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Successful Acclimatisation of Salmon., Issue 7924, 4 June 1889
Successful Acclimatisation of Salmon.
The following extracts from the annual report of the Southland Acclimatisation gooiety are deserving of careful perusal by ail interested in the acclimatisation of the king of fish ; Members will no doubt expect this report to make special reference to the attempt now being made to acclimatise salmon in the Aparima. The report furnished to the last annual meeting spoke of the severe floods which had occurred as likely to be nrejudicial to the young fish, but it has Lew gratifying since to learn that on several Lesions the fish have been seen in large numbers J* thriving condition, and varying from Sin to 10ln «a length, No ground for mistake on this pdfnt eric as, in addition to the testimony of others, there is that of our ranger (Mr M‘Kay), who, about the end of February last, procured several specimens showing the undoubted marks of true salmon. One of these your secretary forwarded in spirits to the Marine Department at Wellington, so that the Government might have evidence on the subject in their own hands. Our friends, the Otago Acclimatisation Society, are also devoting their attention to the stocking of their rivers with salmon, and from the last report of the Council of that society we observe that they are equally satisfied with ourWives of the success of the undertaking, so far as evidences existed about the end of February last, when their ranger (Mr Burt) also obtained some of the young fish. Ibis is a matter for congratulation, because it docs not appear that on any former occasion among ell the efforts that have been made to acolimatlse salmon by this and other societies, that there have been such promises of success. Of course It must be borne in mind (hat the dangers of going to their sea, life in the sea and returning to the river have still to be encountered. It is hoped that the size and strength they are known to have attained will enable them to escape all dangers and return in large numbers to the river, so that Southland may have the Jjonor of being the first place not on-y m New Zealand, hut in the colonies, where salmon shall have been successfully acclimatised. Our last report mentioned that the attention of the Government had bam called to the necessity for protect, inir these fish in their passage to and from me sea. A ocor^'n ßty netting has been prohibited in the Aparima and its estuary. A protest was forwarded to the Government on behalf of the fishermen at Riverton which was referred by the Govern, ment to this and the Otago Society. The latter society replied strongly objecting to all kinds of setting on the river and estuary, and your Council replied endorsing the action of the Otago Society. The Government then appointed a Commission oonsist- . be of Messrs Bain and Denniaton to inquire into and report on the subject, with the result that these gentlemen, after being satisfied that the fish were in the river and thrlv; bs. reported that the prohibition against netting should be continued, and that the fishermen should be compensated by having LISO distributed amongst them. In adfli* iion to the protection thus afforded, (ho SLpmonthave placed LSO at the disposal of your suiilnty for the destruction of shags on this river. Further shipments of salm°n ova w ® re Im ‘ norted by the Government par 5.3. Ajawa, which airived about 13th March, and by the ■ s. Aorangi, which arrived about 20th March. Portions of these shipments were forwarded for hatching at the Wallaoetowa
ponds under the care of this society. These, as well as the previous shipments, have had the utmost care and attention on the part of the curator. While referring to salmon culture we are glad to observe (though not identified with our own operations) that the Otago Society in their last report record tho fact that they have in their ponds some four-year-old salmon which have never been allowed to go to the sea, and from these they have succeeded in obtaining ova which has proved to bo fertile, 300 young salmon having been produced from this ova. We are not aware that such a thing has ever been accomplished before. It is to hoped that such offspring will not lose their migratory instinct and accordingly show signs of degeneracy. It is highly satisfactory to know that supplies of ova can be obtained in this way, so that salmon culture can be carried on without dependence on shipments of ova from Home, and without incurring the great expense incident thereto. From the report referred to we gather that the above results were from the first ova obtained, but that recently a much larger quantity has been obtained from the same parent fish. We shall look forward with interest to this experiment of the Otago Society, and wish them unqualified success.
Successful Acclimatisation of Salmon., Issue 7924, 4 June 1889
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