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ANNEXATION OF HAWAII., Issue 10419, 14 September 1897
ANNEXATION OF HAWAII.
In order to ascertain the feelings of tbje i Hawaiian people on the propped Annexation of tho islands to the Uhited States, add for the purple of learning to what ■ t&'tent British interests would be affected, ft of Reuters Agency.had |m interview in London recently with KJolonel Macfarlane, a -prominent Hawaiian, who was Chamberlain to the late King, and is known to enjoy the confidence of the officials of the' Republic as well as of the deposed Queen. Asked first as to the causes which led to the President of the United States fid suddenly sending down to ; Congress a treaty for annexation, and whether there } was any truth in. fee report that the 1 Sffr auan had written to Mr : M. Kinley st&ting that, unless "annexation I to the United States were completed this i yea*, closer relations would be established with Great Britain, Colonel MicrAULANE replied that he had it from authentic rso'u«es: that the threat was made, but j what influence it had in prompting the treaty lie was unable to say. He ibekeVed that the primary cause of the sudden action of the United States President was the Japanese situation on the islands, although there was really no reason to apprehend Japan had any idea whatever of interfering with the autonomy of the Republic, although strained relations no doubt existed, owing to the refusal 01 the Hawaiian Government to consider the claims of the Japanese Immigration Company, on account of certain Japanese laborers not having been allowed to land at Honolulu. There cannot, however, Colonel Macfarlaxe states, be any doubt that the Japanese question has been used as a lever for forcing the hand of Mr M'Kinley and his •Ministers. " The threat of establishing y closer relations with Great Britain, or "of concluding reciprocity commercial "treaties with Canada and Australasia, "probably influenced the United States " far more than the Japanese bogey, as the || Executive must know the real facts of " that matter."" Regarding reciprocity treaties between Hawaii and the British colonies, Colonel. Macparlane explained that such a treaty existed at present with the United States, whereby Hawaiian ■sugareare admitted free, the exemption from tho high sugar'tariff thus practically amounting to a bonus of £6 per ton ; while all, or nearly all) American products are admitted free into Hawaii. This treaty, Colonel Macparlane states, which has been in operation about eighteen years, has given United States citizens ■commercial control of the islands, and "such commercial supremacy naturally " leads to political tontrol, so much "so, in fact, that the United "States would fear similar treaties with "Great Britain, which would deprive " tho country of that commercial and " political ascendancy in Hawaii which " was the primary reason for granting this "commercial reciprocity. To sum up, I "should say that Mr M'Kinley has been "more influenced by this possibility of " closer Anglo-Hawaiian relations than by "anything else." Colonel Macparlane expresses intense surprise that, in view of annexation by the United States being imminent, no mention has been made" in Parliament or elsewhere of the commercial and political value of the Sandwich Islands to Great Britain, not only as being the only available landing place in the North Pacific for tho projected British cable via Canada to the colonies, but also as possessing the only port in mid-Pacific on tho highway of trade and travel with Australasia, China, and the Far East. "Should the "Panama or Nicaragua Canals become "fails accomplis these islands will be "on the direct route to Japan and "China, and would form the only "available coaling and supply stations "for the Far East. With regard to "the British Pacific cable, it will be"come an impossibility if Hawaii is "annexed to the United States. The " Hawaiian group- forms the only, possible " landing place for such a line, the islands "of the South Pacific being too remote. " It is quite impossible to stretch a cable " from Vancouver to "any island south of " the Equator that may be controlled by " England without an intermediate rest- " ing place." It will be remembered, Colonel Macparlane proceeded to say, that Sir Sanpord Fleming .and his Australian cable colleagues visited Honolulu for the purpose of obtaining the sanction of the Hawaiian Republic to land the cable. This was refused at the time, as a United States citizen had been granted a monopoly for two years to enable him to construct a purely American telegraph line„for which he was to receive an annual subsidy of 40,000d0l from the Hawaiian Government and 20,000d0l from the United States Government. Congress, however, failed to vote this sum, and the scheme has fallen through. The term of two ' years, Colonel Macparlane stated, expired last April, and there is nothing now to prevent a fresh application being made to land a British cable. " If annexation, "however, be agreed to, the opDortunity " will be lost for ever to lay a, British " cable across the Pacific via Honolulu. I "hope the British Government will not " shut their eyes to this important fact." In regard to the feeling in Hawaii towards annexation with the United States, Colonel Macparlane said that he began to feel that, owing to English supineness and indifference to the Hawaiian question since the establishment of the Republic, annexation was inevitable. He did not believe, he said, that there -would be practically any opposition on the part of the intelligent voters, provided that,the full privileges of a State were to be granted to Hawaii. If, however, the United States Government only proposed to constitute the islands a " territory," like Alaska, for instance, there would be strong objection to annexation, and he had no hesitation in j saying that "a plebiscite on the treaty ad- " mitting Hawaii merely as a ' territory' " would not yield five affirmative votes in a " hundred." Being asked in conclusion whether the pure native-born Hawaiians favored the continuance of the Republic, annexation, or a restoration of the monarchy, Colonel Macparlane replied that they were to a man in favor of a restoration; but he was not prepared to say positively whether they would prefer the deposed Queen or the Princess Haiulani, the only heir to the throne. He was inclined, he said, to the opinion "that " their leaning would be to a restoration "of the Queen, even if she were onlyre- " stored for one day, and then abdicatedj if "she chose, in favor of her niece, the Princess. "This is looked upon as a solution of "the trouble by : many Hawaiians, who. " feel that that element which overthrew 4 "the Queen would never be reconciled to "her again taking the reins of'-govern- " ment. She is a very able and courageous
"woman; but she hag alietlated ttio '.' American element, and they Would "always be plotting to overthrow her "again were she to continue in power, "whereas the Princess was never in the "least responsible for the overthrow, and "there are no opposing factions to her "save that faction which would oppose "her for the sake of annexation only. " There is a possibility, in the event of " annexation not passing the Senate (the "Dole Government having been organised "for the sole purpose of annexation), that "the people might unitedly Insist on the "return of the Prjncessj "who has just "attained lief majority and c'othple'ted "her studies in England. She may soo'ii "be returning to Honolulu; but she would "not favor any attempt at revolution to " secure her posilionon the throne."
ANNEXATION OF HAWAII., Issue 10419, 14 September 1897
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