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“ Cheeks, but not Inebriates.”—Cowper used this phrase in reference to tea, but it had been previously applied by Bishop Berkeley in reference to tar-water. In the 2l7th paragraph of his work ‘ Siris,’ the good bishop says that “tar-water is of a nature so mild and benign, and proportioned to the human constitution, as to warm without heating, to cheer but not inebriate, and to produce a calm and steady joy, like the effect of good news.” Caledonia was the name by which the northern part of Scotland was known to the Romans. The year 80 of the Christian era is the period when Scotland first became known to history. The invasion of Creiar did not immediately lead to the permanent occupation of Southern Britain, and it was only in the year 43 that the annexation of this portion of the island to the Roman Empire began. Cicerone, the title of the person who, in Italy, and particularly in Rome, shows and explains to strangers curiosities and antiquities, The talkativeness of such persons has procured them the name cicerone, in jocular allusion to Cicero. The term is falling into disuse, the official designation servitore di piazza being used instead. Abacus, from the Greek abax, a slab or board, primarily designated ; any table of a square or rectangular form ; and hence was applied to a table covered with sand or dust, on which mathematicians drew their diagrams. In some modern elementary schools it is still used, when fitted with a number of strings or cords upon which balls or beads arc strung, for the purpose of facilitating the teaching of arithmetic. In architecture abacus is applied variously; but seems to have been at first confined to the square or oblong tablet on the top of a column, and supporting the entablature.

Beak, ok Magistrate. —Mr W. H. Black, in a note to his ‘Ballad of Squire Tempest,’ says this term was derived from a Mr Bekc, who was formerly a resident magistrate for the Tower Hamlets. Cocoanut Fibre.— ln preparing the fibre for the manufacture of matting, etc., the husks of the cocoanut are steeped in water for six or even twelve months. They are then beaten with sticks to cause the fibres to separate. Cocoanut matting wears longer in wet or damp situations than when used in a dry place.

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NOTES AND QUERIES., Issue 7982, 10 August 1889, Supplement

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NOTES AND QUERIES. Issue 7982, 10 August 1889, Supplement

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