OUR AMERICAN LETTER.
Keokuk (lowa, U.S.A.), July 20. POLITICAL POINTS. It is now pretty generally understood that the President will call Congress to an extra session. The organisation of the new House of Representatives will be no holiday ceremony. The Republicans will have a majority of three to begin with, but under the rules the minority can block legislation, and keep the House in a deadlock. The first thing to do after organisation will be to change the rules, and over this there will bo a strong and determined fight. The machinery of legislation will hardly bo in rder for real work before the time arrives far opening the regular session in December. The territoral conventions called under the Act of Congress to frame Constitutions for the new States of North and South Dakota, Montis ', and Washington are now in session, Tucir senators and representatives in Congress will be admitted after the organisation. The Democratic party is divided on the tariff question, bat the leaders are expecting to unite the discordant elements, under the pressure of opposition to Republican organisation. The fun will be fash and furious.
The policy of the Republican party is clearly outlined by Senator Morrill in the current number of tiro ‘Forum ’ as follows:
Its early work will be to equalise the revenue and expenditure. It insists upon the reform of the Civil Service, begun under a Republican Admin stration, It will insist upon the bimetallic standard, and upon maintaining the use and circuhtiou of both gold and silver coinage. It will hcaitily mppoit protection of home industries ai d home labor. Ic will favor the extension of the chatters of national banks in any safe and proper way. It proposes to stamp out the wickedness of polygamy wherever the United States Government has the power. It f ivors the redaction of letter postage to 1 cent per ounce. It aborts that lawful citizenship is and must be the panoply aud safeguard of him who wearsit, and should protect him, whether high or low, rich or poor, in all of his civil rights at homo and abroad. It intends to take care that no men who have honorably worn the Federal uniform shaU ever be inmates of an almshouse. It will maintain the doctrine that tiro United States are a nation, and that “ in maintaining our national eights and honor nil governments are alike to ns,” however grcrtly they may differ in power. It will cordially sustain all wise and well-directed efforts for the promotion of temperance and morabty. It will favor ocean mail service by American ships. It will libeially suppo.t the building up of the navy to a standard of efficiency worthy of (.vrreouniry. It will favor education, State and national. It will also favor the exclusion of pauper and criminal immigrants. THE CLAN-NA-OAEL MURDER.
Tho status of the murder of Dr Cronin, of Chicago, and the efforts of the police authorities to fasten the crime upon the now famous, or infamous, Irish society Clan-na-Gi'.el, remains about the same. Five accused conspirators are in gaol in Chicago awaiting trial, and another is in Winnipeg Gaol, Manitoba, awaitingextradition. The coming trial will reveal the story of Irish revolution. Meanwhile a libel suit, brought against Patrick Sarsfield Cassidy, editor of the ‘Catholic News,’ by O’Donovan Rossa, for a long time acknowledged leader of the rovolutionaiy party, has had the effet of hoisting the latter “ patriot ” fsic) hy his own petard. One of his own bombs could not have done its work with more neatness and despatch. It was brought on in the trial that Patrick Ford, of the ‘lrish World, 1 in 1884 gave Kosaa L3OO from the emergency fund to he divided among the dependent families of the prisoners betrayed into penal servitude by another patriot—James M‘Dennett. The families got hioo, and tho other L'iOO went into Rossn’s pocket. Still later ho pocketed 1,50 out of a testimonial fund. In tho same year ho came out short in his account with the Fenian Brotherhood LIBO, which he o (Retted by a unique note of hand showing that ho owed LIBO to Ireland. The next year he was L2OO short. Farther testimony sliowed that he was the intimate friend and associate of M'Dermott, the betrayer. A letter from Mr Henry Libouchere (of ‘Tiuth’) was also admitted as evidence for the defence. It set forth that Mr Cassidy was at liberty to assert that money had been received from tho British Vice-Consul by a secret service agent of the British Government, and handed to M'Dermott for Rossa. la view of this sort of testimony it will be no surprise that Rossa is clamorous for the removal of Cassidy in the columns of his paper, tho ‘ United Irishman.’ O’Donovau Rossa is not in good odor now among the professional patriots, but the manner in which he managed business for tho Fenians a few years ago read very much like the operation of the triangle of the Clan-na-Gael, as shown in the preliminary trials nowadays. Stealing, embezzlement, trcaciicy, and removals—they all have a strongly familiar sound, and we wonder if this is the kind of stull out of which Irish patriots are made. There ought to be honesty, virtue, and courage enough among the Irish people, for the sake of their good name, and for the sake of their cause, to rise and stamp out these scoundrels, who are using them for robbery and their betrayal. Patrick Ford, of the ‘ Irish World,’ is a noisy postponment of a vigorous American policy, ready t» fight for his country to the last gasp. Mr Ford is a martial hero, having done service with the Volunteer American Army on the tented field. He enlisted in Company “A,” 9 Massachusetts Infantry, on tho I3th day of August, 1802, aged twenty-five, The rolls of the regiment now on file in the Adjutant-General’s Office of the State of Massachusetts, and at the War Department at Washington, show that Patrick Ford deserted from his company on tho 2nd day of February, 1803 ; his regiment being then at Falmouth (Virginia), and in front of the entrenched Confederate Army. Mr Ford saved himself for his greater work of a quarter of a century later—fighting England at a distance of 3,000 miles. TEMPERANCE. The hosts of Prohibition have been badly defeated this year on several fields, but are neither cast down nor disheartened. Tho following table gives the votes on tho Prohibition issue for the last eight years:—
In Ohio, while a majority was given for the amendment, it was not a majority of all the votes cast at the election, and consequently was not adopted. It will be seen that Prohibition has met with steady success from 1850 to 1885, when the tide began to turn, which culminated in the tremendous reverse in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. The States that have repudiated Prohibition have a large commercial and manufacturing population, while in the agricultural States no reverse for Prohibition has taken place. The States that are free from the influence of large cities have adopted Prohibition, or will do so whenever the opportunity is offered. Frugal, economical, temperate, and strongly opposed to waste and disorder, the farmers are the natural enemy of the dram shop. The nearer a State approaches a purely agricultural character the more intense is its Prohibition sentiment.
Minnesota has enacted a law making drunkenness a crime. It is so rare nowadays that legislation recognises that the people of the upper class who buy liquor are as responsible for the resulting evils as are the people of the lower classes who sell it that this new feature of temperance legislation is attracting wide attention. It reads as follows“ Whoever becomes intoxicated by voluntarily drinking intoxicating liquors
shall be deemed guilty of the crime bf drunkenness, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished as follows :—For the first offence, a fine of not less than lOdol nor more than 40dol, or by imprisonment for not less than ten nor more than forty days; for the second offence, imprisonment for not less than thirty nor more than sixty days, or by a fine of not less than 20dol nor more than 50dol; for the third and all subsequent offences, by|imprisonment for not less than sixty days nor more than ninety days.” The New York‘Sun,’ which is usually nothing if not amusing, endorses the law and criticises only the permitting of the alternative of a fine for the second offence, This, it says, makes the penalty much lighter for the rich than for the poor. Resuming its customary tone, the ‘ Sun 1 concludes by suggesting various methods of determining whether a man is drunk, mentioning the old rule that no man is drunk who ie able to walk a crack. If this fails to provide an adequate test of the condition of the brain, it suggests that the prisoner be required to pronounce with distinctness the words “ truly rural.” Mrs Lucy W. Hayes, wife of the exPresident, has gone to her reward. She was in many respects a wonderful woman, of the highest principles, and most earnest convictions, and was so true to them that, when mistress of the Executive Mansion, she, at the cost of ridicule and sarcasm, excluded all wines from her table. Sho was loyal to her home duties, sweet and gracious in her bearing, and thoroughly considerate of the comfort and happiness of those about her while sho occupied high station, and was identified since her retirement to private life with the National W.C.T.U. and numerous charitable, philanthropic, and educational enterprises, in which her counsels and executive ability were of great value. The old soldiers of the Republic have great reason to respect her mommy. The whole nation sympathises with the tx-Prcaiclent in his sorrowful bereavement, Ulysses.
State. Vr. For. Agst. MhJ. for. Moj. ngst. Kansas 1830 92,302 84,301 7,998 N. Carolina 1831 45,061 161,133 11(^072 I iwa 1582,165,466 125 077 29,769 Ohio 1883 323 189 210.075 82 214 Maine 18841 70,783 23,811 40,072 Rhode Island 1886 15,113, 0,230 5,883 Dakota 1885 15,570 15,337 233 Michigan .. 1887 178 036 184,281 5,045 Texas 1887 129,270 220,027 91,357 Tennessee ,. 1887 117,604 145,107 .. 27,693 Oregon 1887 19,073 27 9581 7,985 W. Virginia 1888 35,000 N. Hampshire 1880 25,298 80,801 5,503 Massachusetts 1880 85,242 13 ,002i .. 45,82) Pennsylvania 188!) 185,000 Rhode Island 1889 18,696
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OUR AMERICAN LETTER., Evening Star, Issue 7994, 24 August 1889, Supplement
OUR AMERICAN LETTER. Evening Star, Issue 7994, 24 August 1889, Supplement
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