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NOTES AND QUERIES., Issue 8036, 12 October 1889, Supplement
NOTES AND QUERIES.
Eating-houses in Newfoundland.—At the beginning of this century earthenware plates and dishes were almost unknown luxuries in Newfoundland. At the public eating-houses iron hoops, some ten inches in diameter, were fastened to the tables, aod from the receptacles thus formed the customers ate their food.
Dome, Cupola.— In architecture a cupola is a roof or vault of a rounded form. In England the word dome is generally applied to such structures, the name having been adopted into the language through a mistake. In Italy the name il duomo (thetemple) is given to the principal church or cathedral in a place ; and, as most of the Italian churches have cupolas, it has been, supposed that the word duomo referred only to the rounded shape. An Italian, speaking of St. Peter's at Rome, applies the term duomo (or temple) to the main building; au Englishman, speaking of the dome of St. Paul's), erroneously limits the meaning of the word to the magnificent cupola by which it is surmounted.
Domesday Book was a book made by order of William the Conqueror, in which the extent and value of lands in England, with the owners' names, were entered. "It was composed after the two examples of Ethelbert and Alfred. It was laid up in the Church of Winchester, and for that reason, as graver authors say, was called ' lAeber domus Dei' (the Book of the Lord God), and by corruption of the last two words, Domesday Book."—Verstegan. Fikst Newspaper Report by Electric Telegraph.—ln 1847 a line of telegraph wires was laid down between Manchesterand Leeds. Mr George Wilson, well kn»wn. as chairmau of the Anti-corn Law League,. wji3 a director of the Telegraph Company* and he had several miles of wire placed temporarily, so that the report of the procefcdings at the nomination and election of Mr Cobden could be transmitted to Manchester. The report appeared on the same; day in a second edition of a Manchester paper, and is the first newspaper report by electric telegraph on record.
Puss.—This jommon term, used in England when calling a cat, or when fondling or caressing one, is the ancient Gaelic or Irish name for the animal, which, in those languages, would be called "a ptiss." In England the hare is often called "puss." The origin of the application of the name to so different an animal from that to which it legitimately belonged carries us back nearly to the time of the Norman Conquest. At that time, and for two or three generations afterwards, the fashionable language amoD/ the upper class in England was a mixture of Latin and Norman French. Amongßt t'aosewho spoke pure Latin, the hare was railed; by the Latin name lepus, which was perfectly correct. Others probably, win© spoke a jumble of both languages, took, the word to be Norman, and supposing the first to be the article k, converted lepus into le pus*. Priu.— In England this word is a slang: term for a thief, and to prig is to steal. In! Scotland it means to cheapen, to try to get. an abatement in the price, A Scotchman who had announced his intention of prigging' a hat he had seen in a London shop window was brought before a magistrate foiloitering in front of t»e shop with theintent to commit a felony. Rocket.—The phrase "He went up likea rocket, and fell like the stick*" was first used by Tom Paine in reference to the great orator Burke.
Ross, either as the name of a place by itself or as a portion of a name, nearly always means a headland. It is a Celtic word, and ia in frequent use in Scotland, as in Roaslyn, Culross, Rossberg, Androssan, etc, in the case of Roseness, in Orkney" each syllable signifies a headland, Rose !oehie Celtic and Ness being Teutonic. In. Cornwall and Wales, however, there & another word, rhos, a moor, which is. sometimes found in names, as in Rusholme etc. *
Roue, a name now applied to profligate or dissolute persons, la the French term for one broken on the wheel, which before the French Revolution was the punishment for the highest orimes. The word in its present sense is said to have originated with Philip of Orleans, Regent of Franco.
Scavenger.—" The scavage, or skewage, was originally a duty paid on the inspection of Customable goods brought for sale within the City of London. The scavengers, or scavagers, were the inspectors to whom the goods were actually shown. Afterwards the inspeotion of the streets seems to have been, committed to the same officers."—Wedgwood.
Ring One's Own. Beh,.—A slang phrase* the equivalent of "to be one's own trumpeter."
What ir Costs to Run a Locomotive. —Tbo following statement of averages represents fairly what it costs to run a locomotive under ordinary conditions:—Averages number of miles run to pint of oil, 15.32; number of miles run to ton of coal, 46.17; number of pounds of coal per mile run, 48.62; number of pints of oil per mile run, 0.06. *
NOTES AND QUERIES., Issue 8036, 12 October 1889, Supplement
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