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OOKINtt BACKWARD J !By Edwabd Bellamy. William Reeves, Ftect street, la 3d ; by post, 1» !)J. This is a thought-provoking book. Every 'cycle of intellecteal and social thought seoms to •crystallise itoctf into some dream, which sums >sentat)iv« man's forecasting. P was ancient experience filtered through Grecian •cufctte. St. Augustine's Celestial City was *b» focus of Christian aspiration. Morel! Utopia was the fulfilment of Bante's Monorchia and the forecasting of modern fact. Looking Baokward' epitomises the sewial longing of to-day. It presents an economical, equitable, and Christian troiution of our eoml difficulties, which lie deeper than most have the Government not only assume tJintrol of all industry, but organise the population into au industrial army, graded fctteording to the hind of labor to be performed and the capacity or tastes of the workers. All under 21 yoars of , age are to be kept in the State fiohoolB," receiving a thorough industrial and educational training. From 21 to 45 the man or woman works for the State, not for money or wages, bat labor tickets of «<ju»l Value, eatitling the holder to a certain Bhare in the combined produotof industry, All are to have suitable work provided. The fronts arising from this oombined iabor are to be ao divided that there, «hall pMfitically be equality of ittcotne. ■ The sick, the halt, the blind, the aged *nd infirm are to be cared for by the Government. Competition, as we understated it, is to be abolished. A loftier individualism is to prevail. Really the eaCtnestnesß aud moral tone of the book 'are ■catching, and one's interest is sustained throughout. The author puts life into an otherwise dull subject by constructing a weird situation wherein the hero, Rip Van Winkle like, somehow gets projected into the year 2,1)00, »ad tolls in a strikingly original manner the state of things then existing, which is Paradise compared with what exists now. And other characters explain in detail how the change was wrought, which was evolutionary and not revolutionary. If what this hook says bo true, no settlement like that ot the late strikes can last. I have long thought something must bo wrong when one can starvo in a world where—With the aid of machinery, which shouldbe a hleaalng instead of, as somo think, a curse—wo can produco considerably mere than wery man, woman, And child seeds, and that thoso willing work should often not get it. Why, if tho bulk ■of any community wcco unemployed ono month, it would almost mean starvation. But this will go on as long as the "survival of the fittest" prevails. In other words, competition means thai humanity must struggle on and on under cenditions unfit for the proper growth of reKgion or morality, only in the end to see tha Jay Go olds and Vanderbilts and (powerful syndicates obtain much more than they weed, while the many go Bkort, and others "sink Into crime, disease, and a pauper's graVe. This sort of individualism must have an tend some day. What creates this unspiritual scramble for wealth? The fear of poverty—of not being able to provide for one's self aDd family. Remove this by guaranteeing all the necessities of life, providing each 'gives just that kind of work to the State fet Which he is fitted, and the struggle | would oease, and money would be useless, be•cause Winecessary. ' Looking Backward* shows •how nil this can be done compatible with tho •growth of a nobler individualism, and how •everybody can have enough, and to spare, of everything that ministers to his wants. So far political economy offers no solution of our social troubles. Nothing hut destructive sooialistio ideas are abroad. A constructive socialism guided by able, cautious, and religious men is wanted. Our author furnishes an admirable platform ; its simplicity is its greatest valve. When understood it will be generally accepted, though the time may not be ripe now. A state of society where the greatest good of all is supreme and no one injured, but everybody provided for, must be infinitely superior to that whose highest aim, theoretically, is the "greatest good of the greatest number," tho ■ "greatest nuiuher" very often being number I

I confidently recommend tbis clever little book to the public Even if its theories are &ot accepted it is very instructive, and no one will find it dull. When I read it four months ago I ordered 500 copies to come at stated intervals. A supply arrived a few days ago, but cold immediately. Two hundred and fifty will arrive next maiL JOSEPH BRAITHWAITE. CHRISTMAS PRESENTS FOR HOME. " AM now booking orders for Frozen SHEEP ■ and LAMBS, for delivery at Home ior the above, WILLIAM PATRICK, 200 Princes street. il DISCOUNT BANK. Moray Place (opposite Criterion Hotel). Money advance? on Personal and other Security. Loans granted frcm L 5 to L 5.000, repayable by or monthly instalments. Loans of Lf repayable 5g weekly; Loans of LlO repayable 10s weekly: Loans of Lls repayable 15s weekly; Loans of L2O repayable 20s weekly—and so on np to L 5.000. No law costs and no expenses bat the actual rate of interest. BilLj discounted i?aily »<• current rates. No delay, and the strictest secrecy guaranteed. Office hours: 9 a.m. to 6 p.n,; Mondays, 9 a.m. to 8 p.m.; Saturdays, i a.m. to 1 p.m.; Saturday Evening, 6 to 8 o'olook. L ISAACS, Manager. ■R JOHN P. ARMSTRONG. Dentist, . may be consulted at his office, 112 Princes street (exactly opposite Oargill's Monument). PUBLIC NOTICE. ,HE 'EVENING STAR' RUNNERS' _ SOCIETY Deliver Bills, Circulars, Plans, etc, from house to house, in any district in Dunodln and Suburbs, from Is 6d per 100. If or Information, etc, apply to the Publisher, office of this paper. MONEY. 'GOLDEN FLEECE LOAN AND DIP? JT COUNT OFFICE, Dowlinq spbeet. Loans advanced from L 5 and upwards on personal or any other security; repayable hy weekly Instalments, or to Buit Borrowere. Tradesmen's Bills Discounted. Money Lent on Diamonds, Jewellery, or any available security. R. M. MARKS, Proprietor. D.I.C. GRAND EXHIBITION SPRING FASHIONS] Now being held. Inspection invited. High and Rattbay Streets. P. LAING, B. HALLBNSTEIN, Manager. Chairman of Directors. OSEPH GILLO TIT'S STEEL PENS. GOLD MEDAL, Pabis, 1878. The Best in the World. ,IRST SHIPMENT OF HATS For the early SPRING SEASON. Gentlemen are invited to inspect the latest SHAPES AND COLORS, AT TAYLOR'S, RATTRAY STREET. The New Shades for the approaching Season include Nut Brown, Cuba Beaver Brown, Cigar and Chocolate Brown. Shapes and Prices to Suit all Buyers at TAYLOR'S, Rattray stbkbt. WORDS FOR ONE SHILLING.The oharge for Wanteds, To Lets, For Sales, etc., etc, is Is for Sixteen Words Space Advertisements are charged at the rate of 4s per inch the first insertion, and 3s per inch subnequent insertions. Standing Advertisements by special arrangement,

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Page 2 Advertisements Column 1, Evening Star, Issue 8039, 16 October 1889

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Page 2 Advertisements Column 1 Evening Star, Issue 8039, 16 October 1889