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THE WAR

SEABOARD FIGHTING DESPERATE

FRENCH SHIPS PARTICIPATE. GENERAL VON TRIP KILLED. GERMAN RIGHT RETREATING. THREATENS TO BE A ROUT. Vt RUSSIANS ADVANCING ON THE VISTULA. /ON MOLTKE SAID TO BE DYING. Press Asao.iiatkm—By Telegraph—Copyright. HOW THE NAVAL FLOTILLA HELPED. BELGIAN KING PRESENT. Tho High Commissioner reports, under date Lomiou, October 25, at 0.40 a.m. ; Official; On the 18th dnst. requests for naval assistance, were made to the Admiralty by the Allies’ commanders. In consequence a naval flotilla, mounting a large number of powerful long-range guns, came into action at daybreak on the 19th off the Belgian coast, supporting the left of tho Belgian army, and firing against the right ot the German attack, which they were, by their position, able to enfilade. Tho Germans replied by shells from their heavy guns, but owing to tho superior range of the British Marine Artillery practically no damage was done. A heavy j bombardment of the German flank has ■been maintained without intermission since the morning of the 19th, and continued to-day. Observation is arranged from shore by means of naval balloons. All reports indicate that substantial Uisees have been inflicted upon the enemy. The fire is well directed and effective against their batteries of heavy guns. Yesterday the explosion of an ammunition waggon followed upon a naval shot. The naval losses so far are very small, considering the damage done and the important assistance rendered to the Belgian left flank. Reports received by the- Admiralty show the courage with which the Belgian army, animated by the King in person, is defending tho last few miles of Belgian soil. WEST OF OSTEND. FIERCE FIGHTING. A GENERAL KILLED. AMSTERDAM, October 23. The bombardment between Os lend and Nieuport is growing stronger. The Allies’ shells, dropping among the German guns, inflict terrible losses, and the battlefield is strewn with dead. Nevertheless, fresh German troops continue to arrive. The Germans were slightly driven back from. Middlekerke. The Allies’ positions are strengthened by entrenchments and inundations. The French squadron is now supporting tho British fleet. The British naval gun fire killed General Von Trip and his Staff near Middlekerke. GERMANS REPULSED. PARIS, October 22. Official ; The Allies have repulsed considerable German forces. Violent attacks were made, particularly at Dixmude. Warneton, Armentierea, Eadingham, and La Bassee. It: other parts of the front the enemy delivered only isolated attacks. All were repulsed. We progressed slightly at Argonne and Southern Wcevre.

“ YSER BOLLING RAPIDLY." GERMANS CANNOT CROSS. AMSTERDAM. October 22. The Allies arn persistently repulsing the Germans in their attempt.- to cross the Yser dykes, the banks of which have been nit and the country flooded. ENEMY GETTING ’NERVY." HEROIC DEEDS BY ALLIES. LONDON, October 22. The ‘ Daily Mail's’ correspondent in France says :—“ The Gormans in the Os--tend region are getting ‘nervy.' Increasing numbers of wounded arc arriving, and discarded uniforms which arc found among the dunes, at Zeebruggeu suggest German desertions. Though ihe fighting is fierce, the Germans give the impression of lassitude and exhaustion to a marked degree. Their rapid retreat in the south of Western Flanders is thought to he a prelude, to a- general retreat. “ It has been a glorious week of heroic deeds against bit; odds. A few days ago Belgium was wholly .German : now even the most pessimistic are counting the days until the enemy's crumpled torces are hurled hack into their own country." GERMANS SAY DUNKIRK IS THEIRS. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ' Services.) LONDON, October 22. Berlin advices state that Dunkirk •* strongly occupied hy French troops, but the Germans will soon enter. “MY INVINCIBLE ARMY” FAIRLY HELD CP. PARIS, October 22 (midnight). Official ; The enemy’s activity to day .•ontinued with nndiminished violence. At La Basseo the Germane were unable to force back the Belgians or the FraneoBritish forces. Similarly between Arras and the Oise the enemy’s great efforts were nowhere successful. We progressed at Argonne, between St. Hubert and Four do Pais, and gained ground at Haumeut and Brabant, northwards of Verdun : and in the Woevre wc repulsed attacks at Champion. GUNS TO SHELL OCR SHIPS. AMSTERDAM, October 22. The ‘ Telegraaf ’ states that the Germans have brought new guns to Ostond anti Zeebragg'en to thv v.-nrships. MARINES FOR KAMVR. AMSTERDAM, October 22. Ten thousand marines, with machine guns, have left Antwerp, and it is rumored that Namur is their destination. RETREAT OF GERMAN RIGHT. MAY BeTa ROUT. PARIS, October 25. A French officer declares that the retreat of the German right threatens to become a rout, the army being panicstricken at the futility of their violent efforts. One thousand se-cn hundred German dead wex> buried near Nieuport, and their total casualties in the district number 10,000. Many of the killed and wounded are raw, almost untrained, recruits. Thirty thousand Germans who were strongly entrenched between Ostend and Nieuport were hurled back on Ostend, abandoning manv guns and rifles. It is reported that the British fleet's bombardment of the Gentian lines destroyed a convoy eight miles long

GERMAN WEDGE FAILS. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) i LONDON, October 22. A correspondent says: “A recent movement of the Allies resulted in a pronounced modification of the German programme. After the great movement upon the Aisne the German plan was undoubtedly to drive in a wedge, hoping to take the Allies unawares; but the movement was too slow to prevent the Allies selecting a position to establish themselves. '■ During the past week the German line has daily undergone totally undesigned variations. It is only fair to say that the Germans have behaved well in most places. 1 recently visited one place where a fine was imposed. The inhabitants returned when the place was evacuated, and express appreciation of the hospitality shown by the Germans.” POWERLESS EXASPERATION. PARIS. October 23. Tiie consensus of British and French military opinion regarding the repeated ! violent German attacks along the whole I front is that the German coipmand daily shows greater signs of powerless exasperation. ENEMY WITHDRAWING FROM LILLE. PARIS, October 25. The Germans reoceupied Lille on Tuesday. and commenced withdrawing under General You Kluck on Wednesday. LILLE SHELLED. i PARIS. October 23. j The business quarter of Lille, between the railway station and the Town Hall, was destroyed bv shell fire on the 15th hist. j SCHEMING BEFOREHAND. i PARIS, October 23. The closing of the Thyssen mines and furnaces revealed gun emplacements overlooking Caen: also that parts of the guns shipped to the French representatives of Thyssen were subscribed for by a portion of the capital of the sifielting company at Caen, which was founded directly and indirectly by Germans, with a view to enabling Krupps to open a branch. Moreover, the Dielette mine is in dangerous proximity to Fort Cherbourg. SILENCE SAVED THEM. LONDON, October 23. Amongst British naval men at Groningen were 12 who were not aware of the British retreat. They held an Antwerp redoubt between the forts. A subaltern sent three milk cows to the vicinity. Immediately afterwards hd was astonished to see a heavy column of German infantry nearing the trenches. He ordered silence till the enemy marched past. Meanwhile the milkers returned to the trenches. Subsequently the little party pierced the German lines unobserved and reached Holland. WHAT THE GERMANS THINK OF THE ALLIES. LONDON, October 23. A. leitev written, by & German oflicec participating in the fighting in. the region of Rove and Xoyon states: “Any suci cesses which the Germans score are neutralised by the terrible losses. Our men fight bravely, but the enemy are becoming more-' and more audacious. The warlike Tureos and Zouaves are hardyfighters and deadly marksmen. Our Eighteenth Army Corps was especially badly cut up. We had a victory at Remicourt. but it was a victory we deplore. It was veritable slaughter. The victims were youthful -Schleswig-Holsteiners, of whom few remain.” HALF A MILLION WOUNDED. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Service s.) LONDON, October 22. It is estimated that the wounded soldiers in France total nearly half a million. 4 ALLIES' LEFT WING FIRM. AUSTRO-(iERMANFORCE DEFEATED. The High Commissioner reports w Official; The enemy continue desperately to attack the Allies' left wing, especially near Dixmude, -Rad-

ingham, Armentieres, and La Bassee. The Allies still hold their positions. Only isolated attacks were made in other parts, and all were repulsed. These include Cricourt, east of Anbert Plateau, west of Graonne; Vouvain, in the region of Argonne, south-west of Varennes ; the region of Malincourt; and in the forest of Ailly, south-west of St. Mihiel. Reliable: The first phase, of the battle on the Vistula ended in the complete defeat of the Austro-Germans. who retreated 18 miles to the west, where the conflict was renewed. Rain made Poland a morass. The enemy arc abandoning their artillery. GERMANS RETREAT FROM WARSAW. PETROGRAD, October 25. It is officially announced that the Germans’ precipitate retreat from Warsaw continues, also that the Austro-German armies are being driven towards Ivangorod and Novolexandvia. Hard fighting is proceeding in Galicia. The Russians advancing between Pr/.eimsl and the Vistula captured 50 officers, 2,0C0 men, and many maxims. CONFIRMATION OF THE RETREAT. The High Commissioner reports, under date London, October 22, at 7.35 p.m. : “The German army advancing upon Warsaw were forced into precipitate retreat on Wednesday. The Russians are in pursuit of the enemy, who are abandoning positions which they iiad organised for defence. The Austrian forces in the south arc failing.” VON MOLTKE SAID TO BE DYING. LONDON, October 23. Von Moltke, Chief of Staff of the German army, is dying from liver complaint. _ AMSTERDAM, October 23. Many of the, officers ascribe the chock the German advance has sustained to General Von Moltko'c forced retirement. THE KAISER WITH HIS TROOPS AMSTERDAM, October 23. The representative of the Chancellor (Herr Delbmck), in the Prussian Diet, said the Kaiser was spending the night with his victorious troops. Dr Von Bethmann Ho It \r eg (Imperial Chancellor) was accompanying him, ami regretted that he was unable to attend the Diet. The Finance Bill, authorising heavy war expenditure, passing all its stages. | CLEARING 'I HE COAS TOF ALIEN j ENEMIES. LONDON. Octolxr 22. j Five hundred Germans and Austrians were arrested at Manchester to-day. Similar measures are being taken in all the chief provincial towns. The Govern- j meat have decided upon a complete clearance of alien enemies within 20 miles of the east and south const?. An alleged Belgian refugee, aire.-led at Dublin, is supposed to be a, spy. EJECTING ENEMY'S SHIPS FROM THE SUEZ CANAL. The High Commissioner reports, under date London, October 22, at 7.35 a.m. : Official Thu Government have issued a . notification in the following terms to representatives of enemy countries under whose flag ships have' remained in Suez. Canal—- ■" Some of the so vessels have- been detained by the Egyptian Government on account of hofit le acts committed in the canal, and some because there is reason to apprehend that they only contemplated hostile acts ; others, though perfectly free, refused to leave the canal, in spite of an offer of a free pass, thus disclosing their intention to use the ports of the canal merely as ports of refuge. The British Government do not admit that the conventional right of fiee access to and use of the canal enjoyed, by merchant vessels implies the right to make use of the canal and its ports of access for an indefinite ime to escape capture, since the obvious .esnlt of permitting such a course must lx to incommode and block the use of the ’ports and canal by other ships. They are consequently of the opinion that the Egyptian Government are lully justified uthe steps taken to remove from the canal all enemy ships which have been long enough in the canal and ports to show clearly that they have no intention, of departing in the ordinary way.”

REFERENCE | Large Docks (Dreadnoughts). EStS Small < C2 German AirShip Sheds A German Naval Fortresses ... Submarine Telegraphs ; International Boundaries Scale. e ’0 }ti 30 *0 30 Of>lcs

I THE EMDEN. I LONDON. October 25. Captured merchantmen report that thi; Linden is using tho while ensign to avert suspicion until she is within easy gunfire. BOMBAY. October 23. Tho steamer Egbert has arrived at Bnmbav with 525 nrembeis of crews and 22 passengers of s°ven .steamers sunk by the* Enideu between the 15th and 13th :nst. PREMANTLE, October 23. The Medina, which, arrived to-day from London, reports that when in the, Arabian Sea she sighted a Dutch collier, with hatches open and derricks rigged, as if about to coai a. vessel. It Ts suggested that this is one of the possible sources of the Linden's coal supply. The Medina, also brings a story from India that once tire British mails wore hung up at Rangoon for fear of the Emden. and that the . latter's commander telegraphed, by wireless: “We'll take your mail to Calcutta if you desire." (London ‘Times' and Sydney ‘Sun' Services.) LONDON. October 22. ‘The Times.’ in a leading article referring to the exploits of the Emden, says tho time has come to inquire when the Admiralty proposes to terminate the audacious career of this cruiser. Her reappearance means the direct loss of at least another million of money--nearly the price of a Dreadnought. The Ernden is solely responsible for the present high rati* of insurance on the oversea route-, hhe may conceivably interupt the Indian .mail service. | .11 BUTTE BOMBARDED. | (London ‘.Times' and Sydney ‘Sun' Services.) LONDON. October 22. A German cruiser is reported to have bombarded Jibutil (in British Somaliland), dostioying the railway between Jibutil and Adhabala. BRITISH SUBMARINE MISSING. LONDON, October 25. Official: Submarine E5 is missing, and it is feared she has been sunk. Tho High Commissioner, cabling from London under date October 25, at 0.40 a.m., says; “Submarine Eo is considerably overdue, and it is feared she has neen sunk in the North Sea, it is presumed on the 18th." COAL TOR GERMANS STOPPED. OTTAWA, October 23. The steamer Lowther Grange, of 3.926 tons (owned by the Neptune S.N. Company), which was ostensibly Ijound for Australia-, was stopped by a British cruiser and brought to Esquimau, on the suspicion of having coal for a German warship. OIL STEAMER RELEASED. WASHINGTON, October 25. Sir C. A. Spring-Rice, British Ambassador to the United States, announces that the Standard Oil Company's steamer John D. Rockefeller has been released, as Denmark prohibits the shipments of oil to Germany. VERY PROBABLE. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, October 22. The Amsterdam correspondent of a Barcelona paper reports that the Kaiser is seriously ill

MINES IN THE ADRIATIC. PARIS, October 22. 'A ‘ New York Herald ’ (Paris edition) message from Rome states that Italy has agreed to allow The Hague Court to settle difficulties arising out of the Italian disaster from Austrian mines in the Adriatic. GERMANS AS COLONISERS. NOT THE BRITISH WAY. THE HAGUE. October 22. Herr Ebormaur, Governor of the German Cameroon.?, announce? that Manga Bell, a native chief, was executed for inciting tile natives to rebellion. Bell’s efforts were largely successful, as the natives were dissatisfied with German rule, and especially with the officials’ brutality. GERMAN IMPUDENCE. LONDON, October 22. Berne dockmakers are protesting to the Federal Council against attempts made by German debtors to pay debts with new German wav loan bonds. This is regarded as a violation of Swiss neutrality. COLD COMFORT. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON. October 22. The ‘ Vossische Zeitung,' in announcing that the Japanese Heel had destroyed the forts of Tsing-tao, says that the Germans must, accept with resignation what i.s going to happen in her colonies, remembering that liieir future will be settled in Europe. I)ESPEKATE MEASURES. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON. October 22. Austrian and Magyar officers are proceeding (o Persia, where they hope to organise'' forces. It. is rumored at Beirut That there is a large force of Turkish troops in Palestine, supposed to be in the neighborhood of the Egyptian frontier. It is presumed that th r -ir intention is to attack the Suez Canal. Some small sub-marines made in Germany have passed through Rumania in cent ions on route for Constantinople.

IN HARNESS AGAIN.

The Tort Chalmers Ladies' Committee yesterday resumed active onerations in the Town Hall during the afternoon and evenin". La..n week they finished up their dailv campaign, the result of which is 17 large packing cases ready to be shipped to'Kuvope for the Britain-Belgium relief, also two. large Red Cross cases full of pyjamas and shirt* for wounded soldiers in hospital. As quite a number of blankets and bundles oi warm clothing came to hand yesterday, another packing case was tilled for despatch, with the others on the steam*':' Rakeha. As these will reach London in December, the war waifs wil,l benefit by the grateful warmth in the wintry weather. When the ladies met yesterday' the wherewithal to procure material for making up was a consideration. but tire ,-hopkeepers lent a helping ('and, and half of the proceeds of the patriotic concert to be given by the Overseas Club on Tuesday will be handed over to th-e ladies. So I\■ -w-oeWly rvoik meeting will go on and in a fortnight another patriotic concert by Mrs Morgan's juvenile. company will provide further funds. This is tho opportunity to help the needy, and Mrs W. J. Mitchell and Mrs G. F. Booth are the joint ftccretaiieo for this movement. On Tuesday text the Orphans 1 Club intend giving an entertainment at Port Chalmers. A programme will be supported by the best talent of the club, and everyone should get his money's worth and more. The popular marching song, made famous by our aimv in France, will be given, with picturesque details, and a score of other items will be. no less attractive. The, Orphans' Orchestra, of 20 performers, will include in its selections the Russian National Anthem, in honor of our Allies, the officers and crew of the Russian vessel nov ( in port, whose attendance is expected. In the afternoon the efficient band o? tha District High School will enliven the town with patriotic airs, to remind the good folk of this opportunity of helping such a deserving object. At 7 o’clock the town band will play at the rotunda until the concert, . which is Xiroihoted by the Overseas Club, begins.

GENERAL ITEMS. Captain John H. Jellicoe, father of Admiral Sir John R. Jellicoe, Commander-in-Chief of the British Fleet?, died at Ryde September 7, at the advanced age of 89 years. Captain Jellicoe had, for threequarters of a. century, been intimately connected with the rise and progress of that vast steamship enterprise the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company. Born on February 11, 1825, Captain'jellicoe joined the service of the Royal Mail Company as a midshipman in December, 1841, and rose to he commodore, of the fleet. He retired from active service about 20 years ago, and shortly afterwards was appointed to a seat on the board of directors. A British seaman in the truest sense of the word, Captain Jellicoe, almost to the day of his ! death, retained his vigorous activity. To have been connected with one of the greatest of British steamship companies for 73 years, and to live to sec his son take supreme command of the British Navy in the greatest war in history, was the proud record of this breezy old sailor. -Captain Jellicoe left a widow, two sons (the elderbeing the Rev. F. G, G. Jellicoe. rector of Fremantle. Southampton), and two daughters. A letter received from atr engineer officcr in Cork by Wednesday's mail (says the Christchurch ‘Press') throws some light on tire German spy question. The officer, who had been engaged for some weeks on the defences of Cork Harbor, says; •* We have caught several German spice. Two men, dressed up as nuns, came on the works collecting’ for the Prime Wales's fund. They got hack to Queenstown, where someone, suspecting them, had them arrested. Drawings of. the works were found upon thorn. Another spy caught was dressed as a priest, and he was very nearly lynched by the troops. Two other spies, disguised as friars, were also arrested." The first New Zealander wounded hr the war was Corporal M. Ryan, of the King's Liverpool Regiment, which forms part of General Davis's brigade. Corporal Ryan, who was formerly a member of the Otago Hussars, went to England quite recently with the intention of joining a. cavnlry regiment, but he was too tall, and advised to join a line regiment. This he did, as a private, and in a few months he got his first step. Writing to a friend from the hospital in Sonthsea Corporal Ryan says : “ The shells (at Manbeuge) were beautifully timed, bursting about 50ft above the ground. Shrapnel is about as weird a. contrivance, as you could imagine. It makes a noise rushing through the air like a small whirlwind, accompanied by a droning sound like an electric car rod makes as it is drawn along : the overhead wire. Then the explosion. ! and the 250 bullets it contains are driven j downwards, molting, as they go, a sound | something like a typical Wellington gale in the wires outside the G.P.O. Our j brigade acted as rearguard to the Ex- : peditionary Force, and. I might add, the ■ brigadier (our own General Davies, of I New Zealand) was praised by the 0.0.C. for his masterly handling of his troops, 1 was one of the first hit. a shrapnel bullet passing through my left calf. It j gave a sensation similar ‘to what would j be caused by a blow with a hot piece of iron. There was very little pain, though you could get two fingers m the hole. ' I had it bandaged immediately, and man- j aged to march with the rest to Pont an j Sommes, 10 miles away. 1 was then put on an ambulance train and sent to the I field ‘hospital nt Rouen.” Corpora] Ryan | hopes to be able, to go back to the front in a few weeks. Mr and Mrs Walter Jbbofson, of this City, have sent three of their sons to the front—viz.. Herbert. Richard, and Walter. the former Imving served in the South African War. We acknowledge from maiority of employees of Reid and Gray, Ltd., £5 If? 9d, for relief of local distress.

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THE WAR, Evening Star, Issue 15632, 24 October 1914

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3,710

THE WAR Evening Star, Issue 15632, 24 October 1914

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