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The Evening Star THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1889.

The European situation, which was for some time comparatively Tho quiescent, has again become oliUook? troublous. France has, indeed, postponed her revolution till after the Exhibition, and by that time it is to be hoped that wise counsels will have so far prevailed as to give tho Republic another lease of life. This, however, is hoping against hope. The Republic has, so far, produced no statesmen. As Wonnswoimi said of the early stages of the first Revolution, there is equally a want of books and men; and the French people are heartily tired of the succession of weak, and, it 13 to be feared, corrupt, Governments which have mismanaged their affairs both at home and abroad. When discontent in France becomes general it simply means revolution. The only hopeful sign is the unexpected firmness with which the Tiuard Ministry have dealt with Boulaxgkk. The General has more than once shown that he is not in himself a very formidable person, being to all appearance a compound of coward and charlatan; but he gave voice to the intense dissatisfaction which the Republican Governments have caused throughout the pountry, and especially in the capital, and was on that account an element of very real danger. There can be no doubt that the fate of the Republic trembled in the balance, and the probability is that it was saved only by the Exhibition, though M. Tihabd deserves a certain amount of credit for the yigor which he all on a sudden displayed in dfiving Boulaxger. out of the country. If the Government manage the prosecution of this Brummagem would-be saviour of society in a dignified manner, the Republic might escape the catastrophe with which it is threatened and exist a few years longer. But unless a different class oijnen come to the front it seems bound to collapse sooner or later, whether Boulanger is suppressed and discredited or not. The present danger, however, comes, if reports are true, from the intrigues of Russia in the East of Europe. Russia, it is alleged, never ceases intriguing, but it is noticeable that the activity of the Nihilists usually stimulates the activity of what we may call her pioneer emissaries. The Czar scarcely dares to ghpw himself in public for fear he should meet .the fate which overtook his father; hut from his prison palace he prosecutes the policy of Peter the Great—tho continuous policy of the Empire—with renewed vigor. Ho did venture to give the Shah of Persia a public welcome, though it is not yet certainly known whether ha has £uc ceeded in outwitting Sir Henuy Drummond Wolff. What Sir STiiA'rford Canning was to Nicholas at Constantinople, that Sir Henry seems to be in a small way to Alexander 111. at Teheran. There is, however, no great danger of war springing out of this diplomatic contest, "That clanger for the moment lies in the Easi of Europe, where Russia, | it is said, is intriguing with exceptional energy. She has contrived to acquire a predominant influence in Servia, having worsted j -tho Austrian diplomats, and is supposed to be urging that country to Lpwelafcn another war against Bulgaria. In the confusion which would ensue, the Czar t/qul£ q£ pourso endeavor to advance, so to speak, tho outposts of Russia, and so bring CpnstjO&tiuople nearer his grasp, it is, indeed, a question if this great priae will ever full to Russia; but that her constant aim is to make a free highway for herself to the Mediterranean is beyond question. Her attitude ,a£ the present is so threatening that Austria an,d .Germany are said to be on the

point of demanding her intentions. What is still more significant, the Sultan, as will be seen from a cablegram in another column, is reported to be making overtures to the Triple Alliance. The position of Turkey, ever since she passed out of the tutelage and protection of England, has been uncertain and anomalous. She has no allies, and she is but one of the Great Powers, and yet she is constantly exposed to attack by one of the greatest of them all. The consequence is that she has been to a certain extent under the fascination of Kussia. She was saved fr.m extinction in 1879 only by the intervention of Great Britain, a favor for which she lias not shown much gratitude; and now that Russia is said to be again looking southwards, it seems that the Sultan is disposed to seek protection from the Triple Alliance. So for the i present stands the European situation, ■ which, however, is almost kaleidoscopic in its changes. More than one sign points to the conclusion that Russia meditates a forward movement But her purposes have been often frustrated, for the time at least; and the existence of the Triple Alliance, particularly if Turkey should join it, may make her pause once more before involving Europe in a general war.

District Grand Lodqe, 9. C, meet to-morrow evening.

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Bibliographic details

The Evening Star THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1889., Evening Star, Issue 7962, 18 July 1889

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833

The Evening Star THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1889. Evening Star, Issue 7962, 18 July 1889

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