ON THE HIGH SEAS.
PIRATICAL GERMAN CRUISERS. EIGHT OR NINE AT LARGE. WELLINGTON. October 25. The Prime Minister lias received the following cable message from the High Commissioner, dated London. October 23: Official : The Admiralty announces that or nine German cruisers are believed to be at large in the Atlantic. Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Searching and working in concert under various commanders-in-chief, there are upwards of 70 British, (including Australian),* Japanese, French, and Russian cruisers (not including auxiliary and among these are a number of tho fastest British cruisers patrolling; but the vast expanse of sea and ocean and the many thousands of islands and archipelagos offer almost an infinite choice of movement to the enemy's ships. In spite of every effort to cut off the coal supply, it has hitherto been maintained. In case of increasing difficulties in this direction, the discovery and destruction of these few enemy cruisers is, therefore, largely a matter of time, patience, and good luck The public should have confidence in the Commander-in-Chief, with his experienced captains, doing all that is possible and taking the best steps to bring the enemy to action. Tho fleet is also occupied on very serious and important convoy duty. This work has somewhat lessened the number of searching cruisers, which, however, are being continually augmented. Meantime niercliant ships "must observe the Admiralty's instructions. It is obviously impossible to specify all the precautions suggested. Where these instructions have been followed they have proved effective; where they have been disregarded captures have been made. The same vastiiess of sea which has enabled German cruisers to avoid capture will protect trade vessels. The only alternative methods to those now adopted would be the marshalling of merchantmen into regular convoys at stated intervals, and it is not thought necessary to hamper the trade by enforcing such a. svstem.
The: percentage of loss is much has than was reckoned before the war. Of 4.000 British ships engaged in foreign trade, only 39 have been sunk by the enemy, besides seven now overdue. On the Atlantic waters the rate of insurance on cargoes, which at' the outbreak of war was fixed at £5 ss, is now reduced to £2. without injury to the solvency of the fund. For hulls, apart from cargoes, the rate of insurance has also been considerably reduced. Between 9,000 and 10,000" foreign voyages have been undertaken to and from the United Kingdom ports; less than 5 per 1.000 have been interfered with, and of those losses a large number have been caused by merchant vessels taking everything for granted and proceeding Without precautions. The German oversea trade has practically ceased to exist. Their last ships, which could have been used a-s auxiliary cruisers, were promptly penned in neutral harbors or took refuge in their own. Of the comparatively few German ships which have put to sea 133 have been raptured, or nearly four times the number of (hose lost by the British mercantile umrinr.
There is no occasion for anxiety, and no excuse for complaint. The more fully the facts concerning the oversea trade and its protection by the Royal Navy can be disclosed, and the more attentively they arc studied, the greater will be the confidence and satisfaction with which the situation is viewed. WHAT THE NAVY HAS DONE. SILENT, BUT EFFECTIVE. LONDON. October 23. The Press Bureau states that Captain ! Keyes, commander of the British subI marines in the North Sea, reports that I three hours after the outbreak of war submarines E6 and EB, unaccompanied by any other ships, carried out a reconnaissance in the Heligoland Bight and returned with userul information. They had the privilege of being pioneers upon a service attended with some risk. During the transport of the Expeditionary Forces the Lurcher and Firedrake and submarines of the eighth flotilla occupied positions from which they could have attacked the German High Sea fleet if they emerged to dispute the passage of the transports. This patrol was maintained day and night, and they had no relief until the whole of the army was transported and all chance of effective interference disappeared. These submarines I have since been incessantly employed on the enemy's coast. In the Heligoland Bight and elsewhere they ohtained much valuable, information regarding the composition and movements of the enemy's patrols, (xriipifld their waters, and reconnoitred their anchorages. Th3.se last had been subjected to skilful anti-submarine tactics, and were hunted continuously by torpedo.crafJ,, and attacked by gun' fire and torpedoes. After submarine E9 sank the Hela, six miles south of Heligoland, on September 13, German destroyers were summoned, and hunted E9 for hours. On the 14th E9 examined the outer anat Heligoland at considerable risk. E6, while diving, found the mooring of a German mine, and effectively released it. Only once were British submarines within torpedo range of a German cruiser. During daylight the German capital vessels and light cruisers seldom emerged from the fortified harbor. During the exceptionally heavy western gales from the 14th to "the 21st September the submarines within a few relies of the enemy's coast were subjected to a, trying ordeal. The maintenance of their stations under such conditions was distinctly creditable. All commanders keenly seek service near Heligoland. GERMAN SUBMARINE SUNK. WELLINGTON, October 25. The Prime, Minister has received the following frdm the High Commissioner, dated London, October 24, at 11.40 p.m. : The Admiralty reports that a German submarine was rammed and sunk by the destroyer "Badger off the Dutch coast. The Badger's bow was slightly damaged. ~
BOMBAY, October 24. Official : All seu routes are now reasonably safe. A STEAMER DESTROYEp. BUCHAREST, October 24. The steamer Shiraz, flying the Persian flag, and loaded with petroleum at Constanza for Constantinople, was destroyed by a mine at Cutinograd. THE LOST JAPANESE CRUISER. TOKIO, October 24. Official : It is now believed that a German destroyer torpedoed the Takachiho, exploding the magazine. REFLOATED. / LONDON, October 24. The Dryad has been refloated, and is reported to be undamaged. WHAT THE KARLSRUHE HAS DONE. LONDON, October 24. The cargoes and hulls of vessels sunk by the Karlsruhe are valued at £1,000.000. TENERIFFE, October 24. The 12 steamers sunk by the. Karlsruhe aggregated 50,000 tons. " The German steamer Odenwnld brought the crews, numbering 400. to this port. MINED AND SUNK. LONDON, October 23. The, Swedish steamer Alvee was mined and foundered in the North Sea. The bulk of the crew were saved. COALING GERMAN CRUISERS. SYDNEY, October 25. Passengers by the Taiyuan report that when they departed from Manila on October 6 there were 15 coal-laden steamers there awaiting a chance to slip, presumably with coal for German warships. A few days previously two colliers the Posig and Tunnertels, each with 6,000 tons of coal—were captured by a British auxiliary cruiser. The business it; mostly conducted by German or Filipino firms.* One sent three shipments to German warships, and it is an open secret that the same firm coaled the Emden. Governor Harrison remonstrated, and guarantees were given that there 6hould be no more exportation of coal or frozen meat. ITALY AND HtJSSIA. A FAIR OFFER. ROME, October 24. The Tsar, when offering to liberate Italian prisoners of war, asked Italy to undertake that they were not returned to the Austro-Hungarian army during the war. The Premier (Signor Salandra), in thanking the Tsar, pointed out that Italy was unable to restrain the men. They were not offenders against the Italian law. A committee would investigate the legal questions involved, particularly in connection with neutrality. The police are making strenuous efforts to stop demonstrations at Milan, Venice, and Breccia, in favor of war against Austria. Several arrests were made at Venice. THANKS TO JAPAN. TOKIO, October 23. Great Britain's appreciation of Japan's assistance has created a profound impression, and is regarded as a decided offset to the adverse criticism of Japan's occupation of the Marshall and Caroline Islands. Mr Churchill's telegram shows that Japan's movements in the South Seas have been carried out with Great Britain's agreement. Influences antagonistic to a JapanAmerica Entente are endeavoring to create the impression that Japan is acting aggressively in ihe- South Seas and menacing American interests in the Far East. Great. Britain's appreciation of Japan's high motives is welcomed as an indication of closer relations in the future between East and West.
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ON THE HIGH SEAS., Evening Star, Issue 15633, 26 October 1914
ON THE HIGH SEAS. Evening Star, Issue 15633, 26 October 1914
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