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THE GOVERNOR'S SPEECH., Issue 7938, 20 June 1889
THE GOVERNOR'S SPEECH.
The third session of the tenth Parliament was this day opened by the Governor, who made the following speech:—
Hon. Gentlemen of the Legislative Council and Gentlemen o* the House op li EPRESENTATIVES—
It affords mo great pleasure to meet you in Parliament assembled so soon after my assumption of the Governorship of the colony. The period which has alapaed biace my arrival has been too short to permit of my visiting the various part 3of the colony, t'o as to tnablo me to take a comprehensive view of its capabilities and resources, but what I have seen has favorably impressed me during ray stay in Auckland and my overland journey to this city; and while I have resided here I have noted with gratification the variety and extent of the natural wealth of this island, and the euergy and industry which have been displayed in promoting the work of colonisation. I have also been much gratified by the cordial and loyal reception which has been given to me as Her Majesty's representative at this and other places which I have visited.
It is alike my privilege and pleasure on this, the occasion of my first meeting you, to be able to congratulate the colony upan a much improved condition of affairs. The efforts which have been made to reduce the cost of administering the Government and to increase the public revenue have fortunately been successful. lam glad to be able to state that the reductions have, iu the opinion of my Ministers, been effected without in any way imparing the efficiency of the Public Service. While my Advisers claim for you and themselves a part in bringing about this result, they recognise that it is greatly due to the happy change which has been going on in the circumstances of the country. Ihe increase in the value and volume of many of its productions has made the task of retrenchment easier, while it has its effect in adding to the revenue. There are encouraging sigtß that the improvement which has taken place will continue. The higher prices which have been obtained for its chief exports, while adding to the capital and increasing the income of the country, are restoring confidence in its resources which for a time seemed to have been almost lo3t by many colonists. This is shown not only by the large amount of capital expended in industries which have been found remunerative, but in the extent of land which has been purchased from the Crown and in parts of the colony from large owners who have subdivided their holdings into convenient areas and offeed them for sale. A large addition has thus been made to the land brought into useful occupation, while confidence is being restored among the colonists, and renewed vigor shown in promoting our industries. New Zealand is coming to be regarded with greater favor by persons outside the colony, who are in search of a homo or of a place of resort for recreation and health. Judged, too, by the value of its secutites in the London market, the colony's credit has from month to month during the past year steadily advanced in England. My Government, while restricting unremunerative expenditure, have recognised the advantage of a judicious outlay of money in developing the resources of the country a3 occasion required. They have, therefoie, in pursuance of the authority given by you, let for construction such works as they believed were likely, either directly or indirectly, to be remunerative. Detailed information on this subj ct will be la ; d before you. One of the most pleasing manifestations of the increased confidence of the people in the colony's future is furnished by the determination of the inhabitants of Otago to hold in Dunedin a New Zealand Exhibition of industries and fine arts, and by the favorable response which they have received from other parts of the colony to their invitation to join in the undertaking, my Advisers regard the enterprise as one likely to have a beneficial effect generally, and you will therefore be asked to sanction on arrangement which has been entered into by them to assist in bringing the Exhibition to a successful issue.
Curing the recess my Government have bi ought into .operation the Government Kailways Act, 1887, and have placed the railways under tho management of three locally appointed officers. After careful inquiry my Advisers came to the conclusion that it was impossible to get from abroad for the salary which vna authorised, or indeed for any salary which they were prepared to ask you to vote, a Ouief Commistioner to whom they considered they would be justified in extending the great poweis vested in that officer, while on the other hand their experience of Mr M'Kerrow pointed to hie beins a person well qualified to fill the office. My Advisers telieve that their choice of Commissioners will be justified by results. The sales of public land within the colony have been very satisfactory bath as to the quantity disposed of and the class cf persons who have acquired it. Much of the land has been taken up in small area* and by persons who are making their hemes upon it. The Baleß of runs which have taken place show that there is increased confidence in the great industry of wool-growing. My Ministers are confident that by caieful administration and by taking advantage at seasonable times of opportunities for opening up the country, New Zealand will scon be made to occupy that prominence as a home for a thriving population which her position, clixate, and resources fit her to attain. Gentlemen of the House of Repbesextatives -
The Estimates of the revenue and expenditure for the current .year will be brought before you at an early date, when they will, I have no doubt, receive your careful con ideration. The Estimates of expenditure have been prepared with a due regard to economy.
Honorable Gentlbmen of the Legislative Council and Gentlemen ojt the House of Representatives—
There will be laid before you for your consideration a number of Bills dealing with matters of great public interest. My Advisers are of opinion that the time has ariived when an alteration should be made in the constitution of the Legislative Council. Ibey regard the present mode of appointing members and their appointment for life as unsatisfactory, and not in keeping with the rest of our Constitution. A Bill will therefore be submitted for your consideration making alterations in these and other respects. My Ai'.visers are also of opinion that the time haa come when the laws regulating the election of members of the Honse of Representatives should ba reviewed, and a new departure taken. A Bill will be submitted for ymr consideration which will provide for a mode of election founded upon what is commonly known as the Hare system. The Bill will also amend the qualification riquiied for electors, make new provision as to the mode of registration, and provide a more effective means of purifying the rolls. My Advisere believe that these and the other provisions which the Bill contains will render it possible for the pablio will to ba expressed by elections. My Advisers believe that until a measure classifying the Civil Service and providing for their promotion and remuneration upon defined principles shall have passed into law, the Civil Service can never be placed upon a proper fooiiDg. Ihey also believe that this question is intimately connected with the economical carrying out of all public departments, and they have therefore prepared a Bill dealing with the whole question.
A subject which, has been found difficult to deal with in all countries—that (i the management of hospitals and the distribution of charitable aid-has engaged much public attention throughout the colony. A Bill has been C.epared in accordance with what my Advisers elicve to be the principles which have been found by experience to ensure the relief of deserving persons and at the same time to avoid the danger of increasing the evil which is incidental to indiscriminate aid. Your careful and patient consideration will be asked for thiß difficult subject.
My Advisers have had the Property Tax under their earnest consideration. While the state of the colony's finances renders it impossible to forego any considerable part of the revenue derivable from the tax, they recognise that some of the provisions of the Property Assessment Acta ought to be amended, with a view to removing objections which experience ha« shown can reasonably be made to them. There will therefore be submitted to you a Bill dealing with this important matter. Among other measures, there will ba presented to you for consideration Bills dealing with the law of copyright in New Zealand; for consolidating and amending the law relating to patents and trade marks; for regulating the registration of medical practitioners and constituting a medical council; for improving the mode of registering transfers of personal property ; and for consolidating and amending the law of bankruptcy. I commend all these matters to your careful consideration, and assure you of my earnest desire to co-operate with you in your efforts to promote the welfare and prosperity of the colony. I pray that ycur labors may, by the blessing of God, conduce to the well-being and the happiness of its inhabitants.
THE GOVERNOR'S SPEECH., Issue 7938, 20 June 1889
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