At a meeting held in the rooms of the above society, A.M.P. Buildings, yesterday evening, Mr A. W. Mauraia gave an address on « Caste.' According to the speaker caste was a necessary result of the law of evolution, which was continually pushing all forms of life to higher stages, and men, having various periods and kinds of human evolution behind them, appeared in differing stages of development. In all civilised countries to-day were to be found the four castes mentioned in the Vedas—one engaged in laboring occupations, another in trade and agriculture, a third in politics and the defence of the community from civil strife or -foreign invasion, and a fourth as spiritual teachers. In ancient times these castes were determined by mental and moral qualifications, but they had since rated into mere matters of birth, and°were now a concern of physical heredity only. Still, being founded upon a law of cosmic development, there was a certain fitness about the duties of the variouß classes even to-day, despite the. confusion'brought about through human selfishness and the spread of materialism, the latter consequent upon the loss of spiritual truth by the clergy of later times. Caste in India had become an oppressive and iniquitous system which enslaved the mass of the people, while in England and her colonies and the United States the caste of a man was determined by his bank account. Instead of working together to produce a perfect system of civil government, each class was intent but upon the extension of its own privileges, careless of the interests and happiness of others. An ideal State would, npver be produced except by the elimination of selfishness from the hearts of men, though temporary expedients were necessary to protect the people from the unscrupulous (jteedof those who should help and guide them. When the highest caste; the spiritual teachers, proved that they possessed a knowledge of spiritual things, and, putting earthly concerns on one side, devoted themselves utterly to the service of God, whioh was the service of man, men would listen to them again, and the beginning of a better state of society would be. at hand. The room was comfortably filled by an interested audience, who asked some questions at the close of the address.
Permanent link to this item
THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY., Evening Star, Issue 10443, 12 October 1897, Supplement
THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. Evening Star, Issue 10443, 12 October 1897, Supplement
Using This Item
Allied Press Ltd is the copyright owner for the Evening Star. You can reproduce in-copyright material from this newspaper for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons New Zealand BY-NC-SA licence. This newspaper is not available for commercial use without the consent of Allied Press Ltd. For advice on reproduction of out-of-copyright material from this newspaper, please refer to the Copyright guide.