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The Evening Star FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1889.

Thk Otago Central Railway Bill is mooting with most unexstiu in pected obstruction, and Troubled x . ~, ■, , , Waters, great care will have to be exercised by its friends to navigate it through Parliament. Not a few of those who supported Mr Pvkk's Bill of last session are oll'ering resistance to the present Bill, as introduced by the Government. Their arguments are as vague as they are conflicting. Some of the opponents of the Bill assert that it would be more beneficial to the country to make land grant concessions to a syndicate or company than to devote a portion of the revenue derived from pastoral rents to its construction. This argument will not bear examination. In the one case the public estate would be absolutely alienated ; in the other only a small part of the revenue derived therefrom would be utilised, and the land would still remain the property of the State. It is true that we very reluctantly advocated the first-named course last year, because no other means of making this much desired railway appeared to us to be possible. Thanks, however, to the stonewalling of the Auckland members, aided by Messrs Fish, M'Kenzie (of Waihemo), and others, Mr Pvke's Bill was thrown out. The Premier, it will be remembered, put an end to the stragglo by joining the minority then, but he promised that he would visit the interior cf Otago and judge for himself if such a line were required. He fulfilled his promise, viewed the promised land, and satisfied of the importance of of continuing the line, at least to the margin of the interior, he brought down a Bill appropriating a share of the revenue derived from the land through which the line would run. Nothing, it should seem, could be fairer than this. It is a maxim, approved in the United States and all new countries, and one worthy of our acceptation, that the land should make the railways, as, in point of fact, it makes ordinary highways.

But another contentious class of obstructionists point to the fact that the present population of the interior of Otago consists of only about 10,000 persons, and they argue that until the country is more thickly populated it would be wrong to expend money on the railway. Now, if the-railway is ever to be of any service its best and most serviceable service will be to induce settlement on the vast unpopulated track now given over to sheep and rabbits. The original Public Works policy was based on this very principle—that the railways should be built before the land was alienated, so that the State should reap the benefit of the increased values caused by railway construction. But in their selfish greed for gain the Canterbury people demanded that the land should first be sold and the railway constructed afterwards, and brought pressure to bear on the Government to compel this course. We all know the result. The country has had to pay a much larger amoun: of interest continually ever since. One such experiment should be sufficient. The Spanish proverb is that experience is a dear school, but fools will learn in no other. It is difficult to classify persons who will not learn even in the school of experience. Yet that there are such in the present House of Representatives the debate on this question gives ample evidence. There are other objectors who persist in treating pastoral rents after the fashion of ordinary taxation, Those

rents, it is true, constitute a part of what is termed the " Consolidated " Revenue," hut it is idle and foolish to argue that, because of this mere

clerical classification, pastoral rents stand in the same relation to ordinary revenue as Customs duties. The first is paid by a limited section, the last by every member of the community. When, therefore, men get up in the House and denounce the proposed expenditure on the Otago Central Railway as being derived from the taxation of the people, they propound a transparent absurdity. Yet to such nonsense the member for Grcymouth actually committed himself a few nights ago. The cause that requires or necessitates such arguments as these must indeed be very weak and worthless. The truth and the fact are that the opposition, to tne Bill arises, strange as it may seem, from the circumstance that it has been brought in by the Government. So long as it was the Bill of the member for Dunstan, no jealousy was excited —Mr Pykk was only fighting for his own hand, like Hal o' the Wynd ; but now that Ministers have 'taken it in hand, every member who might-, would, could, or thinks he should have r>, raiiway, or piece of railway, made in his district, is jealous of the prominence given to the Otago Central line. Herein is the solution of the problem presented by some of the supporters e£ Mr Pvke's Bill being opponents of the Government Bill. On the other hand, it is fair to say that others, such as Mr Pish, Mr Mackenzie, and Mr Ballance, the Leader of the Opposition, have faced right-about in the other direction, and support the Government measure, There does not, therefore, seem any sufficient reason for doubting the ultimate issue, and indeed our correspondent tells us that heads having been counted, there is a small but safe majority in favor of the Bill. Care must, however, be taken to avoid such a fiasco as occurred on Tuesday, when advantage was taken of the temporary absence of the Premier to spring a snrprise motion of adjournment on the House. The friends of the Bill will do well to be more watchful in future or the successful passing of the measure will be jeopardised.

A notice in the ' Gazette ' brings the animal known as the opossum under the Animals Protection Act.

Argument in the Supreme Court case of Ward v. the National Bank was concluded shortly after 5 p.m. yesterday, and His Honor reserved judgment.

Mr E. H. Carew sat at the Resident Magistrate's Court this morning, and gave judgment for plaintiffs in the case of A. and J. M'F.irlane v. G. T. Bush, chum, LlO Bs, for gooda supplied. The p.s. Flinemoa has been placed at the disposal of the Governor. She left for Nelson last evening. Dr Collins left by her to consult with the medical attendants re Lord Craultiy's condition. Mr Walter Peck, at one time in the employ of the Union Steam Ship Company, and subsequently on the Brunner Coal Company's n.r. Pelliam, has received the appointment of Inspector of Machinery, for which the Government recently invited applications, ut a salary of L3OO per annum.

A Nelson Ganison Band has recently been organised und«.r the eonductorship of Mr W. J. Moniih, late of Invercargill, and at a meeting hist evening it was resolved to send to England for a full set of instruments at the estimated cost of L3OO. In the meantime, they are applying to the Wellington Band for the loan of instruments.

Tho Auckland Knights of Labor have adopted a motion congratulating Sir G. Grey on the pasting of his ainglo vote amendment in the Representation Bill. A motion in favor of Sir J. Hall's Female Frixnchue Bill was a!si agreed to. A number of working men iu that city having worked for some time without receiving their wages, the Knights of Labor learned this with regret, aud expressed the opinion that a Workmen's Lien Bill should be passed ia order to protect working men. The Timaru ' News' warmly approves of the amalgamation of tho city constituencies, saying :—" When the cities are amalgamated tho electors will be preserved in great measure from the influences of the paid political canvasser, and will be in a more satisfactory position to decide for themselves who are the three best representatives to send to the House. Tho voice of the cities will be heard, and not the discordant cries of petty sections within it. This will be one great advantage gained in city representation which will be appreciated by everyone except political representatives who know that ao soon as they step beyond the borders of their own small dung-hUI their chance of a return to the Bouse is small indeed. This alteration, if it means anything, means the extinction from political life of those who misrepresent the views of three-fourths of the electors in the city from whence they come." A meeting of the Committee of the Dunedin and Suburban Reserves Conservation Society was held in the Town Hall yesterday; present-Mr G. G. Russell (in the chair), Dr Stuart, Dr Colquhoun, Messrs C. C. Kettle, W. Dymock, T. Brown, J, C. Thomson, W. Thomson, jun., T. R. Fisher, and A. Bathgate (lion, secretary). It was agreed that those who had subscribed towards the fund for the improvement of the Triangle, on condition of the City Council contributing for the same purpose a sum equal to that raised by the society, should be osked to allow their subscriptions to be used for carrying out the work without the Council contributing at all, that body having iutimated its present inability to fulfil its promise. After the meeting several of the principal subscribers wero waited upon, and without hesitation they expressed their wil--1 ngnesa to fall in with the wishes of the society, one subscriber actually doubling the amount he had promised. The proposed improvement will consist of a fence round the reserve, the fence to bo improved by tho City Council before erection. As it will cost a considerable sum, it has been decided to raise further sums, and with this view a list is to be placed in Mr Wilkio and Co.'s shop for intending subscribers. It has been arranged to have the tracing of tho fountain placed in Mr Wilkio's window today. Concerning the reprieve of Chemis tho 'Timaru Herald' takes quite a different view from the majority of its contemporaries, and declares that the gallows has been robbed of its due. It says :—" A slight doubt raised after sentence has been pronounced does not place the man in the same position which he occupied previously to conviction. Then he could claim to be regarded as an innocent man, and the onus of proving his guilt rested with his accusers. But after conviction the onus is shifted, and he must be assumed to be guilty until substantial proof of his innocence is forthcoming. Such, then, is the justification for keeping in penal servitude a man who would assuredly have been hanged if some lingering doubt had not existed in the minds of the Governor and his advisers. When Mr Jellicoe succeeds in provingthat Hawkings was not murdered by Louis Chemis, that much-wronged individual will be set at liberty ; but, we trust, not sooner. We admit, after all, that the reasoning in favor of keeping him a prisoner is not_ very conclusive. Our view of the case is that the gallows has been robbed of its due ; but how many of the 8,000 petitioners who begged that Chemis's life might be spared would like to see him at large in the streets of Wellington? How many would shake his hand and reoeive him into their houses ?"

The only declaration of insolvency filed during the week is that of Archibald Pell', of Dunodin, master mariner, Our, Wellington correspondent wires: " Ml- Petorkin, who is in charge of the Hillside Workshops, has been promoted to the post of district manager at Westport." The Invercargill papers, under the belief that Mr C. Rous Marten had died from typhoid, published highly -eulogUtic biographical sketches of the editor of the 'New Zealand Times. 1 We are glad to learn by private advices that Mr Marten is in a fair way towards recovery. The beer duty cases at Christchurch were resumed yesterday, when Scarlett, defendant, gave evidence respecting the sale of beer, alleging that publicaus were independent with him, because he did a free trade, and often sent back a quantity of casks when only one was bad. The. magistrate* remanded the case till Saturday, with a view of examining Scarlett's premises

The convict, Patrick Shine, charged with aggravated assault on another convict named Fowler, on June 19, was brought before the magistrates at Lyttelton yesterday and com.nitted for trial. The evidence showed that there had been a quarrel at Ripa Island during the day. When returning to gaol, Shine, on removing his heavy boots, weighing 21b 12oz, struck the other man and inflicted severe wounds on his face and head.

Mr Sydney Turubull, of Saddle Hill, was driving in a buggy up Princes street south yesterday afternoon, when the horse shied at an approaching tram, and Mr Turnbull being unable to prevent it from making a sudden swerve, the vehicle collided with another coming from an opposite direction at a smart pace. Mr Turnbull was knocked out of his buggy on to the road, falling, so it seemed, very heavily ; but it was subsequently found that he had suffered no injury, and pursued his journey.

A four-roomed house, owned and occupied by Mr Andrew Watson, at the North-east Valley, was yesterday afteriion burned to the ground. The house furniture, etc., were insured in the Union Office for L3OO, but Mr Watson states that his loss amounts to L2OO, Mrs Kirkpatrick, housekeeper to Mr Watson, lost articles to the extent of LSO, which were, however, fully insured in the Union Office, There was no one in tho house when the fire was discovered, and it is supposed that it occurred through a defective chimney, The local fire brigade and the Salvage Corps were in attendance, and by working hard prevented the fire from spreading to the adjoining premises. Mr {Arnold, borough inspector, discovered tho fire and lent assistance in preventing the spread of the fire.

There was another crowded house at the Princess's Theatre last evening, when the Buffalo Minstrels appeared in a new bill of fare. In the first part the efforts of Misses Verne, Cleveland, and Devereux, and Messrs C. nr.d YV. Hugo rec.ived due recognition. A finale, ' The Order of Full Moods,' created much amusement; while in the second part of the programme tho sketch from the burlesque of ' Monto Christo,' Charles Hugo's specialities, Miss Verne and Dan Lacey's character impersonations, and the respective contributions of Misses Lillie Warner, Verne, and Devereux, Messrs Carl Collyer, E. Godfrey, Dan Tracey made up a varied and attractive programme, A ballad singing contest took place after the performance, in which six competitors sang their respective contributions in a more or b'.es acceptable manner, the prize-winner (Mr Ruschbeitli) giving a very fair rendering of ' When other lips and other hearts.' All Saints' Schoolroom was comfortably filled last evening, when a drawing room entertainment was given in aid of the Sunday school fund. Mr A. Wilson, M. A., read 'Guinoverc,' from Tennyson's 'ldylls of the King,' accompanied by appropriate tableaux, upon which the curtain rose at various stages. This was a most enjoyable item, Mr Wilson, as was to be expected, giving the readings with the necessary declamatory force, while the scancs, arranged most effectively by Miss Haggitt, were loudly applauded by the audience, who encored every tableau. A short concert programme was then proceeded with, and this portion also proved acceptable. A violin solo by Miss ilina Schlotel, who is undoubtedly making rapid strides in her studies, was heartily and deservedly encored, a similar compliment being extended to Mrs 11. Rose for her admirablo rendering of ' Home they brought her warrior dead.' Miss Nevill and Mrs Branston contributed the duet 'Ring out, wild bells,' which narrowly escaped being encored ; while Mr D'Aroy Aaggitt's solo ' Break, break, oh sea,' received its due share of recognition. Mr G. Feuwick was loudly applauded for his song, and responded to an encore with another enjoyable selection. A pianoforte silo by Miss Annette Wilson was remarkable for the skilful execution of the pianiste, Mrs Angus acted efficiently as accompanist. ' King Cophetua and tho Beggar Maid' was then read by Mr A, Wilson, the story beiDg illustrated by tableaux vlvants, which also greatly pleased tho audience. The Rev. A. R, Fitchctt, who presided, thanked those present for their attendance and the performers for their services, making special reference to the careful work of Misa Haggitt in connection with the entertainment.

Received from Wilkio and Co.: ' Mark Anderson,' a novelette, by a local author. Bimon Brothers, boot manufacturers, ca'l ppeoUl attention to their adveitisement referring to their silc of Lightband, Allen acd Co.'a bankrupt stock.- [Advt.] Mps-ts H. Driver and Son have, it will ba ecen frcm our adverting columns, taken over the coal baeiness of Martin and Watson, Limited.

The fortnightly meeting of the Court Little John was held in tho Good Templar Hall, Kaikorai, on Wednesday evening, Bro. Armit in the chair. One candidate was initiated. A lecture on tho ' Ancient Modes of Punishment ' was delivered by Mr T. Barmby in connection with Trinity Church Musical aud Litorai y Society. The lecturer gave an interesting description of the different ways in which offenders were punished in oldon times, and also showed drawings of tho different instruments which were used. Miss Harlow played a piano solo, and songs were g ; von by Mrs Line, Mr Wa'kor, and Miss M. Nicol. The second meeting of the Druids' Juvenile Lojgc was held at Milton Hall last evening. The attcr.dinco was excellent, both of junior and adult members. A large number of mem-

bers were added to the roll, and the initiatory ceremony very well performed. Bro, Hill was elected M.C., and Bro. Andrew M.S. A unanimous vote of thanks was heartily passed to Mrs 0. Bird for her assistance in making the regal : a. Songs and recitations wero given during the evening, and the young Druids went home highly pleased with their entertainment. At the usual weekly meeting of the St. Paul's Young Men's Association, held evening (Archdeacon E.lwards in the chair), a paper waß read by Mr H. Wilson, entitled ' Forward !' showing how, as in the animal, vegetable, and mineral worlds, nothing remained stationary, but progress on the one hand aud decay on the other was for ever g f ing on ; so also we find in the intellectual world wo cannot remain where we are—we must either progress or go back. Each man's watchword, therefore, should bo ' Forward !'—to progress intellectually-not merely to bo satisfied with doing his appointed work mechanically, but to take an interest in everything around him —to read and study literature, so as to improve his mental faculties. Some very apt remarks were made about young men starting in life and ever striving to go forward, and the paper concluded, briefly pointing out what an invaluable and indispensable handmaid Religion is to all who are striviug to progress, in the highest sense of the word. Several members of the Association spoke expressing their views on the subject.

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The Evening Star FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1889., Issue 7981, 9 August 1889

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The Evening Star FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1889. Issue 7981, 9 August 1889

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