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[Conducted by J. W. Mellop, B.Sc.J

Solution of Problem No. 242. Key move: RKt 5.

PROBLEM No. 244. M. L SSNER. Black S pieces.

White a pieces. White to play aad mate in two moves. GERMAN CHESS. The following fine game was played by Dr Tarrasch (white), giving the odds of Kt, in the tournament of tho Nuremberg Chess Club:CENTRE COUNTER GAMBIT. Remove White's queen's knight.

NOTES. a This ia a very good defence when receiving -the odds of the Q Kt; it avoids all the attacks of the openings, of which the stronger player has presumably the better knowledge. b The same position as in the French defence when White plays 1 P-K 4, p-k3 ; 2 P-KB4, p u 4; 3 P-K 5.

c As in the French defence, the object of the move is to prevent White’s development by P-Q 4. If G P-Q 4, px p; 7Px P, b-kt sch with advantage. ' d 7 p-b 3 would have been a good move here. e It always follows when P-Q B 5 is played before P-Q Kt 4, etc., to possible in support, that the advance constitutes a source of weakness; for, as may be seen, Black must either now take tho P, thereby strengthening White’s position, or he must submit to having his P isol-ted.

/ To prevent White's development by P-Q 4. Still, B'ack should have thought of the’ development of his own k side by p-k kt 3, etc. g It will be seen that Black, by prematurely advancing p-b 5, has broken up his fine array of pawns on the queen’s wing without thereby doing himself any good. hj Black now suffers from an immature development. Castling was somewhat dangerous on general grounds, on account of the B on B 2 constituting a masked battery, which may open up at any moment by Kt-Kt 5, etc., especially in conjunction with such moves of the Q as Q-R 5 or Q-Q 3. Playing kt-h 4 would be little protection to Black, as when needed this kt could be dislodged by P-K Kt 4. i Best. Kt-B Geh and mate next move was threatened.

j White’s play from this point is an excellent example of the admirable way in which a strong player will take advantage of an inferior development. White could not have taken the Bon account of r-q sq winning the Q. k It is most peculiar that although the position is so open—white Q out of play and Black n Piece ahead—yet Black can do little by way of counter attack. Black might still have made an attempt, beginning with q-b 4, for if White attempt to defend the P Black should play q-b sq. I I! ack had no other defence. This move enables White to finish the game in a very pretty manner.—’ tit. James’s Budget.’ GAME ENDING, A POLLOCK REMINISCENCE. An ending of a game played in the New York international tournament, IS9O, between J. Mason (white) and the late \V. H, K. Pollock (black) is subjoined, Steinitz terms this “ a gem of a game on Mr Pollock’s part.” Position after While 10 R Q sq. Black li pieces.

White 10 pieces. Black to play.

THE CHESS BOARD! My little love, do you remember. Ere we were grown so sadly wise, Tho-c evenings in the bleak December, Curtained warm from the snowy weather, When you and I played chess together, Checkmated by each other’s eyes ? Ah ! still I see your soft white hand Hovering warm o’er queen and knight; , Brave pawns in valiant battle stand ; The double castles guard the wings; The bishop, bent on distant things, " Moves sliding through the fight. Our fingers touch, our glances meet And falter ; falls your golden hair Against my cheek ; your bosom sweet Is heaving; down the field your queen Rides alow, hj :r soldiery all between, And checks me unaware. Ah, me 1 the little battle’s done ; Dispersed is all its chivalry ! Full many a move since then have we ’Mid life’s perplexing checkers made, And many a game with fortune played. What is it we have won ? 7 his, this at least, if this alone ; That never, never, never more, As in those old, still nights of yore— Ere we were grown so sadly wise— Cm you and I shut out the skies, Shut out the world and wintry weather, And, eyes exchanging warmth with eyes, Flay chess, as then we played together. —The late Lord Lyttou (" Owen Meredith.") OHE3S NOTES. Mr A. M. Ollivier, who won the title of ohess champion of New Zealand In 1890, died this week at Christchurch, aged forty-seven years. The deceased gentleman also* took a great interest in athletics, and was several times selected to represent his province against Otago in the cricket field. The Otago Chess Club have arranged their annual fixture North v. South for Wednesday evening, the 271h inat. All players, of whatever degree (whether members of the club or noi), are invited to the rooms for an evening of chess, and these meetings usually prove very pleasant reunions. Play ia to commence at 7.30, and during the evening tho prizes won in the recent tournament will be presented. Mr A._ R. Barclay, the hon. secretary, is receiving the names of players who can take part.

There are six entries, for the Otago Club championship tourney—namely, Messrs O. Balk, R. A. Cleland, H. J. Cleland, W. Da we, J. El wards, and J. Mouat. Each has to play two games with every other competitor. The tourney is to close on November 30.

Mr W. H. K, Pollock has pointed out in the ‘ Baltimore News ’ the difficulty some people make of a thing so comparatively simple as the moves in a game of chess. By way of illustration he mentions that some little time ago he met as an opponent a lady who played the defence to the Max Lange attack with great skill. By-and-bye he captured the black queen on her own square, the capturing piece being a bishop. Thereupon the lady gravely asked him if she could not reply with castles (Q R). The move which she contemplated would have involved her, while performing. the operation castling, in the necessity of taking off a bishop en passant both with king and with rook. -

Ruy Lopez was a Spanish priest, who lived in the sixteenth century, and is commonly supposed to have invented the open-' ing which bears bis name. In an Italian

translation of his treatise on chess, dated 1584, several ways of opening a game'are given, but amongst, them we have failed to discover the Buy Lopez. In the ‘ Lancet ’of 1823 the followingis given as the Buy Lopez opebiag :r—“Tfie 'openihg in; which - Ruy Lopez chiefly dolighted, and to -whighidiia name is actually given, consists in playing queen to king’a.aeoprid, after; the king’s pawn fias been played: two squares and the king’s bishop to queen’s ■ bishops-fourth 'on both .-sides, and then playing the-king’s bishops pawn two squares. This is a safer game than the king’s gambit; since the second player, if he take the pawn, cannot attempt to sustain permanently the gambit pawn without greatly injuring his position.” IMhis he true, it is ■ only bare justice to relieve his memory of tho atigraa of having discovered the dullest, dreariest, and least enterprising opening which is to he found in the books.” -We used to think that if expiated his sins by a long spell of purgatory it served him right—now we don’t.

White. Black. White. Black. 1 P-KU P Q h-a 14 Q-Q 3 P-Kt 3-i 2 P-K 5 P-QB4 15 Q-K 3-j Kt-B 4 3 P-K B 4 P-K 3-6 10 P-K Kt 4 Kt-Kt 2 4 K Kt-B 3 Q Kt-B 3 17 Kt-B 6 ch B x Kt 5 P-B3 Q-Kt 3-c 18 Px B Kt-K r, B-Q 3 B-Q 2 19 P-Kt5 K-R 1 7 B B 2 P-B 5 d 20 Q-RO K-K Kt 1 ti PQ Kt 3-f PxP 21 P-K 4* Kt-Q 3 9 PxP P-Q 5-/ 22 PR 5 Kt-B 4-1 10 Q-K 2 PxP i'i Q x P ch KxQ 11 P X P -q Kt-K 3 24 PxPch K xP 12 Kt-Q 2 B-K2 25 R-R 0 mate 13 Kt-K 4 Csl!sKR-/i

Continuation : White. Blade. White. 19 Kt-B 5 24 B-R2 Kt v K R 20 Kt-Q 4 P x Kt 25 B-K Kt3 0-K3! 21 K B x Kt P x P 2d B Kt sti KtxQBP (B 4) 27 Q x Q E-Q8 22 R x R QxK 23 P x P P-Kt 7

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OVER THE CHESS BOARD., Issue 10452, 23 October 1897, Supplement

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OVER THE CHESS BOARD. Issue 10452, 23 October 1897, Supplement

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