THE EDICT OF NANTES.
TO THE EDITOR. Sir, —Many of my friends who recognise my initials as the author of the article "Ahace and Lorraine" in last Saturday's Star have asked me about the Edict of Nantes. Permit me to explain that matter by historical facts. When Henry IV. of France, formerly King of Navarre, was called to the throne of Franoe after the Valois line with Louis XII. had died out, bis wedding was the occasion of the aelebiated Blood wedding, or, as it is called, the " massacre of the Huguenots," on St. Bartholomew's Day in Paris, where thousands of the Huguenots, including such illustriouß men as Admiral Coligny and many other of the same quality, were sacrificed. The then head of the Roman Church caused a Te Deum to be sung, thanking God for the temporary suppression of the Protestant religion in France. Henry IV., formerly a Protestant, only escaped with his life on this his marriage day with Margaret of Valois (the daughter of the notorious Catherine of Medici) by abjuring the Proteßtant faith ; and, taking it in a philosophical -way, he stated t •* To be King o£ France is well worthy of a Mass," But his first act when he reached the throne was to give the celebrated Edict of Nantes, granting full liberty of religious worship to all France.
Louis XIV., at the instigation of his miatreßß (Madame Maintenon), revoked this edict, and most miserable have been the consequences to France. Thousands of her nobility, and, in particular, the artificers and work people, left France at that time and found ready welcomes in England and Germany. Most of the Spitalfields silk and embroidery workers in London are descendants of these French Huguenots, who were driven away from France by Louis XIV.; and in particular the great Elector of Brandenburg made these French Protestants welcome in his country. Some of the best generals and statesmen he (the Elector) and his successors had in their service were French Huguenots. I only refer to the Count Jean De la Motte Tonque\ who stood high in the service of Frederick the Great both as commanding general and a statesman.
France regrets to this day the narrowminded policy of Louis XIV. in thus driving her best and most industrious subjects away to seek fresh fields in other countries.
The priest-ridden Philip 11. of Spain followed a similar suicidal policy in the Netherlands, driving away his Protestant subjects, who were only too welcomed by England, Prussia, and Denmark, and, in consequence, lost to the Crown of. Spain these peautiful and rich provinces. Similarly, the Prince Bishop of Salzburg about 160 years ago Bent all bis Protestant subjects
away, and they found a true friend in the J then King of Prussia. At this day we find, for instance, in Berlin, a colony of descendants of the original French Huguenots, who ! speak their own language, but are loyal sub- ' jeets of Prussia in peace and war. Also, in j other places we find the aristocratic names i of De Cheauffiu, De GodefFroy, De Chapeaurouye, Brai6sant, and many others, who have made their marks in German history, science, commerce, and war.—l am, etc., J. H. Dunedin, September 19.
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THE EDICT OF NANTES., Evening Star, Issue 8018, 21 September 1889, Supplement
THE EDICT OF NANTES. Evening Star, Issue 8018, 21 September 1889, Supplement
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