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London, September 3. —The British steamer Windward, having on board the Jackson-Harmsworth expedition, which has spent three winters near Cape Flora, Franz Josef Land, arrived here to-day from Franz Josef Laud with Jackson and his colleagues. All the members of the expedition are in good health. They report having explored Franz Josef Land thoroughly, with the exception of some odd corners. Before the Windward sailed the quarters of the expedition at Elmwood were fastened up, but Mr Jackson left there a quantity of supplies in case the place should ba visited by Professor Andree or other explorers. He also established a depot at Belle Island. Talking over his experience, Mr Jackson said that since the Windward left Franz Josef Land last year with Dr Nansen the winter had been less severe and less windy than usual. Mr Jackson and Albert Arm!--tage, nautical astronomer of the expedition, started on March 16 with a pony .and dog sleds to explore the western part of Franz Josef Land. They encountered boisterous weather, and at the end of the first month a majority of the dogs and the pony succumbed, and the explorers were compelled to abandon all but the most essential part of their equipment. The party followed the coast-line, sometimes on a sea of ice and sometimes along glaciated land. The constant mists which prevailed made the journey very hard. They shot a bear—the only one seen—and having preserved the meat and blabber they returned to Elmwood in the middle of May, after meeting a party en route bo look for them. The result of the explorations, it is claimed, completely revolutionised the oldidea of Franz Josef l,and, and proved that the much-ditcusaed Gillies land does not lie where Arctic geographers have been in the habit of placing it, and therefore it may be considered non-existent. The whole continental mass of land Ms replaced by a vast number of small islands, and the lofty mountain by long-ridged hummocks and ice packs, while north of those had been found an open sea, which is the most open north sea in the world. The most valuable magnetic, meteorological, and geological observations were made, and very valuable botanical and zoological collections were brought to England. The winter life of the explorers was uneventful. ■ The members of the expedition killed 1,400 loon (a web-fobted bird found in the northern regions) in autumn, which provided ample fresh meat. During the winter they caught nineteen- lopn and twenty-two kitty-wacks (a bird of the gull species), to which they fastened labels -initialled “ J.H. ” and liberated them. The cold sometimes reached 40deg below zero. The members of the expedition failed to

see King Oscar Land,' and are’convinced t *|? e * e ' “ DO S'- - landnortHfbf"Franz ■ T Thfi y: add rthafc theexistence ot retormann Land is doubtful, and.that at most it. must be small; -■ These: alterations !w.’ : ® a P render’the prospect of.'reaobing tae.N6rth Pole from, FraDz Joaef TiMid more a . c'i’ I ®' a? the returned explorers are satisfied that there is no landnbrlh of.B2deg. JLney did not See anything of Professor Andree. ■ ' ' -

Mr Jackson announces his intention of heading ano her A retie expedition, this time ou his osvo account*.

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Bibliographic details

BACK FROM THE FROZEN NORTH., Issue 10452, 23 October 1897, Supplement

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BACK FROM THE FROZEN NORTH. Issue 10452, 23 October 1897, Supplement

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