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; A VAST PROJECT. | l-'ive years ago within a few flays Louis ißieriotfiew a-jross the Channel for i'fcj first time and inaugurated a- new era in the history of aviation. Since then aeroplanes have keen flown across every Continent; the Mediterranean has been traversed in itf. full bteadth at a single boiled: the Alps have been crossed repeatedly ; it is only a week ago that two idiots flew from London, to Paris and back fit :\ single day: in Gflrmany a. pilot has : remained aloft for over 24 hours, while j another lias soared to over 26,000 ft. But these isolated feats, though they may typify the extraordinarily rcpid, progress of aviation, pale into insignificance before the project now being .actively organised of an aeroplane race round the world. Fantastic though it may appear at first glaatee, this immense, project ii> nevertheless based on tho most serioiss foundations, and i? carvful organisation and exhaustive preparation can bring it to a. sucoessful issue the first aeroplano to have circled the globe should w«nd its way back tot?an Frar.cificc Itt-forc December * next year. The- race forms part, of tho celebrations in connection with the great international exhibition at- San Francisco. The project isan ambitious one, but it- is by no means impossible of accomplishment : in the present slate of aviation, indeed, it involves few.-r difficulties than the proposed flight acio.-vS tho Atlantic Ocean. In tho first place, there are no oversea journeys of a lenifth beyond the compass; of the powers of the- aeroplane as wo know it to-day. The longest stretch of sea- to be traversed is that between Greenland and Iceland, a matter of 600 miles .»r so, which, tinder tho present arrangements, will be carefully patrolled hv men-of-war of the Danish navy. And there aro hundreds .of aeroplanes and seaplanes in exi&tenee at- the present time capable of flying for 600 miles at a stretch. —The Proposed Route.— From. San Francisco the race will start or: May 15. Thence the course lies eastwards by way of the following controls, a.fc each of which a. compulsory landing is imposed:—Cheyenne. Chicago, New York or Quelle, Belle Isle. Cape Farewell in Greenland, Reikjavik in Iceland. tho Faroe Islands, the Shetlands, London, Parts, Berlin, St. Petersburg, Moscow, VTadivoatock. Kobe. Tokio. the Kuril Islands, Anadye in Kamchatka, tho Commander Islands, the Aleutian Islands, S»itka, Prince Rupert, Vancouver, Seattle, at id back to Satt Francisco. Wherever possible the principle has been adopted of instituting controls at distances of not more than 1,000 miles from one another, though the competitors will, of course, be permitted to land anywhere en route. At tho same time depots of petrol, oil. and provisions wilt be established at eveiy 70 miles along the entire course, so that no pilot need ever be beyond the leach ot assistant <■ <u- i.-vr uinl!ing. From ,S;jn Fr.-t-iicisco castw.inl the American continent there is little difficulty. It io true tint two great mountain ranges: have to be crossed, but the entire journey was accornpludici! over two years ago. and there. are coiist-an'- facilities for communication by rai l and telegraph along the. whoie rout. . Throughout lite United States cities are offering substantial prizes to the aviator.-, during their progress. At Quobee the majority wilL probably transform th-eii machines intu idaplaues, and proceed down the St. Lawrence, with its crowded track of shipping, to Belie Isle. Hero the real dirticidties commence, for tho Labrador cousl is inhospitable and deserted. The temperature and general weather conditions are, however, all in favor of tho competitors. In tho eaily summer the irestill fringes the coast, but the tonqwrature rarely falls below 50dcg; that of the water is higher still : while depots of p-atyul, oil, and ptovisions have al-readv been established every 70 miles. In addition, the Government of the United Stat-es have promised to Iri.-d cruisersard torpedoboats to patrol the 560 miles which stretch betwef-u Labrador and Cape Farewell in Greenland. Tho coast of the latter is well populated during the summer, has Iwo steamship s"rvic:w a week, and possesses several wireless .Millions. —Precautions at Sea.— The longest oversea journey, some 620 miles in length, now lies ahead, hut. as already stated, it will be Ihoroufjhly patrolled by Danish ships, and is not beyond the compass of the average, aeroplane to-day. As an aeroplane i 3 sighted by any one ship its speed and direction of flight will promptly be transmitted by wireless to the next patrol ; should it, fail to be observed by the next vessel at tho proper time, a thorough search will immediately be instituted, ,so that the danger "of loss at sea is reduced .to vanishing-point. .Moreover, pilots will have the advantage from Labrador to Iceland of a constant following wind, for till the records show that during the summer months the prevailing wind blows at a uniform velocity of some thirty miles an hour in an easterly direction throughout these regions. From Iceland there ensues another oversea jonrnoy to tho Faroes, which will also be patrolled, and thence the flight proceeds in the direction of the Shetland-?. Originally the Hebrides were selected as the "next control, but the Shetlauds, with their good anchorages and ready facilities for communication, have now been definitely substituted. From this point to Moscow all is plain sailing, and from here again to Vladivostock the Trans-Siberian railway can be followed. Depots have been formed right along this route by tho Imperial Aero Club of Russia at frequent intervals. Tt is only after Japan has been left behind that the most difficult portion of the whole journey is encountered. The next control is situated among the Kuril Islands, which stretch in a long chain up to the coast of Kamchatka, and remain almost unexplored to this day. But each of these islands will have, not only its depot of fuel, but will ba garrisoned by Japanese- soldiers, entrusted with the double duty of watching the progress of the race and offering assistance to the competitors, and mapping out the islands. Thenco onwards to Kamchatka, which, so far from lieing the inhospitaible region generally (supposed, is a well-popu-lated country, with developed commercial resources. The towp of Anadye, tho next control, has some 10,000 inhabitants. Then come the Commander Islands, off the coast of Siberia, where adequate facilities will be organised ; thence it is but ;i. stop to j the Aleutian Islands, off Alaska, which i even two years ago possessed no fewer j than 16 wireless- stations. The whole of these regions will be thoroughly patrolled by American revenue cutters, while fuel depots are already being formed. From the Aleutians to Salt Francisco, by way of Sitka, Prince. Rupert, and Vancouver, no difficulties should be experienced, for the whole journey could be made over land locked waters. —£40,000 in Prizes.A sum of £30,000, deposited in a. famous San Francisco hank, is offered by the authorities of the ,S»n Francisco Exhibition as prize money, £20,000 going to the winner. Hut iq additioq a host of iqipor and local prizes have been offered, which already amount, to a total of over £40,000. According to tho r e g«Utipns, the face must be completed within 121 flays, or three months. Since the course rotiqtj the wurld measures 21,000 miles, this involves a rate of progress pt about 174 mjles a day, which, iu tho course of long-distance flights, is by no means an extravagant requirement. Full freedom is givep competitors to effect repair* on the w-ay, or even tq iristal new motors, jn their niaohip?s. Nor §re t-he-y debarred frojj} having their aeroplanpa panned |c"rbs# ti\ti ocean h'y pfeaniw au.d to rgjurim their flight cverlat|4'" ut *%? e Y h ft sbflbio to iftept fc jii* som*s. * P?PP®J*tdri <>f the priie-nlbn«y'VU be deducted, as it he for evejry d*y in eices§ of the three month* which the flight may occupy, •yfia projeqt <yBS!63 }t* inoepfciqn tQ Mr Arnold" l£ra«kjnan, who has traversed the whole rdttte lor the purpose- of establishing controls ant) jfiisurijig the necessary supplies. Four entries have been received to date from American aviator*. —London ' Tele- , giaolu'

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ROUND THE WORLD BY AEROPLANE, Evening Star, Issue 15633, 26 October 1914

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ROUND THE WORLD BY AEROPLANE Evening Star, Issue 15633, 26 October 1914