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AUCKUM), August 18. ' The RM.B. Alameda, with daea from London to July 13 and San Francisco July 27, anived to-night. Passengers: For AucklandMiss A. Kout, Messrs R. Coad, J. A. Gray, W. A. Rout, H. Scott, T. H. Renton, Dr 0. LonelbacV, Mr W. Scheinikoff; seven steerage, and fifty-five in transit for Sydney. GENERAL SUMMARY. Two thousand guests were at the reception of the National Liberal Club on the evening of July 20, in celebration of Mr Gladstone's golden wedding. It was a brilliant affair. Mr Gladstone was presented with a commemorative album, the work of many leading artists. He replied in an eloquent speech. He said he felt he was being drowned in an ocean of kindness. Ueeidents of Hawarden propose to erect a monument in honor of the affair. The whole United Kingdom sent memorials, addressee, and other tributes of respect. The Prince of Wales and a thousand dignitaries sont pleasant word* of congratulation. A Loulm despatch of July 20 says that Qjeou Victoria U making arrangements for the Prince of Wales to relievo her of the labor of considering Stato document*. The Prince in this c!Be assumes all responsibility, and wishes, it is said, to adopt the title of Prince Regent, and have the use of Buckingham Palace and Windsor Caatle, the Queen retiring to Osborne and Balmoral. If the arrangoinent is carried out, Prince Albert Victor will obtain possession of Marlborough House. Christine Nilsson, the Swedish prima donna, has become deaf, as the result of illness, The doctors are confident they will pull Mr Wilkio Collins through the present crisis of his illness, but that ho wil! never be able to work again. Lord Salisbury, in a speeeh at Mile End, on July 16, told his hearers that they must not expect the day ever to come when the colonies would become a federation in the samo sense as the United States, but ho hoped that by common agreement the present difficulties would be removed Remarking on IriA alFairs, ho said it was appalling to think that years hence their sons and grandsons might still be discusiing the Irish problem with nothing new to say on the subject. A despatch of July 9 says the Queen and Prince of Wales are chagriued at tho action of the House of Commons in referring the question of dowries for young princes and princesses to a committee on royal grants. Sarah Bernhardt's husband is confined to an insane a9ylum. He U threatened with incurable insanity, the result of morphine. At a meeting of the jockey club on July 5 it was decided to accept the resignation of Sir George Chetwynd as a mercbar. The Hon. James Lowther, who presided, addressed the membars, saying:— "To our minds Sir George Chetwynd has completely exonerated himself from the charge against him. We do not place tho same meaning on certain charges as was plac<"d on them by Sir George Chetwynd's lawyers." Sir George has written a letter to the jockey club, in which he gays when he accepted tho arbitration on tho charges made against lrra by tho Earl of Durham ho believed that it was not a tribunal to condemn him. He denies that his resignation involves an admission of the justice of the award of Jd damages m-»de against h ; m by the urbitration. Tho withdrawal of the Parncliite counsel on July 16 fron the Special Commission by order of their clients, who have abandoned the case against 'The Times,'creates a profound sensatien. The action of the Irish leader U a determined protest against the exclusion of the books of Secretary Houston, of the Loyal and PatrioticfLeague, from which they proposf d to proho the Pigott conspiracy against them, and the iniquity of ' The Times ' in publiehing the 'Parncllism and Crime' articles inspired by Pigott. Although their counsel have left the Court, the Irish leaders declare their willingness to answer a; y questions that the Judges may dciire to ask. Iheodoro Schmidt, Dutch Consul at Hamburg, failed on July 4, with liabilities at 12,000,000 marks and assets at 8,000.000 marks. A number of bishops have petitioned the VaVean to canonize Christopher Columbus on tb« anniverpary of tho discovery of Aroeric The fruit and wine crop in Northern Bohemia is reported an utter failuro, owing to almost constant storms. A.cable to the 'Montreal Gazetto' of July 12 says:—"The British Postmaster-General has signed a contract with the Canadian-Pacific Railway for a fafct monthly China-Japan service, guaranteeing L 500.000 yearly. The compmy's bands aro now beiwg floated, and steamers being built to carry mails and paßsongers. tho former going by tho CanadianPacific Railway to the Pacific Coast, and tbence to China atid Japan by the new Pacific line, inHtead of as formerly by tho American lino from San Francisco. Steel steamers, which nan be converted into war cruisers if needed, will be uaed for the eervice. The latter feature is considered important, and is whispered as being the principal reason for the big subsidy granted, as it is much cheaper than keeping warships at great expense in the Pacific in case of tronblo with Rusaiu. President Carbin, of the Railroad and Rapid Transit Steamship Company, has purchased 320 acres of land, a: d all avai'able water frontago at Montiilk Point, Long Island, New York, as a landing point in tho United States for hia new steamship lino. In Now York, 8,000,000J0l has bicn subscribed, largely by Vnnderbilt, to build eight steamships with power to cross tho Atlantic in five and a half days. The new vcssols will be constructed in America, and ca>ry only saloon and secon I cabin passengers Tho hatches are uot to bo opened for general freight. Only mails, express packages, coin, and bullion will be carried. The contract for the construction of the steamers will be awarded as soon as the new White Star Line steamship Mvj ttic proves a success. Tho new type of twin-screw propeller will be tried on this vessel. If successful, they promise to revolutionise screw propellers. If tho contracts cannot be filled here within a reasonable time, the yard will be leased and tho vessels be constructed by the company. Tho ' New York Herald,' of July 24, prints the following Washington despatch:—" It will not be surprising if the treaty agreed on at Berlin regarding the Islands of Samoa should be rejected by the Senate. The Democratic senators, if repirts are true that are leaking out from the Stato Department and from the German Foreign Office, will have much more reason for voting against the treaty than their Republican colleagues had for voting against the Fisheries Treaty, It seems that Mr Blaine is not satisfied with the terms made at Borlin, but yielded tho point rather than have the Conference a failure. It is said that Messrs Kasson and Phelps had their eyes on the misbion to the German Court, and if they have yielded American rights it will n&turally give rite to crHioisms that they were more anxious to conci iate Germany than defend American interests at the risk of unpopularity in Berlin. The Commission was not harmonious at any time, as the members were influenced too much by Prince Bismarck. As the settlement of titles to estates is left iu the hands of a tripartite advisory board representing England, Germany, and the United States, the majority will always bo in the hands of the two European Powers voting together. No attempt seems to have been made by our Commissioners to secure Native possession of land and check German aggressions." A London despatch, June 29, says : friends of Stinlty, tho explorer, are not discouraged at not receiving additional advices by Tippoo Tib's son, who has just arrived at Zanzibar There is general satisfaction in circles connected with British interests in East Africa, that Stanley came around by the Victoria Nyanza, and not through Ungoro and Uganda. There is little doubt that Stanley has been in Uslata, where stores have been accumulating for some time. Besides the stores he would find there letters acquainting him with the situation in British East Africa. If bo he would advance on tho north-east of Victoria Nyanza, and on the country between that and Wadolai, to oheckmato the effort* of the Germans to get up the Tana River and around by Uganda, and cut off British East Africa from the interior. In well-informed circles it is thought probable that when Bmin gets a supply of guns, ammunition, and stores from Stanley, he may return to Wadelai and continue to hold the province until steps are taken to secure it. Stanley has encountered shocking privations His hair is now white, his clothes are in rags, and being without shoes he is obliged co use skins to cover bis feet." [Our cablegrams yesterday reported that Stanley and Emin are, on the oontrary, making for Zanzibar.] The 'New' York Mail and Express' has a special cablegram from Rome, under date July 6, to the effect that the Popo had arranged to leave the Vatican, and had prepared a list of court personages to aocompany him. The VicarGeneral would remain at Rome with part of the Papal household. The Spanish Ambassador to tho Vatican arrived in Madrid on July 5, and reported to the Spanish Government the decision of the Pope to quit Italy and h's desire to reside in Spain. Ho will be granted an asylum in Valencia, It is announced in ecclesiastical circles that the Pope's expressed desire for the cardinals to select Cardinal Lavigerie as his successor meets with the approval of the prelates, and that there is no doubt Lavigerie will be the noxt Pontiff. A despatch from Berlin of July 22 says that Prince Bismarck, through Dr Von Sehloeger, the German representative at the Vatican, has dissuaded the Pope from leaving Rome, and one from Madrid of the same date says the Spanish Government has forbidden demonstrations calculated to encourage the Pope to come to Spain in the event of his leaving Italy. A despatch from London (June 29) says : The announcement that Queen Victoria had

consented to the marriage of Prinoers Louise, eldest daughter of the Prince of Wales, to the Earl of Fife, was the principal topic of the week. It appears that the Prince of Wales wanted to arrange a marriage for his daughter with the Duke of Portland, which would hive been a far higher and wealthier alliance for the princess; but the duke declined, preferring to make a love match with the beautiful Mhb Dallas-Yorke, Royalty was offended at tho refusal. This is why the Prince of Wales and his family started off to Paris on the eve of the Uuke of Portland's wedding, and why the Queen omitted to send even her customary present of an Indian shawl to tho bride of her master of the horse. The Prince of Wales promptly arranged the marriage of his daughter with Lord Fife, in order to rcsmt the snubbing he received from the Duke ef Port'and. The gi 1 friends of Princess Louise of Wale 3 have presented her with a flexible band of large diamonds for a bracelet. The wives of Cabinet Ministers have given a hoop bracelet with eleven large diamonds. A magnificent diamond comb has beeu given by the Prince of Wales's household, and the Queen's household has given three splendid diamond stars. The Prince and Princess of Wales gave a flexible tiara of diamonds, and a cross of brilliants is given by the gentlemen of Norfolk. Lord Fife's presents were a tiara and two necklaces. 1 he tiara is a mass of diamonds, and one of the most valuable pieces of work in England. Mrs John W. Mackay gave a pair of diamond earrings costing 15,000 dollars The value of the wedding presents amounted to L 150.000. The wedding took place at Buckingham Palace Chapel, The services were full choral, and were solemnised by the Archbishop if Canterbury, assisted by the Dean of Westminster, tho Bev. Edgar Shepherd, the Bishop of London, the Reotor of Sandringham, the Dosn of Windsor, and tho Bishop of St. Albans. The bridesmaids were Princess Vic'oii v of Wal s, Princess Maud of Wales, Crantess Fedora Gleichen, Countess Victoria Gleichen, Countess Helen Gloich«i<, Princess Victoria of Teck, Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holfctcin. The V&r\ of Fifu'a best man was his cousin, Horace Farquhar. The dress was worn, and the ceremony carried out in what is known as semi-state, which, sinco the Prince Consort's death, has usually taken the place of full Btate, and is almost equal in magnificence. Tho wedding breakfast was served in the supper room of Buckingham Palace. The Royal Family breaMastid separately in another room with the Queen. The Earl and his bride drove back after breakfast to Marlborough House. The German Impsrial Admiralty has just uncovered a nest of corruption in tho Navy Department involving many high officials. Several naval officers have been arrosted at Berlin atd Kiel, and charged with wholesale bribery. One of the accused officers shot himself dead. Large quantities of gold coin from South America are passing through Antwerp for Russia and Austria, the fame as duriDg the Franco-German War. Fifteen thousand workmen struck at Brunn, in Austria, on July 2, including all the bake™ in the city. There was no rioting. Tho striker* demand an increase of 3 per cent, in their wage.'. Mi!l j , an English jockey, was kided at Spa, Belgium, on July 2. He fell from his horse during a race. Advices from St. Paul de Loando say that the English removed the French flag from the house of Sultan Brunton, Kiug of Grand Hassam, a French town in Upper Guinea. The French claim a protectorate over the place. Princ.i Nicholas of Mingrelin, formerly a candidate for the Bulgarian throne, died in the Caucasus on July 0. The Government of Russia have completely suppressed tho Lutheran Church in that Empire. It is believed that the mission of ex-King Milan, who ha 9 returned to Belgrade, is to surrender Servia wholly to Russia. Count Pparre, a member of a prominent Swedish family in Copenhagen, oommitted suicide on July 24, after having killed his mistress, a circus performer named EI via Madigan. Ho was married, and with his wife moved in the mo3t aristocratic circles in Europe Canada_ will not alter her flour duties till next sension. The Canadian millers complain of the discrimination in favor of the United States. Tho Canadian Pacific Railway Company have arranged all difficulties with the United States authorities, aad will in future use their short line for Canadian seaboard ports iu maritimo provinces through Main:'. Tho ' World's' wheat report for July says news from Bombay settles the fact that the Indian crop of wheat will be »io factor in tho worW'n food supply this year. Erg isk specialists b Revo the situation a few months hence will be as bad as Inst year, and in somo ways worse. The demand for wheat in Europe will probably bo smaller than usual. Eng'and and Frince promise better crops than last year. The yield of those two oountries is expected to be forty million bushelß in excess of 18S8. Spain's crops wil! be above the average, and Italy's a trifle under. In Germany, east of the tenth parallel, the crop is almost as good as lost year'B, but the showing n the rest of that couiv.ry is bad. Russia and Aubtro-Hungary will find it difficult to feed themselves. Much interest is devoted to the American crop. Russian wheat had been going up a few days preceding, and a panic was only prevented by confidence in America. later despatches say that there is a big wheat shortage in Russia, which seriously prejudices that oountry's chance of raising new loans. Despatches fron Toronto, dated July 17, fay that the Manitoba and Canadian North-west wheat crop is a failure. Beyond doubt the total yield will be little less than half last year's crop. Thousand of acres will not be cut at all. The disaster is caused by drought, and farmers aro reported to bo almost destitute. Some instance 1 ' are mentioned where they are subsisting on field mice and gophers, many eaving their land to drive their cattle to timbered oountry across the United States line. The reports from Dakota say that tho crop? there are much better than expected. The rece t rains have been of bpnefit in North Dakota, Northern Minnesota, Western Wi cousin, and lowa. The crops will be tho best for years. AMERICAN SUMMARY. San Francisco, July 27. Mips Kate Diiscel, who recently entered Pittsburg Convent, hai donated 250,000d0l to found a Catholic college iu Philadelphia exclusively for colored student t. The Rev. Solomon Bour, Rabbi of the first Hungarian congregation, Chicago, has sued tho members of his flock for 10,000dol on the grounds that they hired a Thug to give him a pummelling. Tho British Minister at Washington sailed for Europe on July 10. It is reported he carries a rough draft of an agreement between Great Britain and the United States concerning the Canadian and Bob ring Sea questions to be submitted to Lord Salisbury for consideration and suggestion. A sudden sinking of the earth took place in Prince George County, Virginia, on July 17, covering a wide area of territory. In one place the depression is from 10ft to 60ft. This embraces twelve acres, and a lake fed by subterranean water has formed. John Lev/is, a stloon and gambling house keeper at Fossil, Wyoming territory, who flogged his wife for teaching their child a prayer, was vif ited on July 17 by about twenty women, armed with black snakes, buggy whips, and willow switches, by a vigorous application of which thoy nearly flogged him to death. He struggled, cursed, and swore, but the flagellatora were too much for him. The officers of the United States Treasury, Washington, have made the startling discovery that a conspiracy has been in operation among those who print Government securities, by which a large amount of Government money has been fraudulently issued printed from plates and dies in the bureau. Secretary Wilson, of the New York Chamber of Commerce, is at work trying to find out the effect of the Chinese Exclusion Act oa American interests in China. Circulars have been sent to American consuls and missionaries in that Empire asking their views. A few responses I have already been received. They favor the repeal of tho Act. All replies will be read at a meeting of the Chamber in September, and an effort will be made to have next Congress repeal the Act. Mr Harold Marsh SewolJ, late United States Conßul at Apia, Samoa, who accompanied the American Commission to Berlin, baa entered a complaint before the United States Secretary of Btate that ho was treated with contempt while in tho German capital and unmercifully snubbed. Some excitement was caused on the 25th July by United States Secretary Windour ruling in favor of Chinese tourists at New Orleans, and permitting them to pass through the country as such. Tho suit was brought by the Southern Pacific Railroad Company. The Chine»e transit route ia considered virtually reoponed, and tho question will be thrown into politics with an important bearing on the coming elections in the United States. English capital is seeking investment in the United States just now in enormous quantities. Syndicates have been formed to buy breweries, restaurants, and match factories, and to control the dry goods trade. The latest organisation is a salt trust, with a capital of 20,000,C00d01. The dry goods project called for L 10,000,000 sterling, and the money was ready. The United States Navy Department sent by the steamer Australia, which left San Franoisco for Honolulu on July 19, a east-iron screw for the warship Nipsio, expected at that port. The action of Admiral Kimberley in sending the Nipsio homo in tow of the Alert is looked upon as a most extraordinary one. The village of Princetown, Ohio, was almost wiped out by a tornado on the afternoon of

July 14, and from fifteen to twenty people were killed. Not a house escaped damage, and some of them were blown away bodily. la many instances not a ttace was left of the structures that had stood on the spot. Generally in Ohio and Missom i the storm wrought fearful damsg"". A bloody battle took place at Dalutte, Minaesota, on July 6, between 2,000 Bti iking street laborers and thirty-six police. Toe military were called out, and attacked the rioterg vigorously, bayonetting several, and shooting many more. Seven officials were wounded by the mob, but tioae seriously. The polico were attaoked while guardiog seventy men working in a sewer trench, who, being satisfied with their wages, preferred not to go on strike. The annexation of Chicago's suburbs to the city proper was carried on June 29. The step has added 200,000 to the population of the place, and makes its census the seconi in the cities of the Union. The July statement of the public debt of the United states showed a reduction of over sixteen millions of dollars in the month of June preceding.

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THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL., Issue 7988, 17 August 1889

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THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL. Issue 7988, 17 August 1889

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