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High water. To-MOitnow. Taiaroa Heads: 1.59 a.m.. 220 p.m. Port Chalmers : 2.39 a.m., 3.0 p.m. Dunedin : 3.24 a.m., 3.45 p.m. o Port Chalmers. ARRIVED,— Jone 20, Wairarapa, g.s„ 1,023 tons, Chatfield, from Sydney via Auckland and intermediate poits. Passengers: Mrs Hovell, Misses Bird Jones, Lynch, Messrs Bendal', Keile, Kidder, M'Call, Latham, Adams, Galbraith, Loxlr-y, Brown, Pikp, Flyger; and twenty-eight in the sUerage. Kakanui, s.s., 59 tons. Best, from Fortrote. Ringaroema, s.s., 623 tons, Allan, from Sydney via Wellington and Lyttelton. Pasengers : From Sydney—Mrs Falsck. From the Coast-Mrs and Mia Davis, Mrs Meyers, Messrs Falward, Wallace, Packer ; and six steerage. Contennia 1 , s.s., 80G tons, Leasing, from Sydney via Lyttelton and Wellington. HAILED.—Juke 25. Beautiful Star, s.s., 140 tons, Brewer, for Oamaru. Despatch, s.s., 24 tens, Anglem, for the Bluff. June 26.

Kawatiri, s.s., 280 tons, Apstein, for tho West Coasr.

Manapouri, s.s., 1,020 tons, Logan, for Auckland via the East Coast ports. Passengers: For Wellington Mrs Ward, Misses De Schmidt, Farquhar, Messrs Henderson, Swinton, Holmes, Hon. M. Holmes. For Auckland —Meadamcs Hammond, Brown and nurse, Beckensale, Miss Bcckensale, Mr Beckensale.

The Kawatiii left the Jetty street wbarf at 7 a.m. to-day for Greymoufb. The Manapouri, with cargo and pasßongerß for Auckland via the East Coast portß, Bailed this afternoon. ' The Union Company are erecting semaphores at tbe Rattray street and Jetty stre.-t wharves to indicate to passengers and others the positions of their steamers.

The tug Despatch, which has received a most complete overhaul to her engines and boiler by Messrs Morgan, Cable, and Stevenson, at Port ChalmerE, took on board ten cases dynamite, and sailed yesterday evening for the Bluff. The Wairarapa arrived at Port Chalmers at 10 a.m. to-day, and steamed alongside tho Georgo street pier. After di.'chaiging her cargo she was hauled into the graving dock for cleaning and repainting. She experienced fino weather down the coast until ncaring tho Heads, when thick weather set in, which hold to arrival.

The Ringarooma It ft Sydney at 3.15 p.m. on the lfth ; breasted Cape Farewell at at f> a.m. ou the 22nd; arrived at Wellington at 5 p.m. g-une day; left again *n the 24th; arrived at Lyttelton at noon on tho 2. r )th ; loft again at 8.30 p.m. same day, and arrived at 2 p.m. today. From Sydney she had fresh westerly winds, with heavy sea, until tho 21st; then a Btrocg S.E. gale, with thick weather, when Bhe slowed down for ten hours, and from Wellington light winds and fine weather. The Kakanui, with a full cargo of grain from Fortrose, arrived at the Battray street wharf this morning. She left Fortrose at 3 p m. yesterday, and had N.E. winds with thick weather to arrival. When H.M.S. Orlando was in Sydney last week, occasion was taken to hold the first prize firing, when e*(cy gun in the ship, large and small, wai filed en in action. The report of

I the 22-tonneis was heard many miles away, and some splendid shooting wax done with the teu G-iuch tjuus and the Nonlenft Idts, The taiget used was in the form of a five-masted raff, with canvas on, in imitation uf a Vessel under sai', and at a di-daiue of about a mile the project ili hj from the in.nclail scattered the target in all directions. Several of the men wore complimented by the captain upon their proficiency at the firing. From a Sydney exchange we extract the following concerning H.M.S. Orlaud), which airived there on the Bth iost. from Adtlaide:— "It may be mentioned that four hours' trial of the steaning capabilities of the flagship wai made between Adelaide and Melbourne. The speed attained was 17.5 knots, The full indicated horse-power was developed, but the speed was not up to her reputi d capacity. Th\s was due to the foulness of tho hull, no doubt, tho vessel not having been docked for several months." A teaman named Charles Wootton was killed at Adelaide by beirg crushed between the Orlando and a steamer alonguido. Intelligence has recently heen received in Sydney telling of another gallant action by liiitiuh seamen. Letters frrm H.MS. Swiftsure, fhgahip of the Pacific trjaadron, which arrived at San Francisco on the 2nd ultimo, atate that while the ship was at Acapulco she had out a spring made fast to a iock in the harbor A boat containing seventeen persons put off from the shore to visit tha tlvp, but when aboil"! twenty yards from the Swiftsure tho emght on tho spring and eapsV,:d, and all tho occupants wore thrown into tho water. Throe boats" put off from tho flagship to the rescue, and Commander Percy Hockin jumped overboard in full uniform to assist in saving All in tho boat were Eaved with the exception of one young lady. The s.s. Bayloy has just comploted an extraordinary piece of steamii g for a cargo vessel—namely, outwards from St. Vincent to Sydney, and homo wards from Wellington (New Zealand) to Las Palmas, without having onco eased or stopped tho engines. This is attributed to tho constant supply of fresh water from a Kirkaldy cornpactum with which the vessel is fitted. The owner is now having a compactum of increa ed size put into tho ship, partly to get an extra supply for the refrigerating engines. This steamer made the round—London, Sydney (where she was detained twelve days), three ports in New Zealand, and back to London—in four months atd twenty days on a consumption of 18J tons Welsh, with au average speed of lf.f— 'Fairplay.' Mr Benjamin Goodfellow, of Hyde, Manchester, has contracted to supply and fit up two la'ge cokl-air machines for tho Colonial Union Company, Limited, for their New Zealand trade. These machines are to bo erected on board the two latest additions to Messrs Corry's Star Lino of steamers, chartered by the abovenamed company. Each of the steamers will be insulated to carry 40 000 carcasses of frozen mutton,

MOVEMENTS OF THE UNION STEAM SHIP COMPANY'S FLEET. Wkosesdav, June 20. TiMARU. Brunner arrivfd early from Oamaru; sails this evening for Lyttclton. Lyttki.ton.—Grafton arrived 7 a.m. from Wellington; sails 9 p.m. for Dunedin.— Rotoiua arrived 'J a.m. from Dunedin ; sails 10 p.m. for Wellington. Auckland.—Rot mahana sails f> p.m. fcr Sydney.

THE LIABILITY OF SHIPOWNERS. Tho Court of Appeal decided en May 2 a i|ueation of importance in private international law. Cattle and siheep had been shipped at Boston, Massachusetts, for carriage in the British ship Missouri to Liverpool. The contract for cariiage was mado by an American citizen with tho agent of the shipowner at Boston, and it provided that tho shipowner should not be liable for less arising through the negligence of the master or crew. The hills of lading contained the sime stipulation Tho vewel sailed on her voyage, but was at last, through the negligence of the roaster and crew, stranded on the coast of Wales, and the cattle and sheep lost. Then aroso tho question of the liability of the shipowner. Apparently, it was excluded by the c ntract, hut upon this the law, at any rate in America, had something to say. Tho hhipowner was a common carib r, and the common Uw has always been very jealous as to allowing these to evade their liabilities. In many instaiicM our common law, tiansplanted to .America, has retained n striotness which In England lias been d'scardrd. Thus, tlio exception introduced into the contract in favor of the shipowner hj at th's day void in America as being unreasonable ami against public policy, although it is perfectly good in England. It became, therefore, necessary to decide which law was to prevail. In general a contract is governed by the law of the pluco where it is made, but both tho English and American Courts have decided that this rule is subject to any contrary intention that may bo expressed by the puties. In the ease in question the voyage was to be comp'eted in Kngland, and the bills of lading wero drawn up in the English form. The Court accordingly held that the parties clearly meant to be bound by English law •. the exception in the contract was therefore valid, and tho shipowner exempt from liability.


Owing to the steamer Bothwill Castle, which has been by the Union Steam Ship Company, having in pftrt a crew of cnolies, the Peamen'n Union have taken exception to her running in the intercolonial trade, their rules providing that all vessels engaged in that trade and this coastal trade shall be manned by Union men, andrpcei7e the wages general to seamen employed. Mr J. A. Miller, the secretary of the Unior, was ia Lyttelton yesterday, and interviewed the local managers of tho Un'on Company on tho suhj»et, and he informs us that the company themselves are quite agreeable to the Union's demand, but owing to tho provisions of the charter under which the vessel is engaged, they have no jurisdiction in the matter, as Captain Todd, the commander of the steamer, is the responsible party in providing the crew and other nccepsa'ies for the ship, the Union Company only having the ripdit of loading her. Captain Todd has received notice from the Seamon's Union that nnlcss thrir terms are Bgreed to they will stop his ship, ard as tho Seamen's Union is affiliated with tho Miners'. Lumpers', nnd other Unions, the captain is in this p-sition: that if he holds out his vessel will not be coaled, nor will it be worked from the shrre.

Shipping Telegrams. Auckland, .Tune 25.—Wainui. from Samoa. Passengers: Messrs T'ioker and Petty, Mrs Tonkrnlts, IVfcasrs Giles, Nairn. James, and Richards.—Kaikoura, for Napier.— Arawata. for Fiji.—Fssex. birque. for New York, with 5,224 cases kauri gum.—Penzuin. for the South. Passengers : Messrs Fiddal, M. Hobbs, M.H.R , Gains, Hil', M'Kay, Douglas; and eight steerage. Lyttki.ton, June 25. Aber arne, for London. Centennial and Ringarooma, for Dunedin.—Wairarapa, for Melbourne v'a the South. Passengers : Mrs Stocks, Messrs Adams, Rankin, Stocks.—Wakatu, fir Wellington via Kaikoura. Stella, brig, from Sydney. Melbouiink, June 2.".—Wakatipu, for New Zealand.

Sydney, Juno 2(s.—Tekapo, from Wellington. —Te Anau, fir A upland. At.tuny, Jnno 2o.—Arrived, German warship Alexandrine, bound for Samoa.

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SHIPPING, Issue 7943, 26 June 1889

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SHIPPING Issue 7943, 26 June 1889

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