THE OHOSEN OAUDIPATE.
PONTIFF'S pAPIp KISE TO FAME
The Sacred, OaUema of Cardinals on September 3 elected Cardinal Giacomo del)* Ghiemj AjrcbJMsHop of Bologna, Supreme Pontiff to succeed the late Pope Piua & Immediately after his election (cays the Rome correspondent of the San Francisco ' Chronicle') tfce Pontiff said he could not imagine how hie frail being was capable of enduring the enormous weight of responsibility thrown upon his shoulders, especially at a moment when all the countries of Europe were stained blood, when the wounds inflicted upon humanity also were inflicted on the Church, and when countless victims of the war were being cut down. Tie war, he said, had 34-med faithful against faithful, priest against priest, whue the bishops of each country offered prayers for the success of the army of his own nation. But victory for one eide meant slaughter to the other, the destruction of children equally dear to the heart of the Pontiff. The conclave of the Bacred College hac been in session since the evening of Monday, August 31, and the final vote was not taken until the morning of September 3. When the name of Cardinal della Chiesa was cried out by the Cardinal scrutineers as having received the prescribed two-thirds vote, there was much excitement among the members of the conclase. Then followed the traditional formula, the Cardinal being asked as to whether he accepted the election. _ Amid breathless silence he answered in the affirmative, ibut his reply, owing to profound emotion, was scarcely audible. Immediately all the Cardinals removed the canopies from above their chairs, this being the tangible sign that the leadership of the Church had passed from them to the newly-elected Pope. Later, during the course of a reception of laymen, the Pope spoke of America, which he said was especially dear to him. He expressed great admiration for the genius of its people, which was comparable only to their religious zeal, and he added : " I am glad that my first apostolic benediction abroad will be forwarded to .America, where the American Cardinals will at a later date impart it to the people directly." —The Acceptance.— On the election of Cardinal della Chiesa, Monsignor Poggiani, secretary of the conclave, with the master of ceremonies, the dean of the Cardinals, and others high in the Church, bowed before the chair in which Cardinal della Chiesa was seated. He asked if the Cardinal would accept the pontificate, and upon an affirmative reply all the canopies above the Cardinals' thrones were lowered excepting that of Cardinal della Chiesa, —Benedict XV.— In answer to the question of the dean of the Cardinals, the new Pope said he. desired to take the name of Benedict XV. Monsi.gnor Pogsiani. assisted by the other officials, recorded the act of election and the acceptance, and the members of th? conclave then entered the Sistine Chapel with the Pope. Cardinal della, Volpe placed over the Pontiff's shoulders a red stole, embroidered with gold. The Pope then mounted the throne to receive the homage of the Cardiuals. The Cardinals first kissed the feet and then the hands of the Pontiff, who administered the accolade a.nd pronounced the benediction. Cardinal della Volpe placed upon the Pontiff's finger the fisherman's rin«r. which the Pope returned to Monsignor DJimco to have engraved with hi* name
—Gives Benediction.— The Pontiff proceeded from the Sistine Chapel to the Basilica of St. Peter's, where he gave a benediction. He returned to the Sistine Chapel, where the second act of homage by the Cardinals was accorded him. When the Pone was asked fo present- himself before the people for the. first benediction, he turned to Cardinal Merry del Vnl. First Seoreterv of State, and said : " T hope T shall have streiKfth to <->v<-:--eome rev emotion.'' Crowds .gathered to s-Je the Pope, and the Cardinals tried tt> calm the assemblase and obtt.i-.i sikniee. The excitement reached a climax vhen the Pop? finallv emereed. T J f , was a-lone. and a hush f«!l over the. All knelt, and »th« Pontiff rnisirj his h*|jrl. with three fincrerj outstretched, and ifc-»arf.ed with melodious voice thi Poostolir blessing. A (great cheer rang o?£ as he turned to withdrawTHE NEW LNVNTIFF. CAREER rVF PKNTJMCT XT. Card-'nal rtinco-r-o .-VUrv fr.,V«ei . w-v rw,'.fed a Cardinal on Mar 55. 19U. TT« is the Archlv.-hon *•' ""-Viia. Tfaly. H'. •".-is born "t Peed*, i•> ■ tb« r]ir.r-?*p. ->f CeiK-s. on November 91. 1P54. n. n d was ordained a pr f '-«t on TW-emher 21, 1878. Tie served a« Se'-otn-v -if the Nunciature in Spain from 18R 7 to l',' fi 7. iv which rear Ivt was .-i'TH'inte'l s;-"' 4 ."iv to the late Cardinal P-nnpolla. U» • i< m-mointe-rl Snls+;<"(» Sce.eiarv -if Sfafe in 1901. and in 1907 he was e'e'.-t-rl to the nnst of Adviser to the Holv Othee. In IQO7 he ; ■>•, as appoint e 1 Papal Num-io of Madrid. ''o s(!'•'--;'<-.-ion to Monsignor "Nianaldini. but tliis appointment v-a? cancelled three days lain-. This incident had occurred jus* 1-f-for.- he nns ma do Archbishop of Bologna Wik-o Mnnsif?or dell-, Chicsa was given ihi-- post it va-s dc-lared in Rome that i*. v.aK niainlv with, the object, of comhatiiiir modern -roligiou* idea-s. Boloirna beim' the of the National Demo e'-aiif League, wluve nicnihers what is known as "modernism" in reli> • rion. Jn January. 1914, while still al Boliiioiti. the present Pope issued a pas- *((!•;.'! I"(ter stiongly condemning the tango. It has been 17-1 yea is tsince the time of tli° !:;-"! Pone Benedict. On his election to the Pa-pa ry in 1740. Caidinal Prospero Limhertiini assumed that title. It is an interesting fact thatthe new Pope was Archbishop of Bologna, while Pope Benedict XTV. was bom in Bolc-ma. The choice falls on a Oardina' of Italian l-iith. as was expected from tradition, and aho from the disturbed conditions in Europe. li was at the aire of 24 that the noPope was ordained in the. priesthood. He soon attracted the attention of Cardinal Rampolla. later Seeretarv of State for Pope XIII. IVhen Cardinal Ranioolhi, M-as made Xunci« to Madrid, he toolr Monsignor della C'ii«o with, him Ae Secrelarv of Nunciattir?. On Cardinal RampollaV return to Rome U> become Secretary of iSfate for the Vatican, M'onsignor della Cl.'iesa- entered the Secretariat of State as one of the minor •officials until 1901. whe-u , \v» vras ai-.poil\iA.l &übit\tut<i of tha KecreI u.viat atul also neciefary of the cypher. | is to the Secretary of State, j Cardinal <lella Chiesa was brought iuio | notable )ur.-mincnce throughout the Catholi'- hi'-ianhv. but his position was not at that time of eardinalistie rank. On the accession of Pope Piw X... Monsignoi della f'hiesn continued in t-lie secretariat until December 16, 1907, when the Pope I 2avt him a noted promotion to the position of Archbishop of the important- See of Bologna. For fevei\ years he administered the See of Bologna with notable success, until in May last Pope Pius X. named him among 13 members of the hierarchy to receive the red hat. The full title of the new Pope, in addition to Benedict XV.. is Pop? Bishop of Home and Successor of St. Peter. Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church. Patriarch of the" West. Primate of Italy, -Archbishop a-nd Metropolitan of the Roman Province, Sovereign o* the Temporal Dominion of the Holy Roman Church. One of the brothers of the- -Pontiff is an admiral in the Italian navy, and another is a. captain in the navy. The first appointment made by the Pope was that of Monsignor Psurolin, of Pope Rius X., to he cantm of 6t. Peter's.
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PAPAL ELECTION, Evening Star, Issue 15628, 20 October 1914
PAPAL ELECTION Evening Star, Issue 15628, 20 October 1914
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