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The Evening Star THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1889.

It is amusing to find New Zealand Protectionists crying out Tin- against the Victorians for \ irtnriuu , . , . , n i itmigct. placing high Customs duties on grain. This is what one of our replVscntativcs did in an address to his constituents i». few days before the opening of the session. He said that it was a hostile act on the part of the Victorians, and that New Zealanders ought to retaliate. There can be no doubt about the hostility, but it is diflVoiilt to see how retaliation would tnend matters. It would, in fact, only add to the injury which the ATctorians are trying to inflict on us. Not that the leading colony of Australia has any natural animosity against New Zealand—there is no hostility in that senses-It merely wants to protect its own farmers, even although this should be done at their own expense and that of the rest of the community. Why then should those New Zealanders who wish to create monopolies for their producers complain 1 The answer would perhaps be that the Victorians are trying to carry out a prohibitive, instead of a merely protective, policy in regard to grain. But if the development of the agricultural industry in Victoria re quires the exclusion of foreign grain, prohibition is Protection carried to excess, even according to the theories of moderate Protectionists. But the simple fact is that New Zealand Protectionists see the absurdity—or, as they call it, the injustice—of other countries shutting out their produce, but fail to see that in denouncing it they are condemning themselves. Protection in any degree is in the nature of hostility up to that degree: and the true moral to be drawn from the high Victorian duties is, that when a country once embarks on a protective policy it is sure to be carried far beyond its original intentions. Every species of industry must then bo protected, till the whole thing is reduced to an absurdity. This would have happened long ago in America had each State had a protective tariff of its own. But the people of the United States arc Freetraders within their own vast territories, which form a market of themselves, and they are thus better able to sustain a protective policy towards foreign countries. Yet Protection in the States increases the cost of living without causing a corresponding increase in the rate of wages, and this tends to depress the great agricultural industry, which cannot possibly be protected in a country like America, where production exceeds consumption. It is a prey, as it were, to all the other industries. The Americans are thus wiser in their generation than the Australasian colonists. These colonics only injure one another by their mutually hostile tariffs, though all have not yet adopted the principle of protective duties.

Victoria is the leader of the retrograde movement, and even New Zealand Protectionists may well complain of the manner in whicli our oats arc treated. Agriculture does not thrive in Victoria ; it is, in particular, hardly possible to raise oats of good quality. Hence the demand of the farmers for more and more protection. First a duty of Is per cental was placed on oats; then it was raised to 2s; but even that has proved to be not enough, and the producers clamored loudly for another shilling. This last advance, however, has not been proposed by the Treasurer in his Financial Statement, the increase being only from 2d to 3d per cental. Mr Gillies, in justification of the increase, said ; “ I have often “intimated, both in Parliament and “out of it, that, so far as some articles “ arc concerned, the duty only has an “ effect for one year or so ; for as soon “ as a high duty is put on a particular “ article the farmers all rush to produce it. The result of the increased “ duty on oats and barley will be that “ at the end of the first year we shall “ not only be able to supply ourselves, “ but we shall be exporters. In the “ end, therefore, the prices will become “ the same as they wore before. The “ increase of duty will not affect the “ price of the products.” This is not, as a rule, the experience of Protectionist communities ; nor will it hold good in regard to Victorian oats. If it would not pay the farmers to produce this description of grain without a protective duty, how could it pay them to produce it when the duty has become inoperative 1 As soon as prices fell production would decline; so that it would be more correct to say that low prices would only last for a year or so. There would probably be an endeavor, irrespective of legislation, to regulate production, in order to keep the values up. The duty on oats is thus practically a tax on the Melbourne cubdmers and

carters and farmers themselves. It affects, also, the general community to some extent. As wo have already said, oats of first-rate quality can scarcely ho grown in Victoria. “It may he a matter of surprise,” says a Melbourne miller of large oxpet'ieneo;, “ hut it is nevertheless a “fact, that tlie Victorian oats are so “inferior that we really cannot mill “ them to any satisfaction. Not 5 per “cent, of the Victorian oats could he “ used for oatmeal, The article Would “he full of little black specks; and “ that, of course, would mean thdt tli'e “ people wduM soon Cry out over the “ niatter. It is of no use trying to get u away from the fact that the Victorian “ farmer does not raise the proper oats, “or that the New Zealander has the “advantage of a country peculiarly “ adapted for oat-growing.” The duty accordingly means not only dear horsefeed but dear porridge ! Bat there is no end to the demand of a cldss when it once begins to lean oil a protective tariff. The Victorian fanners even object to gristing in bond, although the oatmeal so made does not come into competition with their produce, the most of it being for export; and the comparatively small proportion of it which goes into homo consumption paying duty. And as there is no end to the demands of the protected, so is there no end to the absurdities of Protection ; and the greatest absurdity of all is a war of tariffs, which would soon be in full swing if the other colonies were to follow the pernicious example of Victoria. Intercolonial freetrade, if the colonies are to prosper, is a matter of prime necessity.

Petitions praying for the abolition of the Property Tax arc beilig numerously signed in the City,

The Rev. Mr Milne, formerly of Arbroath, has been appointed to the Terrace Congregational Church, Wellington, vice the late Dr West.

At a quarter to four o’clock this afternoon Hector Mockford, living in Walker street; was received into the hospital. Whilst working on the railway he had been crushed between two trucks. His back is very badly bruised. The Palace Skating Rink, under its new’ management, seems likely to secure most of its old patrons. There was a really pleasant gathering at the reopening last night, and the arrangements of Manager Aldrich gave general satisfaction. There will be a change of programme at the Princess’s Theatre this evening, when in addition to tho usual peiformance a ballad singing contest (for which twelve vocalists have entered) will take place. The last nights of the season are announced. Application was made at the Auckland PoliceCourtyesterday forthe issue of nn order prohibiting the supply of alcoholic liquor to A. K. Greenaway, a young man who recently came into a largS fortune Upon the death of his father, Mr Greenaway. The case was adjourned. At the Invercargill champion ploughing match yesterday the winner unexpectedly turned up in Thomas Ibcherty, of Menzies Perry, who was unknown to fame as a ploughman. John King was second, H. King third, and A. Galt, who has been remarkably successful this year, fourth. Docherty also took the cup for the champion lot on the field.

In connection with yesterday’s telegram relative to *he fire at Spokane Falls, Washington Territory; it should be pointed out that it seems highly improbable that the losses could have totalled L 6,000,000, seeing that the town had not more than 20,000 inhabitants. Possibly tho correct reading of the cablegram was L 600,000, or 6,000,000d0l at the very outside. The deaths are reported at Nelson of three old colonists, Mr Henry Lewis, who was provincial surveyor of Nelson, died at the ago of 76. He was well known and highly esteemed. Mr Joseph Simmonds was another old settler, who arrived there in 1812 in tho Fifeshirc. He was at one time a member of the Provincial Council. The third is Mrs Matthews, aged 84, who came out in the Olympus in 1843. At the Auckland Police Court yesterday a charge was heard against J. G. Berry, a country settler, of cruelty to animals. The evidence showed that sixty pigs had been packed, some on top of the others, in a cattle truck to be sent 120 miles by rail. When the truck was unloaded two nights and a day afterwards thirteen cf the pigs were dead, and others in a very bad state. It was contended that tho offence was committed through oversight. A fine of 40j and costs was imposed. The monthly meeting of the Kaikorai School Committee was held on Tuesday evening, there being present—Messrs Duncin (chairman), Archer, Carlton, Fraser, Moir, Stout, and Wilkinson. The headmaster’s report showed a considerable increase in attendance, the average attendance for the month being: Boys, 301 ; girls, 219; total, 550. Tho number on the roll is: Boys, 331; girls, 281; total, 612. The Visiting Committee reported everything to be in a satisfactory condition, and a quantity of routine business was transacted.

Captain Sinclair, whose hotel was recently burned to the ground at Kaitangata, soems to have experienced more than the usual amount of misfortune. He had only been in occupation of the premises for a short period when the fire took place, and in addition lost the caslibox, whicli he hud placed under his pillow on the night of the lire. The box was subsequently discovered on the road, but it had been burst open, and the contents stolen. Captain Sinclair states that he was under-insured to a considerable extent, and that his loss is considerable. At Christchurch, on Monday,Mr Bcetham, R, M., found himself face to face with a novel difficulty. In regard to candidates for Burnham, the law provides that they shall be brought up in the religion of their parents. A joung culprit was charged with theft; the offence was proved, and to Burnham the lad was ordered to be sent. But when the question of his religion was looked into, it was found that ho belonged to the Salvation Army. His Worship decided to follow the law, and ordered the juvenile offender to be brought up in the tenets of the Salvation Army.

The Invercargill poultry show yesterday gave evidence of a great increase of interest in bird fancying in the district. The following outside exhibitors took prizes -.—White leghorn cook—W. J. Waters, Port Chalmers, second, andlirstforhen; Polish white-crested pair—T. Williamson, Oamaru, first; dorkings (dark pair)— S. M, Bruce, Oamaru, first, and first and second ; cockerel and pullet (Cochins) and partridge cockerel—T. Williamson, first pullet, and first and second ; white cock and hen— C. Hansen, Dunedin, first; Wyandottes (cock)—R, B. Williams, Dunedin, second, and hen first; green canary —J. Bates, Dunedin, first.

The ‘Tablet’ has received a letter from Mr John Dillon, M.P., announcing that it will be impossible for him and his colleagues to leave Australia earlier than September 23, and that they will make Auckland their first port of call. Our contemporary goes on to say “Mr Dillon’s state of health is by no means robust, and it is necessary that it should be taken into account in the arrangements for his tour. He has therefore been advised so to time his visits to the different parts of New Zealand as to suit the varying climate. . . . A particular advantage to

be secured by Mr Dillon taking the route proposed is that it may probably be thus arranged for him to come to Dunedin so as to visit the Exhibition. . , . We may

also add that by the time alluded to Dr Moran will probably have returned from Europe; and we can answer for it without rashness that His Lordship would bo spared disappointment if he were present personally to welcome the Irish delegates in this City. Everything considered, therefore, it is evident Mr Dillon has decided on the wisest course.”

West Harbor Abstainers’ Union’s monthly social meeting to morrow evening at 7.45, in the Ravonshournn Congregational Church.

A number of business men met at Messrs A. M’Donald and Oo.’a stores this morning to witness the process of cleaning and cutting the fur from rabbitskiils.

Lojral Valley Lodgb, M.U.L0.0.F:, held t-Uelr torthifihtly mfcotitig in their lodge iooltl, lurk’s Hall, N.E.V. ; P. G. Millier, N.G., preai .ing. Receipts, L 3 16s lid. To-morrow evening, in the Moray place Congregational Church, a concert sacred and s calar—wil. b: given on behalf of the Sunday school fund. The full programme appears ia this i a ue.

The fortnightly meeting of Court Pride of Dunedin was held in tho Oddfellows’ Hall; Rattray street, on Tuesday evening, when an c-lllcul visit was received from Court Enterprise, aud rc-presentatbes attended from Courts Little John, St. Andrew, Star of the South, and Fridu of the Leith, Instructions were given to the court’s delegates to District meeting, to be held in Oamaru, to nominate the following officers:—For D.C R., Bro. G. W, Goddo>; D.S.C.It., Bro. R. 13. Ingram; D, 13., Bro, G. Morgan. Ono member was initiated. The quarterly mooting of the Pacific Lodge, I.O.G.’i’i, was held in the Wesleyan Schoolroom, Cargill road, South Duhedin, oil Tuesday eVening. Secretary Bro. Thomas reported that there were thirty-four members financial. The following officers were installed by the D.D.0.W.0.T. (Bro. Barnett)-.-0.T., Bro. Logie; V.T., Sister Morrison ; secretary, Bro. Thomas; assistant secretary, Bro. Thorn; financial secretary, Bro. Casper; chaplain, Sister Thorn ; marshal, Bro. Dowland; deputymarshal, Sister Logie ; treasurer, Bro. M‘Corkindale; P.O.T, Bro. Morrison; guard, Bro. Hill; sontine', Bro, Knipe. The weekly meeting of the Lily of tho Valley Lodge, 1.0. G.T., was held in the North Dunedin Drill Hall on Monday evening, when tho following officers were installed for the ensuing quarter by Bro, R. Mooro as G.W.0.T., asiisted by Bro. A, Gardener as G.\V.S.,and Bro. A, MTndoe as G.W.M. : Bro. H. M, Morrison; W.V.T., Sis. ’Gillespie; W. 8., Bro. West; W. 0., Bro.Hughes; W.F.S , Bro. Thomson; W.M., Bro. Brown; W.T., Sis. Brown; I, Guard, Bro. Agnew; sentinel, Bro. Martin! A.S., Sis. Loader; D.M., Sis. Deans; P.W.C.T., Bro. R. M’Kinlay. Sis. Cilleq io was then presented, on behalf of the 1 . cr\ vith a framed certificate, and Sis. Brown a*oilskin handbag, in recognition of services re. dercd by them to the lodge.

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The Evening Star THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1889., Issue 7980, 8 August 1889

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The Evening Star THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1889. Issue 7980, 8 August 1889

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