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NOTES AND: QUERIES., Issue 7940, 22 June 1889, Supplement
NOTES AND: QUERIES.
A corn.—From the Anglo-Saxon ac, the oak, and corn, grain or fruit. Account Current. The symbol o/c means "account current." It is often improperly used as an abbreviation of the word "account" in the sense of description, oarrative, and in reference to an invoice.
Alloy.—This word is derived from tho French term a la loi, " according to law." The meaning is gold or silver reduced in value by admixture with inferior metals, irf accordance with regulations established by law. Gold and silver before being made into coins are alloyed with baser metals to increase their hardness or capacity for wear. Thus, "standard gold" in English law means twenty-two parts of pure gold to two of alloy, and one pound of " sterling silver " consists of eleven ounces (Troy), two pennyweights of "fine silver," and eighteen pomayweights of alloy. Banquet to Queen Elizabeth. A German who travelled in England in 1598 thus describes the ceremonial of a banquet given to the Queen at one of her visits to the palace at Greenwich:—" It was Sunday, and after attending service in the chapel the Queen prepared for dinner. A gentleman entered the room bearing a rod, and with him another bearing a tablecloth, which, after they had both kneeled three times, he spread upon the table, and after kneeling again they both retired; then came two others—one with therod again, the other with a salt-cellar, a plate, and bread, which, after kneeling, they also placed on the table; then came an unmarried and a married lady bearing a tasting knife, and having stooped three times gracefully they rubbed the table with bread and salt. Then came the yeomen of the guard, bringing in at each time a course of dishes served in plate, most of it gilt. Those dishes were received by a gentleman and placed upon the table, while the lady taster gave to each guard a mouthful to eat of the particular dish he had brought, for fear of any poison. During the time that this guard (which consisted of the tallest and stoutest men that could be found in England, being carefully seleottd for thia service) were bringing dinner, twelve trumpets and two kettle drums made the hall ring for half an hour together. After this a number of unmarried ladies appeared, who lifted the meat from the table and I conveyed it to the Queen's inner and more i private chamber, where, after she had chosen for herself, the rest was sent to the ladies of the Court. The Queen dined and supped alone, with very few attendants." Chimes, a kind of music mechanically produced by the stroke of hammers against a scries of bells, tuned agreeably to a given musical scale. The first apparatus for producing the music of chimes most probably had its origin, like clockwork itself, in some of the monastic institutions of Germany, in the Middle Ages. The chime mechanism is sometimes so constructed that it may be played like a piano, but with the fist instead of the fingers. This is covered with leather, that the blow on the key may be applied more forcibly. Difficult as the performance is, some players can execute compositions consisting of three parts, and even produce trills and arpeggios. Barney relates that the chime-player Scheppen, at Louvain, laid* a wager with an able performer on the violin that he wonld execute a difficult solo for the violin on the bells, and won his wager. Pothoff, organist and chimeplayer at Amsterdam, played his bells with the facility of a performer on the pianoforte, although every key in his apparatus required a force equal to a 21b weight. Burney heard him perform some fugues in 1772. Several Asiatic countries have chimes. Dampier mentions one which he heard in the Philippine Islands, and which consisted of a series of Bixteen bells of different sizes, and Amyet describes several that he heard in China. Cost of Travelling in the Thirteenth Century. —Of travelling expenses in the thirteenth century a roll is in existence, and is too interesting to be overlooked. It contains a steward's accompts of the daily expenses of a person of rank in the reign of Edward I. on a journey from Oxford to Canterbury, and during his sojourn in London, about the year 1289; while the record throws much light upon the mode of our ancestors' living, at a period concerning which we have very few memorials. One day's expenses are as follow: "In bread, sixpence. Two gallons of wine, a gift of hoepitality from the rector of Berton. Item in bread, sixpence. Two gallons of wine, a gift of hospitality from the rector of Mistern. Beer, sixpence. Herrings, threepence. Stock fish, fourpence. Porpoise and fish, fourpence. Perch and roach, sevenpence. Large eels, sevenpence. Vegetables, threepence farthing. Figs and raisins, twopence. Fuel, fivepence. A bed for two nights, twopence. Hay for seven horses, sevenpence. A bushel of oats, twenty pence. Apples, a halfpenny. Sura, bix shillings and eightpence halfpenny." The most expensive day in the roll is a Sunday. "In expenses of my lord at Westminster when he held a breakfast there for knights, clerks, and squires : Bread, two shillings. Beer, twelvepence. Wine, three shillings and eightpence. Half a salmon, for the standard, with the chine, three shillings and eight pence. A fresh conger eel, three shillings. Three fat pikes, five fat eels, nnd twentyi seven fat roaches, twelve shillings and fonrI pence. Half a hundred lamproons, twelvei pence. Oysters, threepence. Vegetables, twopence. The hire of a boy toprepare the breakfast, one penny. Fare to Westminster, I one penny. A basket, one penny farthing. On the 6ame day at the inn: Bread, fiveI pence farthing. Two gallons of beer for I the boys, twopence. Fish from the store. Candles, ahalfpenny. Fuel, ahalfpenny. Hay bought, fivepence three farthings. Straw, sixpence Two bushels of oats, eightpence. Two pairs of shoes for my lord, twelvepence. Sum, thirty shillings and threepence farthing." Matrimonial Advertisement, 1750. "A lady who had on a pink-colored Capuchin, edged with Ermine, a black patch near her right eye, sat in a front seat in the next side box but one to the stage on Wednesday night at Drury Lane playhouse ; if that lady is single and willing to treat on terms of honor and generosity of a married state, it would be deemed a favor to receive a line directed to 'CD,,' at Clifford's Inn, Old Coffee House, how she may be addressed, being a serious affair." Nelson's Last Signal,—The exact words of Nelson's celebrated signal at Trafalgar are given below, with the symbols by which they were transmitted: — 253 269 863 261 471 938 220 England expects that ecery man will do 370 4 21 19 24 his d k t ii. Obsolete. —Many words marked obsolete by Johnson have since come again into use. Jeopardise is one so marked. Dryden, who was born in 1631, speaking cf Spencer, who died in 1599, says: «' Notwithstanding ha obsolete language he is still intelligible. ,T _ Provost (from prepositous), in the Scottish burghs, is the title of the chief magistrate, corresponding to the English mayor. The provosts of Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, and Perth have the title of lord provost, while the provost of Edinburgh is farther called the right honorable, and the provost of Glasgow the honorable. The beads ol several of the colleges in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge are also styled provosts. In ecclesiastical law a provost is the chief dignitary of a cathedral or collegiate church.
NOTES AND: QUERIES., Issue 7940, 22 June 1889, Supplement
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