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THE PARIS EXHIBITION.

[From Our Sfloul Reforter.l No. 111. Paris, July 9. Casual visitors to tho Exhibition, not well up in political geography, might reasonably conceive that France was as successful as without doubt she is ambitious in her coloniaing policy. The colonies and the countries declared to be "protected” have been made a prominent feature of the Exhibition, with the evident purpose of impressing the French people and those of the Continental States with the greatness and importance of the dependencies of the Republic. The design, admirably conceived, has been carried out with consummate skill. The Administration of the Colonies took the i matter in its own hands officially, and set itself to provide an interesting, instructive, ! end at tho same time attractive represents- : tion at once of the industries, the manners, | and the external aspect of each of the French : possessions and protectorates in the different parts of the world. This has been effected in n most able and exhaustive manner, so i.ij-it the information available on every j p in; in respect of the several countries seems absolutely complete; whilst the beauI tiful and curious in tiie products of Nature ' or indigeu ms art are conspicuously dis--1 played under a system of arrangement | which makes inspection a pleasure. There is a central palace or pavilion about j 250 ft' long, having three grand saloons on the ground fl'-'-r, with an elegantlyconstructed gallerv all round, in which arc . united the State collections, the exhibits of S the Public Works Department, from the i penal establishments, and comprehensive ' maps, diagrams, plans, models in relief, i etc,, illustrating geography and statistics, i There arc then a scries of pavilions, which • reproduce the most characteristic structures of the several countries, and in which are I grouped all that can tend to give a true • and picturesque view of the daily life, social and business habits of the colonists and Natives. THE FRENCH COLONIAL COURTS. To realise what this Colonial Exhibition is in its general aspect, we must conceive in tho centre the palace of the colonies, with its towers, domes, and dormers, brilliant with gold and color, the facade suggesting that the architect had sought to realise a fantastic dream of combining the Oriental with the style of the Renaissance. It is certainly original, and thus, perhaps, distinctively suitable to its purposes ; the effect decidedly ' is good. Immediately on the right rises 1 the pvgoda of Angkor, an exact reproj duction of one of tho edifices of that rsj markable city in Cambodge, whose arem- ■ ti ctural marvels rival, it is said, the chefs ■ i Iwuvre of Hindoo architecture. The j Annamite Palace on the loft, which serves ; also for the exhibits from Cochin China, i offers the contrast of an entirely different i style. It docs not absolutely represent any J existing building, but is rather a developed I epitome of the most beautiful specimens of ■ religious and domestic art in that little j known part of the world. Immediately j contiguous are the pagoda of Chandernagoic and that of Tonkin—both exceedingly ! quaint in design and coloring. All those i buildings contain models of houses, vessels ! and boat?, agricultural implements, arms, i articles used in religious worship, paintings, i sculptures and lacquer work, musical in- | strumenta, and works of art of almost every j descript ion, completely illustrating, as I have enid, tho life of‘these interesting countries, ; which is further very vividly represented by 1 veritable Natives from each, who are to oe ; seen in their national costumes pursuing ; their ordinary avocations with the most perfect *a:t'i-/roid, as if unconscious of j the strange surrounding'. In addition to i the more important constructions noted, ’■ there arc extensive series of indigenous habita'ions. Tho villages in Gabon, Congo, j Tahiti, New Caledonia, Maria,asenr, etc,, are | exactly reproduced in most instances with the inhabitants in residence, and constitute a very lively aUruffirei to visitors. | Although, compared with England, I* .-ij.ee . as a colonial Power is nowhere, the h.xlub:- ; tion in a very practical manner shows that i the has extensive and valuable possessions, 1 of which she is not inclined to make little, 1 or spare labor and money' in toe devciop- : ment. At the head of tho colonics proper ! stands, of course, Algeria, effectively ivyirc- | seated by an extensive palace, mosque, I bazaars, a complete street—renronnccu, j : j think, from the city of Const .ntine—and ’ any number of live Arabs of all rankr ' i ami conditions, from sheiks to donkey boys. | Thou, in Africa also, there arc the colonies ol ' 1 Senegal, tho Gabon, tho Congo. O.i tuc j coastline island of Reunion, Diego, Suarez, i j and other dependencies in Madagascar, j In Asia there is Cochin China, lather a warm settlement from several point; | of view, and which i J termed, someC what ambitiously, “L'lnd.c Frniiraisc. j The remnants of the old French dominion hi i * India, including Pondicherry, Chanderna--1 gore, Malic, Kurikal. each of which lias its | separate exhibit. In Oceania the principal possessions are New Caledonia and Tahiti, both elaborately illustrated by products and indigenous inhabitants. In America, French Guiana, the Antilles, Ss. Pierre, and ; Mignclon. The countries under the somewhat dangerous protectorate of 1' ranee, and ’ which are in full cvid -uce at the Exhibition i include Tunis, tho Cambodge, Annarn, Tonkin, and Madagascar. Tunis has a section to • itself, covering a considerable area of ground, on which there is erected an extensive group of buildings, wherein and about which , is exhibited Arab life in all its phases, untouched by European civilisation, and consequently an instructive and interesting i study, as well as a continuous source of i amusement. The bazaar, for instance, contains in its simps specimens of every kind of Tuniiian industry, Embroiderers in gold and silver may be seen at work. There is ; a jeweller, a perfumer, a barber, painters on pottery, dam aseners (makers of damr.sk), carpenters, joiners, turners, goldsmiths, scribes (letter-writers and copiers), all winking away and carrying on their respective businesses just as if in their native country. The litte that I have been able to ■ ly as to the position occupied by the colonies and dependencies <f Franco in the Exhibition, and the patent fact that a very largo sum of money must have been ; expended in securing so complete a repre- ; sentatiou, sufficiently indicate that the Goj verument of the Republic sets a very high I value upon the territories beyond the seas, I and is prepared to pursue an active colonj ising policy, fin tin developing the rcrourccs j of existing possessions and next in extension 1 of area and new acquirements. Whether suc- ; CC33 will over attend the attempt to make tho ' French people good colonists may be a moot i question, hut there is no doubt as to the ■ drift of the colonial policy, which, inaugu- : rated by Napolern 111., has been pursued, | without material deviation, by successive i Administrations. j A CONTRAST. 1 One cannot avoid being struck with the contrast afforded by tho supreme indifference, * or worse, of Dawning street, the carelessness aud ignorance of our statesmen generally, as to the condition and interests of oven the greatest English colonies. 1 It will not bo tho fault of tbo_ Government j of Franco if any Frenchman fails to be wellinformed as to tho character and resources of every French colony, and the prospects I which offer themselves in each to the settler and capitalist. Visitors to the Exhibition can i sec for themselves what life in all these countries really is ; occular demonstration ' for such a purpose is far more satisfactory than any amount of information derived from statistics and description. The English Government might, with distinct advantage to the people and the Empire, i take a lesson from what France has done. Would it not be well that there should be in, or within easy distance from, London, a permanent exhibition of the colonies on the name plan as that of the Paris Exhibition ? This would do more for emigration of tho right sort than : any other conceivable means to that desirable end. The cost to England would be but a bagatelle compared with tho advantages certain to ensue in relieving tho congestion at Homo, and giving the colonies just what they urgently require—population. i THE COLONIAL SECTIONS ' give an insight into several strange countries, of which up to this time little or nothing has been known; but there are other sections of the Exhibition which, even in a more marked manner, illustrate the state and condition of what may be termed

dark corners of the earth, which the light of information, statistical and otherwise, has hardly illumined. Tho Republics of Cential and South America, I think without exception, Java (the South African Republic), the little Republic of San Marino, which holds its independency in the very centre of Italy—all have special representation ; whilst Servia makes a first public appearance in the galaxy of nations. A WONDF-RFUL SHOW. The Sultan of Morocco and the Kingof Slam have caused their respective countries to be officially represented, very considerable expenditure in both instances having been incurred. One of the curiosities of the whole Exhibition is the Japanese village, constructed on the esplanade of the Invalides. Here may be observed the life led by some 20,000,000 of the human race, respecting whom the European people are almost entirely ignorant, We tote the house of the chief, raised upon piles to protect the residents against the attacks of wild animals. In the building is installed a restaurant, whereonecanexperimentuponthealimentary products of the country, by Malays in their national white robes. A little further on is an ordinary dwelling-house, where men are plaiting enormous hats out of strips of bamboo. Next there is a cooking place, in which an old Javanese woman is preparing rice for food. All about tho village swarms a mixed population of Chinamen and Malays, whose women, approximating to the nude, have their hair glistening with oil and their skins regularly varnished by some occult process, in which soap has dearly no part. Tho theatre is a marvel in its way, in which veritable bayaderes, decoyed or stolen from the harem of tho mountain Prince of Pranger, dance to tho most infernal music of gongs of different calibres, accompanied by an instrument like ii gigantic violoncello. These girls, hardly fourteen years oM any of them—covered with jewels wherever precious stones can hang or be suspended, their somewhat pronounced beauties scarcely veiled with co.-tly stuffs of brilliant colors, quivers on their backs, aureoles of plumes about their heads—have the appearance of animated statuettes in terra cotta. The slow graceful movements of their dance, which is called the katnpong, has a peculiar charm, and enormous crowds are daily attracted, A MINIATURE MONTE CARLO. The Principality of Monaco, generally supposed to have its entity in the gambling saloons of Monte Carlo, has a place in tho Exhibition, whiah demonstrates that the present Prince is a man of culture and enlightened mind. The pavilion, of considerable size, is an elegant construction in the Italian style, standing on a terrace on which flourish the palm trees, shrubs, and flowering plants which tend_ to make the little principality so beautiful. The principal exhibits are chiefly perfumery, syrups of eucalyptus and of the locust bean. The former, made from the leaves of the bluegum, is not only agreeable to the palate, but believed to bo an infallible proscription in cases of incipient malarial fever. There arc numerous specimens illustrating horticulture and arboriculture, also of earthenware aud decorated pottery manufacture. All these are from Monaco, but the exhibits by the hereditary Prince Albert himself arc considered to be among tlie most interesting in the whole Exhibition. These comprise inter alia a fine collection of submarine plants, the result of researches made at the bottom of the sea in the Atlantic Ocean, There are also all sorts of queer fish and crustacea-shrimps, for instance, moro than three feet long, and a regular armament of ail the devices for deep-sea fishery. HAWAII AND NEW ZEALAND. Hawaii, in your moreimmed ate neighborb- 0 1 , makes a very creditable show. Small State, and comparatively insignificant, as in tho kingdom of the S ind .rich Islands, thcrearc no less than fifty classes of exhibits, mostly products of the soil, agricultural and I miner si—coffee, sugar in the cane aud mine facturcd, tobacco in the stalk and preparer | for the market, rice, a peculiar kind of flam j {arum eiicnlsnlum), etc. The collection oi I mineral specimens is very good, of which thi j volounioislandssupnlymar.y varieties. Then I are textile fabiies, stuffs of ancient and cloth o: i modern manufacture, largo mantles am | cloaks composed entirely of the feathers o! birds. The Sandwich Islands also exluhil j articles of furniture made from natm | wood?, tables beautifully inlaid in mosaic . and an immense wardrobe in the sauu ! style constructed for the King. New Zea- ; i landers may well be, somewhat disgusted oi ’ looking “at this picture and on that ” —tin . miserable little New Zealand courts, stnei; away in odd parts of big buildings, aud the 1 elegant pavilion of Hawaii, with the compre her.sivc and well-arranged display of the resources, energy, and intelligence of tha! royalty in the Pacific.

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Bibliographic details

THE PARIS EXHIBITION., Evening Star, Issue 7991, 21 August 1889

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2,209

THE PARIS EXHIBITION. Evening Star, Issue 7991, 21 August 1889

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