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The Evening Star WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1889.

It is hopeless to expect that the wail of the “ croaker ” Will fever The Exodus. ceas ® ? ut , o£ belaud. There lire individuals so constituted as to And “ such a charm in melancholy ” that they “ would not, if they could, be gay.” We in New Zealand have of late been more than surfeited with the dismal cry of depression, raised by political male Cassandras, to ivhom indulgence in gloomy vaticinations seems to have a pleasant relish—such as the absorption of poison is said to possess for perverted ai'senic-eaters. These worthy but misguided people are always harping on what they are pleased to term aH ‘‘exodus ” from New Zealand. Thousands, they are never tired of telling us, have left our shores, and more thousands are too eager to follow. That the Colony has passed through dark days is matter of history. It is equally true that the darkness is fading away before the returning sunshine. As to the excess of emigration over immigration, although the balance is still slightly against us, there are indisputable evidences that the tide is on the turn, and that the worst has been encountered and conquered. Some scars remain to bear witness to the severity of the struggle, but on the whole our people have come out of the contest with flying colors. The statistical tables furnished by the RegistrarGeneral show that in the course of 1888 the departures exceeded the arrivals by 9,175 persons. This, however, includes both sexes and all ages. On more closely analysing ilic ligures we lind that, out of the total, only 4,655 arc described as ‘‘males above twelve years of age.” This, then, represents the entire loss of those who may be described as “ bread winners,” out of a population exceeding 600,000, exclusive of the Native race. So much for the “ thousands upon thousands ” of artisans and mechanics who have been persistently described as leaving the country. Even so, it must be admitted that we could but ill afford a continuity of the drain upon our population. But, as has been said, the tide of emigration has nearly ceased ebbing, and everything indicates a reflux of immigration. That this is no mere surmise is evidenced by the following returns compiled from the ‘Gazette’;—During the eight months ended August 31,1889, the total number of persons who left the Colony only exceeded the arrivals by 1,465, and of these there were but 351 male adults in all. This indicates a very decided improvement. In 1888 the excess of departures over arrivals averaged U per cent., or 15y per thousand of the population. In 1889 the average, so far, has been diminished to 2£ per thousand, and the stream of emigration is still gradually “ tapering off.” Taking all things into consideration, a considerable accession to the permanent population may, at an early period, reasonably be anticipated. It has lately been stated, and the statement remains uncontradicted, that there are now less than 300 men of the “ unemployed ” classes ; and now the winter is over, and mining affairs have taken a fresh start, Now Zealand oilers greater inducements to working men than any other colony. The climate is more healthy, and the cost of living is far less than in Victoria or New South Wales. These are advantages not to be despised. Sir Harry Atkinson was charged with optimism when he averred that ho regarded those who had gone to other colonies as so many immigration agents; but events are demonstrating the soundness of his judgment. As we had recently occasion to point out, the deposits in the Post Office Savings Bank alone amount to two millions sterling, and this is only a small portion of the savings of the people. The fact indicates that, with tho return of prosperity, there will not bo a renewal of old-time extravagance. Tho uses of adversity have been so far beneficial, inasmuch as they taught all classes a much-needed lesson of thrift; and although, as one result, trade may not be so brisk as formerly, we have the satisfaction of knowing that our people are surely, if slowly, adding to the accumulated wealth of the Colony.

One other feature in connection with this subject may bo briefly alluded to. It appears that notwithstanding the extensive emigration of 1888 the population lias actually increased by 4,019. This is attributable to the excess of births—lß,9o2—over deaths —5,708. The total population may now be estimated at 610,000, of whom 160,000 —nearly a fourth of the whole —arc resident in Otago. In South New Zealand, including Stewart anti Chatham Islands, there are about 345,000 and in the North Island 205,000, It will be surprising if these numbers are not considerably increased during the ensuing six months.

The Native owners of Rotorua are willing to sell to the Government for L 9,000. Archdeacon Julius will bo consecrated Bishop of Christchurch in about five months’ time,

A number of counterfeit Bank of New Zealand notes are reported to bo In circulation at Napier.

A sale of stamps, said to bo the first ih the colony. Was held at Christchurch yesterday, when the first issue of New South Wales penny stamps realised 37s 6d and 335. An 1859 Mauritius fetched 22s Cd. The first issue of a New Zealand twopenny stamp, red, fetched 10s, and blue 7s.

The popularity of Mr Rickarda’a combination company continues to the end-, and last evening there Waft another excellent house. The farce ‘T’other Dummy’ kept the audience in roars of laughter, owing to Mr Bell’s eccentricities. The season concludes to-night, when Mr Rickards takes a benefit.

At the nomination for the extraordinary vacancy as councillor for South Ward, South Dunedin Borough, hold at noon to-day, Michael M'Key was nominated by Henry Waugh and James Ward, and John Tulloch Ross by John Downie and Chas, M'Alliater, Mr Ross subsequently intimated his withdrawal from the contest.

Canterbury has a registered mortgage indebtedness of L 9,578,584; Otago and Southland have L 7,786,189; Wellington, L 3,502,835; Auckland, L 3,359,388; Hawke’s Bay, L 3.343,686;.343,686; Nelson and Taranaki have each a little over a half million ; Marlborough, about a quarter of a million ; and Westland, L 67.751. The candidates for the Waipa vacant seat mentioned by the Auckland ‘ Herald ’ are— Messrs J. M. Shera, S. Vaile (the railway reformer), and W. S. Allen. The lastmentioned, who represented Newcastle-on-Tyne in the House of Commons in the Radical interest, is now settled in the Auckland district, and is possessed of consider 1 able means.

A quantity of tarred material which had been placed In the yard of Mr John Edmond’s hardware establishment was last night ignited by some ashes being placed alongside of it. Mr W. Edmond noticed the smoke, and immediately gave the alarm to the Fire Brigade and his fellow employes. Mr William Fitzpatrick, an accountant in Mr Edmond’s employ, assisted by Mr W. Edmond, managed to keep the fire in check until the Fire Brigade arrived, when it was soon extinguished. The Salvage Corps also appeared promptly on the scene. Had it not been for Messrs Fitzpatrick’s and Edmond’s action a serious fire might have resulted.

The meeting of tho Horticultural Society’s Committee wasattended by Messrs M’Gregor (in the chair), Reade, Matthews, Gordon, Clarke, Howden, Ward, Moodie, and Burnside. Messrs Thomas Paterson and Co. intimated that they intended to offer an annual trophy, valued at L 3 3s, for tho May show, for the beat assortment of apples and pears. Competitors, however, would have to bo bona fido professional fruit growers. It was decided, if It was found possible, to accede to the request of tho donors. The Christchurch Horticultural Society asked for information regarding the society, the names of its office-bearers, place and time of meeting, etc., but it was intimated that the necessary particulars had been forwarded prior to receipt of the communication. It was decided to forward to the horticultural societies in districts between Christchurch and Invercargill a circular calling attention to the forthcoming shows which it was intended to hold during Exhibition time. It was stated in the circular approved that as the exhibits would be viewed by visitors as representative of the present state of colonial horticulture it was highly desirable that the shows should be made as attractive and as actually representative as circumstances would permit; and to that end tho hearty co-opcration of kindred societies was asked,

Monthly meeting of Lodge Otago Kilwinning to-murrow evening.

Dunedin Horticultural .Society’s spring show in tho Y. W.G.A. Rooms, Moray place, on Saturday. A mooting of ratepayers in tho Borough of St. Kilda will bo hold in the Council Chambers on Friday evening to consider a water supply. A concert will bo given in Neumann’s Hall, South Dunedin, on Friday evening, in aid of the Forbury School ground improvement fund. Messrs Wright, Stephenson, and Co. request us ti state that a rumor which is being circulated, to tho effect that Mr W. A. Young’s tram car horses have sold privately, is absolutely without foundation, and intending buyers will seo for themselves to-morrow that every horse will be so’d on its merits, and positively without reserve.

Court Little John, A.0.F., will celebrate its first anniversary on Friday evening by a concert and dance in tho Kaikorai Good Templars’ Hall. A procession of membara of the Order, in costume and regalia, and headed by the band, will start from tho Council Chambers at 7.30. “ Robin Hood ” issues a proclamation in connection with the affair.

The fortnightly meeting of tho Triumph Lodge, P.A.F.S. a., was held on Monday evening in the Wesleyan schoolroom, Cargill road. There was a large attendance of members. Tho lodge was visited by Bro. Gray (Tasmania) and Bro. Jones (Christchurch), who were received with Kentish fire. The visitors congratulated the members on the prosperous condition of the lodge, as shown by the auditor’s report. The receipts for the evening were L 5 0a lid.

The ‘Tablet’ Com pany are to be complimented on tho excellence of the work embodird in tho address which tho H.A.C.B.S. last night p:csenDd to Bishop Moran. It represents a book of foolscap folio size covered with colored calf, and ornamented with a neat border in gold. The inner leaves contain tho address and a typical design, facing each other. In one corner of tho latter is a well executed pen and ink picture of the bishop; in tho other the badge of the society, with an effective floral sotting in the centre. The artist is Mr R, Hawcridgo, who has turned out a very pretty piece of work.

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The Evening Star WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1889., Issue 8033, 9 October 1889

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The Evening Star WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1889. Issue 8033, 9 October 1889

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