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COMPOSERS AND ARTISTS UNDBR ARMS. The effect of four great musical countries like Germany, Fiance, Austria, and Russia being at war, with Italy tremhling on the verge of the whirlpool, has thoroughly disorganised musical arrangement*! for the .season which ordinarily commences about October 1. Among the countries chiefly affected is America. The war fiend caught at home most of the artists who usually cross' the Atlantic' between March and October, and no matter what their artistic standing was, they wore at once drafted into the army if of the required age. ' hingen Ysaye, the great violinist, is a Belgian, but is over the age for service. He pays through his .sons, two of whom have already been killed lighting for Belgium. Frii/. Kreisler, the greatest living violinist, has gone to the front into

the Austrian army. All the comic opera world will weep' to learn that Franz Lehar, Leo Fall, and dean Gilbert (famous composers of light opera) are all in the Austrian lighting line. Rachmaninoff, the celebrated Russian composer, is now under arms. Thibould is also said to have joined the Austrian colors. Gokowsky, the composer, who was in Belgium, became aware that he was in danger through an Austrian position he holds, and he fled to England. The Bey re it th Festival was in progress when war was declared. It closed suddenly. Madame Scnumnnn-Heink. who was "there, statetl that German army officers came on to the stage at Beyrouth during a performance of ' Parsifal,' and notified principal.*, chorus, and orchestral players who were eligible for service that they must start, for" the- front at once. John M'Cormack had just sang with immense success at the Kursan! in Ostend, and was about to leave, for Salzburg, when Liza, Le hi n ami wired him: "Do not come!" He didn't! Heinrich Hensel, the great German Wagnerian tenor, was in Belgium during August, and it is assumed he is now under arms—or worse. In America the war has demoralised the operatic business, and it is stated that in all likelihood there will be no opera, season west of New York. That means that the absence of artists has prevented the Chicago, Philadelphia, and Boston imp'iwarios from making arrangements. The Paris Opera Com i quo has been turned into a hospital, with a bed in each logo. Waytterian music has been banned in Russia, which is no new thing for Wagner, but (says the ' Musical Courier') he has a habit of coming back again. Writing of the musical prospects in London, the 'Musical Times' says : " '['hat the musical profession generally will he bound to suffer directly or indirectly in these troublous times ift quite obvious. There will be great depression in the manufacturing ami music publishing trades, and it will be found that publishers will rely largely on their last year's list. This will mean stagnation in the luu.-u'e printing trade and the throwing out of work of immense numbers of members of engraving;, printing', anil allied trades. Already we hear some talk of some of these firms closing down for a time." OTAGO PATRIOTIC: AND GENERAL WELFARE ASSOCIATION. The hon. treasurers of the Otago Patriotic and (renewal Welfare Association acknowledge, the receipt of the following donations to the fund .

HOMBAPDMEXT OF PAPEETE, Mr H- Henius returned by the Talune yesterday after a visit to Papeete. He said that, in spite of the extensive nature of the damage, he was of opinion that'the position of the damaged buildings indicated that the town was not deliberately shelled. Practically all tho damage- was in the line of tho forts on tho hills and of the tjnnb'iat Zelee. and bore. out. the accounts previously given that the droppin:.' of shells on the townwas due (o the bad ir'jirksnianship of the German gunners consequent upon the swell of tlie> sea. Mr Jlemus was unable to give an .estimate of •the damaue done to hir, firm's premises, but said that the French authorities had

estimated the. o'amago done t<i the island at £125.000 Alanv of the German residents o'f the town ban loft Tahiti at the outbreak of the war, but after the bombardment those, wlu. wore left wore taken priivim'rs. and when tho Talinie a.niyed they were engaged in the task of clearing up tin- debris.-

Previously yckcewledirpd ... , £6.942 1 7i A. and M. K. Storifham ... 5 0 0 K. K. Xicolson 3 3 0 Rosiyr. Woolltn Mills (hosiery department) 2 0 0 Foreman of works staff, X.Z. railways (third and fourth I'OntributiontO 2.5 0 0 "WVllwslier" 0 2 6 Pupils St. .lav-ph's Primary School (<,'irl.s) .'. 20 0 0 K. H. Rood 3 ~» 0 Mrs C. Fulton 5 0 6 A. IT. Tonkinsou 4 4 0 Lovai Cromwell of OJdfcrllows 23 0 0 "Poz/v" ,"■, 3 0 C V. Siii:<lslTiim 5 5 0 Drmodin Orchestral Socictv (concert) :. 1C8 IS 0 X.Z.A.A. Association. Otnp> Centre. ?porU meeting (first coulrihiitior.i TOO 0 0 Lawrence Patriotic C\>itir.iin.c-> is.; 0 0 Lawrence 11orticr.!t!ira.l Societ, y 20 0 0 P. Sutherland, "iloiidliii Sfatio !1 7) 0 0 Pecks-Ca inUri:i n C<>:iimitt<-c 15 0 0 Patriotic meeting. O.tober 21 (pari) 2.390 ,1 4 ' l,"_ _ ?^ 0 0 " TJnper Kou" " ?. 2 0 M. J- John-rloi, /! 0 0 II. M. Park> 7, fl n JCWI' TilllhOlr " ~, 0 , T . W. Du CVo/ 1 T 0 \V. P.. John.-tou 2 2 0 Mrs \Y. IT. Davidson 1 0 0 \V. IT. /Davidson i 0 0 "A Friend" 0 10 0 "T.B.P.C" _ 0 10 0 Children of Vatalla Khidertraif"ii n 7 6 "Y.K." ... : ... 0 10 0 Miss IT. M Hunter 0 10 0 "W.H.IT." 0 10 0 ■'C.C.J." •. 0 10 0 Wonvera South residents ... 17 11 4 £11,871 14 5i

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HOW MUSIC HAS SUFFERED., Issue 15631, 23 October 1914

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HOW MUSIC HAS SUFFERED. Issue 15631, 23 October 1914

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