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THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL.

Lord Lonsdale is in London organising another Arctic expedition. A national monument is to be raised to the late John Bright. The formation of the Anglo-American Salt Trust has been successfully accomplished. The yacht Valkyrie, built by Earl Dnnraven to compete for the American Cup, was repeatedly beaten by old English yachts La a recent trial. An endeavor made to sell Dion Boueicault's copyrights to pay Agnes Robertson's alimony was prevented by an injunction of the Court.

Lord Salisbury has decided to let Mr William O'Brien's libel suit for LIO.OOO goto trial. London doctors have discovered that General Boulanger is far gone with diabetes,, and have ordered him to Carlsbad or Vichty. In consequence of tho high price of raw sugar, the largest refinery in Greenock closed' on May 16. Dr Power, Bishop of the Roman Catholicdiocese of Waterford and Lesmore, is dead. Deputations from all the municipalities of Ireland, except Belfast and Londonderry, visited London on 23rd May to present Mr Parnell with an address of congratulation on the result of the Pigott disclosures. The claims for damages arising out of the Chefoo riots have been settled, and the English and American flags have been rehoisted, the Chinese troops saluting them. King Leopold proposes an internationa Conference at Brussels in September to complete the work of the Congo Conference. Christians are being massacred by the Turks on the Montenegrin frontier. Mr R. Speight (chairman of the Victorian Railway Commission) and Mr Goodchap (ex-Commissioner for New South Wales) have been diligently examining in Chicago and elsewhere the equipment and appliances in use on the railways in the United States. The British American Association of the United States have issued a protest against the appointment of Patrick Egan as Minister to Chili on the grounds that he is a fugitive from British justice. Miss Kate Patten (twenty-three years of age), of Roxburg, Mass., was supposed to be dead, on May 21, from diphtheria or tonsilitis, but came to life after being pronounced dead and while in the hands of the undertaker, who was preparing the body for the grave. The steel cruiser Charleston, built at San Francisco for the United States Navy (the first built on the Pacific Coast) had a trial trip on May 11 in Santa Barbara Channel, and developed \S\ knots an hour with 5,500 horse-power. The machinery was not in sufficiently good working order to meet the Government's requirements, and some changes will have to be made before the vessel is accepted. While a trial was proceeding at the Court room in Kansas City, on May 11, a prisoner named Smith jumped on Detective Gilley, who had arrested him, and with a knife almost severed his hand from his body. He also attacked Officer Malone and cnt him severely. Both wounded men—one of them being in a dying Btate—turned their pistols loose on Smith, who fell dead with rive bullets in his body. Portions of the State of Pennsylvania were inundated on May 31. Johnstown wasthe greatest sufl'crer. The same condition of things existed at New Florence. The nuiubbr of drowned at Greonsburg is put down at HOO. Al Pittsburg houses were seen goiug down the river by the dozen, with people clinging to the roofs. The storm raged throughout Indiana, Cambria, Westmoreland, Blair, Huntington, Miißn, Juniata, and Persy counties, and the loss of human lives and property is for the present beyond computation. Some speculation has been indulged in owing to the British squadron, consisting of the flagship Swiftsure, the cruiser Amphion, the Icarus, and two torpedo boats being at Victoria, 8.C., and because the vessels were being stocked for a lengthy cruise. It is stated that the sealing masters who were fitting ont at Victoria were assured before clearing for Behring Sea that they would be protected. A number of sealers from Nova Scotia will this year be engaged in the business. The American Government will also send three cruisers to Behring Sea. Replying to some remarks that the movement of the warships means hostility to the United Stateß, a person in authority says: " One object of the presence of British men-of-war was simply to see that no outrages were committed, and to show that Great Britain has not given in to the pretensions of the United States."

George R. Sims the author and journalist, summoned the Duke of Cambridge and Inspector of Police Robinson on May 27 to answer a charge of assault. Mr Simß was reporting the review of the fire brigades at Whitehall, and there was a rush by the crowd, whan he was pushed against the Duke, who caught him by the throat and tore his collar, while Inspector Robinson hustled him about and accused him of being drunk.

In the case of Choe Cheng Ping's appeal to the Supreme Court against the Scott law excluding the Chinese from the United States, the Court sustained the Government's right to prevent the landing of undesirable aliens. Choe Ching Ping claimed a right to enter the country on the ground that he was a merchant and belonged to the excepted class in the law of exclusion, but investigation proved that he was not so. The case was originally tried in the United States Court and decided against the plaintiff, and then it was taken to the High Court on the general issue of the unconstitutionality of the Scott law. Mr Justice Field gave the verdict of the Court, which sustains the judgment of the Court below. Leading men in the industrial interests of California propose to give a banquet to Justice Field on his return to the State.

The sensation in Chicago during the latter part of May was the murder of Dr Cronin, who was connected with the Clan-na-Gael and other secret societies antagonistic to the British Government. Cronin was lured to a cottage near Lake View, and there killed in a shocking manner with a blunt instrument. The impression is that Dr Cronin was cognisant of financial crookedness in the management of some of the societies he was connected with, and those implicated conspired to put him out of the way. The work of the Samoan Conference at Berlin was completed at Chancellor Bismarck's official residence on May 29. The sitting was brief. Nearly every point advanced by the American Commissioners wan conceded, the dalus quo established, and ten day 3 allowed for ratification of the Treaty by all the contracting Powers. Germany ia not allowed to collect heavy damages from tho Samoaus, and a Native Government is insisted upon, The Government of Samoa is to bo exclusively Native. None of the Treaty Powers will have a voice in the local Government of Apia. A leading clause in the Treaty ensures absolute autonomy to the Samoan Islands, guaranteeing Native influence in every governing body, and restricting the Treaty Powers from representation upon the Samoan Council. England's representative will act only in the character of arbiter when the German and American Ministers fail to agree. A Land Commission is provided whose business shall be to examine the titles to Samoan real estate and to settle the disputed claims of foreigners in Samoa, asd generally to set at rest questions of ownership to land between foreigners and Natives. A Constitution for the government of the island is provided. The islands are to be governed by a native King and Vice-King, elected by the Samoans. These, together with the chiefs of the Samoan families, will compose the Upper House of the Native Legislature, to be styled Taimua. The Lower House, or Faipule, is to be made up of native Samoans, chosen by the people, on the basis of one representative to every 2,000 people. The Treaty guaranteeing the restoration of the quo ante, and rehabilitation of Malietoa as King was eventually agreed to. This point was long resisted by the German representatives in the Plenary Conference. The provisions of several Treaties now in existence between the Powers and Samoa as to coaling stations set apart upon the islands were re-enacted in the Treaty, and aseparate station allotted to each Power, in which ships of war may be at liberty to anchor, to remain to take in supplies, and to repair. The section which caused the most discussion was that prescribing the indemnity to be exacted from the Samoans for. the destruction of life and prcpfcrty,

but the Gorman representatives finally withheld their demand for an extortionate indemnity, and submitted a Treaty for the payment of a nominal sum. During the latter part of the discussion England a influence was thrown on the side of the United States.

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https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/ESD18890622.2.20

Bibliographic details

THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL., Issue 7940, 22 June 1889

Word Count
1,437

THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL. Issue 7940, 22 June 1889

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