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The Evening Star FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1889.

Towards the close of March a discus-

Peers on S * oll P^ ace — or > rat^er > the Colonial two speeches were delivered Question. —j n House of Lords relating to colonial matters. Lord Stratiieden and Campbell, one of the chronic quid nnncs (call them not bores !) of the Upper Chamber, “ rose to move ” the following resolution “ That, in the opinion of this House, “ the Colonial Conference of 1887 has “led to good results, and ought to “be the basis of further measures “tending to Imperial security.” In speaking to this extremely insipid resolution the mover covered a good deal of ground, but it is somewhat difficult to make out what he really wanted. After tracing the movement for closer relations with the colonies from the publication of ‘ The Battle of Dorking’ in. 1871 to the Conference of 1887, he pointed out that it had been clearly admitted at the time that the Conference was not to be regarded as final, and urged the advisability of some further step being taken. Apathy, together with an evident bent towards separation on the part of some colonial commuj nities, was calculated to render ineffectual the work already done. “ The question was how to obviate the “tendency which the experience of “ Spain and Portugal, and also of our “ own country, showed to exist towards “separation.” Lord Stratiieden and Campbell confessed, in a very roundabout manner, that he was unable to solve this problem. His Lordship’s capacity for seeing difficulties and both sides of a question is evidently too abnormally strong to leave him the power of clear decision. He played round the subject of Imperial Federation, with its various plans; but each of these was a system “ not to be “entirely rejected nor precipitately “grasped.” Equally doubtful was he in regard to that “next step” which he desired to see taken. There might be another Conference at Westminster; but probably first-rate colonial politicians could not again be spared. There might be a Conference at Ottawa, or some other colonial centre; but danger of jealousy would in this case be added to the same objection. Official reports might be demanded from all the self-governing dependencies; but that would not satisfy the public as to whether Imperial Federation was realisable or otherwise. The Colonial Secretary might go as a Commissioner to “ all the places which it was desirable to organise”; but, unfortunately, the Colonial Secretary was wanted at Home. The only suggestion, indeed, which the perplexed and perplexing peer did not originate in order to quash was the not very striking one that tfaefie should be “simultaneous “ inquiries to all parts which had to “ be investigated, Recording to that “ principle, missions would be formed “ to South Africa, Canada, a#d Aus«tralia. There was no reason why, “in about a year from Easter, their “ reports should not be in the posses- “ sion of their Lordships.” And, we may add, there is no reason for sup-

posing that their Lordships would beany the wiser for the possession. We would suggest Mr Froude, whose “book” Lord Stratheden and Campbell rightly describes as having “ produced re markable results,” as" chief “mis sionary.” Finally, the well-meaning, if rather muddled, peer reiterated his opinion that “ something ” ought to be done, and observed, with truth and characteristic dubiousness, that “his “ motion did not bind the Govern“ment to any course whatever —it “ only allowed the possibility of “acting.”

Lord Stratheden and Campbell’s harangue is not altogether valueless as showing the difficulty and delicacy of the entire question, and the unsatisfactory uncertainty which attaches to present conditiona Lord Knutsfobd was the other speaker, and it cannot be said that his official and rather platitudinous utterances helped much I to elucidate the matter. One seems to have read the following words a hundred times before—they form part of a Colonial Secretary’s oratorical outfit: “ Personally, he had no hesita- “ tion in saying that he believed it to “be in the interests not only of the “ Mother Country, but of the colonies, “ that they should remain integral parts “of the Empire Not only so, but that “they should be as far as possible more “ closely united by ties of commerce, “ facilities of communication, and uni- “ formity of laws, and ultimately, if it “ could be found possible, by their bear- “ ing some direct share in the councils “of the Empire; and, as a result of “ that, their bearing a larger share in “ the defence of the Empire and “the Imperial responsibility.” Lord Knutspord is not sanguine, however, as to any immediate probabilities. He is convinced that any scheme for Imperial Federation must come from the colonies themselves, if only for the reason that the colonies would regard with distrust any scheme which originated at Home; and he thinks that Colonial Federation must be accomplished first. In regard to the Conference of 1887, the Colonial Secretary expressed himself as fully satisfied with the outcome, especially with the main result—the establishment of a system of nava l defence for the Australian ports. He also stated that the desire expressed at the Conference for greater uniformity of laws was already receiving attention. The Horae Government had framed Bills providing for the enforcement in England of the judgments of colonial Courts (and vice, versa), for the enforcement of orders in bankruptcy and for winding up companies and estates, and for the speedy recognition at Home of probates and letters of administration taken out in the colonies. These Bills “had been “ sent out to the colonies, and when “Her Majesty’s Government got the “ advice of the colonies he hoped to be “able to legislate.” In the absence of any really pressing cause, Lord Knutsfoud saw no occasion for another Conference at present, or, indeed, for the adoption of any new measure on the part of the Home authorities. If the colonies expressed the desire for a conference at any time, well and good; but it was to be remembered that the success of the last Conference was mainly owing to the high class of representatives assembled. Such persons could not often be spared, and it would be a great mistake to lower the standard of representation. After Lord Knutsford’s speech, the resolution, which its mover declined to withdraw, “ as no criticism had been offered “on the particular proposal contained “in it,” was negatived without a division.

While by no means thinking that the present position is satisfactory, we are inclined to so far agree with Lord Knutsford that no step presents itself as obviously desirable to be taken at present. Another colonial Conference is neither practicable nor necessary. The question of Imperial Federation could hardly bo tabooed again, and the occasion has not arrived when it can be formally discussed with authority or advantage. People like Lord Stratiieden and Campbell, who assert that delay in “ doing something”is playing into the hands of the separative tendency, fail to recognise the fact that, if such a tendency be really the destined and master force, no formalities could effectually arrest it. The failure to recognise this fact lies at the root of a great deal of the urgent twaddle which has been talked about federation. We by no means affirm the opinion that the separative tendency “ has the future with it ”; we believe that the mass of colonists are quite undecided. General conviction has yet to form upon the subject—conviction which will form slowly and almost imperceptibly. Its formation would be little affected by “ further steps ” at present, but it will be powerfully affected by the spirit displayed and the line of conduct pursued towards the colonies on the part of the Home authorities during the next few years. Lord Stratiieden and Campbell alluded to a good many incidents which “had “impaired, if not shaken, the allegi- “ anco to Great Britain ” —incidents connected with New Guinea, . New Hebrides, New Caledonia, -China, Queensland, and South Africa. The Colonial Secretary may be justified in asserting that the colonies themselves must express the decision which shall settle the nature of future relations, but he and his successors will do well to remember how great is their own measure of responsibility, and how large an influence they will indirectly exercise upon the formation of that settling decision.

The Mayor presided at the Police Court this forenoon, and convicted and discharged two offenders charged with drunkenness. At a meeting last night of those interested in the proposal to establish an opera-house in Dunedin, Mr R. Wilson presiding, a committee was appointed to inquire as to a suitable site* The Minister of Justice has directed that inquiries should be made into the case in which the son of a citizen of Auckland was brought before a private sitting of the R.M. Court in that city on a charge of larceny from his employer. Mr John Ollivier addressed a large meeting of Christchurch North electors last nighs, receiving a vote of confidence, He announced himself a follower of the Opposition, in favor of Protection, and opposed to centralism and the adoption of the Hare system.

The Christchurch Protection League are supporting Mr Eden George’s candidature for Cfcr'stchurch North.

Crawford, licensee of the Central Hotel, Lower IT mi, v. as fined L 5 and costs, and the license endorsed, for permitting billiards to be played after hours. The Rev. D. Bruce, well known in Auckland journalistic circles, has gone to Australia, where he is said to have obtained a good appointment on a well - known journal. The disputed boundary case, the hearing of which was resumed at the Resident Magistrate’s Court yesterday afternoon, was not concluded when the Court rose, but was further adjourned. The estimated population of the chief boroughs and their suburbs is given as follows by the Registrar-General:—Auckland, 57,048; Wellington, 27,833; Christchurch, 44,688 ; and Dunedin, 45,518.

The ‘ New Zealand Times ’ states that In-spector-general Habeas is past the crisis of the disease which has so long prostrated him, but it will be some considerable time before he is well enough to resume duty.

On the 12th inst, the four-roomed house of Mrs Sarah Ann Mortimar, of North Branch, about six miles from Milton, was burned down, owing to some clothes which were hanging in the kitchen taking fire. The furniture was insured in the New Zealand Office for LSO, and the building for LIOO in the same office. Mrs Mortimar estimates her loss at L6O over the insurance.

At the Palace Skating Rink last evening the attraction was a polo match between teams representing the Oamaru and Palace Rinks. An exciting game resulted in a victory for the visitors by two goals to nil. To-night Mr A. Smith, the crack rink bicyclist, will race five of our fastest skaters ; while to-morrow evening a burlesque polo match and a Rugby football contest will take place. At the City Rink a two-mile challenge race will be the chief attraction this evening, A nice sort of father turns up at Auckland. A pretty little girl, eight years of age, was found by the police living with her mother (who had left her husband) in a house of ill-fame, and was taken out and charged under the Industrial Schools Act. The father stepped forward in Court and offered to take charge of the child. He would have taken her before, but ho was afraid to go near his wife ! And he hoped the police would help him to keep the child. Replying to an invitation to become a member of the Irish Delegates Reception Committee at Auckland, Mr J. D. Connolly, American Consul there, stated that, whilst he wou f d esteem it an honor to be able to accede to the request, the policy of the American Government was that of non-interference on the part of their representatives abroad with social and political affairs of the countries to which they aro accredited, and therefore he must decline. Were he in the capacity of a private citizen he would accept the invitation.

Speaking at the luncheon given on Wednesday to celebrate the visit of the bakers to Messrs Wood Brothers’ Roller Flour Mills at Christchurch, Mr Oliver, a miller of great experience from Australia, referred to the telegram respecting the farmers of Dubbo and New Zealand seed wheat. It will be remembered that the telegram stated that the Dubbo farmers refused to take New Zealand seed wheat, alleging that it would not germinate. Mr Oliver stated that he imported one thousand bushels of New Zealand seed wheat into New South Wales, which was sown at Riverina, one of the driest districts of Now South Wales, The Now Zealand wheat produced twenty-two bushels to the acre, whilst the local seed only produced thirteen. The Melbourne Gas Company have just put into use a gasholder, the tank of which is 35ft deep by a diameter of 106 ft, It took over four million gallons of water to fill it, and over one million and a quarter of bricks were used in its construction, The holder was made in England. Eight hundred and fifty tons of iron and steel were used in its construction, and its capacity is three million cubic feet, requiring the yield of gas from three hundred tons of coal to fill it. It is technically called a three-lift telescope holder, that is three separate cylinders fitting one into the other, each being 35ft deep, by diameters of 188 ft, 19lft, and 194 ft respectively, and when quite full rising to a height of 105 ft. The total cost of holder, tank, mains, buildings, governors, valves, boilers, engine, and pumps will bo nearly L 50.000,

Speaking at a meeting of the English Home Rule Union at St. James’s Hall, Sir W. Harcourt, M.P., contended that the primary object of the Parnell Commission was to defeat Home Rule by blasting the characters of the Irish leaders, ana held that the whole fabric of calumny had crumbled into dust. The resource of the Unionists in defamation having failed, their other was coercion, which, instead of lasting for twenty years more, would end at the next dissolution of Parliament. Neither the device to buy out the Irish landlords nor granting local self-government would settle the Irish question, both schemes being shams. Unionism had so collapsed at Birmingham that its disciples were imploring the Tories to come and save them ; and he was inclined to think that Mr Chamberlain’s new friends found him as difficult to deal with as his old friends did when Home Rule still held the field.

At yesterday’s meeting of the Exhibition Commissioners the Education and Science Committee forwarded correspondence between themselves and the PostmasterGeneral with respect to conveying free from San Francisco exhibits intended for the Education and Science court. Sir H. Atkinson replied to the effect that Mr James Mills, M.H.R., had courteously undertaken to convey packages not of a bulky nature free of charge. At the close of the regular proceedings an informal meeting was held co consider what steps could be taken to get the guarantee fund raised within the next few days so as to complete the requisite L 15.000 capital. Air J, Allen, M.H.R., was voted to the chair. It was decided to hold a special meeting of Commissioners at 11 a.m. on Monday next, in order to commence a thorough re-canvass of the town, and the secretary was asked to furnish as full a list as possible of the people who had not taken shares,

Another meeting of A. L. White’s creditors was held at Auckland yesterday, when the debtor for the fourth time failed to appear. He sent a letter stating that he had given Mr Buddie, solicitor, a full explanation of matters, but when the creditors appealed to Mr Buddie they were astonished to find that he had not received any explanation, and that he was not acting for White. It was pointed out that Mr Justice Gillies was absent, and no steps could be taken to compel the bankrupt to attend a meeting. In the course of an animated discussion, extraordinary allegations were made as to White’s conduct before entering the Bankruptcy Court, and at length it was decided that should Mr Cooper, one of the creditors, or any client of his, take criminal proceedings against White for obtaining money under false pretences, or otherwise, the money in the hands of the Official Assignee would he appropriated towards recouping the prosecutor of any expense incurred, It was supposed by several of the private rifle clubs in the colony, when the Government issued a recent circular, that the members of the same would be able, on the terms stated, to obtain each 100 rounds of ammunition and the loan of rifles from the Government. This, it since appears, is an illusion, the latest interpretation put upon the circular being that it applies only to volunteer companies which may have disbanded but desire to continue as rifle clubs. In reply to applications made by rifle clubs to come under the privileges of the circular, the ‘Press’ hears that they have been informed ammunition can only be supplied at the price of 10s per hundred rounds, and that no rifles are available; in fact, an offer from one club to purchase new rifles from the Government was met with a reply that there were none on hand for sale. The circular has been so much misread, and as even the volunteer corps which may disband will find that 100 rounds of ammunition per man is but a very small inducement to keep up a club on the conditions fixed by the Defence Department, it seems quite advisable that the circular should be withdrawn as impracticable.

The Court of Appeal will sit for the delivery of judgments on Saturday.

JJMr Menteatb, memberforTe Aro, addressed his constituents last night, and was accorded a vote of thanks.

Referring to the recent telegram that Senator Dournovo is to succeed the late Count Tolstoi, the ‘Argus’ says:—“ This cable message would go to show that a previous message has been generally misinterpreted throughout Australia, and that the deceased Count Tolstoi is not Count Leo Tolstoi, the famous novelist, but his relative, Count A. Tolstoi, a leading member of the Committee of Ministers by whom the Czar is advised.” The Christchurch ‘Press’ learns that a claimant to the supposed extinct dukedom of Buckingham and Chandoa has arisen in Christchurch, and that all papers said to be requisite to establish the heirship are by this time in the hands of a London solicitor, a younger brother of the claimant having had them in his possession for some ten years with a view to the present contingency. It is expected that the next mail or so from England will bring information confirmatory of the claim. A somewhat curious blunder has created a good deal of amusement at Wellington. The Colonial Secretary, or his secretary, _ forwarded to the local Benevolent Institution a pamphlet entitled ‘Christianity, the Poor Man’s Friend.’ It appears, however, that the chairman of the Trustees of the Institution is the Jewish Rabbi. Next evening there was a strong protest made against the Colonial Secretary disseminating literature of this kind “ under the Government frank,”

The following are from ‘ Lloyd’s Weekly ’ of March 31:—William Dibsell, who went to Auckland in 1864, and got employment in Hobson street, is sought by his sister.—Thomas Godman, of Sydenham, was at Wellington, New Zealand, ten years ago, when bis father and sister last heard.—Mrs Deborah Hannoch left Plymouth for New Zealand fifteen years ago; was at Phillipatown, Chrstchurch, New Zealand, seven years ago, when her parents last heard,—Abner Robert Pert sailed for New Zealand in 1887, and then went to New South Wales. His parents are anxious. The weekly meeting of Trinity Church Musical and Literary Society was held last evening, when there was a large attendance. Mr Vanes, vice-president, occupied the chair. The programme consisted of short speeches delivered by five members, the subjects being ‘Brute intelligence,’ ‘Early closing,’ ‘Character,’ ‘ls life worth living?’and ‘Land nationalisation.’ The Misses Ferguson gave a piano duet, and Mr West a song. The ‘ Otago Rugby Union’s Annual,’ edited by Mr J. H. Chapman, the Union's energetic treasurer, is to hand. It is a complete vade meeum of football, and concerns itself not only with the doings of the home Union, but has interesting reports of the English Union, the doings of trie Anglo-Australian team, the Maoris, and the ioterprovinoial matches. Some exceedingly interesting special contributions appear in this year’s number, which should be in the hands of every footballer.

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The Evening Star FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1889., Issue 7915, 24 May 1889

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The Evening Star FRIDAY, MAY 24, 1889. Issue 7915, 24 May 1889

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