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The Evening Star MONDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1914.

The published statement of the British. Admiralty on the activi- •» The Great ties of Herman raiding BHtflt Navy*" cruiser- and of Commander Keys, of the submarine service, may be regarded as an answer f> the more or less ill-considered chatter of the man at the street coiner. We have at times been humiliated and >hamed by much of this gossip. "Why "don't our ships <}o this, that, and the "other?" is, perhaps, the most common form of the many indignant demand; that fjije hears when the sinking of a cruistr. the loss of » ;>i«arnerr or ifce tur» pi a Belgian town hj » prominent itejo in the cable newj. It is, apparently, as hopeless to expect commentators of this stanrg tt> Tegard these losses as jn«vita&.e, || R»»b qf tj?e, pjics that has to be paid W| a| s«««tf4*»H. to the final outcome, a* ib js lo expect them to believe that) the Admiralty and War Office, ►tui $p *?$?«? *$ W m who con W" Hl tJantt..fpn»tijitt and Ar,jßy, are

qualilied lor the duties that devolve upon them. When .seriously taken to task, tin great majority quite frankly admit that they are not competent to offer an opinion, and that all that it i- humanly possible tr, do is being done; hut . and at once they are back ii, the old rut. asking their unanswerable " whys." and suggesting their own impossible esplaii ttioiu. The Navy is not given to much talking. it works, and ts work is done in silence--:.ave when the guns begin to speak, and then its tones, are those of a master. There has been but one naval engagement so far in the of the present war. and the is,ue of that should have been sufficient to -till every craven fear and every anxious thought ~f possibilities when the battleships of Old Kngland ically mrrt in battle array those of their German challenger, Wha'; the- enemy has done on the. sea has. been either by way of submarine or against unarmed merchantmen; and isolated depredations of this character, however costly in humaa life, are not going to decide the futiire sovereignty "f the seas. To achieve this. German battleships must come from behind their screen of mine-, and there abide the issue. There is no alternative save that of surrender or self-destruc-tion. The German navy will faii us lamentably a. the army has tailed if for a moment it is thought that the British Xavy can be perceptibly numerically lessened by mean, of nnder-water and floatir-g mine attack, or the moral fibre of her officer.-, and men reduced to impotence j through months of weary waiting and fear of sudden surprise. Germany is not playing the ijurao either on sea or land, and she has no greater cause wherewith to inspire and cheer her seamen than she has for her armies. The War P-u'v may have perfected their machine beyond anything that the perverted KeniiM of mankind has hitherto been able to summon to its assistance, but what neither Kaiser nor leader has been able to do is_ to animate the. hearts of its manipulators with a sense of the justice of the cause for which, it j.s being used. Germany is, fighting for the triumph of (Yesarism. or its modern equivalent, Kai-m-ism. and she is as absolutely shameless in her methods of .securing it on sea as she is on land. She will fight fairly only when it suits her ti> do so. Germany was not ashamed to ravage .Belgium, and she is not ashamed to appeal to the Declaration of London when Great Britain arredUt Germans found on neutral ships. She will sow and sink mines in the open sea. .she will engage in piracy arid plunder, she will take chances of .sinking .ships of other nations, and she will flout God. and man. to secure her ends, but. if *shethinks to scare the British Navy or to turn admirals and officers and seamen from their prearranged policy of attack and defence, she may save her ■breath to cool her porridge. We would that we could purge from all men and women not o.ily those gjcouir thoughts and dire foreboding* that, without rhyme or reason, take temporary possession of fheir souls, but the equally reprehensible flamboyant spirit of vainglorious, unintelligent optimism. What the nation needs is both faith and works, and the quality of the one will test the practical expression of the other. When we question the wisdom ami competence of the men to whom have been entrusted the destinies of the nation we make plain nothing so much as cur own insignificance, and when we foolishly ask 'What?" and "Why?" w«. reflect not upon that of our Xavy, but our own competence. The British Navy has in its keeping five of the six stragetical keys that. lock up the world's sea power. Five out of six. and the sixth (the Panama Canal) not in the hands of Germany, but in those of friendly and sympathetic America ! If Briton.*, the world over, realised what this great silent Navy of theirs has done during these hist months. without blare of trumpets or beat of drum, they would how their heads in shame that ever a. word of censure fell from their Ji|x,. The Navy does not boast, and its Jvin»- is us silent as hjs ships. Not, however, the silence of the sullen. It is (says Mr Arnold White) a. silence that, is born of-its own moral and spiritual discipline. The Kiny, who has shovelled coals into the furnace, who has passed through, all 'grades of ueryice, who knows whereof he speaks, refers to his Navy as the " sutre shield " of pur common Empire. The. Ka|s)r of jSermany gfcood upsp $ pingafihs universe that RjVaa ''Admiral If the Atlantic." To*day this aame'acK jriiral has not a ra§ rchaht chip at large on the ocean routes pf the world. Transatlantic liner ttnd humble ftfhing craft have alike disappeared bei'qro the "»i}ant Navy" that guards us while we sleep. In, these, things we may find ample consolation for' the Kmdeu'a costly audjeitie*. , .

The Paloona, which is expected to reach the Bluff about 8 o'clock to-night, has n large Australian mail on board. This should reach Dunedin by tho flrst. express to-morrow.

In raply to a measago from tho Port Chalmers Council asking that Otago ho brought under iha operation of the Trado I «ind Commerce Act, the Prime Minister. | in a telegram on Saturday to the town I clerk, states that the proclamation fixing the prices of wheat and flour applies to the rcholo of the Dominion, and takes effect from the 21st. Inst. A woman trader in the Monmouthshire town of .Blackwood, Elisabeth Hughes, u>H" an amazing story at the police court "u September 5, when she charged four women and three men with a-ss&ultiiig her. She said she had stopped supplying them with sjoods because they were in debt at her. shop. She went out to complain to defendants that, ono of them had beaten her child, whereupon they all set upon her and threw her down, tore off her clothes, and left her perfectly nude in the street in daylight. The defendants, who were bound over, were advised to fight their enemies, pot their neighbors.

Mr Paulin telephoned at 2 p.m. : —Strong N.E. winds, changing to S.W., and rain showers within 24 hours.

Hardly a day passes without tho King or Queen, or both, paving consolatory visits to. tho wounded heroes from the front (reports a London paper). They motnu'd to tho 4th London Territorial Hospital (King's College Hospital), Denmark Hill, Camberweli. Tho King viVitod the beds on one side and the Queen those on the other, but on leaching the end of the ward they mx&ed over, *'<> that every single man was spoken to in turn by both the King and Queen. They made' many sympathetic inquiries of tin; invalids. The King asked very paiticnlarly from men of the Minister Fusiliers and Gordon Highlanders for first-hand accounts of their doings- and their losses. His Majesty ivas in formed by one of them that of 1,000 officers and men who went into action at Mo:w only 140 eubsequently .jintwered the- roll-call. The informant looked very grave, but the King, with a kindly *mile. .suid : " Many of them will tern up again all right. That does not mean that they were wiped out. Some piobsibly into other regiments or into French detachments, and many will rejoin th?ir colore ultimately, please God. Learning that manv ipen suffered severe sprains, and that the feet of others gave way under the -sUain of efverc marching, the King asked one of tho latter how :i.ucli continujiu marching he did. The ?oldicr replied with the exception oi \-try brief redts, he marched continuously for six days and went sleepless for rive* nights. "That very i,iirF," commented His Majesty; "but I expect it was not only ih- marching, but. the fact thai vou v.«r.'. marching in the wrong direction, which made it ro bad for you."' Soldiers in adjacent heds laughed at tlu» King".-- way of describing retreat marching, but tlie man addressed observed confidently: "Our fellows will change that beiore'they finish with them, sir." Redueed railway fares will be charged youth* between 17 and 20 travelling on Government line* to centres for_ the purpose of being examined as candidates for the New Zealand naval forces. An unusual discovery wars made in a gully close to Picton 'last week by two fade who were rabbit -hunting. The fern was recently fired, and the lads tame across about 100 spoons, knives, forks, egg cups, anl tumblers, which, it is believed, had been removed from the George Hotel, Pieton, burned down 14 years ago. There was (says a Marlborough paper) .some comment at the. inquiry on account of the fact that ther.: was no evidence- of the eilverwar* anuug the dehrie. It had evidently been rescued from the names,

■planted" iu a safe r-pol, and forgotten \n the excitement.

A Mohammedan was being sworn at the Magistrate's Court at Auckland the other dav on the. Koran. He veiled his eyes as he messed his head on the sacred volume, and'kept it time whilst the oath was administered nodding his assent that hewould speak the truth. He then frankly admitted he mvsd the debt, and produced ClO in notes, with which the case was promptly settled by the Magistrate handing over the cash "and getting receipts for the money. Mi- Kettle (says the - Star ) r-ma'ked'thnt the man could have been ,-avod about £5 had the solicitors met and settled it out of court, instea dot' bringing people long distances at, great expense. "Half the eaoes which occupy the Court, added the Magistrate, -could easiiy bo settled bv the solicitors it they chose,'

The following is an extract from a letter received by a Dunedin resident on Satin - dav from a lady in London :—" Plots are daily discovered in the moist unlikely spot's. I'beard of a big one. a day or two ago. You have heard of the S Hotel. Well, the manager, joich a trusted man. was caught led-handed. Forty were concerned in the plot, but lie was ringleader, and was shot at once They had concoaled somewhere underground enough gunpowder and bombs to blow up the Strand."

Speaking in the House of Representatives eariv on Friday morning, the Prime Minister said it was absurd for members to imagine that the people read the political discussions just now. " They only i-ead the war news, and glance over mutter,? politcal," added Mr Ma-ssey confidently.

The St. Clair Presbyterian congregation moved back into tho church yesterday after using the new hall for worship for two weoks in order to have the interior of the church altered and fitted with pews in place of chairs. The congregation were, much pleased with the improved appearance and the increased accommodation of the church as reopened vesterdav morning. The alterations include two innovations of an up-to-date character. A telephone! receiver fixed in front of the pulpit communicates with the private residence of one pf the senior elder's, who is laid aside by illness, ejiabtyn« him to hear the service/, and in one of the pews there is installed a set of tubes and their apparatus for the benefit of elderlv persons who may bo hard of hearing, 'and can thus get every word from the preacher without any fuss or show. The Rev. John Miller said that these- installations had been scientifically tested and found reliable.

The blessing and opening of the Roman Catholic Church of Blessed Sacrament'at Gore by Bishop Vcrdon eventuated yesterday isays an Association message). The foundation stone was laid 18 months ago of a fine edifice, which has cost £5,000. and whi.h provides seating acommedatiou for 650. Dean Burke, of Invercargill, preached in the morning, and the Key. Father Lynch in the evening. There ;were very iarge congregation , and the offertories totalled £7oO.

The- Spiritual Scientists' Church, Oddfellows' Hall. Albany street, held a dedication service yesterday, at which Mrs S. K. Morrison (of Melbourne) dedicated two children—Constance- Mildred Reeves and Arthur Robert Sutherland—to the cause of spiritual truth,, bofpie. a crowded hall, which was beautifully decorated with flowers ladies and members of tho church. Mrs Morrison gave a lectun> on 'Dedication.'

"Have one with me."' "Thr.nks. I wi'l. I'll have Watson's No. 10, please."—[Advt.j If you wish the services of Mr Morris ner-fc-onally, he now make* portraits afc Jiis home br' garden studio, 554 George street; telephone 859.—[Advt.] A glass of Speight's beer at lunch an:l supper is better than all the tea in China.— [Advt.] Menibers of ihp Dunedjn Astronomical Society »te notified by advertisement that inmisfjiatill after the paper on 'Variable igtaVs' i$ rfad at fo-nKHPriw night's mating •ili* ftnmifj Wsfiu»e wf|lbe held, when tb,<J officahrftt *Q« mimi r&i mA be elected iad'the. anntlAl reporß presented. liquid Paraffin, "Three Star" brand, ftra pureffe 'for internal nse. Wilkinson and Sop, &Vsfm\ 3s iwgtf b<jttles.—[Advt.] ' Watson's No. 10 is a little dearer than most wjiiekies,' birt fs worth the money [Advtq New season's photographic goods: Excellent stock now arriving. Cameras from 6s. I'St-nd your' order early to H. J. Gill, 11 and 13-Frederick street, Duneilin. Phone 1,14«t. -JAdvt.l

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The Evening Star MONDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1914., Issue 15633, 26 October 1914

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The Evening Star MONDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1914. Issue 15633, 26 October 1914

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