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[Fkom Oru Special Correspondent.]

Tiie last Duke of Buckingham and Chandos His homely appearance—The ruin of the Grenvilles—The second Duke—His wild extravagance—The crash—The creditors—How the third Duke paid his father’s debts—The Parnell Commission Journalistic changes The Edlingham burglary story told by Mr Perry—Miss Lane-Fox’s persecutorcrops up again Dramatic and musical— Collier’s new opera—All about it— Frigate’s Grand National described by an eye-witness—The turf libels. London, April 5.

The last Duke of Buckingham and Chandos (for the title now lapses) was in appearance, manners, and conversation about as little like the traditional Duke of fiction as any man who ever lived. Meeting him casually in an omnibus or railway carriage you would have supposed him a shrewd, homely, kind-hearted city man. Your Sir Walter Buller bore a strong likeness to His Grace; in fact, at the Guildhall Jubilee ball ho was taken for the Duke by several persons whose phenomenal affability to a perfect stranger mystified him a good deal, till he discovered their blunder. The ruin of the Grenvilles was commenced by the late Duke’s great-grandfather, the first Marquis of Buckingham, and continued by his grandfather, the first Duke. When the second Duke came into his kingdom the property was seriously embarrassed, and the new holder quickly managed to put things be\’ond redemption. His Grace v:as the traditional Duke of fiction—handsome, lawless, unprincipled, and extravagant. He figures in Thackeray’s ‘ Book of Snobs ’ as the Duke of Courdelion, and as the Duke of Courthope in Grenville-Murray’s 1 Young Brown.’ Grenville-Murray was a natural son of the second Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, and the story of 1 Young Brown ’ is, up to a certain point, his own story The late Duke had just attained his majority when the great crash came, in fact his affectionate parent took advantage of the coming of ago festivities, and his heir’s ignorance of business, to get him to sign papers cutting off the entail. The collapse when it came, a few months later, was consequently complete, and the wrath of the Marquis of Chandos, when he found how he had been duped by his parent, excessive. From that moment the young man resolved never to rest till he had mastered the details of business and paid his father’s debts. The second Duke’s debts exceeded two millions, and the family properties in Cornwall, Hampshire, and Somersetshire, as well as the Grenville heirlooms and the accumulated treasures of Stowe, were sold to defray them. The Stowe sale in 1843 excited an extraordinary sensation. Buyers flocked there from all parts of the country, and tho greatest sympathy was expressed for the fallen family. Tho creditors, recognising how badly Lord Chandos had been treated, offered him the appointment of receiver at L 1,500 a year. Of this he allowed tho Duke and Duchess (who lived apart) LSOO apiece, retaining LSOO only for hie own use. His father rewarded this act of generosity by bringing an action against him on some trivial ground. He lost it, and refused to apologise, whereupon Lord Chandos justifiably withdrew the allowance. From that time till his death (fortunately not long) the second Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, erstwhile the haughtiest and most gorgeous of noblemen, eked out a disreputable existence by borrowing sovereigns and begging dinners. Tho third Duke managed by strict economy to pay all his father’s debts, and then Providence, in the shape of an avuncular relative, intervened and left tho Duke a large fortune. For the rest of his life, therefore, he was comfortably off (even for a Duke), and as he made large sums out of railway atcck leaves bis daughters rich. Tho Dnke married twice, but neither of his spouses bore him a son. This was the great misfortune of his life. Though the Dukedoms of Buckingham and Chandos and the Marquisateof Chandos lapse, Mr William Gore Langton inherits the Earldom of Temple, and the Scotch Barony of Kinlosa goes to His Grace’s daughter, Lady Mary Morgan. SIR CHARLES RL'SSKI.L’s SPEECH. Sir Charles Russell’s speech for the Parnellitcs has not emptied tho Commission Court quite so thoroughly as did Sir Richard Webster’s, nevertheless, ’tis but a dreary necessity full of what Labby calls “ancient history,” and dull to a degree. Next week we look for considerably livelier times, as Mr Parnell will go into tho box, and to score over his cross-examination is the last lingering hope of ‘ Tho Times.’ END OF THE PARNELL COMMISSION. The Judges of the Parnell Commission Court have not been idle during their enforced leisure. It was freely put about on Tuesday that they have done something material towards summing up ‘ The Times’s ’ case, and that if Sir Charles Russell does not disappoint them by unduly lengthening out the evidence of his side they expect to he able to lay their report before Parliament by Whitsuntide, JOURNALISTIC CHANGES. Mr Edward Dicey has resigned the editorship of tho ‘Observer,’ and will he succeeded by Mr H. T. Traill, who refused the ‘St. James’s’ when Mr Frederick Greenwood retired. Mr Traill belongs to the old school of erudite scholarly journalism. His articles are stiff, not to say ponderous, dissertations, which will, however, suit the ‘ Observer ’ admirably. The New York ‘ Herald ’ stole a march on the English morning papers by publishing a special edition at nine o’clock on Tuesday evening containing Stanley’s letter from tho Dark Continent, so long and anxiously looked for. The letter arrived on Monday, but was not handed to tho Press by Stanley’s agents till seven on Tuesday evening. None of the other London papers, naturally, thought of publishing it till Wednesday morning. The ‘ Herald ’ alone had its compositors ready waiting for the “ copy,” and within the next four hours distributed thousands. I fancy myself it was a bit of sharp practice, if not a deliberate breach of faith. THE EDLINGHAM P.UKGLARY AGAIN. The Rev. Jevon Perry, the vicar of Alnwick, through whoso efforts tho terrible miscarriage of justice in connection with the Edlingham burglary case was discovered and remedied, has carefully pieced the whole extraordinary story together and published it in book form. The work is entitled ‘ The Edlingham Burglary; or Circumstantial Evidence,’ and is published at 3s 6d by Sampson Low and Co, I read it carefully, and earnestly commend its perusal to all who are ever likely to serve on juries. If the singular tale does nothing else, it should make men very loath to convict their fellows of a serious charge purely on circumstantial evidence. Better, surely, that ten rogues should get off than that two innocent men should suffer as did Brannigan and Murphy, “It was worse than Hell,” is Murphy’s description of Portsmouth Convict Prison. “ If I had known,” he added, “ what was before me when the jury found us guilty, I should have begged the Judge to hang me.” The prison officials (good judges as a rule) almost at once came to the conclusion that Brannigan and Murphy were innocent men, and representations to this effect were sent to the Home Office, together with a suggestion that their case should be looked into again. It was, however, eight years before any move was really made, and then only on the voluntary confession of the man Egdell. The evidence marshalled against Egdell and Richardson (or rather in support of their confessions) before the magistrates is given by Mr Perry in extenso, and will fully convince all fair-minded persons that the right men are at last under lock and key. The Old Bailey practitioner who defended the police when they were charged with conspiracy in connection with this case recently tried to make out that when Egdell confessed to Mr Perry he was referring not to the Edlingham burglary, but to the Eglingham murder. Ingeniously suggested by Mr Besley at the trial, this theory (Egdell being very deaf) almost looked as though it might hold water; but in the face of Mr Perry’s straightforward narrative it soon falls to pieces, Both Egdell and his wife confessed several times to Mr Perry, invariably telling the same talc, and so did Richardson. A curious feature of this most curious case is that Mr Buckle (the Vicar of Edlinghatp) and his daughter looked Upon Mr Ferry’s

attempt to release Brannigan and Murphy as a personal affront, and still stick to their belief that this pair are the genuine culprits. Miss Buckley declared there was a peculiarity in connection with the watchchain and seal stolen on the night of the burglary known only to herself. If either Egdell or Richardson could describe this she might believe them to be the thieves, Acting on this hint, Mr Perry later induced Richardson to describe his Sooty. He did so accurately, naming particularly a bird attached to the seal, which was the peculiarity to which Miss Buckle had referred. Mr Perry (foolish man) then thought he had triumphed. Not at all. Miss Buckle, convinced against her will, was of the same opinion still. She coldly observed that she supposed Brannigan and Murphy must have disposed of their booty to Richardson. At the trial of the police it was noticed both Mr Buckle (now eightyeight years of age) and Miss Buckle swore to a number of circumstances as taking place on the night of the burglary which they never mentioned at the first trial nine years ago. How it comes that they remember things now which they failed to recall within three weeks of the occurrence is another of the many extraordinary conundrums in connection with the affair. Both Brannigan and Murphy, you will be glad to hear, arc doing well. Murphy, whose sweetheart deserted him and married another whilst he was in gaol, has found consolation, and opened a baker’s shop in Alnwick. Brannigan emigrated with his family to the River Plate, and obtained remunerative work there at once. Both are staunch teetotallers, and, consequently, likely to keep straight. mu Gladstone’s advice. _ In the current number of the ‘ Nineteenth Century ’ Mr Gladstone recommends ua to read the translation of Karl Emil Franzos’s novel ‘ For the Eight,’ published some little time back at fis by James Clarke and Sons. I have great confidence in the right hon. gentleman’s taste, and mean to get the book. At present there isn’t a copy to be seen about anywhere, but before the week’s out the bookstalls will be piled with Franzos’a work. Mr Swinburne’s new volume of poems and ballads, to be published next week, have most of them appeared in magazines or newspapers. A very large sale is anticipated. The “ popular biography ” of John Bright, published by Routledge, is really very well done. MISS LANE-FOX’S PERSECUTOR. The friends of Edward Rowton, the sane maniac who has so frequently been imprisoned for annoying Miss Violet LaneFox and her mother, Lady Conyers, made an endeavor last month to obtain his release. It seems that ever since his last freak Mr Rowton has been in durance vile, none of his friends caring, or daring, to provide security to the extent of LI,OOO for his good behaviour. They now came forward to urge that Rowton’s health was suffering from imprisonment—that he had promised to behave like a gentleman and a Christian if let out, and to undertake to at onco leave the country for Australia. Bridge, R.M., listened to these representations with an unrelenting visage. If, said he, Mr Rowton’s friends believe in his promises (hitherto invariably broken directly he has been liberated), let them go bail for his good behaviour. I shall certainly not release him without substantial financial guarantees. You are not, therefore, likely to have the privilege of welcoming Mr Rowton to the Antipodes yet awhile. TUE COPPER SYNDICATE. Baron Alphonse De Rothschild has, ’tie said, lost three millions by the collapse of the copper ring. The English branch of the house comes out scatheless. Mr Leopold De Rothschild inclined to follow the Paris lead, but was dissuaded by Mr Alfred De Rothschild, who is now the chief acting power in the London firm. DRAMATIC AND MUSICAL. It has nowbeen finally decided that Verdi’s < Otello ’ shall be produced at the Lyceum in July, when Irving goes to the Provinces. The La Soak orchestra and chorus (or rather a portion of them) will be brought over, and several of the Italian principals resume their original roles. Tamagno, the tenor who created Otello, asks such extortionate terms that even Gas. Harris hesitates to risk the enterprise by engaging him. Probably Jean De Reskd may eventually be persuaded to play the part, though at present, in consequence of a quarrel with Verdi, he vows he will never sing in ‘Otello.’ But some vows—like the proverbial pie crust—are better broken, and the temptation to De Reskc of outvieing Tamagno in his favorite part is sure to bo immense. Business at the Adelphi has fallen off so lamentably that the Messrs Gatti have found it necessary to take off ‘ The Silver Falls’ and revert to ‘The Harbor Lights.’ This only shows how fallible are even the best judges in matters theatrical. All the critics pronounced ‘ The Silver Falls far superior to its predecessors, and predicted for it a run of at least 300 nights. Instead of that, at the end of three months the run collapses. Mr Outran Tristram’s ‘Panel Picture,’ produced at the Opera Comique on Saturday evening last, was, I hear, the merest fustian rubbish and a complete failure.


The action of ‘ Doris,’ Mr Alfred Collier's now opera, to be produced at the Lyric on Monday week, takes place in the seventeenth century in the interval between the death of “ Bloody Mary ” and the proclamation of Elizabeth, The scene of Act i. represents “Highgate Hill,” of Act ii. “ Choapside,” and Act iii. Alderman Warren’s house in London. The period, of course, admits of gorgeous dressing and mounting, of which full advantage is being taken. Report speaks highly of a stirring national song to be sung by the heroine in Act ii., and of a ballad of the ‘Queen of my heart’ school, written specially for the ravishing “Tottie” Coffin, who enacts Sir Philip Carey, a knight of high degree. There are choruses of Beefeaters, of Mercers, and other guilds, and of City Apprentices, and two grand processions. Mr Cellier thinks the musical level of the work will be accounted higher than ‘Dorothy,’ though catching melody will abound. Miss Marie Temple does not create the title rdle, though she may take it up in the course of the run, Gossipers whisper that the incorrigible Leslie has discovered another ram am amongst comic opera pnma donne in a Miss Amy Angarde who creates the r6le of Doris, and that the diligence with which he rehearses her is gall and wormwood to Miss Temple. By the way, you will be glad to hear your old friend the massive Alice Barnett has a leading part in the opera. frigate’s grand national.

Prior to her victory in the Grand National last Friday afternoon, old Frigate, who is now eleven years cf age, had taken part in six “ Liverpool,” and been placed second thrice. The veteran mare looked extremely well in the paddock, and directly it became known that Tom Beasley (who scored on Empress in 1880, and Woodbrook in 1881) meant to emerge from his retirement and ride her instead of “Brother Bill,” there was a regular rush to get on. At the last, indeed, Frigate was a better favorite than anything but Roquefort to win outright, whilst for a place she was absolutely at the head of the quotations. The Roquefort party were absurdly sanguine considering that no weight approximate to 12st had ever been carried to victory at Liverpool, and piled on the money, as if thirty fences and five miles of rough country were nothing. Captain Douglas Jardine and the military contingent generally had more to justify the great confidence they expressed in their candidate Why Not. In fact, with Frigate out of the way, the nice looking son of Castlereagh would have won comfortably. Of the outsiders most money was, I should think, on the Prince of Wales’s Magic, whom the holiday-making public stood to a man, and Mr Rutherford’s M.P. The latter, more especially, was a strong tip for a place. The race, as usual, proved prolific of accidents. At the first fence an outsider called Merry Maiden ran out and brought down the well-backed Savoyard, and the second proved fatal to EtCetera (never before known to fall), Hettie, and the famous Ballot Box. From this point all went well till after passing the stand the first time, and a prettier sight of the sort than the fifteen chasers presented taking the water jump opposite the royal pavilion it would be hard to name. Entering the country the second time The Fawn led the way, with Why Not, GameoO'ok, Roquefort, Glenthorpe, and

Bellona close up, and Frigate at the head of the ruck. At the first fence, after repasaing Bechers Brook, Voluptuary fell, and before reaching Valentines Brook for the second time The Sikh and several others were done with. The colors now in the van were The Fawn’s, Bellona’s, Why Not’s, M.P. s, and Frigate’s. The first-named was presently done with, and at the canal turn Why Hot assumed the lead, followed by Bellona and M. P., with Frigate (on w horn Mr Tom Beasley had ridden a careful and patient race) rapidly closing up. The veteran quickly passed the last-named pair, and heading Why Not at the last fence, seemed to have the race in hand. Captain Cunningham, however, declined to give up the game without another effort, and continued to work hard at his mount. Frigate led at one time by three lengths, but nearing home she began visibly to stop, and by many it was thought Why Not would catch her up. Amidst loud shouts Captain Jardine’s mare gradually reduced the gap between them, but she could not quite reach Mr Maher’s old mare, who eventually won amidst tremendous excitement by a length J M.P.,ten lengths off, third. The Ring had a smashing time of it the whole week, as both in the big and the small races favorites were extraordinarily successful, In the Liverpool Spring Cup Acme made up for the Lincoln disappointment, and showed what a smart animal Wise Man must be by winning anyhow under 9st 51b. There can be no doubt Mr “Abington” Baird is a most unlucky man. Had Gallinule kept right, nothing could—judging by the horse’s trial with Acme—have prevented his winning. It is certainly an odd thing, however, that other patrons of Gurry’s stable should have kept on backing Acme as they did, and likewise that the Bing never tired of laying Gallinnle. THE TURF LIBELS. The real reason why Charles Wood has withdrawn his actions against Lord Durham and Mr Cox is that he has finally resolved not to ride again, and therefore a favorable verdict wohld do him no good to speak of. The mere reflections on his character he cares not a dump for. “Thesame thing has been said of every jockey who crossed a saddle,” the little man avers contemptu* ously. Wood will presently return to the turf as an owner. He has already a share in several horses sub rosa, and would on dit have pocketed a nice stake had Acme won at Lincoln. THE UNIVERSITY BOAT RACE.

This race, as the watermen predicted, was mildly exciting up to Hammersmith Bridge, and from that point a hopeless stern chase so far as the Dark Blues were concerned. Though the Cambridge crew only won by two and a-half lengths, it was throughout any reasonable odds on them. On board the steamers supporters of Oxford accepted 4 and 5 to 1 up to Hammersmith; after that the betting fizzled out. .

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TOPICS OF THE DAY., Issue 7922, 1 June 1889, Supplement

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TOPICS OF THE DAY. Issue 7922, 1 June 1889, Supplement

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