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From Our Parliamentary Reporter.]

WELLINGTON, Jult 5. The Hare System.

In order that the advantages of the Hare system may be fully placed before the country, the Government will oontinue the debate on the Representation Bill on Tuesday, and the discussion will probably extend over Friday, though they recognise that the measure has not the faintest show of passing its second reading. Long speeches in its favor will be made by the Premier, Sir John Hall, Mr Saunders, and Mr Ormond, but it is not yet known who will be the intermediate speakers on the other side. Harbor ace. When the Premier mo es for the appointment of a Harbors Committee Mr Scobie Mackenzie will move an amendment traversing the proposal. Mr Mackenzie's feeling is that the credit of the colony is not bound up with the credit of these harbor boards' and he looks upon the Premier's proposal I ** an effort to make the colony take the New Plymouth harbor over. The amendment will probably affirm that the boards should be allowed to work out their own destinies, provided always that no obstacle is placed in their way by Parliament. It will have the unanimous support of the Young New Zealand party. The Exhibition Bar.

The ' New Zealand Times' to-day strongly protests against the making of a special law authorising the sale of alcoholic liquors in the Dunedin Exhibition, and says: "It is ridiculous to pretend that people cannot visit any show without being afforded means of obtaining intoxicating liquors there," It denies that the refusal to pass the proposed Bill will in the slightest degree prejudice the success of the Exhibition, and can see no reason for its passage, especially as a very bad precedent would nnmistakeably thus be created. Mr Pulton and Mr Goldie are lobbying with a good measure of success against the clause of the Bill permitting the sale of intoxicants within the Exhibition buildings. The Representation Bill. Notwithstanding the negotiations which have been carried on by the country party the Government brought up the Representation Bill for its second reading to-night, and the matter was discussed in almost a full House. The Hon. Mr Hislop, in opening the debate, dealt at great length with the failure of the present system of election to meet the needs of the colony, and passed on amidst some ironical interruptions to sketch the details of the Hare system. He denied that the system was complicated, pointing to its successful adoption in Denmark and Chili, and concluded by expressing his opinion that the adoption of the Bill would effect an improvement upon the existing system. Mr Ballance, in a vigorous speech, accompanied by theatrical gesticulations, denounced the Hare system as inapplicable to the condition of this colony, and said it was one which it would take fifty years to make the average voter understand. He argned in favor of the retention of local feeling. He declared that it was the effort of each man for his own district that had raised the colony to its present position. He recommended the Government not to waste the time of the House over the Bill. Mr O'Conor, who followed, was certain that if the Bill did not pass this session it would gain strength at every successive general election. Mr W. P. Reeves chaffed the Colonial Secretary on the errors of grammar and Sunctuation made in drafting the Bill, oming at last to the Bill itself, he insisted that the Hare system was complicated; that it had not been adopted by any Anglo-Saxon nation; that even in Denmark and Chili it was not applied to the election of the popular Chambers; and he contended that every minority of any importance was represented in the House. The adoption of the Hare system would flood Parliament with faddists and men of one idea.

Mr Verrall resented this last allusion by the member for St. Albans. He denied that his only idea was that of a> State Bank of issue.

Mr Fish expressed his opinion that the Bill was thoroughly onsnited to the interests of the colony, and moved that it be read a second time that day six months. The Premier moved the adjournment of the debate till Tuesday, which was seconded The Rouse had been in a playful humor during the entire evening. There is no room for doubt as to the ultimate fate of the Bill. The Hail Services. A return has been laid on the table of the House showing the extent of our European and American mail services, by all the routes, for 1888. The return gives the precise information that is being asked for by that determined opponent of the San Francisco service, Mr Ward. By the San Francisco service there were received from Europe 305,923 letters, 278,622 books, and 640,858 letters; while the same service despatched to Europe 391,769 letters, 55,475 books, and 353,192 newspapers. By the direct steamers there were received from Europe 282,056 letters, 254,819 books, and 590,721 newspapers ; while we Bent Home 167,640 letters* 22,007 books, and 112,638 newspapers. It is not necessary to set out the amount of correspondence, etc., in connection with the direct non-contract steamers, the P. and 0., and Orient lines, and French packets. The amounts of postages collected were as follows :—Via San Francisco: Despatched correspondence, L 14,274; received correspondence from London, L 9.605. Via direct contract steamers, L 5.894, L 10,994; via nontract steamers, LBOS, nil. Via F. and O. lines and Orient, L 373, LlO3. Secretary Gray, of the Postal Department, states that he estimates the cost of conveyance of American mails, if paid at the rates now charged to the non-contracting colonies for the use of the San Francisco services—viz., letters, Is 7d per oz; books, Is 6d per lb; and newspapers, 6d per lbwill be: to San Francisco L 2,180, from San Francisco L 3,637. New Bills. The following new Bills were introduced to-day and read a first time:—Notice of

Action Abolition Bill (Mr Stewart); Dog Registration Amendment (Mr Duncan); Bash Firing (Mr Marchant): Bible in Schools. 1889 (Mr Tanner) - r Nelson For*shore Reserves (Mir Harknesa). A Useful Measure. Litigants will hail with satisfaction the introduction of Mr Downie Stewart's notice pf Action Abolition Bill, the object of which is shortly to preyent technical differences being raised \o defeat a ju#t claim. It provides, that the absence of or any defect in a notice of action shall not be a defence to the action, but shall only be a ground for depriving the plaintiff of costs to the extent the Judge or Magistrate may in his discretion think proper. The Civil Service. In the opinion of the Premier there will never be a good Civil Service until some proper system of retiring allowances is in vogue. He has drawn up a Bill making provisions which, be believes, will prove satisfactory to the House, as well as to tho public servants. This will be apart from the measure dealing with the reorganisation of the service. The Iron Industry. Parliament will be asked by the Government before the session closes to sanction the granting of a bonus for the encouragement of the manufacture of iron. The Premier says that he will also consider the claims for bonuses of any other new industries for which they could be shown necessary. The Factories Act. There seems in the present House a decided tendency for dealing with labor questions. Mr Joyce wishes the Employment of Females and Others Act amended in the following direction:—(l) Defining the space for ventilation. (2) To prevent boys of fifteen years of age from working fourteen hours a day. (3) To provide penalties for wilful obstruction to police officers. He will on Wednesday next ask the Premier whether he will introduce a Bill this session to comply with these requirements, or failing that, will he afford facilities to a private member for so doing ? A Salutary Check. When the Libel Bill is in Committee, a clause will be introduced by the AttorneyGeneral to the effect that when any defendant satisfies the Judge that the plaintiff has no visible means of paying costs of the defendant should the suit be unsuccessful, the Court may order security for costs to be lodged, or stay the action, or remit it to trial before a Resident Magistrate. This will prevent frivolous or speculative suits being brought, and newspaper owners, though successful, being mulcted in heavy costs. The Sounds. With a view to attracting greater attention to the necessity of opening up the West Coast Sounds for tourists' traffic and mining purposes, Mr Thomas Mackenzie has communicated with Messrs Burton Bros, and Mr Coxhead in order to get a series of their photographic views of places of interest there hung in the lobbies. The member for Clutba wants tracks from Milford to the head of Te Anau, from some of the fiords in Te Anau to George Sound, and from the north-west arm of Manapouri. He thinks that tha expenditure of a few hundred pounds on this district would cause an influx of prospectors, as he is satisfied that minerals abound there. Some time ago he found some specimens of copper six or seven miles beyond the Sutherland Fall, and Professor Uhich, on having the same submitted to him, pronounced them to be the finest specimero that had been yet obtained in Otago. Jottings. Ministers have prepared a Bill for introduction this session dealing with the subject of technical education. The Slaughterhouses Act is to be amended this session in the direction of allowing settlers to slaughter one hrad of large or four head of small cattle per month. Officers commanding corps in various parts ef the colony have written to the Defence Department approving of the regulation providing for the abolition of battalion drills. The Premier has promised to introduce a measure this session providing for the complete reorganisation of the Civil Service, and also dealing with retiring allowances. The Government intend to oppose Mr Kelly's motion for the production of the correspondence relative to Te Kooti's arrest. Mr Joyce wants fancy bread exempted from the provisions of the Adulteration Prevention Act, 188 S. It is probable that the Charitable Aid Bill will pass its second reading, but it will undergo considerable modification ia committee. The petition re local government is being taken round for signature by Dr Hodgkinson. Members of the Opposition aver that the proposal emanated from the Government. The object of the Oamaru Harbor Board Bill, introduced by the Hon. Mr Hislop, is to raise a loan not exceeding L 70.000, and it will receive determined opposition from the Young New Zealand party. Mr Marchant's Bush Firing Bill provides for county councils settling a season in each year within which owners of bush lands may fire their bush. Mr W. P. Reeves chaffs the Government with being only able to carry their policy Bills when they adopt the policy of their opponentp. Mr Seddon thinks our game and fishing laws are fast drifting to the monstrous state of affairs that prevails in the Old Country, as witness the ridiculous fining of a man at Ashburton lately for accidentally taking a perch while fishing with a string and bent pin. The recent appointment of Mr Theophilus Cooper as Deputy Inspector of Asylums at Auckland is a purely honorary one. There will be no concerted opposition by the friends of temperance to the passage of the Triennial Elections Licensing Bill, so it will run the gauntlet of the Lower Chamber successfully.

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POLITICAL GOSSIP., Issue 7952, 6 July 1889

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POLITICAL GOSSIP. Issue 7952, 6 July 1889

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