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WHY THEY WERE SENT. URGENT AXiTbITTER NEED. LONDON, October 18 (6.40 p.m.). Official: The First Lord of the Admiralty has addressed the following message to the Royal Naval Division home from active service: " Officers and men of all ranks and ratings acquitted themselves admirably, and thoroughly justified the confidence reposed in them. " The loss of a portion of the first brigade through a mistake in no way reflects'upon the quality and character of the division. The brigade of Royal Marines throughout the operations sustained fully, by their firmness, discipline, and courage, the traditions oi the corps. It is not necessary to say more. The naval brigades bore themselves admirably under the artillery fire of the enemy, and it is to be regretted that no opportunities for closer contact with his infantry were afforded. " The despatch of the naval brigades to Antwerp interrupted for a time the profress of their instruction and training, hey were chosen because the need was urgent and bitter; because mobile troops could not be spared for fortress duties; because they were the nearest, and could embark quickly ; because their training, though incomplete, was as far advanced as that of a large portion not only of the forces defending Antwerp, but of the enemy's forces attacking. The naval division was sent to Antwerp, not as an isolated incident, but as part of the large operation for the relief of the city. Other and more powerful considerations prevented this from being carried through. The defence of the inner lines at Antwerp could have been maintained for some days, and the naval division was only withdrawn when ordered in obedience to the general strategic situation, and not on account of the attack or pressure by the enemy. The prolongation of the defence, due to the arrival of the naval division, enabled the ships in the harbor to be rendered useless and many steps of importance to be taken. It is too early now to judge what the effect of the "delaying, even for five or six days, of at least 60.000 Germans before Antwerp may have had upon the fortunes of the general battle southward. It was certainly powerful and helpful. "Apart from the military experiences, which have been invaluable, the division has been witness of the of the German foe toward a small, innocent State. Those facts should inspire, all ranks to fit themselves in the shortest possible time for further service in the field, not ; merely at a fortress, but as mobile units. J The Belgian people can never forget that men of the Royal Navy and the Royal Marines were with them in their darkest hour, as, please God, they may also be with them when Belgium is restored to her own by the armies of the Allies." ENEMIES AND ALIENS. "AN INSANE FURY." LONDON, October 19. ' The Times ' says editorially : " It is evident that neither*the Home Office nor the police has grasped the situation regarding the enemies and aliens amongst us. The bitter experience of Belgium and France warns us to beware of every alien, however innocent he may appear-. The racial hatred entertained by the Germans has become an insane fury. Tlie presence of aliens is an important source of danger, and the public demand for more effective measures of protection is justified." GERMAN FOOD SUPPLIES. (London 'Times' and Sydney *Sun' Serrioes.) LONDON,. October 18. The wholesale chartering of steamers by an American firm with a German name leads to the suspicion that American shippers are provisioning Germany through neutral countries, fulfilling orders from tier man agents in the United States.

AN INDIGNANT PROFESSOR. LONDON, October 18 (evening). Professor Schuster is indignant at the construction placed upon the seizure of his wireless installation, which, he says, was merely used under a license from the Post Office to receive time signals from the Eiffel Tower., It was too insensitive to receive messages from Germany. THE LOSS OF THE HAWKE. NO EFFECT ON RELATIVE STRENGTH. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, October 18. ' The Ti -nes's' naval correspondent, commenting on the loss of the Hawke, says: " Such strokes are unfortunate, but they must be expected and met with patience and evenness of mind. The mishap by itself has no effect on the relative strength of the belligerents at sea." PRAISE WHERE PRAISE IS DUE. LESSONS OF~THE WAR. LONDON, October 19. In an address to railwaymen, Mr J. Thomas, M.P., said the history of the war would contain few more ennobling pages than those recording the work performed quietly and ungrudgingly by railwaymen. The war had already demonstrated the dependence and interdependence of all classes. While one had given labor, the other had contributed munificently of their wealth. HERTZOG AND MARITZ. THE PREMIER'S WARNING. PRETORIA, October 18. General Hertzog offered his services in the hope that the Government would terminate the Maritz rebellion without bloodshed. General Botha replied that he was not negotiating with Maritz. The rebellion could be suppressed only by force. He warned General Hertzog that public opinion demanded an immediate repudiation of Maritz's action by all persons mentioned in Maritz's ultimatum.

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THE NAVALS IN ANTWERP., Issue 15628, 20 October 1914

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THE NAVALS IN ANTWERP. Issue 15628, 20 October 1914

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