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Prog is the English form of the Danish praklcer, from the verb praike, to beg, Iu Dutch prageker is a beggar. Prog is therefore the collection of scraps which a beggar collects.

Prose is the antithesis of verse or metre, not of poetry. Poetry, according to Hogg, is "impassioned prose." There is often much poetry in prose, but prose cannot exist in verse, although much verse is prosaic in the sense of being dull. Dramatic Ceitics.—The writer of the article 'London,' in the Parliamentary ' Gazetteer' (Fullarton and Co.), in a note on the early London theatres, says: "The critics sat on the stage, and were snpplieci with pipes and tobacco " (vol. 3). Scent.—The "c" in this word is an absurdity. The word comes to us from the French sentir—to smell. The letter "c w does not qualify the sound, and it ought to be expunged from the word.—(? E.E.S.) Flasu Money.—The word " flash," as applied to spurious money, is derived from the name of a village between Buxton and Leek, where a gang of coiners once carried on their dishonest trade.

Ragamuffin.—Johnson says: " From rag, and I know not what else." Jin Dr Whittaker's edition of ' Piers Plowman * Ragamofin is said to be " one of the demons in Hell."

Dowager.— Strictly speaking, a dowager is an endowed widow—that is, one who has a "dower" from her late husband, or who has property brought by her to her hnsband on marriage (" dowry ") and Bettled on her after his decease. In practice, the name •' dowager" is applied to"any widowed lady of title to distinguish her from the wife of the present holder of the title. Doyleys were so named from a tradesman of that name who first introduced them. The family of the Doyleys were linen and woollen drapers, who lived in ft house at the corner of Upper Wellington street, in the Strand, from the time of Queen Anne until about 1850, Dryden speaks of " Doiley " petticoats, and Steele, in the ' Guardian' (No. 102), of his " doiley " suit. Mr Wedgwood thinks this derivation wrong, and suggests the Dutch dtoaek, a towel. The Swiss word for a napkin cornea even nearer; it is dwahett.

Quick. —The ancient and primary meaning of this word is life or living. Thus, in 1 Timothy, iv., 1: "Who shall judge the quick and the dead." And in 1 Corinthians, xv., 36: "That which thou sowest is not quickened except it die." So, again, in Chaucer we have "Not fully quick, nor fully dead, they were." We speak of "cutting to the quick," and of a quick-set hedge, meaning a living, growing hedge, in contradistinction to a fence made of hewn timber or other material not having life. Dog Bite.—" Take a hair of the dog that bit you," is advice given figuratively for " Take a cool glass of ale in the morning after excess in ale over night." Our forefathers, however, gave and accepted the advice literally and practically. In an old ' Receipt Book,' dated 1670, is the following:—" Take a hair from the dog that bit you, dry it, put it in the wound, and it will heal it, be it never so sore."

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NOTES AND QUERIES., Issue 8048, 26 October 1889, Supplement

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NOTES AND QUERIES. Issue 8048, 26 October 1889, Supplement

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