[By Minorca.] 'Contributions and questions for answering should be addressed to “ Minorca,” Poultry Editor, ‘Star ’ Office, and received not later than Tuesday of each week, Minorca" will only answer cuunuunicaUons throuyh this column. A number of breeders this year are Tuning incubators, but are having no luck. ' Tu a unrobe? of inotanres the incubators •no home-made or second-hand, and there \re no instructions as to the proper heat or when moisture ;s neceesary. The best pirn when this is ‘he case is to set a hen r.t the same time you start the incubator. The size of tho air cells can then he compared, and if the air colls in tho incubator [ggs arc larger than the air cells of the eggs under the hen. you will know some moist me is necessary or the umperaturo is too diving. As a. rule, an incubator should he‘started at lo2dcg F.. the second week rise to ICodeg, and the third week to 10-ldcg; . hut, of coarse:, this depends wpun the position of Urn thermometer. It inrv bo placed some distance above the eggs, where the temperature is higher, and in thi- rase the thermometer would have to register a point or two higher to give the collect, temperature where the eggs are placed. All infertile eggs should ho removed fro in th? incubator, as they help to keen down the temperature, and this takes more kerosene or gas. Cases of abortion arc frequent this year. As a. rale the best plan is to kill the bird, as she hi hardly worth tho trouble of curing. If the birr] is a valuable one tho best plan is to place her in a coop in a dark corner. Only give r. little bread and milk twice a clay. Bat ho tho part with warm water, to which a few drops of Jeye-s’ Fluid lias been added. Then bathe with a. warm solution of strong tea or alum to contract the part. After that apply a little ointment or vaseline, and try to push tho part into place again. Feed the bird as directed for a week, and then gradually giro the usual +>jckl. When the bird resumes laying tho trouble may come on again if the bird is allowed to get fat. Now that tho roarla are dry country breeders can often collect a good supply of road dust to replenish the floors of tho coops and covered-in run?. Dust helps to keep down the lice by giving tho birds a chance to properly dust themselves. The chicks also secure a good supply of grit from tho road sweeping.-. Now that the weather is warmer heating f..rod should ho stopoed, and an occasional d• of Epsom or Glauber's Salts be given in the morning meal. Give about an ounce to 20 birds. If the birds' blood gets heated feather plucking is likely to follow, once you get it ymi will have some t.'Mlbl ■ t a cuts- it. Sinimonds Bros, have a fine lot # of canaries mated this season, 22 pairs being put up. At present they have about 20 j young ones, and more are expected each dav chiving the next week. It is a fine fight to see the birds .all together, each iair intent on rearing its family. Ihe >irds are so quiet that they can be lifted from the eggs nr birds yind the nest be examined, file anxious mother fluttering about in the meantime. Air W. M‘Knight also has about 20 young ones out, and expects more shortly. Both breeders report excellent results so far. Owing to war troubles and want of .subscribers, tho Canary and Cage Bird Life nnper has stopped publication. Cockerels which are bred fur show should be carefully examined every month. Bird? which have any bad faults, should be killed at once, to give tho others a better chance. Separate cockerels and pullets as soon as possible. Cockerels require more hard food than the pullets. The cockerels must he carefully watched, or they may start fighting, and the best be spoilt. Once cockerels are separated they must not be allowed together again, cr there is likely to be trouble. An old rooster will often prevent the young birds from fighting. A critical time in the life of chickens that have been hatched under a hen is when their mother forsakes them and they have to look after themselves. As the hep begins to lay again, she will, in many instances, have no more to do with the chickens she has so carefully reared. When possible she will go to roost with tha> other fowls, and the chicks try to’ follow her. II they cannot follow her they crowd into a nest box or corner of the fowlhouse. The. best plan is to place them in wall-ventilated coops, with a small ran and feed them up properly. Chicks will never do really welT. if they are allowed to run abont with the big fowW. They want feeding more often thani tho old birds, and they should not
old Early roosting is the usual cause of crooked breasts. When the young birds do roost the perch should be at least 2in wide. When chicks are covered with lice, in almost every case the gall duct overflows upon the liver. AVby is this? Simply because the chickens get so weak the liver does not act property, and the gall mixes with the blood instead of passing into the proper channel. When this is the _ case the chicks usually become very thirsty, and drink a great deal of water if they are allowed. When chicks are thirsty, examine for lice. The New Zealand Utility Poultry Club’s 10th egg-laying competition—Aprils, 1914, to March 31, 1915; six hens to a pen—completed its 27th week on October 13 an follows ; —Light Breeds.— 1. D. Y. Gibson (Herbert), W.L. ... 761 2. Heretaunga P.C. (Silverstream), W L 749 3. A. W. Adams (Sheffield), W.L. ... 748 4. E. A. Lazarus (Hutt), W.L. 740 5. Calder Bros. (Oamaru), W.R 737 6. J. W. Green (St. Albans), W.L. ... 732 —Heavy Breeds.— 1. Miss Rita Nixon, 8.0 771 2. R. Munger (Hutt), 8.0 695 3. W. E. Green (St. Albans), S.W. ... 630 —lndian Runner Ducks.— 1. Glencoe Ranch, Karori 700 2. Heretaunga P.C.. Silverstream ... 684 The 42 pens in the light breeds (252 birds' have laid in the 27 weeks a total cf 27,101 eggs; the 18 pens of heavy birds (108 birik) have laid 10,226 eggs; and the Indian Runners (six pens. 36 birds) have laid 3.598 eggs. Mr AA r . Mercers (Horwick) White Leghorns laid 41 eggs during the week, bringing the total for the pen up to 607. Messrs Calder Bros.’ (now holding filth position) birds laid 38, and the birds belonging to .Mr T. Voise, of Carterton, laid 39. bringing the total for the pen up to 715. Mrs Mills’s birds are still doing well, having laid 35 during the week, and her total of 665 is good enough to encourage the idea that she may be‘a runner-up towards the end of the contest. Messrs Reilly, Gill, ami Co.. Moray place. Dunedin, report that recent consl^nmerits of Eav-e met a really gone! demand. Poultry > scarce, and really high prices <irfc beiuiz realised. \oullg l coukerels and dnuklinizs are speedily wanted. Hens realised good values— 2s 3d, 2s 6d, 2s 9d, 3s. 3s 9d; ducks. 3s, os 6d 3s 9d. Turkovs: Heps realised 7J,d and gobblers, S£d per lb. Eggs: Stamped and guaranteed, Is Id; case eggs, Is.
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POULTRY NOTES, Evening Star, Issue 15632, 24 October 1914