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HERE AND THERE.

According to a New York telegram, an American syndicate (the Valentine) have practically bought out the Republic of Honduras, lock, stock, and barrel, and will in future " run " the country, Honduras having undertaken to surrender all the functions of government to the syndicate on October 1. The syndicate assume responsibility for the debt of £7,000,000 due to English bondholders, settle or compound other debts, complete the railway from Puerto Cortes to the Pacific Coast, and undertake to colonise the country.

A curious anecdote is told by the Vienna Neue Freie Presso.' In accordance with the police regulations, it was necessary for every official of the Statistical Congress recently held in Moscow to fill up a form giving particulars of himself and family. The President was the Czar, and to him two of the forms were sent. They were returned filled up as follows i—'„' "Name, Nicolas Romanoff; ordinary occupation, Emperor of All. the Russias and Sovereign of the Russian territories ; secondary occupation (if any), landowner and agriculturist." The second form, also in the handwriting of the Czir, was as follows:—" Name, Maria Feodorovitch; ordinary occupation, Erapress of All the Russias and Sovereign of Russian territory; secondary occupation (if any), President of all Societies and Associations for Female Progress in Russia." John L. Sullivan, the ex-champion slogger of the world, is desirous of civic honors. He was a candidate for the mayoralty of Boston (U.S.), and, mirabile dklu, his candidature being strongly supported by the ' North-Western Christian Advocate,' an influential representative of American Methodism. Sullivan has been a fair fighter in the ring, says this Methodist journal, he was tender towards his old mother, he has always paid all his just debts, he is a reformed drunkard, and he is marvellously attached to children. Indeed, the 'Advocate' holds that "Sullivan may make a more honest mayor than have been other men whose records as officers are far more maladorous than Sullivan's is or has been." " Why nob elect him ?" asks the ' Advocate'; and it adds: "Boston can do far better, but it may do worse." But Boston was not taking any of "John L." Mr Josiah Quincey is the man whom the people of Boston have delighted to honor aB mayor, bub ho mighb have missed re-election through one of those acts of self-respect which the proletariat does not appreciate. We are told that it happened thi3 wise : " Major Quincey affects spotless kid gloves, and rather objects to running any risks <f having them soiled by contact with unclean hands. A couple of weeks a»o a grand reception was given at Faneuil Hall to Ten Eyck, the oarsman who defeated the blarsted Britishers on their own ground. John L. was an invited guest, and the lion of the occasion. The crowd followed wherever he went, and cheered him in season and out of it. When Mayor Quincey arrived he shook hands with the most of the people in his immediate vicinity, but refused to. shake hands with John L." The local Democrats resented the so-called insult put on the whilom " champion," made his cause theirs, and ran him for all J he was worth. But tho good senße of the people of America's hub made itself felt at the finish, and the city was spared the indiguity of having a professional bruiser and drunken brawler placed in the position of her chief magistrate. - — : »-*-» The. latest report of the Eoglish Army Temperance Association conjirms the 'previous year's records of improved physical and moral health from the abstaining habits of one-third of the army in India. Courtmartial convictions per 1,000 among the abstainers were, in 1896, only 5.21, against 38.88 among the non-abstainer?. In 1895 the corresponding figures were 4.70, as against 42 27. The chief advantage from this propaganda of temperance falls to the 14,000 young soldiers, whose untried eonstitutioos used to be so undermined by alooholio indulgence while yet unaccustomed to the somewhat trying climatic environment. It is, from a health point of view, gratifying to learn that 600 Chitral bars were issued last year to the abstaining survivors of that campaign. »+« The profitable character cf the bookmaking business in England was exemplified during the prosecution at Bow street (London) Police Court of one of the fraternity named Dowling, and two of his clerks, for keeping a common gaming-house. It was proved by the defendant's banking books that Dowling made an annual profit of £IO,OOO. Mr Lushington was much impressed with the evidence, and fined Dowling £3OO. in the aggregate and his clerks £3O apiece. t*» In the United States the multi-millionaire and his diss appear to be the legitimate prey of the adventuress. In England the latter sets to work during the life of his victim; in America (remarks a London exchange) they wait till the man of millions is dead. The particulars of the conspiracy to defraud the estate of the late Mr J. Gould show that the claim was advanced by a woman who alleged that she had been married to him. It was supported by documentary evidence of a formidable nature; but : full , investigation showed that. Mr Gould was not and could not have been in that part of the States where the marriage was said to have taken place in or about the year of the certificate. To crown all, the woman has confessed that she was never married to the millionaire. A little more care in.getting np the case, and a little more courage in brazening it out, and she might now be worth millions. How many women are there, we wonder, who have become enriched in the United States by similar means? With the perfect sysbem of regit' tration in vogue in Great Britain the trick would fee too difficult for success in either of the three kingdoms. *+4 According to Mr Preece, the head of the English electric telegraph system, the new system of signalling without wires will not in the least take the place of the present mode of telegraphy. He says: " There is nob one coil in a single circuit that will be replaced. The new flash telegraphy will only be used in. signalling at short distances, and its use will practically be limited to shipping and lighthouse purposes. In that way the new discovery will be a great and valuable acquisition." *+4 Lecturing before the Health Society of Melbourne the other day Dr Neild formulated a scathing indictment against the City Fathers for their neglect of the first principles of modern sanitation. Much .that the worthy doctor said has pointed application to other cities than Melbourne. Substitute the reclaimed land or one of the City reserves for Fitzroy Gardens and yon have a faithful picture of what goes on in Dunedin almost every day : . . . After a while come round the scavengers with filth-ericrusted carts, which, even empty, are a nuisance. The men, too, are filth encrusted, and the horses—well, the-horses are the cleanest of the lot.. The scavengers are supposed to clean the streets every day—that is, figuratively. They are supposed to clean-tEemselves, too, I suppose, and their carts alSq.-'&Thq cafj:s are never scraped, and I don't thmkisjther.art'the incD. Along revolving to sweep the streets— I the same process 3s"*mploy£ii whether wet or dry, muddy or .'A little, dirt is swept up, much

dirt never. Some of it goes away in "the carts ; most.of it goes'away in the atmosphere. Longhandled shovels are used to lift the sweepings up with. ; About three or four ounces of dirt are lifted at each shovelful; about ten grains of it go into the cart. The balance goes into the ambient atmosphere or into your drawing room if your windows are open. The wonder is that the cart ever gets filled at all. When it does get filled, what do you think they do with it ? Ah, that is the grand secret. Take it out to sea ? No. Put it in au incinerator? No. Bury it deep in the country and disinfect it? No. They just take it to the Fitzroy Gardens, where the flowers are, and the shrubs and trees we love so much, and the statues and the beautiful grass plots, where we like to stroll and 101 l about and conjure up poetic thoughts, where lovers bill and coo, and children with their nurses go for exercise aud to breathe pure air and to get strong. Yes, amidst this scene of loveliness is the great city refuse dumping grouud. I went there onci some time ago, and what a stench there was !* I brought the chairman of the Health Board to see it, and Dr Heury too, and we all got sick. We had to go away aud get some whisky to brace us up again, for that smell was awful. It was a seething, fermenting mass of putrefaction, which made its presence felt half a mile away. There are some pleasant (sic) spots on our own foreshore, that are vividly recalled by perusal of the above. In the innocence of their hearts the health authorities of Melbourne thought they could invoke the assist-' acco of the law, through; the medium of certain Acts designed to preserve the public health, and they initiated a prosecution. With what result? Listen, again, to Dr Neild : *' To our amazement, other people said that there was no smell, and that the deposit was inoffensive. And tho magistrates (honorary, of course) dismissed the case." Just what would happen in Dunediu to-morrow if anyone were so foolish as to attempt to appeal to the law to arrest the pollution of the waters of the bay. Mr Hill, the inspector under the Hawke's Bay Education Board, is the possesaer of an unique essay, which was written by a Maori lad in the Poverty Bay district, where there is at the present a religious revival going on among the Natives. The pupils of the Native school were told to write wha"; they knew about sheep, and tliisis the effusion which took Mr Hill's fancy greatly: - Dear Sir I am going to write you about the sheep. The sheep is a very useful animal to us and in the time before there was a flocks of sheep they like it- very much and it say in the Holy Bible there was tho only animal in the world because it got nothing to do whit anybody and I see in the Holy Bib'.o it says this. The sheep is the same as Jesus Christ because when Christ was kill and take to the cross he dosen't cry, well when we kill a sheep he don't cry nothing at all. The wool of the sheep is sent to Eugland to made into cloth and blancket and many orthers cloth we use, and his mutton wc use them to eat this all I can tell you about God blessed you. • Anexpensivearbitrationcasecame toanend at Sydney on October 25. The taking of evidence in.the ease of M'Sharry v. the Riilway Commissioners occupied 23G sitting days, sixty witnesses were examined, and the tomes of type - written testimony embrace 11,000 pages, foolscap size. The claim arose out of a contract for the extension of the railway from Cootamundra to Gundagai, and a matter of £150,000 is involved. The cost of the arbitration from first to last was over £20,000. An extraordinary statement is made by the London • Star,' on the authority of the ' Midland Mail.' Mr John Horton formerly held a farm at Saddington, in the Trent Valley, but now resides at Burton Ovcry. To an interviewer he said,: "A farm near to where I was living was offered to me by the agent, but tho offer was afierwaids withdrawn because of my religious principles.'' " Surely that sorb of bigotry docs not exist nowadays?" queried the interviewer. " Oh, but it does/' was Mr Horton's reply. " A farm at Carlton Curlieu, in the hands of the trustees of the late Sir Geoffrey Palmer's estate, was to be let, and I applied for it to the agent, who gave me first refusal. A few weeks ago, when I was at Market Harborough, the agent came to me and said; 'I am very sorry to tell you that you cannot have that farm at Carlton. The trustees have no objection to you as a.man, but they must have a ohurchman, and cannot let it to you as a Nonconformist.' My father was a good farmer, tenant, and Nonconformist, and a similar attempt to make him suffer for his faith was made many years ago. It eeems that the spirit of intolerance is as active now as then, but not so openly and frequently exhibited." Since Mr Horton never made his Nonconformity a cause of offence to others, the 'Star' is at a loss to understand why the ecclesiastical boycott should have been applied to him. t-*~* Undoubtedly nothing frets Uncle Sam more than the knowledge that large tract 3 cf territory in the United States are pissing into the hands of Englishmen. One of the largest British land-owning 83'ndicates includes, among others, the Baroness BurdettCoutts, Earl Ca_dogan, and the Dukes of Beaufort and Rutland. They own 3,000,000 acres in Texas. Iu Illinois, lowa, aud Nebraska a syndicate, presided over by Mr Vincent Scully, own*.nother 3,000,000 acres. The vastness of this holding may be understood when it is recollected that in the principality of Wales there are only 3,840,000 acres owned in fee simple. There is a third syndicate, including the Duchess of Marlborough, Lady Randolph Churchill, and Sir Edward Reid, who own 2,000,000 acres. Syndicate No. 4, of which the Earl of Dalhousie, the Marquis of Cholmondeley, Lady Hamilton Gordon, and Viscountess Cross are the principal members, own 1,800,000 acres' in fertile Mississippi; and a firm called Phillips, Mansell, and Co., including several members of the British aristocracy, have 1,300,000 acres. Another immense owner of American acres is Lord Tweedmouth. He has 1,300,000 all to himself. The Anglo - American Syndicate possess 750,000 acres; Mr Bryan Evans (London) 700,000 ; the Duke of ; Sutherland 125,000 ; Lord Dunmore 120,000-; -Lord Houghton and Lord Dunraven 60,000 each; Earl Verulam's syndicate 110,000; Mr Whalley (of Peterborough) 310,000; and Mr R. Tennant (London) 250,000. The municipality of Lyonß (France) has arrived at a decision which is quite startling, even in these days when, according to the Prince of Wales, " we are all more or less Socialists." That municipality proposes to lend young men on leaving the university the funds necessary " for their first needs" on their simple word of honor to repay the sum advanced as soon as their pecuniary position allows them to do so. This, so far as we are aware, is an entirely " new departure" Ifor a city corporation. A similar humane principle has indeed long been acted upon by the Union des Anciens Etudiants de 1 Universite Libre of Brussels, which not only provides bursaries for deserving poor students, but in case of need procures employment for them after graduation, and in some cases a loan to start them in a profession. But this is the work of a private body, and the help that can ba given is on a much smaller scale than the Lyonß municipality propose to give. Tne German Government, in certain cases, allow students to go through the university curriculum without payment of fees on their undertake ing to discharge the liability when they are :able to do so, and the old University of "Paris was sometimes equally accommodating. It is often, however, even more difti, cult to find a market for academic and professional knowledge than to acquire that knowledge, and it is to such cases that the Lyons municipality .propose to lend the I needed helping hand. I

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HERE AND THERE., Evening Star, Issue 10466, 9 November 1897

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HERE AND THERE. Evening Star, Issue 10466, 9 November 1897

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