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To-day is Trafalgar Day of glorious memory, ami it Is but tilting that, ill these times uf war, when the British nation is looking to their Navy to strike a decisive blow for liberty and peace, it should lie observed with greater enthusiasm tha u is customary in normal limes. This morning bunting in prolusion Hew from public buildings, schools, banks, theatres, warehouse?, and other business places, al-o iiom the shipping at the wharves, the grand old Union Jack being everywhere particularly prominent. in the Queen's Burdens flew Nelson’s I'apious signal Irom the yardarm, while at the foot of the flagstaff floral tributes to the memory of the- great admiral bad been placed. One of these a handsome wreath, was the offering of the Otago brunch of the Overseas Chib, and was placed on the platform this morning by Mr John Roberts, C.M.0.. the president, who was accompanied by other members of the executive, including a number of ladies. CAVEESHA.M SCHOOL. A pleasing and appropriate ceremony was held at Caversliam School this morning. The children were assembled in the school yard by their teachers. The Rev. D. Dutton and Mr C. .1. Thom (members of the School Committee) and the. head master (Mr J. W. Hardy) were present. An apology for absence was received Irom .Mr O. 0. Israel (chairman of the Education Board), who expressed his regret at being unable to attend, and eulogised the action of the pupils of tile .school, who had, by a. unanimous vote, resolved to lorogo prizes this year and devote the money required for their purchase to the Belgian and British relict the Rev. Dutton gave a. patriotic and inspiring address to the. children, in the course of which he pointed out to them their re.-poiisihilities as members of the Empire, and the results that would follow if wo wen. to allow Germany to dominate. tie, was sure, kg,, said, that they would all he ready to do their share when the call came. The head muster also made a chart address. The Union .lack was then sainted, after which llu; National Anthem was sung anti three elieers oiveir tor the British. Umpire. ALBANY STREET.

.U the Albany Street School the, head master (-Ur J. Rennie) addressed the chi I(lien of i lie Sixth, Filth. and Found Standards on the subject of ‘What We U'.vi* to Nelson.’ Jin pointed out that tins anuiversa) y, next io d rat algal" j,)ay ilsell, was the most important in our hislory, because, at the time of Trafalgar wo were fighting the bully of Europe., Napoleon, and to-day we were again .striving to crush another bully. QUEEN’S GARDENS. At 2 o'clock the children of the Sixth, Filth, and Foiu Ihj Standards of thq city and suburban schools, accompanied bv their school bauds, assembled in tin' Queen’s Gardens, whevti (hey saluted the Flag. 'Flic hands limn par-aided the principal ,-ficets, after which they marched to the various halls in width ‘the patriotic meetings were being held, and played oui- ! side. AT THE FOUR HALLS. CiTY CAY WITH MUSIC. .Inst after 2 this ailenioou the town sprang front its half-holiday .altitude into vivid life. Every band in the Gity and environs was converging upon the tornHails where the public of Dunedin were to give expression to the fervid sense of gratitude this outpost of the Empire feels towards the Belgians (primarily) in their first stand for the -Allies. With sonic 20 hands [haying within an area, of half a, mile, the effect was harmonic in a sentimental, if not in a musical, sense. Naturally, most of I lie people stayed without the halls till the music (Cased, si) that it is not easy to judge at this hour (2.<50 p.m.) what the attendances j were, but even at that hour throe of the i four halls wore half-full, while Iho fourth j (the Garrison Ball) was packed to tlie last inch of Hour space when the Rev. Father Coffey made his appearance- on the stage. The varying tributes exacted at the door of each hall were no bur to a generous impulse, and it is recorded in each that more than one tendered double (ho sum required, of him. Moreover, a large number of donations' were received by letter, or handed to the managers in cho four halls, and altogether there .seems no reason to doubt that the financial result will bn good. The, s at each j hall were tho Revs. A. Wynne Thomas I and K, S. Gray. ! GERMANY’S COLOSSAL GRIME. I I’ho Rev. A. Wynne "1 nomas t-a-id ; 1 I juresume that one reason whv 1 have been I asked to speak here to-day .is that 1 conic i from and Lope soon to return Uj cum of tho most thickly-populated of the industrial ventres of luc Gnitcd Kingdom. I am glad to know from loitei.s received from Swansea a week or two ago that (he J in Plato works are working full time, tho war having destroyed German competition in lliap industry. * But lln-s- i- bound to 1h; j;i the County <„■! GJanioJg,(ii. in which Swansea, and Cardiff are both .situated land rim county, let mo say- while- <>n!v a. little larger than Stewart Island, lias a population considerably greater than the whole of your Dominion), a good deal of distress. This country, in which I. live, is dependent largely upon the coal business, and ns exporting coal ha.- largely stopped thoie, is suin' to be. ! much unemployment, and consequently much suffering, in that part, :i> well as in other parts, of Great Britain. Thou in l-aueasiiiiv, with its two enormous ventres ■ population, Liverpool and Manchester, both of which 1 know well, having been born and brought up in Liveipool—in Lancashire, owing fo the practical stoppage of the. eottoii iniih--, there is sure, to lie through this (trailing winter .great [■. overly and want. J van (hroefote make to you here a. personal appeal lev practical help on behalf of these places, on well as on behalf of all parts of Great Britain. But it is; of Belgium, I am sure, that wc are chiefly thinking 1 o-day— Belgium invaded, Belgium trampled upon by a. cruel and treacherous foe. The Belgium people, who three months ago were a prosperous and contented people, are to-day homeless, foodkss, impoverished, ruined. And why? What was her crime? Himply this: that tho Belgian people low'd their own country, and dared to defend their own freedom, lam perfectly aware—you need uofc remit id me of it—that no nation concerned in this horrrible conflict has chum bands. Russia has cn hex hands the blood of Jews; France has outraged in many places the rights- of native races; and England j ' has stained her honor with an opium j ' traffic, for which she has not ret re- , ' pented; and Belgium’s connection with 1 Congo atrocities is too notorious to need ■ mentioning. But when all that is plainly i said and sorrowfully remembered, we 1 assert that (lev many’s treatment . o| ft pgtiou shat Jyii.>tc4 hes i,sj. j


—al! this the abfoin:.' vindication. if Mich is i!:, ~t liritaiu’s action. .Gid every day t\ill add <« it. Over the very held which, the ficicCst battles have raged, one el’ our poets wrote; “ limv (ha: red i.iin hath made the harvest grow !’’ iic wrote of the visible harvest. I'n, >.■ i# an invisibly, and it never glows save by tiic nil lain. Xo man may speak lightly '■f the immeasurable sacrifice which uiir owjl Umpire is makina —which tin.mothers and daughters of our as well as oiir bravo men are making—- but w> shall Jive lung ynough to say, m anoiher and deeper sense; “How that red rain hath, made the harvest grow!'’ it has already consolidated <jor Ihnphe as nothing else could ever have done. Racial difficulties have disappeared; internal strife is ■strangled ; the spirit of sacrifice is born auiwv; hiotherhood is coming to its own, and with it fatherhood, the fatherhood of God ; the lea’iiiy of the nn-i-i.-en and the potency of great ideals am being, asserted where once the present and the material reigned; sacrifice, heroism, pity, endurance, generosity are this red rain's harvest. Peace waits to enfold her wings and fly over the whole earth. Militarism is on its trial. There can be but one verdict. _ It must die. Until that consummation is realised the sword, which one may devoutly cay is, in this instance, the very sword- of the Lord, must not bo sheathed. Militarism must die, and we shall, l>V£f, & *g tbg f&vga g{ sh§ iY«gSt',

a. crime that eclipses them all. And this nation, according in its most honored representative, is lighting in Dm name of- culture lor tiro leadership of tho world. Such leadership can load to nothing but barbarism and night. 1 confess that when this conflict, began I was inclined to syrup,itbi-o with Germany, and to tiy and look at things from her point of view, but her treatment of Belgium has s(rflened my back and hardened my heart. _ 'The teaching of Nietzsclife that Uindianify is a. religion for slaves has produced its monstrous fruit in a race of supermen who know no law but their own greedy and insensate ambition, and Belgium, because she is weak, has oec-n given over to tiro and sword. It is difficult *' ur " s hi realise what this means. VVc take up our paper and then lav it down with a, sigh of disgust or with a murmured prayer. , but we don’t realise the hard luct of it. If a (..Sennau foice landed on these shores, limned our bouses and murdered our people, and, like robbers, to. Ik all (in? munov and food on which they could lav bands, how would we feel? The idea" may excite in ns quick sympathy for those for whom the imagination has become a in - nhlo lacl. At live, here in peace and comparaln e sei nrity, and to refuse to help, and to help generously, those who for ns have stood in the invaders’ path would lie to play a coward’s and a shirkers part. There are two things i should like to say. One is this; This terrible war, with its horrors ami cruelties. - its appalling loss of life and treasure, will have been worth fighting if it engender- - in the minds and hearts of the people of Europe a holy and passionate hatred of war. There must he an end cf Kaiserisiu and Kruppism not only in Germany, but in every land—an end of those who covet military glory, as well as of those who make swollen profits out of the munition-, ot war. I believe multitudes in Germany will be as glad to see that end as we. In a letter 1 received from .Home 'Aiicv day there was one incident "’’ben reveals something of the meaning of war. A young fellow of good family and prospects, with a beautiful wife and loiu’ happy eiiiklrcn. received orders on the outbreak of hostilities to join his regiment. lu less Ilian a week Ids wile received a bundle containing his clothes. 11l two <(ays flu- was in tho asylum, ami tic children are bereft. Multiply that a thousand innes. and yon will have some faint, idea, ot what war means, amt I wl y wo shall have endured in vain if tins pro■son! teiiibie war does not beget in ns a passionate hatred of war and a, solemn determination to see that in the future national disputes shall he settled by sonic C J. i ) C1 ’ moans than by a monstrous and dmoohcal appeal to the sword and the gnu, then tho other thing I want to sav j, tli.s : we shall have passed through ’this tune ot crisis in vain unless there "is born out ot it a new and nobler patriotism, a ™- a„d_ more resj.omsibio citizenship. Jim hocrties wo enjoy are being bought with blood. However that raav have been a rhetorical phrase in tho past, it is a, grim reality now, and I ask you : Arc our faoJdiexs ;iud wailors fo suitor and die in order that the publican may sell moredrink, in order that the gambler may make 1 more profit, in order that vacant , ;i y lolioAv empty fdoa-pnro*, mid selfish nu’ii amass material gain? ’ (;<,,] ini-bid ! You may talk as much as yon wd! a omit tho economic and political causes ot tins war. .the real causes are morel and spiritual. We have as a nation Ini gotten. God, despised Hit day. forsaken Ids house, and ignored His Word, and there will bo no true rest and .-eniritv nutii wiMiavc returned in penitence to Hi’s Woe _betido us if we pass through this time of trial without being chastened and purified, ii wo*’do not learn that ‘•righteousness alone csalteth a nation, and that on is a reproach to any people.’’

BRITAIN'S VINDICATION. The Key. 11. F. Gt.iy s a i ( i ; If jf ) H . (ru , tnat-

• t\ e live in deeds, not veals; In feelings, got in ijgnrtß mi a dial; Wv should <I.|U!I lime bv heart-throbs ■ It lie most Jived Who thinks most. had- the noblest, l: . th-J Is SI . ‘he full rides oi .lile ale clirgir.g ill tlie of men and of nations as ai no other fieriod in our Umpire’* hfeforv. Xev'T were such deeds, never such a.pjeals to ‘lie deepest of our common Junna city. Jt hao become a eommonpiaeo that Hiere arc worse calamities than wai. There, may not be oub law for the indi \idn.-d and another for tile nation. Tindeath which, is, preferable to dishonor f. • Gie individual tho m.tion dan; not. slum to live dishonored is to die. a doubtdeath. Iho “scrap of paper” and I!ri tains fidelity to p. will be tier uudving glory while timo h-t-is. Not ottre nor twice in .me g,eat island >- I. ory '1 lie r.:.! 1 1 of danger was tics path of glory. And .1 dare to .-ay, -is a. im-ssc ug.-r of the Prince *>( Peace, hating and ahhon ing war with my whole sou), that on no ground* which could tied sanction in the essential 1 caching of .beats Himself could our Umpire hav,- turned an unheeding ear to the cry of that leave. -1 of brain- connIri'vl which is in our thought and our prayers day and night. The unfolding of th.e malignant piujaiso ol the War J.drds of Germany; the levelaliuns, of thcii long prepared!)., - ; their i uthless trampling upon treaties and sacred obligations ; the i naked savagery of their warfare, in which defenceless men and women and even little children are butchered in cold blood

f Indies buried slavery. On the night b«' foro the proclamation they waited in their thousands for tlio tolling of the midnight bell which was to usher in the new clay, the day <>£ deliverance, of absolute freedom. And they waited beside on open grave, and an open coffin, into which, as the hour began to strike, they crowded the emblems of their slavery, the implements of their torture, the badges of their’shame. Then they lowered it, chanting in their weird monotone, “The monster is dying.” “Tire monster is dying.” _ At the last stroke of thn hour one mighty shout rent tho air, “The monster is dead,” and from ten thousand throats, no, from ten thousand hearts,' burst the only adequate expression of their gratitude, ‘ Praise God from whom all blessings flow.’ Men and women, jo my soul I feel that most of ns will live to see such a day, only grander, vaster in its significance, when we shall bury, never to rise again, that curse of the' nations, that spoiler of humanity, that terror of its women and children, that bane of the toiler, that enemy of God and man, militarism, which has come to its apotheosis in the war-maddened despot who has launched the nations upon this sea of blood, and whose 'name and memory will be infamous for evermore. But that day is not-yet. It is being, and will he, dearly bought, and by no people so dearly as the brave, broken, but unbeaten Belgians. I said that we live ;u deeds, not "years. Belgian lives as centuries could not have made her live. She has earned undying fame. tVKerevcr men love truth, prize honor, and esteem sacrifice, her name will bo spoken as their synonym. She has done for Europe, for civilisation, for truth and honor, what that bravo Swiss patriot did for his country when he gathered into his own breast' the lames of the Austrian oppressor and opened a way over his dead body for bis fellow-soldiers and to free dom. There is a great law into tin mighty sweep of which Belgium has brought herself. “If any man will save his life lie shall lose it, but if any man will lose his life ho shall save it.”. She might have saved her life. Germany promised the retention of. her nationhood for free passage through her territory, but at the price of shame and dishonor, and to her everlasting glory, be it said, she refused and determined heroically to resist, oven before Britain could answer. (She could give up her life, but she could not live dishonored. Has she lost her life? A thousand times, No! She Inn gained it, and will live for ever. Bui to-day she is wounded, lacerated, bleeding, son 1 beset. Her bravest men hava fallen: her women, are subjected to on* nameable horrors; her children are orphaned, destitute, starving. She calls to us. She shows her ravaged territory, her cities binned and wasted, her peaceful people homeless, wanderers. What answer shall we make? Shall it be .stinted, grudging, insignificant, or shall it be proportionate to the sacrifice she lias made for us? By all wo have read of her suffering multiplied a hundredfold : by our admiration for the dauntless heroism which withstood the mightiest military machine the world has known; by our gratitude for her devotion; by our own sense of safety and prosperity; by our live for nor fellow-men and our hope in God, let it be commensurate with their need. Let us bring ourselves within the operation of the same great law, the law which glorifies sacrifice, and which is the same law, not for all men only, but for God himself. NEW ZEALAND TRIBUTES. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright, ];0M)0:C, Octcb'cr 19. The Hick Commissioner it-.r New Tea. land placed a wreath.on the Nelson Monument, with the following sentiment attached : "Thy Government and people of New Zealand honor trie glorious name <4 Nelson.’’ | Thu N .ivy League of New Zealand for many years have arranged that one or more Avivatba are placed at the foot of the m< innrn nt in Trafalgar square.]

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TRAFALGAR DAY., Issue 15629, 21 October 1914

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TRAFALGAR DAY. Issue 15629, 21 October 1914

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