\t!\ iik] in ' tffcctuh mid t i fiifi ii nt lur i i ' ii ill t 1( 1 j' nu i tint in i il j Hi l 11 n d it i i j i
ii in il jn | i ii idh iu l i lin € 111 U IV 1 I 1 „)! 1 j 111 p O i ] it n\ (1 n>\ < I ti nl n <■ d rot'u i iii t t if. i io t ei 1 u ' f 11 i 1 111) 11 i thf n< !(it <mu i t i i * t f [ r nt ni In Itl I i ' r i it ill ' run 1 l rt tu ] i r> i*r iu. t t nib up i i 11 i 1' e i re or i f i I a'' i i mi i i i l ii 11 i t i •( r t i i ii) i c l i i i ii 1 i r i rt i \ll-i ' i hj s ii <\ i i i ' 11 at I ' i 11 i 'i tr i a i jfa r\ Ul r t " fi hj n l i li t 1 ■* ( i null* 1 nr i v T) n n ' a liu i i i i 7 i t n in io i i r - p(' r in in n \ 1u t ii I ' en iris II ' 1 1 1 I 111 v ici f l I I i J tat n r mil ie ' u '1 n \ \ i vim! i 1 v t 1> i i m it t M me ri mei -) < Iti if 1 i 1 1 l I i i \> r ( <( 1 t ij I l f 1 ) 1 ill 1 1 ( V <to i 1 re ir n J i p iil \ e ]f i i i i p ti ti ' cl 1 i ii) l (1 (I ) 011 l ' ' v i il 11 li ii I n v\ i I l \ ii t i u 1 1 lit 11 n c 111)11 % ill I ' 1 I 1 i \ iicu i t l ir i n^ p e l i\ t i i i iii j l'll i i i l fi l otrr 1 j i x cl f D i i n 1 i ear Ppnn'ni u t" i uid a tm fo n ard im ci alp tiol \ tcm foi t sunct-v si n of the ** ' aid fi ei i 1 ii l distri ii' a ivr i 1 1 (t» \e alo m e bereft th°r trcm The pr cit \ tcm i 1; eh r t l c 1 a in fh i k! al u 1 ' ici <±J hj tcrv waiel n a>c nc tti nun tied trr ♦] hj trorl of d rin pr ihm n-J tidjn n i) tin impiftciii tei i bh taipph —Encouragement u£ Development.— The Commissioner noted the value ui the. jmbl'tatioi! of Iruvibook:. for issue am my fisherim-n and the public ivitii a view to emoinaeuy tiu* devclopmeiit of fisheries..
If seems desirable that extensive experiments should. be made to establish the sea-herring in our waters. If success followed, and New Zealand. could create a herring industry comparable with, that of Scotland and Norway, it would be n .source of considerable wealth. Jn. his opinion it would be a great advantage to brim; a supply of eggs of herring from waters nearer than those of Great Britain.
It is pointed out, that local fishing operations are not to be. compared with the long trips made by fishermen in other countries. Interesting information is _ given as to the system in other countries of stimulating development of fisheries by means of grants or bounties, and the _ Professor mentions that there is a feeling in various localities in Now Zealand in favor of fishery grants or advances on terms similar to those provided in the. Advances to Settlers Act. Japan is cited us an excellent illustration of the benefits of Government grants in the form of loans for improvement of boats, manufacture) of gear and tackle, and the. erection of fish storehouses. He is strongly of opinion that certain new lines of fishery business und improvement in the. si,:o and character of fishing craft would be rapidly accomplished by a system of Government grants or bounties. It has been demonstrated to him that an able fisherman can make very ample earning.'; in New Zealand. There, is therefore less urgency for Government assistance in providing boats and gear. As regards the fishermen's claim for the removal of 20 or 30 per cent, on imported lines and fishing gear, the Commissioner say-s there :s every ground for aiding fishermen in procuring outfits at fb'e lowest price.
Lie value oi providing technical m.stntetmn lo_ fishermen, is noted and supported, and re,erence, is also made to the hnpoi-t----anw ol providing better facilities for the colu sfcora-e of fksh and the preparation of chilled and dried fish. He wiu> eepeeiailly sa-m;K with the need of such provision at HaJlmoon Bay, Stewart Island, where he had evidence of vc ry serious, waste, when large caches; arc made. lie was also struck by the suitability of >; e ] sou a 6 a oe-nt-al fishing port, where a, wdl-mamr»ed co.'d (-forage establishment would he" of p-e.it assistance., ~,Jt is pointed out bv the J rotc-svsor !hat there :.s open in-New"Zea-land a wide field for enterprise in the mailer of making commercial use of fish a!„d •;sii products which at present arcs miutUised. He js surprised, for example, at Hie common wa.ie of red col, which" if properly treated, is found to lie an evce-d----mdv good table- fhh. There outfit, to be a iood maihct. i„ Nates and Germany for eels shipped from el ; Detailed :-efc,cnce i s made, to tne possibilities of utilising fish aml seaweed products for commercial purposes Seaweed, fo r i )lb tance, is valuable for tlv, manufacture of iodine IJ,, ;|i(?0 r | pa f s wttn the production of fish fertilisers QT](] fish oil. Further details will be. given in ins later reports. In the matter of establishing new markefs, tor New Zealand fish, it would be neces,a,ry that Hie ta«-t of looking after fiinpm.iiits to other countries should be uu-riertiiken by fioine reonTrinisod .-cent or o:i:cer. ""
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J '< t nun nit enpha i tin i 1» idi j, b< ii i ii irsp it itmn mil i 1 ti a) i i pi j ,„ , s i| ,„ ni j j •i ' in ih 1 ( r >' l <u 11 i i, i I in n 1 inp irt ni I i i 1 m 1 1 i 1 >-i mm i n rla. < i fill ( I t 'in I 111 th \ ! \ li f li f 'I 1 i r hj. I
1 I ! ' i ! n„i ) an i rhw t i t, n nhj < |, n fi, n ]n 11 ti i n It liluiei i In 1 , „ ! i i i i i f i j f , m f i'i 't <' nt f l tie 1 i in,, 1 N i f ! > <' i' i j n it mini n ' < 1 r <-t i i 1 i I c in 1 l l«ll til I f i | voui ii i tie 1 f ci cr i n 11 dt tit tiou ' ' ! 1 ner /; J 1 vii m] V<in li i t n f \ i t lilun midmt J 1 Jnt he 9 „ (can tm 1 ni,-. 11l i t tt ti\ i, id n1 ti 'I ' n s » ij j tl i pul ] iwtfi * bi I 1 r j-> nit r l I with l i\< i < i I > ii n t-iil i nun ti/ il ti i hj i U im i 1i \ \ (hj opei id i j. sein \i 11 t 1 i ( xtuuien toi tl i i ] i pet i n<-\\ ii 1 i n i r ii ' W' tl ill i\ 1 nth <vti wt in nth report fljiei! it conies to hand.
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THE DOMINION'S FISHERIES, Evening Star, Issue 15635, 28 October 1914
THE DOMINION'S FISHERIES Evening Star, Issue 15635, 28 October 1914
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