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When a Baby to Hears and Think.

In the last volume of the ' Education Series' on ' The Development of the Intellect,' Mr H. W. Brown has presented a conspectus of the observations of Professor Preyer on the mind of the child, which shows chronologically * I,e gradual development of the senses, intellect, and will of the growing child, n.'.id presents in a condensed form the result ui a. great number of careful observations. It is recorded that sensibility to light, touch, temperature, smell, and taotc are present on the first day of infant life. Hearing, therefore, is the only special sense which is not active at this time. The child hears by the third or fourth day. Taste and smell aro senses at first moat active, but they are not differentiated. General organic sensations of wellbeing or discomfort are felt from the first; but pain and pleasure as mental states are not noted till at or near the second month. The first sign of speech in the shape of utterance of consonant sounds is heard in the latter part of the second month ; these consonants being generally " m," "r," "g," or "t." AH the movements of the eyes become co-ordinate by the fourth month ; and by this time the child begins to have the "feeling of self," that is, he looks at his own hands, and looks at himself in the mirror. The study of the child's mind during the first year shows conclusively that ideas develop and reasoning processes occur before there is any knowledge of words or of language; though it may be assumed that the child thinks in symbols, visual or auditory, which are clumsy equivalents for words. By the end of tVie year the child bogina to express itself by sounds—that is, speech begins. The development of this speech capacity is, according to Preyer, in accordance with the development of the intellectual powers. By the end of the second year thechild's power of speech is practically acquired.—'Scientific American.'

By the will of the late Mr Charles J. Eley, which has just been proved, the Cremation Society of Englaud receives a legacy of L2OO duty free. Mr Etey's remains were cremated at Woking. The Inman liner City of Paris, which arrived in Queenstown on August 14 from New York, made the passage in 5d 23h 38min. This is the fastest on record, beating her previous famous passage by fourteen minutes,

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Bibliographic details

When a Baby to Hears and Think., Issue 8042, 19 October 1889, Supplement

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When a Baby to Hears and Think. Issue 8042, 19 October 1889, Supplement

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