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GERMANS VIOLENTLY ATTACK IN N.W. FRANCE,

AND EVERYWHERE MET AND HELD. EVERY APPEARANCE OF THE ENEMY RETREATING. ALLIES’ CAVALRY USING RUSE AND INITIATIVE. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright. GERMANS REPULSED ALONG THE WHOLE FRONT. PARIS. October 21 (morning). Official: i he Germans attacked the whole front at La Bassce, the attack from La Bassee to the Meuse being particularly violent, but were everywhere repulsed. BELGIANS KEEP THE YSER LINE. PARIS, October 20 (evening). Official: We. have made detailed progress at various points. The Belgians, uespate violent attacks, maintain their position on the line of tho Yser. Theer has been further fighting in the Ypres region. Iho Germans continue io Urongly hold the advances to Lille in tha direction of Armentieres, Formes, .and La Bassee. On the Meuse the • nemy vainly tried to repulse the Allies, who debouched on the right bank in the Roman camp. THE KAISER'S -MEN FLUNG BACK PARIS, October 21. Communique: The Germans made an effort along the whole front. The Belgians held their luouvul remarkably at La Bassce, where a, violent attack was made. The other main efforts were mado at Mamet/, (between Albeit anti Penanne), at. Vanguois (on the east of Argoniu-), and finally on the heights of the Mouse and in the region of Champion- All were repulsed. ALLIES’ HEAVY GUNS OUSTING THE GERMANS. PARIS. October 20. The ‘Figaro’ says that the movement of Germans towards Northern Franco has all the appearances of a retreat, primarily due to the splendid French'and' British heavy guns, which made the German lines untenable. The Germans arc finding Antwerp - a n other Moscow. The German army ri not benefiting by occupying it. as the citizens are required to feed 150,000 Germans. ALLIED CAVALRY USED CLEVERLY. PARIS, October 20. A wounded officer states that the public do not realise the value of the allied cavalry’s work in the north-west of France. There are no lunger massed dliarges ,in which thousands meet the shock, but engagements in detail wherein ruse and initiative* play a prominent part. The cavalry which penetrates the enemy’s lines gains ground without, arousing attention. and does much t.o ensure victory. The Allies in hand-to-hand fighting are always at an advantage, despite the unconcern'with which German generals sacrifice life HIE DEFENCE OF LIEGE. ROME, October 20.' M. Lehman, who so gallantly conducted the defence of Liege, and is now in captivity at Magdeburg._ is writing a memoir of the siege, of which excerpts published in Berlin state that the Germans occupied the city or. August 7. They were then able to bombard tho forts on the inner side. They commenced to bombard Lonceiu on August 7 with 7 and 11-centimetre guns. On the 15th they commenced using guns, hurling grenades weighing 1,003 kilts (about on© ton). Tho explosive force surpassed anything known. The approach of the shell was heralded by an acute- buzzing, and it .burst with a thunderous roar, raising clouds of missiles and stones. The bombardment on tho 15th commenced at 5 a.m., and was unbroken till 2 p.m. One grenade wrecked the arcade under which the General Staff was sheltering, and-the officers were almost asphyxiated with the horrible gases. 31. Lehman says that on inspecting tho exterior fort ho found it reduced to a rubble heap. The slopes and count erelopca were a chaos of rubbish, with huge tongues of flame shooting from the cupola. His only thought then was to save tho remnant of tho garrison, bat on retraversing the- gallery he was violently flung to earth. When consciousness returned he found four Germans bending over him. ALIENS ORDERED TO QUIT. LONDON. October 21, Every German and Austrian resident at Brighton haa been ordered to quit within a few days. RETURNING TO ANTWERP. AMSTERDAM, October 20. Many refugees have derided to return to Antwerp. A NEW FRENCH BATTLESHIP. PARIS, October 21. Th© battleship Flaudre, of 25,000 tons, has been launched at Brest. [Th© time for her launching was originally fixed at 1916.1 THE 75-c. GUN AGAIN ON TOP. PARIS, October 29. A battery of 75-ceutimetro guns destroyed 15 German mitrailleuses at Verrnelie* and a heavy battery at St. Mihiel. GREECE PREPARING. ROME, October 20. Messages received at Naples from Greece state that warlike preparations are energetically proceeding. Four hundred and fifty thousand soldiers of the first line apeready, and 200,000 mere will he ready in a fortnight. GERMAN TORPEDOER DESTROYED. TOKIO, -October 20. Tho German torpedo boat A9O. which escaped from Tsing-tao in the darkness, has been found aground and destroyed 60 miles south of Kiao-chau. AUSTRIAN DEVASTATION. PETROGRAD, October 20. A* a result of the Austrian invasion of Lublin and Tiholn, 4,25Q houses were burnt, the damage don© being estimated at £300,000. AUSTRIAN BATTALION TAKEN. PETROGRAD, October 21. Communique: Southward of Przemysi ait on tiro Austrian battalion surrendered, with all its officers and mitrailleuses. WHY NOT PUBLISH THE NEWS? (London ‘Times ’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) LONDON, October 2D. ‘The Times 1 says editorially: "After weeks ol weary waiting the nation has the satisfaction of reading two immensely interesting despatches from General French. We see no reason why tho first, dated September 17. should not have been published earlier. Th© Government must remember more constantly the mi)'ions ( who watch and wait while' they are

puzzled with the unwonted eilence, and are apt to misunderstand it. They will bear any strain with calmness and fortitude so Jong as they know that in due season they will always be told the truth.” The article concludes that the whole country will be inspirited and nerved afresh by these despatches. TRICKS OF TRADE. (London ‘Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’Services.) LONDON; October 20. New York business circles insist that Germany is purchasing Increasingly large quantities of commodities in America. Dutch middlemen sell Berlin-held stocks in London, and the. proceeds are sent to New York to pay for the goods. “AN UNNECESSARY. AND ATROCIOUS WAR.” ROME, October 20. Signor Ricciotti Garibaldi, writing in the ‘Giotnale d’ltalia,’ says: “It is a pitv that instead of a lew thousand Italian bayonets participating*in the war we have not sent a million, and a-half.

That would have saved several _ hundred thousand lives and millions of francs. Humanity reproaches us for letting tho opportunity pass of ending this unnecessary and atrocious war.” TRAITORS EVERYWHERE. CANADA HAS PLENTY. OTTAWA, October 20. The military authorities at Montreal have discovered a widespread plot, backed by ample funds from tho Austrian Government, to smuggle from the country reservists, of whom there are 100.000 in Canada. Israel Stanhcfer, a naturalised British subject, has been arrested. It Is stated that he supplied the reservists with tickets and money, and instructed them to pass the border as Rumanians. This is th© first treason case since the Riel trial in 1885. Twenty thousand Austrians at Montreal are destitute, and a soup kitchen is being opened. A SCOUNDREL REMANDED. LONDON, October 20. Karl Finek. a German, was remanded under tho Official Secrets Act. A detective heard the defendant discussing plans tor a land mine described us capable of annihilating the British Army. ADVICE TO GERMAN PROFESSORS. LEARN THE FACTS. LONDON, October 21. Over 100 distinguished British scientists have issued a reply to tho German professors’ manifesto. The reply advices the Germans to obtain tho full text cf the diplomatic documents, from which they would learn that Germany was the one Power that did not strive for peace. “Germany's one grievance is that we did net allow her to subdue the European Powers, and thus enable her to deal with Britain.” The reply also strongly condemns the destruction of Louvain. Kheims, and Alalines. CANADA’S SECOND CONTINGENT. OTTAWA, October 20. There is a great rush to join the second contingent of the Expeditionary Forces. Eight thousand men have already enrolled. " EVERLASTING PEACE.” SYDNEY. October 21. The Postmaster-General (Mr Spence) presided at tho opening ol the- Country Press Conference. The Consuls of Fiance and Japan were present. The speeches mado eulogised Great Britain’s action and Australia's readv support of tho war. Air Spence said that Australia was prepared to send 2.000 men monthly as long as the war lamed. One and all sincerely hoped that the end of the war would mean everlasting peace. MISCELLANEOUS ITEAIS. The Board of Tiade have taken over during the war a German clye factory at Ellesmere, Cheshire, for supplying the Government with indigo. The ‘Evening News’♦reports the discovery of heavy concrete foundations- in a German factory dominating Torbay. The Nederlands-Amerika liner Potsdam struck a mine in the North Sea on Monday night, and is in a crippled (The Potsdam is a twin-screw steamer ot 12,522 tons. She was built in 1900.] 'The Government will shortly permit a limited number of telegraphic business code messages between Britain and extraEuropean countries. ~ The Board ol Trade announce a marked contraction in. the percentage of unemployment both in insured and uninsured.

ST. JOHN AAIBULANCE BRIGADE. It has been officially notified by the War Office that the Ambulance Department of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem forms part of the Red Cross Organisation of Great Britain, equally with the British Red Cross Society and the St. Andrew’s Ambulance Association, and is recognised by the British Government under article 10 of the Geneva Convention as a society to assist the medical services in time of war. Already over 4,000 men of the St. John Ambulance Brigade have been mobilised in England as hospital orderlies with the Navy and Army, several thousands more being hold in reserve. Surgeons and a large number of fullycertified hospital nurses have been despatched by the Ambulance Department to the seat of war . at the request of th*

Belgian Bed Gross Society. An urgent appeal for funds has been made on behalf of the organisation, and in this Dominion the matter is being warmly taken up, and all the divisions of the St. John Ambulance Brigade are doing their utmost to assist the mother society with money and material. His Excellency the Governor has written to the Deputy Commissioner for New Zealand expressing his appreciation of the action which is being taken. A''considerable number of members of the St. John Ambulance Brigade have up to date enrolled with the Field Ambulance of the New Zealand Expeditionar Force. DIFFERENT MEN, DIFFERENT WAYS. There was introduced into the martial life of Edinburgh on Tuesday an impressive note of pathos, when British soldiers marched through the streets to bury one of the enemy’s dead with military honors. The funeral'was that of a German sailor, who had been fatally founded in the Heligoland tight, picked up by a British warship, and lodged with other wounded compatriots in Edinburgh Castle.

Shortly after 3 o’clock the firing party, drawn from (lie sth Battalion of the Royal Scots, appeared in the Castle gateway. They marched at funeral pace and with arms reversed, and were followed by the gun-carriage, which was -drawn by six horses. Tho remains of the dead seaman were enclosed in a plain black coffin, which was wrapped in the German Imperial Hag, of which the familiar black eagle was a prominent feature. On the top of the bier lay the dead man’s cap. The remains were conveyed to Newington Cemetery, where Pastor Hans Treplin conducted a short service. Three volleys were fired over the grave, and the plaintive notes of ‘'The Last Post’ were 1 sounded as the firing party stood to attention. Then cam© the last little tribute of all. A German lady stepped forward and threw a spray of flowers into the open grave.— ‘ Weekly Scotsman,’ September 5.

OUR EMERGENCY DREADNOUGHT: H.M.S. ERIN, LATE THE RESHADIEH, AS SHE WILL APPEAR WHEN READY FOR ACTIVE SERVICE. On the day following onr declaration of war upon Germany it was officially stated that the Government had taken oyer the two battleships, one completed and the other shortly duo for completion, which had been ordered for the Turkish Government, jhe two battleships, which mil hoav tho nanio., ol Lrin and Acincourt were originally (1) the Reshadich, built bv Vickers, 23,000 tons, armament ten 13.5 m guns, mounted m turn tum-ts, and (_) tho Sultan b ’ Osman 1., built by Armstrong, 27,500 tons, armament fourteen 12in guns, mounted m seven turrets.

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GERMANS VIOLENTLY ATTACK IN N.W. FRANCE,, Issue 15630, 22 October 1914

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2,019

GERMANS VIOLENTLY ATTACK IN N.W. FRANCE, Issue 15630, 22 October 1914

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