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GERMAN'S DEFEATED IX BELGIUM WITH LOSS OF 30,000. LONDON. October 25. (Received October 26, at 8.45 a.m.) The ' Observer's ' correspondent at Calais says that the Allies forced the Germans to retire to Thielt. Tvelve hundred Germans were raptured and 700 wounded. It is estimated that the Germans lost 50,000. [Thielt is in Belgium, 15 miles S.E. of Bruges. 1 DUNKIRK COUNTRY FLOODED. 5.000 DROWNED. LONDON, October 25. I Received October 26, at 8.45 a.m.) In consequence of the flooding of the countrv south-east of Dunkirk 5.000 were drowned and the rest cut off and overwhelmed. The Germans are concentrating tor an attack at Dixmude. where they are not exposed to the British fleet. OSTEND BOMBARDED FROM THE SEA. AMSTERDAM, October 25. (Received October 26. at 9.20 a.m.) A French torpedoer arrived off Ostond on Friday. The German artillery on the waterfront fired on the torpedoer. which answered, and >helled the Hotel Majestic, where German Staff officers were dining. The fire killed ton- of the party, including a medical officer. Several other buildings were damaged. The Germans are endeavoring to prevent the departure of the. inhabitants of Ostend, in order to stop '-he bombardment. NIEUPORT RATTLE STILL RAGING. AMSTERDAM, October 25. (Received October 26, at 5.55 a.m.) Several buildings at Ostend, in addition to the Hotel Majesties were damaged by the naval bombardment. *fhe battle between Nieuport and Ostend continues vigorously. HEROIC STAND BY BELGIANS. LONDON, October 25. ißeceived October 26, at 9.55 a.m.) " The Time-.'* ' correspondent in France attributes the escipe of thp main Belgian army largely to the heroism of a few thousands who held up the Germans at Oullem, south of Ghent, while the remainder hugged the Dctch fiontier and marched coastwise to join the Allies. Che force, at Oullem were cut, up. but they saved the army. GERMAN REQUEST FOR ARMISTICE REFUSED ByThE FRENCH. PARIS, October 25. ■ Received October 26, at 9.20 a.m.) Official : The French on Saturday refused the Germans' request for an armistice to bury their dead and gather their wounded, following the attacks on the heights of Thiancourt. UNCONFIRMED REPORT OF GREAT VICTORY. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, October 25. An unconfirmed report lrom the Burgo master of Weiiduyne (north-west of Bruges) states that there has been a great victory for the Allies. Seventy thousand Germans, with 300 guns and 31 flags, have been captured between Chalons and Longwy. ARROWS FROM THE SKY. PARIS, October 25. (Received October -26, at 8.45 a.m.) During the lighting at Dunkirk French, aeroplane* soared over the German ; cavalry. The aeroplanes carried boxes !of 6tecl arrows. They rose 2,000 metres, S and worked havoc amongst the inea and i horses. BRITISH SHORE PARTY PICKED OFF. PARIS, October 25. ("fteceived October 26, at 8.45 a.m.) While a Uritish shore party with, a machine gun were landing, German sharpshooters lying in the sand dunes picked them off. Only a handful escaped, and the gun was 3ost. GIVING THE ENEMY ROPE. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun * Services.) LONDON, October 25. A coirespondent of a London paper, writing from Northern France, says that the fight'-ng near the tea ia not regarded in the light of a new standard on a really extensive scale. For the time being the Germans arc allowed to act for the most part on the offensive, and though the enemy are in she vicinity of Dixmude and Ypws, they have been steadily pushed north arid east. The Germans are trying without success to force the Alliea' hands north of Arnu.

A DODGE THAT DIDN'T WORK. LONDON BUSMEN SHAPE WELL. PARIS. October 25. (Received October 26, at 8.05 a.m.) Two officers dk-guie-ed in British uniforms and in a British motor car, near Armentieres. approached an ammunition column which was carryii:» supplies to the British trenches. The captain of the column halted his men and went to speak to two supposed comrades. In n few minutes ho drew his revolver and shot both d<?ad. Thewipon a squadron of German dragoons ga)lop?d i.p. A party of iorry drivers, mostly London busmen, then lined the ditch on the roadside, infantry came to the support, and the convoy was saved, the Genua..a retiring with heavy loss. WORN" OUT FOR WANT OF SLEEP. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, October 25; An English doctor, commenting on the exhaustion of the soldiers through lack of sleep, says that, no matter how badly they wtw wounded and ilow jnvat the pain, they dropped asleep almost immediately afjter reaching; the hospitals. A NIGHT RUSE THAT SUCCEEDED. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun ' .Services.) LONDON. October 25. The French used successfully a night ruse. A party of Senegalese crawled out to near the Herman lines with powerful searchlights- which were Hashed on the enemv. They blinded the Germans, who were unable to tell the direction of the attack, and .vere bayoneted with Bmn.ll loss to the attackers. AUSTRIAN MONITOR MINED. ; VIENNA, October 24. (Received October 36, ;u 9.20 a.m.) Official .- The, Austrian monitor Twee struck a mine in the river Save and sank. Thirty-three of ths crew were drowned. KAISER SAYS "BUCK UP!" • LONDON, October 25. (Received October 26, at 9.20 a.m.) A message from Basle states that the Kaiser on the 18th inst. inspected the German army in Alsace. He exhorted tlvmi to, make a victorious effort in the Vosges. A ROYAL PRISONER. LONDON, October 25. (Received October 26, at 9.20 a.m.) The nephew of Prince Alexander, a lieutenant in the Austrian lancers, has arrived as ;i prisoner of war. AUSTRIAN PRINCE IN TROUBLE. LONDON, October 25. ; (Received October 26, at 9. 10 a.m.) J An Austrian prince, Jean Sapicha, has : been committed at the Marylehone Street j Police ( 'oiirt for failing to declare the possession of a revolver, ammunition, and a camera when registering- Bail was not allowed. SPOONER RETIRED HURT. LONDON, October 24. (Received October 26, at 9.10 a.m.) R. H. Spooner, the cricketer, has been wounded in France. THE LAW AS TO NEUTRALS. AMSTERDAM, October 25. (Received October 26, at 9.20 a.m.) The German Government, in a. communique to the neutral nations, condemns Britain's attitude with regard to contraband and the seizure of Germans upon neutral vessels. Such acts are, it is asserted, violations of the terms of the Declaration of London. FLOUR SCARCE IN BERLIN. BERLIN, October 24. (Received October 26, at 8.45 a.m.) Owing to the shortage of flour, the authorities now permit the use of 20 per cent, of potatoes in bread-making. TWO GERMAN SHIPS CAPTURED. LONDON, October 25. (Received October 26, at 8.45 a.m.) The Japanese have captured two German auxiliary cruisers. GERMAN SHIPS 12* SUEZ CANAI. LONDON, October 25. (Eeceived October 26, at 8.45 a.m.) The German vessels in the Suez Canal include the Rostock, Gostar, Andaberg, Lutzow, and Heligoland. RUSSIANS PURSUING. PETROGRAD, October 24. (Received October 26, at 9.20 a.m.) The Russians beyond the Vistula are closely following the retreating enemy. The Germans only feebly resisted north of Pilica, and were pushed back to Skurniewice. The Austro-German troops were forced to accept serious battle south of Pilica, where there was fighting 1 on Friday on a front of 40 versts. The Russians carried by bayonet charges the, forest of Radom, and took .many prisoners and jmarhino fijuas*

1 Desperate fighting on the San, south of J Przemyal.vfavored the Russians. " I Five Austrian companies wers mad* i prisoners on'.tho Tytchentza heights, south , of Waroslav. ' i Attacks south of Przemysl were repulsed, and 500 (?) of the enemy were routed at Stryi, where a thousand prisoners were taken. AUBTRO-GERMAN ARMIES OUTFLANKED. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun ' Services. 1 ! LONDON, October 25." Private advices from Petrograd a6sert that the enemy's flanking armies arc themI selves outflanked, and that large bodies ' have been cut off from Cracow, which explains the wholesale surrenders. A MILLION.GERMANS! GONE TO BOTH FROSTS. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Sendees.) LONDON, October 25. It is semi-officially stated at Petrograd that the number of Germans transported to both the Eastern and Western fronts since the middle of September aggregates a million. AUSTRIAN "STATE CRIPPLES" CALLED OUT FOR SERVICE. j ROME, October 24. ißeceived October 26, at 9.20 a.m.) | Private advices from Austria, state that | the calling up of the Landsturm has , created profound depression. The Lawisturmers are nicknamed " the State | cripples." Thev include thousands of men i who were medically rejected. The army are suffering from incurable physical defects. VODKA SUPPLY STOPPED. PETROGRAD, October 25. (Received October 26, at y.35 a.m.) The Governor-General of Galicia. by order of Prince Nicholas (Commander-in-Chief), announces that anyone offering spirituous liquors to the troops will be court martialled. TSINC-TAO. TOKIO, October 25. (Received October 26, at 9.20 a.m.) Official: Japanese naval heavy artillery ic co- ope rating with the forces in the bombardment of T.dng-tao. The Japanese Minister hao again assured the Chinese Government that Japan has no intention of acquiring the Tsinan-fu Railway. Japan regrets that the Chinese authorities and public are still under a misapprehension in tliis matter. THE PORTUGUESE RISING. GERMANY'S TRICK FAILS. j (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, October 25. The attempted Royalist rising in Portugal has apparently fizzled out. The insurgents at Mafra dispersed, abandoning their arms, upon the arrival of a small force of regulars and officers. The Monarchist newspaper offices at Lisbon were wrecKed in the night. A BARREN HONOR. LONDON, October 25. (Received October 26, at 9.10 a.m.) The Germans claim that torpedoer 890 j sank the Japanese cruiser Takachiho. MARITZ'S RABBLE ROUT. CAPE TOWN, October 24. (Received October 26, at 9.10 a.m.) Maritz, on the 2nd, attacked Kesmoes, near Uppington, on the northern bank of the Orange River. The garrison of 150 men repulsed the enemy, capturing four of Maritz's officers, including Count Von Schierin. ON ITS LAST LEGS. CUT OFF FROM RETREAT. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Serrioes.) CAPE'. TOWN, October 25. It is understood that Maritz's force numbers 1,000 rebels, 75 German gunners, and a few maxims and field Maritz endeavored to retire into German territory, but a strong Anglo-Dutch column cut him off. Maritz. recently offered to surrender • provided he and" his followers were par- i doned and the Germans allowed to return. The offer was ignored. BELCIUM'S THANKS TO NEW ZEALAND. (London 'Times' >.r.dSydney 'Sun'Serricet.) LONDON, October 25. The Belgian Minister, in acknowledging the New Zealand donations to the relief of Belgian distress, wrote to the Hon. T. Mackenzie: "Belgium will never forget the help she has received from all parts of the British Empire." LORD ROBERTS ADDRESSES THE CANADIANS. LONDON, October 25. (Received October 26, at 10.30 a.m.) , Lord Roberts, addressing the Canadians at Salisbury Plain, said: "We are fighting » nation which regards the British as a barrier to its development, and which has long contemplated our overthrow. Germany has manufactured a magnificent fighting machine in order to achieve her ends, and is straining every nerve and is prepared to use every means, however unworthy or brutal. You will be fighting for the cause of Right, Justice, and Liberty." ITEMS FROM AUSTRALIA. GERMANS' PREMISES RAIDED. NOTHING COMPROMISING FOUND. SYDNEY, October 26. (Received October 26, at 10.30 a.m.) The military authorities raided the premises of a number of German firms and individuals in Sydney, Melbourne, and Forth, and quantities of documents and other materials were seized, but it is understood that nothing of a compromising character was obtained. A "battle of flowers" in aid of the Red Cross fund was highly successful, and netted a large sum. Two nephews of the Hon. B. R. Wise, ex-Attorney-General, were killed in the recent naval actions. MISCELLANEOUS CABLES. Arthur Brown, when returning to his ship, lying alongside a warship at Williamstown (Victoria), disregarded the sentry's challenge. The latter fired at Brown, who received three wounds, and was taken to the hospital in a critical condition. The 'Daily Chronicle's' Flushing correspondent believes that many Belgian "irl refugees need farm work, and are willing to go to Australia if an opportunity is provided. Over 500 motor ambulances have been presented to the Red Cross service (England). ♦ sickkess at samoa. [Per United Press Association.] WELLINGTON, October 26. The Governor has received a communication from the Administration at Samoa, dated October 24, reporting as to the health of the troops at Samoa tothe following effect: —General health is poodSergeant Brockett, of the Fifth Regiment, who was suffering from pneumonia, is now convalescent. Lieutenant Lankehear. Lance-corporal Boddington, and Private Hornsby are suffering from dysentery and fever. Railway Engineers: Lieutenant Christopher, Lance-corporal Tangnev, and Privates Alison and Beel- - suffering from fever, Broughton from rheumatism, and Small and Stanley from dysentery. Corporal Collier Colitis, of the Field Engineers, and Q.M.S. Lewis are suffering from fever. Army Service Corps : Sergeant Anderson and Private Quayle, from fever. All aro doinji well.

;.v--Wiry THE TIDE TURNED. ENEMY'S'DASH GONE. The reasons for the sudden German retreat ajmost from the gates of Paris are discussed by Mr Philip Gibbs, the correspondent of a Loudon newspaper, writing on September 14 from Ohartres. He says the causes of this sudden turn in the whole affair are moral as well as physical. The French, by the magnificent mobility with which they changed the position of their armies and concentrated' an immense force, threatened the enemy's right line of communication. The German generals countered this stroke by a sudden change of front, risking all upon the chances of a great battle which would break tho Allied armies in two. But one must look deeper than the strategy of the war lords for the great causes of the enemy's failure. One must look at the German officers and men upon whom this strategy depended. One must look into the heart of the individual German soldier, and at his behaviour in the field. He had come righting all tho way from Liege to the outskirts of Paris. For a month he had had no rest from his ceaseless fighting and ceaseless marching, and he had seen the utter indifference of his officers to life. Ho had seen his comrades sent forward sometimes in close formation to certain inevitable death. He had heard orders to " spill blood like water" so long as those who followed might make a way to the destined goal. This policy of driving men to slaughter with ruthless contempt for tho sum of human life has recoiled upon the authors of it. At its best, it could only be justified( by supreme success, and that has not been attained. The men who are fighting now in retreat are savage with their officers and with the bloodthirsty business which has destroyed so many thousands of their comrades. Among the wretched German prisoners passing through French towns, packed like cattle into troop trains, are many who have been candid in their, expressions of these things. Many German soldiers have been glad to be captured as an escape from intolerable suffering. The German plan of sending forward cavalry out posts at a great distance from the main army has»meant that many of the patrols in the region southward from Compiegne along the line of the Allies' .Jeft, have been starving men. In one case the German haversacks were filled with grass as their only means of nourishment. The men were half-starved and faint when they surrendered to the French cavalry. They begged piteously for food. Men do not fight gladly in such condition. But most demoralising to the German right has been the capture of a great part of its ammunition, so that many of its guns are useless. The loss of a great convoy of ammunition, which was destroyed by tho brilliant attack of General Pau at Crecy-en-Valois, undoubtedly contributed to the breaking up of the German right. Again, the failure to enter Paris has had a demoralising effect upon them. To turn away from Paris was a frightful blow to the Germans, and was the first sign to those troops that their headquarters' staff plans had completely miscarried. The vigor of the French' offensive, after tho first week of unavailing resistance, has completely surprised the German troops. They are unable to stand against the bayonet charges of men like the Zouaves, the Turcos, and the best infantry regiments of the lino that, during the past week, have come to close quarters. At St. Remy there was a remarkable example of this. The enemy's artillery .occupied a good position on the heights, and their army was strongly entrenched, but one regiment of i.he French line attacked with the bayonet and routed four German regiments out of the trenches with terrible slaughter. The Germans lost their nerve altogether at the sight of the long French bayonets, and, leaping from the trenches, ran with screams of horror. Speaking generally, though perhaps the facts have varied at different parts of the righting line, the German artillery has not been so good as experts anticipated. These things are not negligible in analysing the present chances of the enemy in the most difficult position which they have just encountered—a continued rearguard action through hostile territory. The truth is that the German plan of campaign was made for advance and not for retirement, and a retreat had not entered into its calculation. SIR JOHN FRENCH IN PRIVATE LIFE. A« a man Sir John (according t</ his sister, Mrs Despard, the well-known militant suffragette) is a merry fellow, not at all the silent, restrained' soldier of the pictures. On active tcrvice he says enough and no more, but in private life, says Mrs Despard, by his own fireside, "ho can be quite a rattle.'" Sir John is a great Dicke-is lover, and in literature hi.s inclination is towards the humorous rather than the. serious. He ia pre-emi-nently a "Happy Warrior.'' His hero, according to his sister, is Na'ioleon (tho soldier, not the politician), and it is said that in his study of the Napoleonic campaigns Sir Join; had been over the South of Belgium and'the North of France. THE FICHTINC HAMILTONS. Tn the South African War were four distinguished soldier sons of General Henry Meade Hamilton. Colonel Gilbert Hamilton, the eldest, wa« mentioned in despatches in the Afghan War, and wfld in command of tho 14th Hussars in the BoerWar. Sir Bruce Hamilton, the second of the brothers, besides serving in the Afghan War, assisted at Burma, Ashanti, and other little wars, and his fine work in the Boer War led to hi« getting the K.C.B. The third of the brothers, Major - general Hubert Hamilton, was killed in France last week by a shrapnel bullet. He fought throucrh the Soudan wars, and was given an important administrative post on the outbreak of the Boer War, ultimately 1.-ecoming military secretary to Ix>rd Kitchener, with whom he was on the General Staff of the Mediterranean command when England declared war ajrainst Germany. The youngest of tho brothers, Captain Keith' Hamilton, served in Indian frontier campaigns and in South Africa, where he was severely wounded. At a committee meeting of the North End Boatimr Club, held in tho boathouss on Friday evening, a, resolution was passed expressing sympathy with a correspondent's letter' suFs?estm<i that an aquatic carnival be held in aid of the Belgium relief fund. The club will do all in their power to further the proposal, both in the way of entries and otherwise.

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THE WAR., Issue 15633, 26 October 1914

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THE WAR. Issue 15633, 26 October 1914

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