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ACCLIMATISATION SOCIETY., Issue 7918, 28 May 1889
The annual meeting of the Acclimatisation Society of Otago was held this afternoon, Mr J. P. Maitland presiding. Among the other members present were Messrs J. VVilkie, G. P. Clifford, A. C. Begg, R. Chisholm, P. S. Stoddarfc, G. Marshal), I). Russell, J. Edgar (secretary), and J. Deans (manager). Prior to the commencement of business a meeting of the Committee was held at which some few matters came up for consideration, one of the most important being in connection with THE SMALL-BIRD NDISANCK. A letter was received from Mr J, Mog gath, secretary to the Waitahuna Farmers' Club, stating that at a recent meeting of the club the small-bird pest came up for discussion, and a suggestion was made that the small sparrow-hawk Bhould be introduced, it being a bird that is very destructive to sparrows and linnets—birds from whose depredations farmers suffer greatly—and easily procurable from Victoria or New South Wales. It was resolved at the meeting of the club to suggest that the society should favorably consider the advisability of introducing the sparrow-hawk to Otago to aid in reducing the small bird nuisance. It was resolved that the society could not entertain the suggestion, the introduction of hawks being illegal. ANNUAL REPORT. From the annual report, submitted by the Council, we make the following extracts : PISH. English Salmon.—Acting on the suggestion of the Council of this society, the Government imported another large supply of salmon ova, in two shipments. Tho first came to hand per s.s, Arawa ou March 13,1889, and consisted of eight boxes—five of which, containing 90,000 ova, were handed over to our manager, Mr Deans, by Mr I. H. B. Wilson, Assistantsecretary of the Marine Department. The second shipment arrived per s.s. Aorangi on March 20,1889, and consisted of twenty-seven boxes containing 481,600 ova, of which we received twenty boxes containing 352,800 ova. On opening the boxes of the first shipment the eggß were found to be in a wonderful state of preservation, thowing great caro in packing. It is estimated that the yield will be fully 95 percent, good. The Becjnd shipment was not so successful, only some 62 per cent, turning out go;d; and on hatching out a considerable number of the fry were deformed. It is estimated that we have 110.000 ova fiom these shipments at Opoho, and 120,000 at dinton, and also 90,000 alevins, making 320,000 in all.
The Government having asked that the young fry should be kept on hand for twelve months before liberating them in the Aparima River, it Is found they will occupy more of our accommodation than can be spared; the Council have thorefore applied to the Government for a grant of LSO to be spent in the erection of a nursery. On the 26th Januaiy, 1889, Mr J. B. Basstian, of Dunrobin, vory kindly reported having seen a number of young salmon in the Aparima River, and Ranger Burt was despatched to verify the report, and, if possible, Becuie a specimen This was done on Ist March, and Kanger Burt reports seeing a very large number of the youn? flan, many of them having assumed their tmolt livery, while a large quantity were in the parr stage. The fish thus appear to have th.iven well, and are evidently waiting for the first fresh in the river to go down to the sea. So far the labors in acclimatising this fish have not been in vain.
Unfortucately, the shags have made their appearance in the Aparima Biver; we therefore approached the Government with a view of having a portion of the vote passed list session for the protection of salmon applied to the destruction t>f these birc'c This the Government have promised to cany out by making a grant to our friends the SouthUml Society, in whose district the Aparima River is. At Opoho there are eight four-jear-old salmon, and at Clinton 116 four-year-old atd 300 six months lld salmon in confinement, from which a considerable quantity of ova is anticipated this season. Laatvear we obtained a small supply, producing 300 fish. This is noteworthy as being the first salmon produced in Otago from fish reared in fresh water without their having gono to the sea. Rhine Salmon and Rhine Trout—At Opoho there are forty two-year-olds of the former and twenty two-year-olds of the latter. They are in splendid condition, and are showing signs of producing ova this season. Bo hj salmon and trout aie handsomo fish, and are mid to attain a prodigious size. It is not intended to liberate these fish. The largest Rhine troat on hand would weigh about ijlb at preterit. Loch Leven Trout.—Our efforts with th's beautiful fish have been very successful. They are kept at Ol.nton, and number 210 five years old and 100 ore year old. It was estimated that last season 100,000 ova were got from the 210 mentioned, hatching out no less than 82,600, which were distributed as per appendix A. List year it was estimated that tho stock fish would produce f)0,000 ova; and, as 100,000 were obtained, it shows how nearly accurate tho estimate was.
Sales of Ova. -Tho pales of ora for the past year have been G-1,000, all of whioh reached their destinations in splendid order, and hatched out well. We have received very complimentary reports on their condition, reflecting credit on the care displayed by our manager in the packing. Eels and Shag?.—Wo have much to contend with from the number of eels in some of our streams. They are found to be great enemies to the trout. The matter has received mueh attention at onr hands, and a number of eeltraps have been ordered and forwarded to the moat likely places where they could be used. We have been informed that the traps which were placed ia the Wa'pahi River and Lee Stream were found to answer admirably, bo that further steps will be taken next year in the direction of destroying eels. We contiuue to offer a bonus of Is per head for shags, and during the year have paid for thirty-eight. We find the shag also a great enemy to the flsb. Fisheries Bill.—lt is intended to introduce this meisure during the incoming session of | Parliament. In its present form there ate many objections to the Bill, and a sub-com-mittee has been appointed to consider and report upon its provisions. New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition,—On the invitation of the Commissioners of the Exhibition, the Council has decided upon exhibiting our different varieties of fish, as we feel such an exhibition will be the means of furthering the objects of the society. ¥ BHING SEASON. On the whole the fishing Beason has been a fairly good one, some good sport having been recorded. A large quantity of fUh continues to be taken from the Water of Leith, whilst good reports have reached us from the Molyneux, Kuriwao, Mataura, and MimihaU Rivers. The society's bare fly competition took place on the Walpahi River on the 29th November, there being fourteen competitors. The weather unfortunately was not favorable, and many of the competitors were disappointed at the want of success which attended their efforts. The " weighing in " proved Mr D. Reid the winner of the society's gold medal, his weight being BJlb ; Mr D. Mehose being second with 7ilb, and thus securing the society's silver medal. Reports having reached the society that perch are being caught in large numbers in some of the livers and lagoons, steps will be taken to have these fish, as well as the different kinds of trout which have from time to time been Jiberated, inclnded in the license for the incoming season. We shortly expect to hear of anglers obtaining quite a variety of fish for their day's sport. With a view to encouraging ladies to take an interest in tho gentle art of angling. & gentleman may, on application to the hon. secretary, have tig license endorsed permitting a lady accompanying him to fish without extra charge. ANIMALS. The deer liberated by this society appear to be increasing rapidly. There are large herds in the district, of Palmerston, Tapanui, and Hawea Lake, and some very handsome heads have been secured by sportsmen. During the year we felt the time had arrived when licenses could be issned to stalk these animals, and we accordingly submitted a code of conditions to the Government, who_ made an Order-in-Council permitting stalking licenses to be issued by the postmaster, subject to applicants' names being first submitted to the society for approval. In the many mountainous districts of Otago it is felt that the chamois would thrive well. We therefore approached tho Colonial Secretary with a viow to their introduction, and have received a reply that the matter would betaken into consideration by the Government. OENEHAL. .As. in yeare past, we have had considerable trouble from poacheis during the season, and in all cases within our knowledge have taken proceedings against offenders, with the result th,at in nearly every instance they have been mulcted in heavy fines. Convictions have also been seonred against sawmill ownsrs for permittirg sawdust to be thrown into rivers; whilst a number of residents have been warned for allowing deleterious matter to flow into streams pissing through their property. T-be society find that the appointment of gentlemen to act as honorary rangers has had a salutary effect in checking these offences, and during the past year the Government, on our recommendation, have added the names of sixteen gentlemen to the" list of those already appointed. We are pleased to notice the keen enthusiasm with whioh some of these gentlemen piotebt the society's interests,
PERSONAL. We record with regret the death of Mr J. R. Danson, a member of Council, and one who always evinced a lively interest in the society. Mr Darid Russell was unanimously appointed to the Council in his stead. In closing we havi again to record our thanks to the undermentioned for tlip assistance rendcied, and Hit' facilities extended to us in carrying on our labors : - Sir Jam:' 3 Maitland; New Zealaud <lovernment; Union Steam Ship Gompacy; New Zealand Shipping Company; Shaw, Savill and Albion shipping Company; Refrigerating Company; Railway Department; Messrs John Reid, of Fldeislie; Orbell and Hertslet, and the Rev. Frere, of Waikouaiti; Messrs Shennan and M'Pherson, of Berwick ; Mackenzie, of Outram ; Nelson, of Lovtlls Flat; Geddeß, of Clinton; W. Back, ofOpoho;A. J. Rutherford, of Wellington ; W. P. Smith, of Mimihau; Samuel Lawson, of Water of Leith ; K. Eidd, of Wyndhain; Messrs Scoullar and Ohisholm, and Messrs Smith and Smith, of Dunedin; Inspectors Weldon and Hickson, Sergeant Conn, and the officials under their charge; Messrs Deans, Burt, and Reilly, and Mr Carlton, who has been of great aj&istance to our officers.
The report and balance-sheet were adopted vem. con.
ACCLIMATISATION SOCIETY., Issue 7918, 28 May 1889
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