SAN FRANCISCO MAIL NEWS.
GENERAL SUMMARY. Mr Balfour's Prison Bill passed the House of Commons on August 23, after a heated debate, by a vote of 113 to 69. Fierce attacks were made on tho Secretary for Ireland by Messrs Sexton, Parnell, ami Blain.
Slavin has deposited LVOO with the ' Sporting Life' with a challenge to John L. Sullivan. Slavin means to fight for LI.OOO and the world's championship under the London price rini» rules. The Exhibition of Co-operative Societies haß been opened at the Crystal Palace, Sydenham.
The Earl of Dunraven has written a letter to tho New York Yacht Club regretting the recent misunderstanding in regard to the America Cup challenge, and expressing a hope that a race with his yacht, the Volkyrie, may be arranged in IS9O. On August 2 the American Association paid 15. VV. Rouet 580,650fr for Millet's picture, the ' Angelus,' bought at the Scoretan sale.
Extensive forgeries of l,ooofr notes were discovered at Toulouse on August 7. The notes had been extensively circulated. A number of persons were arrested, but a large railway contractor implicated escaped.
'i'he action of the British House of Commons (says an Ottawa despatch) of voting L 60.000 for the establishment of a mail service between Vancouver, RC, an-A Hongkong is creating a stir in political circles in Canada, Postmaster-General Haggard says the Government has received advice that the information in the despatch is correct, and that the action of the Imperial Government was the direct outcome of the action of the Canadian House of Commons last session in agreeing to pay for a share of the subsidy L 15.000. Tho establishment of a lino of steamers on this route is now almost an accomplished fact, and there is little doubt that it will revolutionise British trade from India. The service between Halifax, Quebec, and Hongkong will be at intervals of four weeks. The vessels will call at Yokohama and Shanghai, and the contract runs for ten years. The Admiralty clause provides for the conveyance of trcops and supplies at cost. The American Pacific Railway will also present an alternative route for Australian mails. At present these mails when sent via America travel via 'New York and San Francisco, and a specially high rate is paid for the United States transit. Under the proposed contract it will be possible to send them via Quebec, or Halifax and Vancouver, on the payment of the ordinary coastal rates of; transit to the Canadian Post Office, and j possibly the mail route via the Pacific to Australia will be diverted from San j Francisco to Vancouver.
Despatches from Lucerne, August 21, say that a syndicate of German bankers, which has been quietly buying up certain railroad interests, proposes to pierce the Simplon. They have accepted a scheme for a tunnel at the base of the mountain with its southern mouth in Italy, and that country will contribute 15,000,000fr. There is little doubt the Swiss Government will now accept th : .s proposal. A disastrous tornado visited Southern Hungary on July 2S. For twenty-one miles along the Danube many houses and churches, a ferryboat at Pesth, and a circus at Izigid, all crowded with human beings, were swept away. Hundreds were drowned, and the bodies lay strewn in every direction. A railroad excursion train was wrecked on the Knoxville - Cumberland Gap and Louisville Railroad, twenty five miles from Knoxville, Tennessee, on August 22, by which three leading citizens of Knoxville were killed and fourteen badly injured. The excursionists embraced the chief business and professional men of the city. A formidable rivalry has been started to the Standard Oil Company in Pittsburg, Pa. Large capitalists have built immense refineriea'at San Diego, California, where oil transported from Pittsburg will be refined, and shipped thence to Australia, Japan, India, tho islands, and other points in tho Pacific Ocean.
Captain Charles Towers, thirty-nine years old, a jeweller by trade, but who had been a sailor, conceived the idea of sailing across the Atlantic from Boston to Paris in a dingey 14ft long, oft wide, and drawing 22in. He wanted to see the exposition, and sailed away from Boston on July 3. He was brought back on the 23rd by the schooner Martha A. Bradley, from the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, in a most deplorable condition, blind and nearly insane.
AMERICAN SUMMARY. The British steamer Thordisa, owned by Turnbull and Whitney, of England, while loading crude petroleum at Gibson Point, Baltimore, on July 20, caught fire from a light in the engine room, and the vessel and cargo were consumed. The oil was being shipped to France. It was valued at 15,000d01, and the vessel at 100,000dol. By the burning of a portion of a flat on the Seventh avenue, Eighteenth street, New York, on August 19, some ten or twelve people lost their lives. The place was a regular death trap, and a restaurant-keeper named Sudyer was arrested for setting it on fire to get the insurance. Five hundred newsboys struck in New York on August 21 against increased rates by the 'Evening Sun' and 'Evening World.' They won their fight finally, the papers acceding to their terms. The Rio Grande Western train known as "Madge" was stuck up on August 8 by train robbers. They got lOOdol from the passengers, and about twenty watches, but were unable to open the express car, where the messenger lay with a magazine shot-gun and two revolvers.
The hop crop in New York is said to be almost an entire failure. A letter from a committee representing an English syndicate, addressed to the presidents of every cotton mill on the Fall River (Mass.), proposes to form a cotton mill trust, and states that foreigners have subscribed more than enough capital to buy the entire cotton manufacturing plant of the country. They have 20,000,000d01, and the investment will probably be 30,000,000d0l or more. A fearful hailstorm occurred in Calflax County, New Mexico, recently. Stones of immense size fell, killing 2,000 out of a flock of 3,000 sheep. A FRIGHTFUL EARTHQUAKE. Desrmtches from Yokohama on July 30 report"a frightful earthquake in the western part of the island of Kinsine. The town of Kumamote was entirely destroyed. Large numbers of people perished, and an enormous amount of property was destroyed. Almost in the centre of the town a deep ravine opened and swallowed the Governor's palace and principal Imperial offices. Hardly a house was left standing. The Governor's wife and six children are missing, and it is believed they were killed. It is impossible to say how many people lost their lives, but latest despatches from Nagakasaki put the number at 3,000. Almost the whole town, which formerly contained 38,000 inhabitants, was destroyed. Many villages in the neighborhood with their inhabitants entirely disappeared.
THE MAYBRICK MURDER TRIAL.
In this case, among the witnesses examined for the defence were Professor Lidey, who thought the symptoms did not denote arsenical poisoning, and Bateson (who had lived with Maybrick in America), Mariner Thompson, and a negro servant named Stanton. They testified that Maybrick habitually used arsenic. On August 5 Professors Macnamara and Paul testified that Maybrick died from gastro enteritis. Paul is toxicological examiner in Victoria University, Liverpool, and declared that it would take months to eliminate arsenic from the system if it were taken once or twice. A chemist testified that ladies often purchased fly papers for use as cosmetics. A hairdresser said arsenic was frequently used by ladies to improve their complexions. Mr Pool, ex-Mayor of Liverpool, testified that in March last Mr Maybrick had told him that he took poisonous medicines habitually. At the request of Sir Charles Russell, counsel for prisoner, the Judge allowed Mrs Maybrick the unusual privilege of making a statement, which, with many emotional interruptions on her part, she proceeded to do in the following terms :—" I bought fly paper for use as cosmetics for many years, and ÜBed cosmetics containing arsenic, which Dr Griggs, of Brooklyn, New York, prescribed. I lost the prescription, and wishing to make
a substitute for the formula soaked fly paper and elder flowers in lavender water, and covered it with a plate and towel to exclude the air. On the night of May 5, after the nurse had given deceased meat juice, I sat by the bed. Mr Maybrick ™tnplained of being very sick and much depressed, and implored me to give him a powder which I earlier iu the day declined to administer. I was terribly anxious and very unhappy. His distress unnerved me, and as he said the powder was harmless, | and that 1 could put it in his food, I con- : sented, and mixed it in tho meat juice. Mr , Maybrick then fell asleep, and appeared I better. When he awoke I was not anxious j to administer any more, and placed the < meat juice on tho washstand, where it remained till Michael Maybrick took possession of it the day before my husband's death. 1 I fully confessed and received his forgive- • ness for the fearful wrong I had done him." J The concluding part of Mrs Maybrick's statement caused a profound sensation. Her statement ended the evidence for the defence. The Judge, in his charge, said there were strong and distressful evidence to show that 1 the prisoner had a motive of ridding herself !of her husband. This could be found in her infidelity, which had rendered it necessary for her to enter into inextricable mazes of lying. He called particular attention to a phrase: "He is sick unto death," in her letter to Brierly. In view of the fact that on the day the letter was written the doctors fully expected Maybrick to recover, this gave reason for believing the prisoner was desirous of getting rid of her husband so that she might live with her paramour. The Judge also put the question to tho jury whether it was reasonable to believe that a loving wife would yield to her husband's suggestions, and put an unknown powder in his food. A verdict of "Guilty" was returned, and sentence of death pronounced. After the Judge had delivered sentence, the prisoner arose and said that evidence had been withheld which would have caused a different verdict. She declared herself not guilty. After the verdict was announced thousands of people assembled at the entrance of the Court, and when Judge Stephen came out he was greeted with howls | and incessant cries of "Shame." The interference of the police only prevented an attack on the Judge's carriage. The witnesses in the case were also mobbed, and had to fight their way to cabs. The sentence was afterwards commuted to penal servitude for life. Thiß action is the result of a conference at the Home Secretary's office, at which Mr Justice Stephen, Lord Salisbury, and several eminent physicians were present. The facts concerning tho correspondence sent to the Home Secretary (Mr Matthews) in Mrs Maybrick's case are coming out. There are many curious missives. Some of the writers declared that they had pledged themselves not to allow Mr Matthews to live a single day after Mrs Maybrick was hanged if he should permit the Judge's sentenco to be carried out. Women in apparently respectable positions volunteered to be hanged instead of Mrs Maybrick if that would satisfy the Home Secretary. A great number of the letters were addressed direct to the Queen appealing to her to interfere. FIRE AT SPOKANE FALLS. The full details of the great fire which swept clean the business district of Spokane Falls on Sunday night, August 4, show that the first reports received were not exaggerated. The number of blocks burned was thirty, and the estimated loss 14,000,000d01. The insurances are not more than a quarter of this sum. Tne fire originated at 6.15 o'clock in tho evening in the roof of_ a lodging-houso on Railroad avenue, third door west of Post street. The Grand Hotel, the Windsor Hotel, the Washington block, the Eagle block, the Tull block, the Gushing buildings, the Falls City Operahouse, the Hyde block, all the banks, and, in fact, every house on Railroad avenue north to the river, and from Lincoln street E. to Washington street, with the exception of a few buildings in the north-east-corner, were totally destroyed. Meanwhile, a sndden change in the direction of tho wind carried the fire southwards across Railroad avenue and destroyed the Pacific Passenger and Freight Dcput. This was a mammoth structure, and was filled with valuable merchandise, very little of which was saved. About ten o'clock the Howard street bridge over tho river fell with a great crash, and a boom of logs took fire and burned for hours on the surface of the river, and many times flying pillars of fire crossed the river, igniting the mammoth flooring mills that linn its banks, but by great efforts the career of the fire was checked on the south side of the stream. Tho burned district embraces thirty blocks besides depots. Ouly one death has been heard of, tho victim being Charles Davis, a civil engineer from Billings, M.1., who leaped from the second storey window of Arlington Building, and was shockingly mangled. He died next morning in great agony.
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SAN FRANCISCO MAIL NEWS., Evening Star, Issue 8013, 16 September 1889
SAN FRANCISCO MAIL NEWS. Evening Star, Issue 8013, 16 September 1889
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