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THE RELIGIOUS WORLD, Issue 10452, 23 October 1897, Supplement
THE RELIGIOUS WORLD
THE LAMBETH CONFERENCE. ]
Bishop Julius gave the Diocesan Synod at Christchurch an account of the doings at the Lambeth Conference. Regarding the Encyclical letter of the Conference, ho said ic seemed to avoid most of the burning questions of the day, and dealt with others in such a hszy and indefinite fashion as almost to mike one wish they hid been let alone, aud the resolutions, though to a less exit..:, were open to the same objection. Tne reports of the committees, for which the Conference were not, as a whole, responsible, though not perhaps so safe, wore full of interest. But the results would be found in the influence which those resolutions aud reports were likely to exercise on the church. In supplying a summary of the work aud decisions of the Conference he dealt with the several committees, the first of which was Vhat appointed to consider the subject of the organisation of the Anglican Communion. Its report was to the effect that each decade brought out more clearly the importance of maintaining tho uuity and coherence of the Anglican Communion, and the influence of Hie conferences in that direction was clearly manifest. It was resolved that the conferences should be held at intervals of about ten years, and the Committee’s proposal was adopted for the appointment of a consultative body to which resort m ; ght be had by provinces for information or ■ advice. It was also resolved, on the same report, that metropolitan bishops should bear the title of archbishops ; that the archiepiscopal or primatial title might be taken from a city or territory, according to the discretion of the province concerned. The second Committee was appointed to consider the relations of religious communities to the -episcopate, but on account of the amount of attention and patience required it was permitted to postpone the presentation of its final report to the Archbishop of Canterbury a year hence. The reference to this Committee touched the revival of the office of deaconesses, aud in view of the partial report he felt it would be unwise of the Christchurch Diocesan Synod to proceed further with theconsideration of his Bill referred to them by the General Synod for enacting a new canon cf deaconesses, though he hoped they would express the opinion that the question be not lost sight of. The third Committee considered the critical study of Holy Scripture, and recorded its unfaltering conviction that the Divine authority and uu-que inspiration of the Holy Scriptures could not be injuriously affected by the reverent and reasonable use of criticism in investigating the structure and composition of the different books. The Committee did not think any final pronouncement was yet possible on critical questions. The fourth Committee was appointed to consider the subject of foreign missions. Its first reference was the duty c-f the church to the followers of (1) Ethnic religions, (2) Jews, (3) Mahoraedans. The Conference called attention to the exaggerated estimate of the excellencies of Hindooism formed by many Christians, who appeared to ignore the fact that Jesus alone had been constituted Saviour and Kiug of mankind. lathe opinion of the bishops a more prominent position should be assigned to the evangelisation of the Jews in the intercessions and almsgivings of the church. The Committee was of the opinion that the time was ripe for great efforts on behalf of the Mahomedans, and that strong centres for work should be established in the greatcities cf India. He spoke with pleasure of the advance which was being made in missionary work at Home, and the amount of enthusiasm which had reached our shores. The Missionary Union of their city had developed real devotion, and he trusted it would spread far and wide. The fifth Committee was appointed to consider the subject of reformation movements ou the Continent of Europe and elsewhere. The Church of England, which shook herself free from the usurpations of the See of .Rome in the 16ch century, was bound to manifest a lively sympathy with those countries in Germany, Switzerland, an 1 elsewhere, which, driven to free themselves from a like bondage, wore yet bolding fast to the principles of Catholic faith and practice. Beyond tho recognition of their faithful and heroic efforts, the thankful acknowledgment of the blessings of God upon them, and the expression of hope for more formal relations With them, the Conference did not and perhaps could not go. Too sixth Committee was applied to consider the subj.-cb of church unity in its relation (1) to the churches of the Eut; (2) to the Latin Communion ; (3) to other Christian bodies. There had been a great increase in the friendly relations between the churches of the East and Anglican Cotnmimion during the last few years. A better understanding cf one another was necessary for closer union, and to promote this a committee had been appointed, consisting of the Archbishops of Canterbury and York and the Bishop of Loudon. As to the Latin Communion, both the Committee and the Conference felt it was useless to consider the question of reunion. The answer of the arcr.bi -hoj s of England to the Papal letter had been welcomed by the great body of English Churchmen throughout the world, who believed they had in their Catholic heritage all that Rome could give them, and in their freedom more than Rome could give them. There was nothing very new in the relations between Churchmen and their separated brethren, but signs were not wanting of the dawn of a brighter day. O.i this question the Conference urged the bishops of the several cnurches of the Anglican Communma to appoint committees of bishops to watch for opportunities of united prayer and mutual conference between representatives of different Christian bodies, and to give counsel on the matter. These committees were to assist each other and regard them.selves as responsible to report at the next Lambeth Conference. Tne seventh Committee was appointed to consider the subject of international arbitration. ~ The Conference recognised the essential consistency of the principle of international arbitration with the religion of Jesus Christ; welcomed the indications of a more enlightened public conscience on the subject, and, belitv. jng that nothing more strongly made for peace than a healthy and enlightened public opinion, 'urged upon all Christian people the duty of promoting the cause of international arbitration. He, for his own part, believed that much could be done in this way by a more enlightened teaching of history in schools. The eighth Committee was appointed to consider the office of the church with respect to industrial problems. Though no resolutions were passed, the report was commended to churchmen for consideration. He (His Lordship) believed, with the late Archbish p .Benson, that it was the duly of Christian mt-u to study and understand these industrial questions, but it was not their business to interfere, though it was their duty to preach the Gospel of Christ, which covered the whole life of man. It was also the duty of the church, chiefly through the laity, to give that moral guidance in industrial matters which the active conscience of an .industrial community looked for. He commt \ded to his auditors the closing words of the report, which suggested that wherevcr.possible there should be formed, as a part of local church organisation, committees, which chiefly consisted of laymen, whose work should be to study from the Christian point of view social and industrial problems, and to help in creating and strengthening an enlightened public opinion in regard to them, as promoting a more active spirit of social service as a part of Christian duty. Such committees, while representing no one class of society, and not taking part in any disputes between classes, should fearlessly draw attention to the various causes in our economic, Industrial, aud social system which called for remedial measures on Christian principles, The - ninth Committee was appointed to consider the subject of—(I) additional services to, and (2) the local ■ adoption of the Book of Common Prayer. ' The Committee recommended a number • of additions and alterations, but the Conference recognised the exclusive right of . each _ bishop to put forth or sanction . additions to the services in the Book of Common Prayer or adoptions of tho services to local circumstances, subject to such limitations as might be imposed by provincial authority, and provided always that '■such adoptions should not a (Let the doctrinal teaching or value of the service or
passage thus adopted. The Conference held that changes were justifiable if not necessary, deplored a condition of things which made every priest a law unto himself, and found the remedy for disorder in the judicious and limited exercise of the authority which belonged to every bishop. The subject bad never been satisfactorily or thoroughly dealt with either with the New Zealand bishops or General Synod, and ho trusted this great and pressing need of the church would bo roferred'to the bishops by Iho General Synod. The tenth Com.ni;:ec .vai appointed to consider the duties of the church to the colonies. The Conference approved of the scheme for colonial service, which proposed that young men ordained an ! trained in England should, with the consent of their diocesans aud at the r. quest of the bishop of any colonial diocese, servo for a term of years without losing ih.dr status ia the Home dioceses. It was not intended to supplant men trained in the colonies or to upset the organisations of colour dioceses, but rather to plant a commnuity of trained and earnest men in some great parish or centre. They were all aware of the great soreness resulting from the operation of the Colonial Clergy Act of 1874, under which colonial clergy had difficulty in obtaining licenses to serve, or, if desiring temporary work and training, licenses to officiate in England. United action in regard to this matter by the bishops of this province would be of great value to the church. A law made for the ignorant pressed hardly on the most faithful and efficient priests of the colonial church. No reference was made to the matter by resolution, but it was understood that the archbishops in E igland would administer the Act in a generous aud considerate spirit. The eleventh Committee was appointed to consider the subject of degrees in divinity, and thej Conference recommended, failing an appeal to the English universities, that such degrees bo conferred on conditions which would be of a more favorable nature to the colonies, that a board of examination in divinity under the archbishops and bishops of the Anglican Communion should be established, with power to hold local examinations, confer titles, and grant certificates for proficiency in theological stud}". In conclusion, he would say that after all no Lambeth Conference could give what was most wanted : the fire of divine love and the enthusiasm of consecrated service. For these they must look to the great Head of the Church, and they would not look in vain.
SOUTHERN MAORI MISSION. The representative meeting of ministers and members of the evangelical churches in Dunedin and suburbs, which was held recently to consider the need of organising mission work amongst tho Maoris of the South Island, appointed the following committee, with power to add to their number, to organise and control such work, viz ; Rev. D. Borrie, Rev. W. Laycock, Rev. J. J. Lewis, Rev. A. North, Rev.. W. Saunders, and Rav. R. R. M. Sutherland, and Messrs ■A. C, Begg, P. Barr, Wm. Brown, J. Gibson, R, Chisholm, E. Roscvea'r, J. Simon, and J. Herons. The Committee met a few days ago, aud decided that the mission should ba known as the “ Southern Maori Mission.” Mr Ernest Roscvear, of the Bible and Tract Depot, Dunedin, was appointed treasurer, and Mr W. L. Logie, of the Bible and Tract Depot, Dunedin, secretary for tho mission. The Committee appointed Mr Richard Morgan, of Glcnledi, near Milton, the first agent of the mission, giving him the following instructions : 1. That he visit all the Maori settlements in the South Island. 2. That where practicible and necessary he give his attention to establishing Sunday schools and Sunday services, to be conducted by such Christian workers as may be suitable and available in the several districts. 3. That in settlements where Christian work is being effectively done he is desired to cooperate with the workers, and express the sympathy of the Committee with them. 4. That in the event of the provision -made for Divine service and instruction ia Christian truth ia a kaik being in his judgment insufficient or ineffective, he is empowered and instructed to take steps to supply the deficiency, avoiding the times of service aud otherengagementa already arranged by others,
The Committee arc very confident that this mission will commend itself to the sympathy aud secure the support of ministers and members in all tho evangelical churches north and smith of the Waitaki. Friends are asked to send their contributions to the treasurer, Mr Ernest Rosevea-r, Bible and Tract Depot, Dunedin,*and to do so early, so that the work may be commenced at once. If funds come in sufficient to enable the Committee to supply tho agent with Gispel tracts and other literature for free distribution amongst the Maoris the work will be very much helped.
MISSIONARIES FOR INDIA. Those ia search of volunteers for mission work in India and China (says an exchange) find in the Australian colonies a rich recruiting ground. During the last few years large numbers of young men and women have offered themselves fur the work, and at a recent valedictory meeting held in the Collins street Baptist Church, Melbourne, no fewer than thirty-five (of whom twentythree were from New Zealand), on the eve of their departure for the Poona and India Village Mission, Bombay Presidency, farewelled. The church was densely crowded, and amongst those present were about seventy-five Chinese. Dr Warren presided, and speeches were delivered by the Revs. Canon Barry, and A. W. Wuhb, and Mr C. F. Reeve, director of the mission. The contingent for the most part consists of young ladies, quite a number of them being trained nurses, who have been drawn from all the Australasian colonics. Short addresses were delivered by each of the missionaries, in which they testified their readiness for the work, and urged the pressing needs of India. The chairman said that Mr Reeve was one of his oldest friends in Australia. Five years ago that gentleman set out with his wife to convert the Natives in Poona and surrounding villages. Shortly afterwards iio obtained fresh helpers from this country and formed the mission. There were 5,000,000 Natives in India who could spsak the English language, and in the Bombay Presidency alone there were over 3,000 young men who were being educated for some of the highest positions in India, and yet had never heard of Christ. They wanted to roach these classes—the better classes, Mr Reeve had obtained one contingent of young men, but finding that he wanted more workers he returned to Australia, and soon received applications from 150 ’ volunteers, representing various churches. It had cost about £7OO to pay for outfits and passage money for the present contingent, and all this money had been found. It would cost about £3,000 a year to support those who were now going out, as well as the fifteen who were already on the field, and this should be borne in mind by those left behind. A brief sketch of the work was given by. Mr Reeve, who slated that on going over he found there were over 1,000,000 people in 1 700 villages who bad never heard of Christ. Ia another Native State there were millions without a missionary. In Victoria there were thirtyeight people to every oae rel'gious worker. In India there were 400,000 to every worker. The mission was supported by unsolicited subscriptions, and again and again the manner in which their needs had been provided for had proved for them the efficacy of prayer. GLEANINGS. Oojection has been taken to the lady members of St. John’s (Anglican), Tamworth, wearing surplices and trenchers. Latest advices state that the Bishop of Adelaide will arrive at Adelaide during January. Mr G. Rainy, son of Principal Rainy, of Edinburgh, has taken a first class in the Final Classical School at Oxford. The Rev. George Davidson, M.A., of the United Presbyterian Church, Hawick, Scotland, has accepted a call to the Flinders street Church, Adelaide.
THE RELIGIOUS WORLD, Issue 10452, 23 October 1897, Supplement
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